Petroleum Geology – From Mature Basins to New Frontiers

Petroleum Geology – From Mature Basins to New Frontiers
اسم المؤلف
B. A. Vining and S. C. Pickering
التاريخ
28 مارس 2022
المشاهدات
522
التقييم
(لا توجد تقييمات)
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Petroleum Geology – From Mature Basins to New Frontiers
Proceedings of the 7th Petroleum Geology Conference
Edited by
B. A. Vining and S. C. Pickering
Contents
VOLUME
DVD Contents xi
The Technical and Editorial Committee xiii
Preface xv
Global petroleum systems in space and time
S. May, R. Kleist, E. Kneller, C. Johnson & S. Creaney
The GeoControversies debates
J. R. Underhill
Virtual fieldtrips for petroleum geoscientists
K. J. W. McCaffrey, D. Hodgetts, J. Howell, D. Hunt, J. Imber, R. R. Jones, M. Tomasso,
J. Thurmond & S. Viseur
Colin Oakman core workshop
G. J. Hampson, J. D. Collinson & P. Gutteridge
Session: Europe
Europe overview
G. Goffey
Exploration
North Sea hydrocarbon systems: some aspects of our evolving insights into a classic hydrocarbon province
D. Erratt, G. M. Thomas, N. R. Hartley, R. Musum, P. H. Nicholson & Y. Spisto
The search for a Carboniferous petroleum system beneath the Central North Sea
R. Milton-Worssell, K. Smith, A. McGrandle, J. Watson & D. Cameron
Channel structures formed by contour currents and fluid expulsion: significance for Late Neogene development
of the central North Sea basin
P. C. Knutz
Source rock quality and maturity and oil types in the NW Danish Central Graben: implications for petroleum
prospectivity evaluation in an Upper Jurassic sandstone play area
H. I. Petersen, H. P. Nytoft, H. Vosgerau, C. Andersen, J. A. Bojesen-Koefoed & A. Mathiesen
From thrust-and-fold belt to foreland: hydrocarbon occurrences in Italy
F. Bertello, R. Fantoni, R. Franciosi, V. Gatti, M. Ghielmi & A. Pugliese
Upper Jurassic reservoir sandstones in the Danish Central Graben: new insights on distribution and depositional
environments
P. N. Johannessen, K. Dybkjær, C. Andersen, L. Kristensen, J. Hovikoski & H. Vosgerau
Architecture of an Upper Jurassic barrier island sandstone reservoir, Danish Central Graben: implications
of a Holocene–Recent analogue from the Wadden Sea
P. N. Johannessen, L. H. Nielsen, L. Nielsen, I. Møller, M. Pejrup & T. J. Andersen
Sedimentology and sequence stratigraphy of the Hugin Formation, Quadrant , Norwegian sector,
South Viking Graben
R. L. Kieft, C. A.-L. Jackson, G. J. Hampson & E. Larsen
Reappraisal of the sequence stratigraphy of the Humber Group of the UK Central Graben
P. J. SansomThe Huntington discoveries: efficient exploration in the UK Central North Sea
J. M. Hollywood & R. C. Olson
The Jasmine discovery, Central North Sea, UKCS
S. Archer, S. Ward, S. Menad, I. Shahim, N. Grant, H. Sloan & A. Cole
Prospectivity of the T sequence in the Northern Judd Basin
J. M. Rodriguez, G. Pickering & W. J. Kirk
Can stratigraphic plays change the petroleum exploration outlook of the Netherlands?
F. F. N. Van Hulten
Field Development and Production
Laggan; a mature understanding of an undeveloped discovery, more than years old
A. Gordon, T. Younis, C. Bernard-Graille, R. Gray, J.-M. Urruty, L. Ben-Brahim, J.-C. Navarre,
B. Paternoster & G. Evers
Managing the start-up of a fractured oil reservoir: development of the Clair field, West of Shetland
A. J. Witt, S. R. Fowler, R. M. Kjelstadli, L. F. Draper, D. Barr & J. P. McGarrity
Overcoming multiple uncertainties in a challenging gas development: Chiswick Field UK SNS
R. Nesbit & K. Overshott
The Ensign enigma: improving well deliverability in a tight gas reservoir
K. Purvis, K. E. Overshott, J. C. Madgett & T. Niven
Maximizing production and reserves from offshore heavy oil fields using seismic and drilling technology:
Alba and Captain Fields, UKNS
J. M. Hampson, S. F. Walden & C. Bell
Locating the remaining oil in the Nelson Field
C. E. Gill & M. Shepherd
The Buzzard Field: anatomy of the reservoir from appraisal to production
F. M. Ray, S. J. Pinnock, H. Katamish & J. B. Turnbull
The Scott Field: revitalization of a mature field
G. R. Brook, J. R. Wardell, S. F. Flanagan & T. P. Regan
Predicting production behaviour from deep HPHT Triassic reservoirs and the impact of sedimentary architecture
on recovery
S. Kape, O. Diaz De Souza, I. Bushnaq, M. Hayes & I. Turner
Sedimentology and unexpected pressure decline: the HP/HT Kristin Field
J. G. Quin, P. Zweigel, E. Eldholm, O. R. Hansen, K. R. Christoffersen & A. Zaostrovski
An old field in a new landscape: the renaissance of Donan
R. R. A. Reekie, E. L. Davies, N. J. Hart, A. T. McInally, J. R. Todd, J. R. McAteer, L. Franoux &
E. L. M. Ferguson
Techniques in Exploration and Exploitation
A road map for the identification and recovery of by-passed pay
P. F. Worthington
Tilting oil–water contact in the chalk of Tyra Field as interpreted from capillary pressure data
I. L. Fabricius & M. A. Rana
A holostratigraphic approach to the chalk of the North Sea Eldfisk Field, Norway
M. J. Hampton, H. W. Bailey & A. D. Jones
Role of the Chalk in development of deep overpressure in the Central North Sea
R. E. Swarbrick, R. W. Lahann, S. A. O’Connor & A. J. Mallon
Investigating fault-sealing potential through fault relative seismic volume analysis
J.-F. Dutzer, H. Basford & S. Purves
D acquisition and processing: a North Sea case study on the relative contributions to improved D repeatability
E. C. Rushmere, M. Dyce, S. Campbell & A. J. Hill
vi CONTENTSApplying time-lapse seismic methods to reservoir management and field development planning at South Arne,
Danish North Sea
J. V. Herwanger, C. R. Schiøtt, R. Frederiksen, F. If, O. V. Vejbæk, R. Wold, H. J. Hansen,
E. Palmer & N. Koutsabeloulis
D seismic mapping and porosity variation of intra-chalk units in the southern Danish North Sea
T. Abramovitz, C. Andersen, F. C. Jakobsen, L. Kristensen & E. Sheldon
Seismic imaging of variable water layer sound speed in Rockall Trough, NE Atlantic and implications for
seismic surveying in deep water
S. M. Jones, C. Sutton, R. J. J. Hardy & D. Hardy
New aeromagnetic and gravity compilations from Norway and adjacent areas: methods and applications
O. Olesen, M. Bro¨nner, J. Ebbing, J. Gellein, L. Gernigon, J. Koziel, T. Lauritsen, R. Myklebust,
C. Pascal, M. Sand, D. Solheim & S. Usov
VOLUME
Session: Russia, Former Soviet Union and the Circum-Arctic
Russia, FSU and the Circum-Arctic: ‘the final frontier’
J. R. Maynard, A. J. Fraser, M. B. Allen, R. A. Scott & S. Drachev
Tectonic history and petroleum geology of the Russian Arctic Shelves: an overview
S. S. Drachev, N. A. Malyshev & A. M. Nikishin
Assessment of undiscovered petroleum resources of the north and east margins of the Siberian craton
north of the Arctic Circle
T. R. Klett, C. J. Wandrey & J. K. Pitman
Synchronous exhumation events around the Arctic including examples from Barents Sea
and Alaska North Slope
P. F. Green & I. R. Duddy
Offset and curvature of the Novaya Zemlya fold-and-thrust belt, Arctic Russia
R. A. Scott, J. P. Howard, L. Guo, R. Schekoldin & V. Pease
Charging the giant gas fields of the NW Siberia basin
E. Fjellanger, A. E. Kontorovich, S. A. Barboza, L. M. Burshtein, M. J. Hardy & V. R. Livshits
Session: North Africa and Middle East
Middle East and North Africa: overview
J. Redfern & J. Craig
From Neoproterozoic to Early Cenozoic: exploring the potential of older and deeper hydrocarbon plays across
North Africa and the Middle East
J. Craig, D. Grigo, A. Rebora, G. Serafini & E. Tebaldi
Palaeohighs: their influence on the North African Palaeozoic petroleum systems
R. Eschard, F. Braik, D. Bekkouche, M. Ben Rahuma, G. Desaubliaux, R. Deschamps & J. N. Proust
Stratigraphic trapping potential in the Carboniferous of North Africa: developing new play concepts
based on integrated outcrop sedimentology and regional sequence stratigraphy
(Morocco, Algeria, Libya)
S. Lubeseder, J. Redfern, L. Petitpierre & S. Fro¨hlich
Integrated petroleum systems and play fairway analysis in a complex Palaeozoic basin: Ghadames–Illizi Basin,
North Africa
R. J. Dixon, J. K. S. Moore, M. Bourne, E. Dunn, D. B. Haig, J. Hossack, N. Roberts, T. Parsons & C. J. Simmons
Biostratigraphy, chemostratigraphy and thermal maturity of the A -NC exploration well in the Kufra Basin,
SE Libya
S. Lu¨ning, N. Miles, T. Pearce, E. Brooker, P. Barnard, G. Johannson & S. Scha¨fer
CONTENTS viiExploring subtle exploration plays in the Gulf of Suez
P. N. Dancer, J. Collins, A. Beckly, K. Johnson, G. Campbell, G. Mumaw & B. Hepworth
The hydrocarbon prospectivity of the Egyptian North Red Sea basin
G. Gordon, B. Hansen, J. Scott, C. Hirst, R. Graham, T. Grow, A. Spedding, S. Fairhead, L. Fullarton & D. Griffin
A regional overview of the exploration potential of the Middle East: a case study in the application of play
fairway risk mapping techniques
A. J. Fraser
Appraisal and development of the Taq Taq field, Kurdistan region, Iraq
C. R. Garland, I. Abalioglu, L. Akca, A. Cassidy, Y. Chiffoleau, L. Godail, M. A. S. Grace, H. J. Kader,
F. Khalek, H. Legarre, H. B. Nazhat & B. Sallier
Sedimentology, geochemistry and hydrocarbon potential of the Late Cretaceous Shiranish Formation in the
Euphrates Graben (Syria)
S. Ismail, H.-M. Schulz, H. Wilkes, B. Horsfield, R. di Primo, M. Dransfield, P. Nederlof & R. Tomeh
Session: Passive Margins
Passive margins: overview
B. Levell, J. Argent, A. G. Dore´ & S. Fraser
Constraints on volcanism, igneous intrusion and stretching on the Rockall–Faroe continental margin
R. S. White, J. D. Eccles & A. W. Roberts
Properties and distribution of lower crustal bodies on the mid-Norwegian margin
R. F. Reynisson, J. Ebbing, E. Lundin & P. T. Osmundsen
The breakup of the South Atlantic Ocean: formation of failed spreading axes and blocks of thinned continental
crust in the Santos Basin, Brazil and its consequences for petroleum system development
I. C. Scotchman, G. Gilchrist, N. J. Kusznir, A. M. Roberts & R. Fletcher
Structural architecture and nature of the continent–ocean transitional domain at the Camamu and
Almada Basins (NE Brazil) within a conjugate margin setting
O. A. Blaich, J. I. Faleide, F. Tsikalas, R. Lilletveit, D. Chiossi, P. Brockbank & P. Cobbold
New compilation of top basement and basement thickness for the Norwegian continental shelf reveals the
segmentation of the passive margin system
J. Ebbing & O. Olesen
Some emerging concepts in salt tectonics in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico: intrusive plumes,
canopy-margin thrusts, minibasin triggers and allochthonous fragments
M. P. A. Jackson, M. R. Hudec & T. P. Dooley
Source-to-sink systems on passive margins: theory and practice with an example from the Norwegian continental
margin
O. J. Martinsen, T. O. Sømme, J. B. Thurmond, W. Helland-Hansen & I. Lunt
An integrated study of Permo-Triassic basins along the North Atlantic passive margin: implication for future
exploration
J. Redfern, P. M. Shannon, B. P. J. Williams, S. Tyrrell, S. Leleu, I. Fabuel Pe´rez, C. Baudon, K. Sˇtolfova´,
D. Hodgetts, X. van Lanen, A. Speksnijder, P. D. W. Haughton & J. S. Daly
Sedimentology, sandstone provenance and palaeodrainage on the eastern Rockall Basin margin:
evidence from the Pb isotopic composition of detrital K-feldspar
S. Tyrrell, A. K. Souders, P. D. W. Haughton, J. S. Daly & P. M. Shannon
Cretaceous revisited: exploring the syn-rift play of the Faroe–Shetland Basin
M. Larsen, T. Rasmussen & L. Hjelm
Timing, controls and consequences of compression in the Rockall–Faroe area of the NE Atlantic Margin
A. Tuitt, J. R. Underhill, J. D. Ritchie, H. Johnson & K. Hitchen
Episodic uplift and exhumation along North Atlantic passive margins: implications for
hydrocarbon prospectivity
P. Japsen, P. F. Green, J. M. Bonow, E. S. Rasmussen, J. A. Chalmers & T. Kjennerud
viii CONTENTSNew methods of improving seismic data to aid understanding of passive margin evolution: a series of case
histories from offshore west of Ireland
R. J. J. Hardy, E. Querendez, F. Biancotto, S. M. Jones, J. O’Sullivan & N. White
WATS it take to image an oil field subsalt offshore Angola?
E. Ekstrand, G. Hickman, R. Thomas, I. Threadgold, D. Harrison, A. Los, T. Summers, C. Regone & M. O’Brien
Sub-basalt hydrocarbon prospectivity in the Rockall, Faroe–Shetland and Møre basins, NE Atlantic
I. Davison, S. Stasiuk, P. Nuttall & P. Keane
Intra-basalt units and base of the volcanic succession east of the Faroe Islands exemplified by
interpretation of offshore D seismic data
M. Ellefsen, L. O. Boldreel & M. Larsen
Exploring for gas: the future for Angola
C. A. Figueiredo, L. Binga, J. Castelhano & B. A. Vining
Session: Unconventional Hydrocarbons Resources
Unconventional oil and gas resources and the geological storage of carbon dioxide: overview
H. Johnson & A. G. Dore´
Bulk composition and phase behaviour of petroleum sourced by the Bakken Formation of the
Williston Basin
P. Kuhn, R. Di Primio & B. Horsfield
Shale gas in Europe: a regional overview and current research activities
H.-M. Schulz, B. Horsfield & R. F. Sachsenhofer
UK data and analysis for shale gas prospectivity
N. Smith, P. Turner & G. Williams
The Western Canada Foreland Basin: a basin-centred gas system
D. J. Boettcher, M. Thomas, M. G. Hrudey, D. J. Lewis, C. O’Brien, B. Oz, D. Repol & R. Yuan
Tight gas exploration in the Pannonian Basin
A. Kira´ly, K. Milota, I. Magyar & K. Kiss
Natural fractures in some US shales and their importance for gas production
J. F. W. Gale & J. Holder
Athabasca oil sands: reservoir characterization and its impact on thermal and mining opportunities
M. J. Peacock
Resource potential of gas hydrates: recent contributions from international research and
development projects
T. S. Collett
King coal: restoring the monarchy by underground gasification coupled to CCS
P. L. Younger, D. J. Roddy & G. Gonza´lez
Geological storage of carbon dioxide: an emerging opportunity
W. J. Senior, J. D. Kantorowicz & I. W. Wright
History-matching flow simulations and time-lapse seismic data from the Sleipner CO plume
R. A. Chadwick & D. J. Noy
Differences between flow of injected CO and hydrocarbon migration
C. Hermanrud, G. M. G. Teige, M. Iding, O. Eiken, L. Rennan & S. Østmo
Preparing for a carbon constrained world; overview of the United States regional carbon sequestration
partnerships programme and its Southwest Regional Partnership
R. Esser, R. Levey, B. McPherson, W. O’Dowd, J. Litynski & S. Plasynski
Index
Index
Page numbers in italic denote figures. Page numbers in bold denote tables.
AAPG. See American Association of
Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
a˚ Basin area
Abolag- well
stromatolitic carbonates
Taoudenni Basin
Abu Zenima
Acacus Formation
acoustic impedance (AI)
Chalk units ,
juxtaposition difference value of zero
PHIT relationship
South Arne ,
v. total porosity
acoustic pull-ups
MMU
acquisition and processing. See Four
dimensional acquisition and processing
acquisition plan
ISROCK- seismic survey
Rockall Trough
active rifting
Angola
Adriatic basin
geological sections
hydrocarbon occurrences
Porto Corsini East gas field
Adriatic Sea
aeolian sandstones
aeromagnetic compilations
average density –
basement rocks magnetic properties
basement structure map
bathymetry and topography map
datasets –
aeromagnetic
bathymetric –
gravity –
petrophysical –
topographic –
Greenland –
magnetic data
methods and applications –
modelling
Norway –
Norwegian–Greenland Sea
results –
basement structures –
North Atlantic oceanic spreading

quaternary sand channels –
salt-related magnetic anomalies

sedimentary subcrop pattern –
rocks magnetic properties
surveys ,
susceptibility log
aeromagnetic data acquisitions
NUG
aeromagnetic modelling
NUG
Africa. See also specific areas e.g. North
Africa
erosion
exploring older and deeper hydrocarbon
plays –
heritage palaeohighs
orogen
AFTA. See apatite fission track analysis
(AFTA)
aggradational prism
aggrading channels
architecture
central North Sea basin Late Neogene
below Horizon , –
geological controls –
Ægir ridges
spreading rates
Ahara High –
Algeria –
interpretation –
stratigraphic architecture –
Cambro-Ordovician succession
stratigraphic pinchout
chronostratigraphic chart
Devonian succession
interpretation –
shape
stratigraphic architecture – ,
Ahara uplift
Silurian
Ahnet Basin , , ,
Azzel Matti Ridge
chronostratigraphic chart
Fammenian sediments
Palaeozoic petroleum system
AI. See acoustic impedance (AI)
airborne laser scanner
Airy–Heiskanen root
Ajjer Tassil outcrops
Palaeozoic succession stratigraphic column

Alaminos Canyon area
roof-edge thrust
Alaminos Canyon site –
Alaska
Amethyst State- well , , ,
palaeotemperatures
Brookian sequence
exhumation episodes
Mount Elbert Prospect
North Slope
burial/uplift history
gas hydrates occurrence
individual episode magnitude
location map
wells
sedimentary rocks magnetic properties
Alba Field –
Alba drilling technology –
cartoon geological models
D data showing water cones
D seismic results
D seismic showing OWC
movement
EOR mechanisms
fault baffling
fault interpretation
field edge seismic tuning
first step-change
injected sands
lithology distribution
MPD
pilot hole-attic oil capture
production
reservoir level
faulting
seismic data history
seismic datasets
seismic technology –
shear impedance inversion
TTD
UKNS maximizing offshore heavy oils
fields –
field history – , –
viscous oil
Alba Northern Platform (ANP)
drilling slots
Al Basin
wells VR trends
Alberta
BCG stratigraphic summary
British Colombia border
Cold Lake Field
D seismic steam conformance
maps
Cretaceous section
Early Cretaceous
heavy oil deposits
Lower Cretaceous McMurray
Formation
sandstone v. conglomerate
Albian age
Early
Wabiskaw Formation
Albian–Cenomanian
foreland
hydrocarbon occurrences
Albian Pinda carbonate play
Albian Wabiskaw Formation
Albo-Aptian Kopervik Sandstone
algal-derived fluorescent amorphous organic
matter (AOM)
Algeria , , , , , ,
,
Ahara High, Illizi, and Berkine basins
– Algeria (Continued)
Early Silurian Tannezuft hot shale thermal
maturity
field map
Neoproterozoic geology
platform sub-basins –
reservoirs
tectonic events
Tihemboka High, Illizi and Murzuq basins

Allen, Mark
allochthonous biofacies
North Sea Eldfisk Field
Allochthonous Complex
Almada Basin
conjugate margin evolution –
data –
D gravity modelling outline
margin setting –
nature of crust transitional domain

salt diapirs
total rift setting –
Almada–Gabon margin
Alpin Anticline
seismic profile ,
Alpine
collision
compression
orogen
Alpine Foredeep
Alpine foreland
petroleum geoscientists virtual fieldtrips
Alportian–Pendleian mudstones
Alps
Villafortuna–Trecate oil field
Alston Block ,
Altay mountains
amalgamated turbidites
Amerasia Basin ,
American Association of Petroleum
Geologists (AAPG)
Amethyst State- well, Alaska , , ,

palaeotemperatures
amplitude variation with offset (AVO) ,
,
applied time-lapse seismic methods

compaction monitoring on northern crest

fault control of injected water –
reservoir depletion of northern crest

character
distribution
Donan Field , ,
signature
Forties response with gas v. oil
gas sand calculation
gas sand thickness uncertainty
Laggan , , , ,
Lochranza field development
net gas sand map
rock physics analysis
Seismofacies
traces
structural map
Tormore ,
time-lapse rock physics –
Tormore
analogue models
Andrew fan axis
Andrew Formation
interbedded turbidites
Aneth Field
location map
Angola. See also specific location
active rifting
biogenic source rocks TOC
block
thermogenic petroleum systems post-salt

block
post-salt gas plays
block ,
block zero seismic amplitude gas
indications
database
deepwater ,
direct gas indicators
estimated methane solubility
future gas exploration –
biogenic gas unconventional petroleum
system –
conceptual Neoproterozoic petroleum
system –
regional framework –
thermogenic petroleum systems

Post-Aptian salt plays –
Pre-Aptian salt plays –
gas discoveries
gas generation schematic
generalized basal heat flow
hydrocarbon maturation studies
methane generation microbial ecosystem
succession
oil exportation
oil production
possible biogenic gas play
pre-salt gas plays
sedimentary basins ,
syn-rift areas
ANP. See Alba Northern Platform (ANP)
Anti-Atlas
Antrim Shale-analogues with biogenic
methane in Europe
AOM. See algal-derived fluorescent
amorphous organic matter (AOM)
apatite fission track analysis (AFTA) ,
Amethyst State- well , ,
Arctic
burial history reconstruction
Carboniferous sandstones
Denmark
detailed analysis
Eocene palaeogeothermal gradients
Gro- well in Nuussuaq Basin
Norwegian wells
palaeotemperatures characterizing
Svalbard
Trail Island
Apennines
Eocene to Pliocene times
frontal thrusts
geological sections
hydrocarbon occurrences
mountain chains
Pliocene times
Porto Corsini East gas field
Settala gas field
Val d’Agri oil field
Villafortuna–Trecate oil field
Appalachian Basin
US
applied time-lapse seismic methods

reservoir management –
South Arne –
time-lapse rock physics AVO inversion

compaction monitoring on northern crest

fault control of injected water on SW
flank –
reservoir depletion of northern crest

time-lapse seismic data acquisition
– ,
AVO inversion –
time shifts –
time-lapse time shift observations –
Aptian
coal-bearing muddy sediments
Apulian Platform
Cretaceous age
geological sections
hydrocarbon occurrences
Val d’Agri oil field
aquifer
saline ,
seal capacity
determined
v. holes
Arab Field
Jurassic GDE map
Arab Formation
carbonate grainstone
grainstones
Arabian Palaeozoic petroleum
system
Arabian Plate ,
geology
Middle East exploration potential –
Ara Group
Arctic . See also Russian Arctic shelves
(RAS) geology
assessment of undiscovered petroleum
resources –
frontier margins
offset and curvature of Novaya Zemlya

sedimentary basin
Areoligera gippingensis biomarker
Argana Basin
location map
Argana Valley
Arkitsa fault, Greece
petroleum geoscientists virtual fieldtrips

Arne–Elin Graben
Arnsbergian Sabden Shale
general characteristics –
A sandstones
Dooish
Dooish area
INDEXRockall Basin ,
Rockall Basin palaeodrainage ,
Ashgill aged glacial valleys
Askrigg Block ,
Asl Sandstone ,
Asmari carbonate reservoir
Cenozoic age
Asterosoma
facies core photos
Asti Formation
foreland ramp
Atar Group
Athabasca
Lower Cretaceous McMurray
Formation
Athabasca Basin
heavy oil deposits
sediments
surface mining map
Athabasca Oil Sands
Lower Cretaceous McMurray
Formation
reservoir characterization –
Athabasca reservoir characterization impact

managing large well datasets –
regional setting –
reservoir heterogeneity –
stratigraphy –
Atlantic. See also specific areas e.g. North
Atlantic
borderland
location map
crustal thickness map
lead space plots
pre-drift reconstruction
Atlantic basins
base basalts
Mesozoic –
seismic section
Atlantic Margin
basin inversion
bathymetric map
Cenozoic unconformities
geological and structural features
imaged sub-basalt strata
Ireland thick sediments
Mesozoic –
Permo-Triassic Basin evolution –
Central High Atlas Basin, Morocco

developing analogue depositional

Fundy Basin, Nova Scotia, Canada

geological framework – ,
– , –
integrated regional study
provenance studies –
structural and terrane map
Atlantic sub-basalt hydrocarbon prospectivity

Faroe–Shetland and Møre basins

Rockall –
seismic data acquisition and
processing
Atlantis Field
OBS nodes
Atlas Basin
Morocco
Atwater Valley
Auðhumla Basin
bathymetric gorge
Auðhumla Basin Syncline ,
seismic profile
Auk–Argyll–Flora area –
Auk–Argyll region ,
Auk–Flora Ridge
seismic profile
along crest
crossing northern flank
Dogger Granite
southern flank
Auk Terrace
remnant topography
Australia. See also specific location
Jackson Field
petroleum systems
Austria. See also specific location
shale
Austrian Unconformity
recognition
AVO. See amplitude variation with
offset (AVO)
Avon shale
Awanat Wanin I formation
incised valleys
Axial Structural Domain
Novaya Zemlya
axis-perpendicular sub-regional correlation
Dagny area
Sigrun–Gudrun area –
Azienda Generale Italiana Petroli (AGIP)

AZIP. See Azienda Generale Italiana Petroli
(AGIP)
Azzel Matti Ridge
chronostratigraphic chart
Silurian sediments
back-barrier sediments
Gert- well
Upper Jurassic barrier island system of
Freja discovery –
Badenian
deepwater marine shales
Baghewala Oil Field
Rajasthan, India
Bai Hassan
wells
Bakken Fairway
Bakken Formation ,
API
bulk kinetic parameters
computed transformation ratios
Devonian age
gas chromatography analysis
GOR , ,
maturity map
MSSV
oil gravity data ,
PEE ,
petroleum generation threshold
petroleum migration
PGI ,
phase distribution map
Rock-Eval pyrolysis , ,
stratigraphic column
TOC ,
upper v. lower
Williston Basin –
Bakken hydrocarbon pools
GOR
oil gravity data
Bakken member
maturity
pseudo van Krevelen diagram
TOC
Bakken petroleum system –
analytical techniques
data sources
geological overview –
goals
results –
bulk geochemical signature –
gas–oil ratio –
oil density –
phase behaviour –
pyrolysis gas chromatography

source rock kinetics
Bakken shales
TOC
Balder Field
hydrocarbons
Balder Formation
Eocene age
maturity map
Balder Sand Formation
Balmoral. See also Lower Balmoral
sandstone system
Baltica Craton
Baltica Timanide sources
banked oil
Barents Basin
geological cross-sections
plate-tectonic setting
Barents–Kara region ,
areal occurrence
depth-to-basement map
petroleum play elements chart
Barents Megabasin
Barents–Pechora Shelf
Barents Province – , ,
Barents region
gas trap formation
Barents Sea , ,
basement thickness
Cenozoic exhumation
episodes
exhumation episodes ,
exhumation histories –
free-air gravity field
geology
high-resolution aeromagnetic
surveys
individual contributions to basement depth
map
individual episode magnitude
Moho map
Paleocene cooling
remapped
Barents Shelf ,
basinal connections
fold-and-thrust belt ,
palaeogeography maps
INDEX Barents Shelf (Continued)
pre-Permian subsidence events
structural curvature –
structural pattern
subsidence history –
Barnett Shale ,
bedding-parallel fractures
Fort Worth Basin ,
fracture
gas production
mudrock cores
mudrock sample
subcritical crack index measurements
tall calcite-sealed fractures
thermal maturity
UK shale gas
barrier island sandstones
Freja discovery area
palaeotopography
reservoir architecture –
basal heat flow
Angola
basal Silurian hot shale source rock
Murzuq Basin
basal Silurian succession
basal Triassic Bunter Shale
basalts
escarpments ,
NE Atlantic basins
Palaeogene age
Rockall–Faroe area ,
basal Volgian–Ryazanian megasequence
unconformity (BVRU) ,
broad log character motifs
formation
tectonic reconfiguration events
well correlation ,
Base Balder unconformity
Faroe–Shetland Basin
base basalts
NE Atlantic basins
Base Buzzard
Base Chalk
Central North Sea Chalk role
hydrocarbon discoveries v. aquifer seal
capacity
Base Cretaceous
clastics
prospect map
surface
Base Cretaceous Unconformity (BCU) ,
, ,
aquifer gradient
hydrocarbon discoveries v. aquifer seal
capacity
basement
Caledonian or Precambrian –
definition
Base Permian Saalian Unconformity
base salt maturity present day
Bucomazi Formation
base volcanic reflector
Base Zechstein
fault trends
Basilicata–Calabria accretionary arc
Val d’Agri oil field
basin architecture
deepwater reservoirs Palaeogene v. Late
Jurassic
basin-centred gas (BCG) ,
distribution
D structure
gas expulsion
gas–water transition zone schematic
reservoirs
seismic profile
structural geometry at thrust
front
systems
tight gas
Western Canada –
Cadomin Formation –
depositional model –
rock properties –
deep basin stratigraphy –
fractures –
Gething Formation
interpreting internal fold structure
megascale structure
Nikanassin Formation –
depositional model –
rock properties –
reservoir –
seismic stratigraphic mapping

Spirit River Formation –
Cadotte Member –
Falher Member –
Notikewin Member
structural style –
water saturation –
Western Canadian BCG basin model

basin modelling
basin setting/sea-level response
deepwater reservoirs –
Bastrup delta
bathymetric gorge
Auðhumla Basin
North Ymir Ridge anticlines
Batnfjordsøra
Bayesian Belief Networks
global petroleum systems –
bay-fill
wireline-log cross-plot
Bay Fill Facies Association
Hugin Formation sedimentology –
description
interpretation –
sequence stratigraphy
wireline-log character –
bay-fill mudstones
gamma ray logs
transgression
Bazhenov Formation
gas yield
source rocks
BCG. See basin-centred gas (BCG)
BCU. See Base Cretaceous Unconformity
(BCU)
beach ridges
Beatrice Oilfield
Beavington-Penny
Bechar Basin ,
bedding-parallel fractures
carbonate concretions
Belayim Land Field
Bennett Island – , ,
benthic biofacies
Eldfisk Field
Bergman, Steve
Berkine Basin , , – ,
burial history
Cambro-Ordovician configuration
chronostratigraphic chart
Devonian succession
Frasnian source rocks
interpretation –
isopach map
Palaeozoic succession stratigraphic
column
stratigraphic architecture – ,
tectonic events
Triassic reservoirs
Berry, John
Beryl Embayment area
Besano Shales
foreland
hydrocarbon occurrences
BGS. See British Geological Survey (BGS)
Bighorn Basin
hydrocarbons
Big Sandy shale gas field
Bill Bailey’s Bank –
Billund delta
biofacies
allochthonous
benthic
Early Maastrichtian Tor
Formation
Eldfisk Field
Late Campanian Magne Formation
Late Danian Middle Ekofisk Formation
Late Danian Upper Ekofisk Formation
Late Maastrichtian Tor Formation Subzone
,
Mid-early Danian Lower Ekofisk
Formation
North Sea Eldfisk Field –
Upper Ekofisk Formation
biogenic gas
accumulations
Angola
Angola future gas exploration –
conceptual Neoproterozoic petroleum
system –
fairway
Netherlands petroleum exploration
unconventional petroleum system

biostratigraphy
A -NC exploration well in Kufra Basin,
SE Libya –
Balmoral sandstone system
Buzzard Field
Central Graben
Eldfisk Field ,
Hugin Formation
Laggan wells
Lower Balmoral sandstone reservoir
Middle Ekofisk Formation
Pentland succession
turbidite lobe
bioturbated shale-prone interval
Kristin Field
bitumen
Bivrost Lineament ,
INDEXblack shales
Cambro-Ordovician
Carboniferous age
Dniepr-Donets Basin
mineralogy
principal source rocks –
UK shale gas –
Early Jurassic age
Europe
Infracambrian age
Jurassic age –
Kimmeridge Clay
Lower Bowland
Lower Palaeozoic age
Poland
Silurian age ,
UK shale gas –
Bled el Mass area
Djebel Tamamat –
block
dynamic modelling study
block
post-salt thermogenic petroleum
systems
block
post-salt gas plays
block
extrasalt
location ,
petroleum geology
RMS amplitude extractions
salt coverage
salt geometries
subsalt areas
WATS survey acquisition area
block zero seismic amplitude gas indications

Blodøks Formation
Blomidon Formation , ,
Bo Member
depth range
hopanes
hopane:sterane ratio
oil-prone
oil-prone shales
sapropelic kerogen photomicrographs

source rock potential
thermal maturity map
wells GR
Book Cliffs of Utah ,
Boreal Ocean
borehole Leak Off Test
Central North Sea
Bossier sandstones
East Texas Basin
bottom-simulating reflectors (BSR)
gas hydrate
Nankai Trough
bottom-water currents
Cenozoic compressional structures
Faroe Bank Anticline
Hatton–Rockall Basin
North Rockall Trough
Rockall–Faroe – ,
compression
Wyville–Thomson Ridge
Bouguer anomaly
Norwegian continental shelf
Bouguer gravity
data
profiles
Bovanenkovskoye fields ,
Bovanenkovskoye gas charge
Bowland Shale
black shale
Lower
mudstones thickness
thickness
Brazil. See also Almada Basin; Camamu
Basin; Santos Basin
margins
Bouguer-corrected gravity anomaly field
,
characteristics
COB , , , ,
conjugate margins
conjugate transects
continental lithosphere thinning
crustal extension
crustal-scale gravity modelling
geological map
gravity modelled transect
gravity modelling ,
gravity modelling transect
hinge-lines
MCS profile ,
plate reconstructions
POC
rifted , ,
subsidence analysis using flexural
backstripping
tectonomagmatic evolution
Bream Field
hydrocarbons
Brennand
Brent Delta systems
Jurassic age
Brent Field
Brent Formation sandstones
Bridge Anticline –
Cenozoic sediments
seismic profile
British Columbia
Alberta border
Alberta sandstone v.
conglomerate
BCG stratigraphic summary
Horn River Basin
British Geological Survey (BGS)
British Sedimentological Research Group
(BSRG)
Broad Fourteens Basin
Brookian sequence
Alaska
Brooks, Jim
Brown Shale
B sandstones
Rockall Basin
palaeodrainage – ,
BSR. See bottom-simulating reflectors (BSR)
BSRG. See British Sedimentological
Research Group (BSRG)
Buah Formation ,
Buchan Graben ,
Bucomazi Formation
generalized base salt maturity present day

Bunter Shale
Triassic age ,
basal
burial anomaly
burial history modelling
coal-measure source rocks
Burns reservoir
LKO
Bush Formation petroleum system
Buzzard discovery
Buzzard Field ,
appraisal well correlation
biostratigraphy markers
bottom hole pressure
B reservoir
Central Panel wells
chemostratigraphic sand
data acquisition
depositional sequence compensational
stacking
development area location map
downhole gauge data
end , –
exploration
geochemical data interpretation
interference data plot
late to end , –
consistent biostratigraphic interpretation

pre-development drilling results

pre-development geological model
location
mid , –
geological model at field sanction

reservoir stratigraphy –
seismic interpretation
mid reservoir stratigraphy –
planar laminated shales
pressure measurements –
reservoir from appraisal to production

Southern Panel wells
stratigraphy
today mid , –
Buzzard chemostratigraphy integration

reservoir connectivity current
understanding –
revised geological model –
top reservoir depth map
wells
Buzzard Field Development Plan
appraisal drilling
Donan
Buzzard reservoir
geological model
model
Buzzard Sandstone Member
palaeogeography
BVRU. See basal Volgian–Ryazanian
megasequence unconformity (BVRU)
bypassed oil
defining
locating ,
Nelson Field
T
T unit
INDEX bypassed pay
case histories –
Type Scenario A –
Type Scenario B –
Type Scenario C
Type Scenario A
Type Scenario B –
Type Scenario C –
classification ,
evolution –
commerciality
identification –
resources estimation
identification –
net pay
pay –
types –
Type Scenario A
Type Scenario B
Type Scenario C
Type Scenario A
Type Scenario B
Type Scenario C
Cadomin Formation – ,
basin-centred gas in Western Canada

depositional model –
rock properties –
dip and strike seismic profile
Lower Cretaceous age
outcrop photograph
porosity–permeability cross-plot
pressure–depth plots
thickness
Cadotte Member
basin-centred gas in Western Canada

dip and strike seismic profile
permeability v. porosity cross-plots
upper shoreface sandstones isopach
calcispheres
calcite-sealed fractures
Barnett Shale
hydraulic fracture treatments
New Albany Shale
reactivation
Caledonian basement , , –
mid-Norwegian margin
Vøring margin
Caledonian erosion
Temis D model
Caledonian event
Caledonian gravity collapse
Caledonian Høybakken detachment
Caledonian nappes ,
Caledonian orogeny
Caledonian unconformity
Upper Silurian age
Caledonoid granite core
potential field modelling
calibrated difference reflectivity (CDR)
D acquisition and processing
additional D noise reduction
processing flow improvements
improvements
map
processing and acquisition
reductions
calibrated INSAR satellite images
surface elevation changes
Callovian age
Kimmeridgian basin breakup
Kimmeridgian erosion
Kimmeridgian megasequence ,
Humber Group –
regional sequence stratigraphic
correlation of wells
well correlation
Late
Ryazanian interval
sequence stratigraphic schemes
unconformities
tectonostratigraphic succession
Caltanissetta accretionary arc
Gela oil field
Camamu Basin
conjugate margin evolution –
data –
margin setting –
continent–ocean boundary –
crustal architecture –
Gabon
Northeast Brazil –
structural inheritance –
M-reflector
nature of crust transitional domain

crustal extension mode –
exhumed mantle –
S-reflector resemblance
total rift setting –
transect construction –
D gravity modelling outline
Camamu margin
Cambrian age
basin remnant
Novaya Zemlya
plays in North Africa
succession –
fluvial sandstones
North Africa
Cambro-Ordovician age
Ahara High
black shales in Europe
configuration and Berkine Basin
North Africa stratigraphy
– ,
succession stratigraphic pinchout
Campanian age
Magne Formation biofacies map
sediments
Canada. See also specific location
BCG –
gas hydrates occurrence in Mallik
heavy oil deposits
Mackenzie River Delta
ultra-heavy oil
Williston Basin
canopy-margin thrust systems
salt tectonics emerging concepts –
Captain Field –
attic oil map
Captain pilot holes –
cross section showing reservoirs
discovery
drainage schematic
drilling technology –
D seismic data acquisition
dual-lateral wells
geosteering LWD tools
phased development areas
pilot well example
reservoirs
showing main reservoir intervals
UKNS maximizing production –
Alba Field development –
drilling technology –
field history –
pilot holes –
pilot well example
Well A pilot holes
Captain Sand
Lower
Caradocian Qasim Formation
carbonate
Albian Pinda play
Alpine foreland
buildups
facies
grainstone
methane gases
petroleum geoscientists virtual fieldtrips
platforms
slump Eldfisk Field
carbon capture and storage (CCS) ,
defined
rationale –
scale –
technology
underground gasification –
carbon constrained world
preparation –
anticipated carbon storage capacity
commercial-scale deployment project
overview –
completed and ongoing validation
tests
Gordon Creek Field –
medium-scale validation project impacts

Paradox Basin
Permian Basin –
San Juan Basin –
SWP terrestrial pilot test –
terrestrial Riparian Restoration Project

carbon dioxide . See also Sleipner carbon
dioxide plume
emissions
flow characteristics –
geological storage –
challenges
geography
options –
storage
depleted oil and gas fields –
experience at In Salah project

monitoring demonstration –
saline formations
satellite imagery
unconventional oil and gas resources

volumetrics
history-matching flow simulations

INDEXinjected hydrocarbon migration

carbon dioxide flow characteristics

implications –
Utsira Formation –
Sleipner Field
Sleipner plume –
store
UCG with CCS –
Utsira Formation ,
well integrity
carbon dioxide water contacts (CWC)

structural analysis
Carboniferous age ,
basin configuration
black shales
Dniepr–Donets Basin
mineralogy
principal source rocks –
UK shale gas –
block and basin structure
Central North Sea petroleum system –
geophysical methods synthesis –
hydrocarbon prospectivity implications

play types and traps –
source rocks –
potential field modelling –
input model construction data –
sub-Permian basin architecture –
three-dimensional forward –
three-dimensional inversion
solution
seismic interpretation –
Auk–Argyll–Flora area –
Jaeren high area
Mid North Sea High area
sub-Zechstein relationships –
West Central Shelf –
source rocks –
sub-Zechstein well sections –
Chiswick Field UK SNS reservoir
– ,
Early
Krechba reservoir
Late
Netherlands petroleum exploration
palaeogeography maps
North Africa
outcrops ,
plays
sequence frameworks
petroleum system
sandstone ,
sediments
shallow marine
Shannon Basin
source rock ,
source rocks elevated structural
locations
stratigraphic traps –
Early Bashkirian regression

Early to Middle Tournaisian
transgression
global transgressive–regressive cycles

Late Carboniferous
Late Devonian regression –
Latest Vise´an to Serpukhovian
transgression
Late Tournaisian regression
Late Tournaisian to earliest Vise´an
transgression
potential stratigraphic trapping types

Carbonate buildups
depositional pinchout –
incised valley-fills
Serpukhovian–Bashkirian incised
valleys
Strunian to Tournaisian incised valleys

truncation traps
Vise´an incised valleys
Vise´an transgressive–regressive cycles

subcrop , ,
total organic content (TOC),
Unayzah formations
Variscan Foreland Basin –
Catskill Mountains
gas-generated hydraulic fractures
CCS. See carbon capture and storage (CCS)
CDR. See calibrated difference reflectivity
(CDR)
Celtic Sea basins
location map
Cenomanian age
deltaic coals
fields
fluvial-deltaic deposits
gas charge , ,
gas fields
gas volumes
Iabe Formation
play , ,
Pokur Formation , ,
reservoirs
traps ,
Cenozoic age . See also Early Cenozoic age
Arctic synchronous exhumation –
Asmari carbonate reservoir
Barents Sea
Bridge Anticline
clastic input
compression ,
compressional structures
deep Oligocene play –
deepwater reservoirs Palaeogene v.
Late Jurassic –
Early ,
East Greenland continental margin
exhumation
intraplate inversional swells areal
occurrence
Late
Middle East exploring potential of
hydrocarbon plays –
Mordor Anticline
NE Atlantic Margin unconformities
Netherlands petroleum exploration with
stratigraphic plays
North Africa exploring potential of
hydrocarbon plays –
North Africa volcanic centers
rifted continental margin seismic
profiles
Rockall–Faroe area ,
Scandinavia
Slyne Basin
structural elements
thrust-and-fold belts
uplift
Val d’Agri oil field
Viera Anticline
Central Europe
Pannonian Basin ,
Central Graben . See also Danish Central
Graben (DCG)
biostratigraphic records
chalk lithostratigraphic nomenclature
Dutch
East ,
high-amplitude reflector
shoreface deposition
horizon between four wells
horizon characteristics
Humber Group –
seismic profile
seismic profile perpendicular to basin axis
,
sequence stratigraphic schemes
tectonic reconfiguration evidence
– , –
Central High Atlas Basin, Morocco
Atlantic margin Permo-Triassic Basin
evolution –
location map
Permian section
Central North Sea (CNS) ,
aquifer seal capacity
borehole Leak Off Test
Carboniferous basin configuration
Carboniferous petroleum system
– ,
crystalline basement surface
diapir flank structure
direct pressures in chalk
discoveries analysis
dry holes ,
Gannet Area
Huntington discoveries –
hydrocarbon discoveries
v. aquifer seal capacity ,
v. aquifer seal capacity histogram
hydrocarbon leakage
hydrocarbon seal capacity calculations

Jasmine discover –
lithostatic stress
location
long-offset seismic data
pressure-depth plot
retention capacity
stratigraphic thicknesses control
Tay formation fan system
Triassic
Triassic strata truncation
wells
Central North Sea Basin
aggradational channels
channel troughs traces
depositional model
erosive trace along channel base
INDEX Central North Sea Basin (Continued)
Late Neogene development contour
currents –
aggrading channels geological controls

channels and salt diapir leakage zones

contour current depositional setting
evidence –
geophysical data and methods
Late Neogene basin development
implications –
regional background –
results –
aggrading channels below Horizon ,

channel features detailed mapping
Late Neogene succession
seismic-stratigraphy –
Merganser leakage zone
three channel pathways
time-sliced map
Central North Sea Chalk
aquifer seal capacity –
methods comparison
deep overpressure
comparisons of dry holes and discoveries

base Chalk
base Cretaceous unconformity
top reservoir/base seal –
low porosity and low permeability
pressure transition zone –
mud pressure profiles –
non-reservoir characteristics
role as regional seal
Upper Cretaceous pressures
role in development of deep overpressure

seal breach analysis –
Central Panels
Buzzard Field
high-density turbidites
injection well
OWC
Central Structural Domain
Novaya Zemlya
Central Taimyr Fold Belt
crustal tectonic
Central Trough , ,
deepwater reservoirs Palaeogene v. Late
Jurassic
salts regional traverses
wells
central Utah deltaic reservoir analogues
petroleum geoscientists virtual fieldtrips
central West Siberian basin ,
Central Ymir Ridge Anticline
seismic profile
Cervia Mare
Porto Corsini East gas field
CGGVeritas
Chalk
acoustic impedance v. total porosity
biostratigraphic analysis
Central Graben
characterized
composite seismic section
composition
Ekofisk Formation
Eldfisk Field
facies
holostratigraphic approach –
holostratigraphic study
hydrocarbon seal
inversion results
JCR
Late Cretaceous age
Inoceramid bivalves
Netherlands petroleum exploration with
stratigraphic plays –
lithostratigraphic nomenclature
North Sea
basin
well correlation diagram
PHIE v. true vertical depth
PHIT
reflector D seismic monitoring
represents
reservoir and non-reservoir
Tor Formation
units ,
Chalk Group
AI-PHIT relationship
hydrocarbon producing
petrophysical log analysis
time isochore map
well log correlation
Chalk Sea
channel axis drainage cells
channel features detailed mapping
central North Sea basin Late Neogene
channelized turbidites
geological characteristics
channel troughs traces
Central North Sea basin
chaotic hummocky basin floor facies
chaotic hummocky mounded facies
charging giant gas fields
Siberia Basin –
chemostratigraphy
A -NC exploration well, Kufra Basin,
Libya
material and methods
results –
study objective
Buzzard Field
Chimney Rock Shale
China
Drilling Expedition GMGS- , –
Chiswick Field
appraisal well results
BP drilled appraisal well
Carboniferous depth structure map
Carboniferous rocks
Carboniferous subcrop ,
gas producers
geological well section
hydraulic fracture locations
intra-Carboniferous reflectors
LASMO drilled well
location
location map
seismic section
stratigraphic column
UK SNS overcoming multiple uncertainties

Carboniferous reservoir –
Westphalian
Westphalian B
field history –
phase I field development –
development plan
drilling results
Gamma well
phase II field development –
Rotliegend reservoir
seismic interpretation –
database
depth conversion
interpretation –
stratigraphy –
structural history and stratigraphy

structure
Westphalian
Venture Production’s involvement
wells penetration
chlorite
coatings
Laggan , ,
porosity and permeability preservation
Chondrites facies core photos
Chukchi Basin
HC play elements
internal structure
Chukchi Peninsula
Chukchi Sea , ,
RAS sedimentary basins and petroleum
geology –
Chukchi Shelf
structural elements
Cimmerian age
Late
rift architecture and stratal geometries

tectonics and fault geometries
North Sea hydrocarbon systems –
reservoir distribution controls –
rifting seismic line
Clair Field , –
core segment
data acquisition packages
depletion lack
development –
discovery
fault juxtaposition
field pressure decline graph
first water injector well data
formation pressure tests
D difference map
D seismic data
fractured oil reservoir –
fractures
fractures azimuth establishment
Graben segments
granulation seams
horst segments
injector positioning and timing

location
location and seismic data coverage
LoFS
managing field start-up –
data acquisition strategy –
early well results –
producer-led start-up –
INDEXOBC dataset
oil and water production data
,
original field development plan
petrographic analysis
play in Yell Basin
pre-development appraisal –
reservoir communication
reservoir pressure
reservoir quality
seismic line and crossline
start-up, oil production profile
streamer dataset
structure and stratigraphy –
D seismic data
Top Unit V
Top Unit V map
uninterpreted seismic data
comparison
water breakthrough –
water injector well data
well data ,
well interference testing
Witch’s Hat segment ,
Clair Group
stratigraphy and matrix properties
Clair Unitization and Field Operating
Agreement
Clare Shale
clastic basin fill
stratigraphic traps
clastics
Jurassic–Cretaceous
Clavering Island
Clavering Ø
thermal history solutions
clay mineral
Shiranish Formation
Claymore Field
claystone packages
Buzzard Field
Clearwater Formation
Cleo- wells
Clyde Field
subdivided
CNS. See Central North Sea (CNS)
coal
Cenomanian deltaic
gas content
gasification
gasifying in situ
Pennine Basin
source rocks
underground gasification –
coal mines
deaths
coastal plain
facies ,
description
Hugin Formation sedimentology
interpretation
sequence stratigraphy
wireline-log character
sequence stratigraphic surfaces
Cockburn Basin
geoseismic profile
Coffee Soil Fault
Cold Lake development
Imperial
Cold Lake Field, Alberta
D seismic steam conformance maps
D seismic surveys
Colin Oakman core workshop –
commercial-scale injection test
Gordon Creek Field, Utah –
common risk segment (CRS) mapping
process
defined
play fairway
compressional structures
Rockall–Faroe area compression
Hatton Bank Anticline –
conceptual play model
Lower Cretaceous early syn-rift stage
Lower Cretaceous rift initiation
Middle Jurassic pre-rift sandstone
West Shetland Platform
conceptual stratigraphic architecture
Judy Member
conductivity–temperature–depth (CTD)
probe
Rockall Trough ,
Congo
craton
Congo Basin
Lower
D seismic survey
gas discoveries by play
conjugate continental margins
bathymetry contours
crust deformations
rifting and crustal thinning
continental crust
continental epeiric sea basins
continental margin
deeper structure
petroleum plays
post-rift evolution
subsidence and heat flow history
continental red beds
continental shelf
Norway sedimentary rocks properties
continental uplift
continent–ocean transition (COT) ,
Faroe Islands ,
HVLC P-wave velocities
controlled retractable injection point (CRIP)

controlled-source electromagnetic (CSEM)
survey , ,
Northern Judd Basin T sequence
prospectivity –
Suilven
T anomaly
Cooles Farm borehole
cooling episodes
core intervals
Corrib gas field
Dooish K-feldspars
sandstones
Corsica
Pleistocene age Golo turbidite system
COT. See continent–ocean transition (COT)
counter-depositional dip
Crag Formation
Craven Basin
southern margins analogue
thickness
Craven Group
black shale
Pennine Basin –
shale
Creaney, Steve
Cretaceous age . See also Early
Cretaceous age; Late Cretaceous age
Alberta
Alpine orogen
Apulian Platform succession
breakup
chalk Tor Formation
clastics
depocentres
Early ,
Faroe–Shetland Basin syn-rift play

gas yield
Khaz Dumi and Garau major play
systems
Late –
Lewis Shale
Middle
early syn-rift stage mature
Faroe–Shetland syn-rift play –
relay ramps
stratigraphic interpretation
Møre Basin
oil
petroleum system –
reservoir ,
Faroe–Shetland syn-rift play –
early syn-rift
Greenland analogues –
Jurassic rift stage
rift initiation –
structural control on sedimentation

syn-rift plays –
Rockall Basin sandstones
stratigraphic interpretation
syn-rift play models
tight gas sandstones
Vøring Basin
wedge –
crew change
CRIP. See controlled retractable injection
point (CRIP)
Cromer Knoll
mudrock
Cromer Knoll Group ,
cross-bedded sandstone
Garn Formation
CRS. See common risk segment (CRS)
mapping process
crustal scale deformation
North Sea hydrocarbon systems –
crustal thinning
Cruziana ichnofacies
Cryogenian age
Dar Cheikh Group
crystalline basement
depth
Devil’s Hole Granite
Devono-Carboniferous basin
Ireland
lead space plots
output
overlain with gas chimneys
INDEX crystalline basement (Continued)
sub-Zechstein composite layer
three dimensional model
C sandstones
Rockall Basin
Rockall Basin palaeodrainage ,
CSEM. See controlled-source
electromagnetic (CSEM) survey
CTD. See conductivity–temperature–depth
(CTD) probe
Curlew area
well correlation
Curlew Embayment
deltaic conditions
CWC. See carbon dioxide water contacts
(CWC)
Cylindrichnus
Czech Republic
shale
Dagmar Field ,
Dagny area
axis-perpendicular sub-regional correlation

well-log correlation panel
Dakhla source rock
Dan Field
Danian age
Chalk Group deposition
Ekofisk Formation ,
biofacies map ,
Late
Danish Basin ,
individual contributions to basement depth
map –
potential field
Precambrian basement
Danish Central Graben (DCG)
barrier island sandstone reservoir
architecture –
Freja discovery –
back-barrier sediments –
depositional environments –
shoreface sandstones
stratigraphy
thick stacked –
Holocene–Recent Rømø –
methods
morphology and depositional
environments
palaeogeographic reconstruction
vertical section trough Rømø barrier
island –
biomarker ratios for oils and source rocks

chronostratigraphic scheme
cores sedimentology
facies distributions and basin evolution
Late Kimmeridgian palaeogeographic map

Late Kimmeridgian to Ryazanian
log correlation panel , ,
Lower Cretaceous succession
map
oil types –
potential kitchen areas
reactive kerogen wells
reservoir sandstones –
depositional environments –
distribution –
Lower Volgian shoreface sandstones

depositional environment
palaeogeography
reservoir characteristics
methods
palaeogeography –
reservoir characteristics –
structural setting –
Upper Kimmeridgian shallow marine
sandstones –
depositional environment –
reservoir characteristics
Upper Kimmeridgian to Lower Volgian
sandstones –
depositional environment –
palaeogeography
reservoir characteristics
Upper Middle Volgian to Ryazanian
sandstones –
depositional environment –
palaeogeography
reservoir characteristics
sandstone play area –
methods –
oil composition and source
petroleum evaluation –
regional setting
sedimentological and biostratigraphical
data
sedimentological core log
simplified structural profile
source rock maturity and quality –
generative kerogen estimation –
kerogen composition –
source rock potential
steranes in oils and source rocks
structural elements
structural map
structural section
syn-rift sedimentary fill
time stratigraphic chart
Upper Jurassic
barrier island sandstone –
isochore map
reservoir sandstones –
sandstone play area –
succession
wells , , ,
Danish North Sea
location map
time isochore map
Danish Wadden Sea , ,
Darag sub-basin
seismic profile
Dar Cheikh Group
Late Cryogenian age
Dawn Anticline –
bathymetric gorge
DCG. See Danish Central Graben (DCG)
DDB. See Dniepr–Donets Basin (DDB)
Dead Sea fault system
deaths
coal mines
debates
GeoControversies –
Deep Joanne model –
gas and oil recovery factors
model data
parameter sensitivities
porosity–depth realization
reservoir depth
results –
Deep Judy model results
initial gas rate v. CGR
model data
parameter sensitivities
porosity-depth realization
reservoir depth
RF v. CGR/GOR
sensitivity
deep Triassic reservoirs
porosity–depth relationships
production behaviour
deepwater
Angola ,
Badenian marine shales
far-outboard areas
fold belts
Gulf of Mexico
Ormen Lange system , ,
deepwater reservoirs
basin architecture
ESB and Jameson Land
Late Jurassic v. Palaeogene age
North Sea hydrocarbon systems – ,
basin setting/sea-level response

Cenozoic examples and play
considerations –
Central Trough Upper Jurassic
comparison
provenance/hinterland
sandstone injectites
Upper Jurassic deepwater depositional
systems –
Palaeogene v. Late Jurassic –
provenance/hinterland
salt withdrawal role
Default Thermal History , ,
,
Delaware Formation
De Long Massif
deltaics
central Utah reservoir analogues
depocentres
DEM. See digital elevation model (DEM)
Denmark . See also Danish Central
Graben (DCG)
basin , , – ,
Danish–German basin
Felicia- wells AFTA data
North Sea ,
Norwegian Basin
petrophysical samples locations
potential field anomalies
sedimentary rocks magnetic
properties
Wadden Sea , ,
depositional architecture
tectonic and climactic influence
depositional shoreline break (DSB)
depth velocity plots
compaction depth–velocity
Desana Formation
Settala gas field
desiccated reservoir
INDEXdetrital potassium feldspars
lead
isotope analysis
isotopic composition
detrital zircon
geochronology
global database
plate reconstruction
Devil’s Hole Granite
crystalline basement output
depth contours
D model showing granite morphologies
Devil’s Hole High wells
Devonian age . See also Early Devonian
age
Ahara High
argillaceous
Bakken Formation
basin development
Berkine Basin
Brown Shale
Carboniferous basins
D display of crystalline basement
surface
locations
chronostratigraphic diagram
depth velocity plots
Exshaw Western Canada Basin
Ghadames Basin
Ghadames–Illizi Basin
Horn River Basin, British Columbia
hot shale
hydrocarbon prospectivity –
Jaurf Formation
Kyle Limestone
Late – ,
GDE map
Mississippian Bakken Formation
Muskwa Shale
Netherlands petroleum
exploration
North Africa stratigraphy –
palaeogeography maps
regional-scale synthesis
sandstones
stratigraphic succession
stratigraphic wedges ,
succession – , ,
Tihemboka
unconformities types
Williston Basin
diagenetic trapping
diapiric salt
Gulf of Mexico
intrude downwards
Niendorf II diapir
diapirs . See also Salt diapirs
Central North Sea
flank structure
Gulf of Mexico ,
Hildesheimer Wald ,
intrude salt plumes
Niendorf II
rise
stages
digital elevation model (DEM)
digital outcrop model (DOM)
Dinantian palaeogeography United
Kingdom
Diplocraterion
dipmeter
direct gas indicators
Angola
Disko
Djebel Tamamat area –
interpretation –
stratigraphic architecture –
wedge geometry
Djebel Tebaga
Austrian Unconformity
Dniepr–Donets Basin (DDB)
Carboniferous black shales
cross-section
shale
Dogger Granite
crystalline basement output
depth contours
D model showing granite morphologies
DOM. See digital outcrop model (DOM)
Donan Field ,
appraisal well location ,
AVO , ,
data summary
discovery and appraisal of well results
drilling efficiencies
FDP
FPSO
full stack seismic data
geological model
high-resolution biostratigraphy
high-resolution dinocyst-based
biostratigraphy study
historical behaviour analysis
infill locations ,
lithology impedance volume
location map
oil price trends chart
overburden canyons
OWC behaviour
polarity flip
post-well analysis
production history
production plot
redevelopment
renaissance old field in new landscape

beyond second oil Donan –?,

drilling campaign –
infill well performance
preparing for infill drilling
well performance
first life Donan – –
abandonment
Donan changing geological view

Donan discovery and appraisal

Donan field development
early field performance –
infill drilling –
location and block history
future challenges
identifying remaining potential
Lochranza birth
new beginning prospects Donan
– –
development drilling
Dumbarton Project birth –
field redevelopment plan
leveraging technology –
reappraisal –
reservoir modelling –
technologies influencing appraisal

residuals map
rock physics model
structure map
time slice
wedge modelling
Donan model
layer-cake
revised
Donan reservoir
pressure plot showing depletion
Dooish A sandstones
Dooish gas condensate discovery, Eastern
Rockall Basin
palaeodrainage –
Dooish potassium feldspars
Corrib gas field
Porcupine Basin
Rockall Basin margin
Slyne Basin
Dooish sandstones
deposition
lead space plots
potassium feldspar
Dooish well
Ireland
lead concentration –
Downey, Marlan
motion National Oil Companies petroleum
industry future
Drachev, Sergey ,
drainage cells ,
creation
number and location
Drauppe Formation
Drilling Expedition
GMGS- , China –
UBGH , South Korea
drilling technology –
drill stem tests (DST) ,
dry holes v. aquifer seal capacity
DSB. See depositional shoreline break (DSB)
DSDP Leg ,
DST. See drill stem tests (DST)
Duffield borehole
TOC
Dumbarton Project , , , ,
birth –
development wells
production performance
Dutch Central Graben
earliest Volgian
Early Albian age
Wabiskaw Formation
Early Cambrian age
basin remnant
North Africa plays
Early Carboniferous age
North Africa
Early Cenozoic age
Laramide Orogeny genetic basin analysis
magmatic underplating ,
INDEX Early Cenozoic age (Continued)
Middle East exploring hydrocarbon plays

North Africa exploring hydrocarbon plays

Early Cretaceous age
Alberta
Cadomin Formation
conceptual play model
DCG
Faroe–Shetland syn-rift play
faults analytic signal shaded relief map
McMurray Formation
Alberta
Athabasca
Athabasca Oil Sands
fluvial estuarine point bar sequence
isopach map
steepbank river outcrop
Netherlands petroleum exploration

Nikanassin Formation
Rauwerd stratigraphic trapping
rifting in Ghadames–Illizi Basin –
rifting in mid-Norwegian margin
rift initiation
sandstone
sediment
Spirit River Formation
syn-rift stage
thickening in Ghadames–Illizi
Basin
West Shetland Platform
Early Devonian age
Caledonian unconformity
fluvial sediments
isopach map
MPath modelling
palaeogeography maps
Tadrart formation outcrop
Tadrart play
Tadrart reservoir GDE map
Early Eocene age
burial
Early Jurassic age
black shales
Netherlands petroleum exploration with
stratigraphic plays
paralic sandstone units
petroleum system –
Posidonia shale –
source rock
Early Maastrichtian age
porosity and bulk volume water
Tor Formation biofacies map
Early Miocene age
Pannonian Basin
Early Neogene age
exhumation –
Early Oxfordian age
sequence J
Early Palaeozoic age
black shales
genetic basin analysis
stratigraphic architecture
Early Permian age
basin development
Rotliegend Group
sediments deposition
Early Pleistocene age
progradational system
early post-rift
Early Silurian age
Tannezuft hot shale
Tanzuft –
Tanzuft Source Rock
early syn-rift
conceptual play model
Early Tournaisian age
Early Triassic age
North Atlantic region
Early Volgian age
basin-scale palaeogeographic
reconfiguration
palaeovalley model –
prospect-scale models –
reactivation
reconfiguration for exploration models

sequence J
sequence J a ,
shoreface sandstones –
depositional environment
palaeogeography
reservoir characteristics
turbidites
uplift
Earth model
channel complex details
density mode
model-based band-limited reflectivity
NATS data
velocity mode
East Central Graben (ECG) ,
high-amplitude reflector
shoreface deposition
Eastern Structural Domain
Novaya Zemlya
East Shetland Basin (ESB) , ,
deepwater reservoirs
East Siberian Sea ,
East Siberian Sea Province (ESSP)
crustal domain
petroleum geology
RAS sedimentary basins –
tectonic history
East Texas Basin
Bossier sandstones
Ebbing, Jorg
EBN. See Energie Beheer Nederland B.V.
(EBN)
Eburnean Orogeny
ECBM. See enhanced coal bed methane
(ECBM)
ECG. See East Central Graben (ECG)
Edoras–Hatton margin
LCB
EGR. See enhanced gas recovery (EGR)
Egret Field
high production performance
Egypt. See also specific locations
geological section
Nile Delta , ,
North Red Sea basin hydrocarbon
prospectivity –
gravity/magnetics –
reservoir and seal
seismic acquisition and processing
seismic mapping –
source
stratigraphy and tectonic framework
Western Desert
EIA. See Energy Information Administration
(EIA)
Eikesdalen
Eileen Gas Hydrate Accumulation
Ekofisk Field
Lower –
porosity and bulk volume water
Ekofisk Formation , , , , .
See also Lower Ekofisk Formation
air–mercury capillary pressure
biofacies map ,
cementation factor
Chalk ,
Chalk well micrographs
core data
depth trend
effective stress
Hg-capillary pressure
Middle
porosity, water saturation and
PWFT
reservoir
shale to gas-bearing chalk
time-lapse time shift
Upper
water saturation
Eldfisk Alpha
porosity v. permeability plots
Eldfisk Bravo
planktonic foraminifera
Eldfisk Field
benthic biofacies groups
biostratigraphical database
biostratigraphic and tectonostratigraphic
summary
carbonate slump
Chalk
Chalk sequences unconformities
Cretaceous reworking
depth map
environmental factors
fine-grained nannofossil component
holostratigraphic approach to chalk

holostratigraphic study
hydrodynamic sorting pattern
intra Danian reworking
location
location map
planktonic bathymetric foraminifera
biofacies groups
planktonic morphotypes
porosity and bulk volume water
reworked horizons
stratigraphic summary
tectonic and eustatic events
El Gassi Shale
Elgin–Franklin area ,
Elgin–Franklin–Shearwater–Erskine trend
productive reservoirs
Elm Coulee
Emgyet Shale
Emsian flooding surface
stratigraphic pinchout
endorheic dryland system
INDEXEndro˜d Formation
Energie Beheer Nederland B.V. (EBN)
Energy Information Administration (EIA)
,
Energy Resources Conservation Board
(ERCB) , ,
England. See also specific location
biogenic shale gas
Carboniferous TOC
CCS
thermogenic shale gas
UCG case study
wells
enhanced coal bed methane (ECBM)
enhanced gas recovery (EGR)
enhanced oil recovery (EOR) ,
– ,
Ensign Field
appraisal Phase I –
well / a- evaluation –
illite cementation
well / – evaluation –
hydraulic fracture stimulation
parameters
appraisal phase II –
well / a- evaluation –
drilling induced fractures
faults
fractures –
appraisal wells
core porosity–permeability
discovery
field history
hydraulic fracture proppant size and
volumes
improving well deliverability –
Leman Sandstone depth map
Leman Sandstone reservoir
location
map showing location
overburden interval
productivity in tight gas reservoirs

reservoir sedimentology –
reservoir structure
reservoir zones
Schlumberger FMI
seismic interpretation –
seismic section showing
overburden
stratigraphic sequence
stratigraphy
structure and tectonic setting
Venture’s appraisal campaign
well data
Eocene age
Apennines
Balder Formation
Gannet Area
hemipelagic, deep-marine deposits
North Atlantic breakup transition
palaeogeothermal gradients ,
plateau basalts
Tay formation fan system
EON Ruhrgas UK Exploration and
Production Ltd
EOR. See enhanced oil recovery (EOR)
ERCB. See Energy Resources Conservation
Board (ERCB)
ERD. See extended reach drilling (ERD)
wells
Erris Basin –
data reprocessing
exhumation estimates from seismic
velocity data –
location map
reprocessing example
seismic interpretation –
Slyne Basin –
Erskine area
shoreface environments
ESB. See East Shetland Basin (ESB)
Essaouira Basin
ESSP. See East Siberian Sea
Province (ESSP)
Eugene Island Block Field
fluid saturation crossplot
production profile
seismic velocity
Euphrates Graben
geological cross-section
Shiranish Formation –
stratigraphy
Syria sedimentology –
EUR. See expected ultimate
recovery (EUR)
Eurasian–African plate collision
tectonic cycle
Eurasian Arctic
onshore fold belt
tectonic events
Eurasian Basin ,
Eurasian Continental Margin
free-air gravity field
Europe – . See also specific location
Antrim Shale-analogues with biogenic
methane
basin architectures regional-scale
polyphase rifting
black shale
exploration
exploration and exploitation techniques
field development and production –
gas shales case studies –
Pannonian Basin ,
Petroleum Geology Conference series
history
proceedings overview –
shale gas –
regional overview –
European Margin
lead potassium-feldspar data
EUROSTRATAFORM project
exotic fragments
originate
travel
expected ultimate recovery (EUR)
Joanne
Judy
Judy Field
expendable conductivity–temperature–depth
(XCTD) probe
seismic acquisition
expendable sound speed probe (XSP)
seismic acquisition
Exshaw Western Canada Basin
extended reach drilling (ERD) wells
extensional margin evolution
facies. See also shoreface
associations ,
carbonate
chaotic hummocky basin floor
chaotic hummocky mounded
coastal plain ,
core photos
DCG
Hugin Formation –
Ile Formation
Joanne Member ,
Lagoa Feia lacustrine
map
Mississippian
Shiranish Formation –
sigmoid aggradational
Tofte Formation
units description – , –
facies
movement direction
facies
movement direction
Faleide, Jan Inge
Falher Member ,
basin-centred gas –
Fammenian sediments
Ahnet Basin
Fangst Group
shallow marine
Farne Granite
crystalline basement output
depth contours
D model showing granite morphologies
Faroe Bank Anticline
bottom-water current activity
Faroe Bank Channel
Faroe Bank Channel Syncline
seismic profile
Faroe Island Basalt Group (FIBC)
Faroe Islands , , ,
conceptual breakup models
COT ,
description
effect of LVZ
geological structures
geophone component
intra-basalt units –
iSIMM seismic profile
map
North Atlantic Ocean
profile constraints
P-wave velocity structure
rifted continental margins
sub-basalt LVZ
TD
D seismic data –
wide-angle data
Faroe–Shetland Basin , , ,
,
Base Balder unconformity
complete crustal structure
conceptual breakup models
crustal thickness map
Faroe–Shetland syn-rift play
future exploration
hydrocarbon provinces
Mesozoic–Palaeozoic structural play
Paleocene age
structural features
INDEX Faroe–Shetland Basin (Continued)
structural setting
sub-basalt hydrocarbon prospectivity

syn-rift play –
UKCS location map
Faroe–Shetland Channel
sub-basalt imaging
Faroe–Shetland region –
Cretaceous reservoir formations –
early syn-rift
Greenland analogues –
Jurassic rift stage
late syn-rift and early post-rift
rift climax
rift initiation –
structural control on sedimentation

syn-rift plays –
Early Cretaceous
exploration history
Late Cretaceous
methods –
Mid-Cretaceous –
Mid-Late Cretaceous
onshore analogues
Pre-Early Cretaceous
reflection seismic data –
structural map
structural observations –
wells –
Farsund Formation
dead carbon average proportion
depth map
depth range
HI v. depth plot
hopane:sterane ratio
immature to marginally mature
samples
kerogen
non-bioturbated claystones
oil window ,
PI v. depth plot
sandstones and siltstones
sapropelic kerogen photomicrographs and
oil immersion
shales
source rock potential
source rock quality
thermal maturity map
TOC contest
fault. See also specific name
analytic signal shaded relief map
Arkitsa –
/ a- well evaluation
Base Zechstein
control
displacement
fold
imaging
inner and outer seismic distortion zones
Jurassic age
juxtaposition difference
network ,
AI volume-rendered view
juxtaposition difference values
Puffin horst area
relative seismic volume analysis –
case study –
caveats and discussion
defining damage zone
defining fault network –
fault relative analysis associated with
damage zones –
fault-sealing potential –
inner zone
outer zone
reservoir depletion
rift oblique lineaments
sealing potential –
zones ,
fault damage zone (FDZ)
index volumes
FDZ. See fault damage zone (FDZ)
Feda Graben , , ,
wells VR trends
feldspars. See also detrital potassium
feldspars; potassium feldspars
concentration –
detrital lead isotope analysis
Dooish potassium
Dooish well –
European Margin
provenance technique
Felicia- wells, Offshore Denmark
AFTA data
Fell Sandstone Group
Fennoscandian grid
Fennoscandian Shield
Fernie Formation
interbedded sandstones
Ferron Sandstone
lidar studies
FFZ. See Florianopolis Fracture Zone (FFZ)
FIBC. See Faroe Island Basalt Group (FIBC)
fieldtrips
petroleum geoscientists virtual –
Finland
Finnmark
Fisher Bank Basin
Jurassic age
wells
five-tile WATS
Fjellanger, Erik
Fladen Ground Spur
flank well
example of interpretation
Flett Basin
gas-prone
Flett Sub-Basin
location map
floating production storage and
offloading (FPSO)
Donan Field
Maersk Oil’s Leadon Field
Flora Field
Florianopolis Fracture Zone (FFZ)
flowing tubing head pressure (FTHP)
fluvial distributary system
fluvial erosion
Ormen Lange system
fluvial sandstones
Cambrian succession
fluvio-deltaic distributary system
fluvio-tidal channel-fill
facies association
facies association D –
description
interpretation
sequence stratigraphy
wireline-log character
Hugin Formation sedimentology –
wireline-log cross-plot
FMH. See Forties-Montrose High (FMH)
FMI. See Schlumberger Full-bore
Micro-Imager log data (FMI)
Foinaven Field
foreland
Asti Formation
basin
Italy hydrocarbon occurrences –
Mesozoic carbonate substratum
Po Plain
ramp ,
thrust propagation folds
Foreland Basin Megasequence
Hercynian Orogeny
Pre-Hercynian burial
Pre-Hercynian structures –
Foreland Basin megasequence
Former Soviet Union (FSU)
Forties Field
bypassed oil target
depth structure
sandstone reservoir prediction
well log section
Forties-Montrose High (FMH) ,
Early Volgian reactivation
palaeogeographic maps
recording reactivation
seismic line
Fort Worth Basin (FWB)
Barnett Shale Formation ,
Mississippian Barnett Shale
forward and inverse model
Fosen Peninsula
fossil fuel , ,
Foula Formation
four dimensional acquisition and processing

acquisition repeatability
analysis method
case study details –
CDR calculation –
additional D noise reduction
improved acquisition repeatability

processing flow improvements
noise levels
noise reduction
North Sea case study –
repeatability measurements
seismic CDR
surveys
four dimensional model
Alba data showing water cones
Alba seismic showing OWC movement
Clair field difference map
Cold Lake Field seismic conformance maps

response characterized
seismic data
Clair field
monitor
Nelson Field areal flow detection
controls methods –
OWC
INDEXseismic monitoring Chalk reflector
seismic response T sequence
seismic surveys ,
Cold Lake Field
stem flooding monitoring
four-tile WATS
FPSO. See floating production storage and
offloading (FPSO)
fractures. See also Hydraulic fractures
bedding-parallel carbonate
concretions
calcite-sealed ,
Ensign enigma –
gas-generated hydraulic
horizontal well / a-
model , ,
strike-slip element
oil reservoir –
reservoir models
stimulation process
well / – ,
well / a-
Taq Taq field appraisal and development

well / a- evaluation –
France. See also specific location
petroleum geoscientists virtual fieldtrips
Franz Josef Land Archipelago
Fraser, Al
Frasnian age
charge
‘hot’ shale
source rocks deposition
source rocks kitchen maps
unconformity
Freja Field ,
barrier island sandstones
palaeotopography ,
well log panel
Freja–Mjølner Field
Froan Basin
geoseismic profile
location map
FSU. See Former Soviet Union (FSU)
FTHP. See flowing tubing head pressure
(FTHP)
Fugelli, Edith
Fugloy Ridge
effect of LVZ
seismic data
Fulmar–Clyde Terrace ,
turbidite deposition
Fulmar Field
correlation model
defined
exploration
fault-crest seismic interpretation
Jurassic age
pinchout prospects
reservoir ,
sandstone ,
aggradational packages
BVRU
deposited in narrow palaeovalleys
deposition tectonic reconfiguration
deposits sequences J -J b
Humber Group thickness
initial distribution
isopach
sequences J and J
shallow-marine
subdivided
well / b-
well log section
Fundy Basin
Atlantic margin evolution and fill

detailed analysis
location map
Permian and Triassic sections
FWB. See Fort Worth Basin (FWB)
Gabon
conjugate margin evaporitic
deposits
crustal architecture
margin , ,
hinge-lines
tectonosedimentary
Gaffney, Cline & Associates (GCA)
Gaffney, Peter –
Gaggiano Field
Villafortuna–Trecate oil field
Gamma well
challenging gas development
Ganges–Brahmaputra
Gannet Area
Eocene Tay formation fan system
Garau major play systems
Gargaff Arch –
chronostratigraphic chart
geological map
incised valleys
interpretation –
Siluro-Devonian succession stratigraphic
architecture
stratigraphic architecture –
Garn Formation , –
chlorite
cross-bedded sandstone
depositional synthesis
description –
petrographic porosity
pressure profiles
rapid pressure decline explanation
gas
Angola discoveries
Angola exploration –
Angola generation schematic
Bakken Formation
Barnett Shale
Bazhenov Formation
BCG model expulsion
biogenic , , –
England
Scotland
Wales
Cenomanian ,
charge
Cenomanian fields
Cenomanian play ,
Urengoy field
charging
giant –
chimneys
long-offset seismic data
sub-Zechstein composite layer
Chiswick Field
chromatography
analysis
Bakken petroleum system –
chain length distribution
Coal Measures
condensate
Joanne Sandstone Member
Triassic Skagerrak Formation
West Limb core area
Corrib , ,
Cretaceous sources
Deep Judy model results
direct gas indicators in Angola
enhanced recovery
Europe case studies –
generated hydraulic fractures
greenhouse , –
initial rate v. CGR
Italy
Judy model
Jurassic sources
Leningradskoye field drainage area ,
,
liquefied natural ,
Lower Congo Basin discoveries by
play
North Africa occurrences
Pokur Formation ,
recovery
recovery factor
Settala field , ,
shales –
South Arne rock physics model
Tanopcha Formation , ,
thermogenic shale gas
trap formation East Barents region
typical permeability reservoirs
UK shale gas
Urengoy field drainage
wetness ratio
GASH. See Gas Shales in Europe (GASH)
project
gas hydrates
BSR
Gas Hydrate Production Research Program

India occurrence
JAPEX/JNOC/GSC Mallik L-
JIP Gulf of Mexico
location
occurrences –
Alaska North Slope, Alaska, USA
drilling expedition GMGS- , China

Drilling Expedition UBGH , South
Korea
Gulf of Mexico, USA –
Mackenzie River Delta
Nankai Trough, Japan
NGHP Expedition , India
North Africa
resource potential –
unconventional oil and gas resources

gas–oil ratios (GOR)
Bakken Formation , ,
Bakken hydrocarbon pools
Bakken petroleum system –
Williston Basin
INDEX gas plays
block ,
Cenomanian
Cenomanian Pokur Formation
post-salt
salt
gas-prone petroleum systems
stratigraphic summary
Gas Shales in Europe (GASH) project
Gassman equation ,
GCA. See Gaffney, Cline & Associates
(GCA)
GEBCO. See General Bathymetric Chart of
Oceans (GEBCO)
Gebel Duwi North Red Sea Hills
field photograph
palaeotopography of palaeostructuring
pre-rift Cretaceous Nubia sandstone
Gebel Zeit
post-rift phase
Gedinnian fluvial unit
Gela Field
age
Caltanissetta accretionary arc
discovery
Italy hydrocarbon occurrences –
Gela Formation
Gemsa Basin
footwall prospectivity –
half graben cross-section
landsat geological image
General Bathymetric Chart of Oceans
(GEBCO)
Generic Mapping Tools (GMT)
genetic analysis summary chart
genetic basin analysis
global petroleum systems –
processes hierarchy
genetic models
predictions
Gent Ridge
wells VR trends
geochemistry – ,
oil
water – ,
GeoControversies debates – ,
Debate peak oil no longer concern –
for motion David Jenkins –
against motion Jeremy Leggett
Debate National Oil Companies
petroleum industry future –
for motion Marlan W. Downey
against motion Peter Gaffney –
Debate North Sea finished –
against motion Jim Hannon
for motion Richard Hardman –
summary Julian Rush –
geographic information system (GIS)
applications
geological conceptual model
geological sidetrack / – Z
Geological Survey of Norway (NGU)
aeromagnetic and gravity data
aeromagnetic data acquisitions and
modelling
Geology of Petroleum (Levorsen)
geomechanical modelling
example
three-dimensional output
geoscientists virtual fieldtrips –
geosteering
Captain Field
LWD tools
German squeezed diapirs
Gert Member
porosity and oil saturation plot
Gertrud Graben
wells VR trends
Gert- well ,
back barrier sediments
HTHP environment
interpreted washover fans photographs
porosity–permeability plot
sedimentological core log
Gething Formation
acoustic properties
basin-centred gas in Western
Canada
shale
Ghadames Basin , , – ,
chronostratigraphic chart
interpretation –
Siluro-Devonian succession stratigraphic
architecture
stratigraphic architecture –
Ghadames–Illizi Basin
basin modelling approach and
workflow
chronostratigraphic diagram
compaction depth–velocity
relationship
depocentres
depth velocity plots ,
Devonian ‘hot’ shale
Early Cretaceous rifting –
Early Cretaceous thickening
genesis burial plots ,
Hercynian Unconformity
integrated petroleum systems

outline
petroleum resources by country
petroleum systems and play fairway
analysis
reservoir-seal combinations
seismic profiles
Silurian ‘hot’ shale
stratigraphic framework
Tanzuft source rock
temperature v. depth
velocity analysis
Gharib
Zeit evaporite section
GIS. See geographic information system
(GIS) applications
glacial terrain
Norway
global database
detrital zircon dates
global oil resources
global petroleum systems –
Bayesian Belief Networks –
concepts
detrital zircon geochronology
distributions predictions
extensional systems
forward modelling
genetic basin analysis –
example –
global data plate motion –
overview –
methods
opportunities –
space and time –
technology
tools –
global plate
motion models
reconstruction ,
global positioning system (GPS)
global transgressive–regressive cycles
and North Africa –
global warming
Glossifungites ichnofacies
GMT. See Generic Mapping Tools (GMT)
goaf formation –
caved zone
fractured zone –
Goldsmith, Phil
Gondwana
craton
supercontinent ,
Google Earth ,
GOR. See gas–oil ratios (GOR)
Gordon Creek Field
carbon constrained world preparation

commercial-scale injection test –
site location/surface geology map
stratigraphy
Gorm Field
Gorm-Lola Ridge
Gothic Shale
GPS. See global positioning system (GPS)
Graben Fault
Graben segments
Clair field
graben system
tectonic reconfiguration
grainstones
Arab Formation
carbonate
Grand Coyer sub-basin
granite
Caledonoid potential field modelling
Devil’s Hole Granite D model
Dogger Granite
Dogger Granite D model
Farne Granite
Farne Granite D model
Grantz, Art
gravitational loading
Neogene depositional units
gravity
Bouguer gravity data
compilations –
flow sandstones
gradiometry
Iris- location
Norway –
oil data , ,
residual
surveys compilation
Svane- location
Tail End Graben
Greater Britannia area
fluid pressure indications
INDEXGreece
Arkitsa fault –
petroleum geoscientists virtual fieldtrips

Green, Paul
Green Canyon area
Marco Polo minibasin
roof-edge thrust
Suprasalt Miocene strata
greenhouse gas , –
Greenland ,
analogues –
case C episodic uplift and exhumation
AFTA data defining cooling episodes

thermochronological and
geomorphological integration

case D nature of Oligocene hiatus
episodic uplift and exhumation –
case E Ordovician source rocks
episodic uplift and exhumation –
Ordovician outlier implications
case F post-rift burial episodic uplift and
exhumation –
Cenozoic burial and exhumation

East Greenland margin development

mismatch between apatite dating and
AFT results –
Palaeogene intrusive bodies thermal
effects –
continental margin
Cenozoic compressional features
compression and inversion of underlying
basin
exhumation episodes
hydrocarbons generation ,
landscape
margin
aeromagnetic data reconstruction

geological map
uplifting and erosion in Norway
Mesozoic basins
Oligocene
Palaeogene deposits
plate reconstruction
post-basalt heating
regional exhumation
regional structures
seismic profile
thermal history
thermal history solutions
Greenland Sea
aeromagnetic surveys
embayment
Gre`s d’Annot Formation, SE France
petroleum geoscientists virtual fieldtrips
Grouw and Leeuwarden Field area
stratigraphic trapping
Gro- well
Nuussuaq Basin
Gryphon complex
Gulf of Cadiz
Gulf of Evia
Gulf of Mexico ,
allochthonous fragments
allochthonous minibasin
bathymetric profile
bulge of salt
buried salt canopies
compressed, uplifted area
deepwater
density profiles
diapiric salt
extruding salt stock
Gas Hydrate JIP
gas hydrates resource potential –
gravity and regional shortening
Marco Polo minibasin
prograding sedimentary wedge
salt tectonics
salt tectonics concepts –
source-to-sink systems
spreading salt canopies ,
squeezed diapirs intrude salt plumes
squeezed diapir stages
subsalt Mad Dog Field
thin roof disruption
thrust faults offset
thrusts
WATS experience
Gulf of Suez
D OBC seismic data
hydrocarbon play
isotope analysis
location map and structural elements
Nukul syncline
petroleum system
pre-rift beds
pre-rift reservoirs
sand pinchouts
sandstone distribution
seismic datasets
source rock biomarker
stratigraphic column
subtle exploration plays –
exploration targets –
Gemsa Basin footwall prospectivity

Gulf of Suez structural setting
post-rift reservoirs
pre-rift reservoirs
Ras Abu Darag Concession –
regional stratigraphy –
reservoirs –
Rudeis Formation –
seismic data quality
source rocks
South October Concession –
syn-rift reservoirs –
types
Upper Rudeis prospectivity
syn-rift beds
syn-rift sedimentation ,
watershed
Gull Island Formation
Guo, Li
Haldan Field ,
Jurassic GDE map
Haltenbanken
stratigraphic column
Halten Terrace ,
hydrocarbon generation
overpressure development
Halten-Trøndelag Basin
Hammerfest Basin
Hamra Quartzites
isopach map
Ordovician
Hanifa Field
source rock development
Hanifa Formation
Jurassic age
source rocks
Hannon, Jim , ,
against motion North Sea finished
Hannon Westwood ,
Hans- , Offshore Denmark
AFTA data
Hardangerfjord Shear Zone
satellite image
Harding/Gryphon complexes
Hardman, Richard
for motion North Sea finished –
Hareelv Formation
Hassi Messaoud Field ,
Hassi R’Mel fields
Hatton Bank
COT
crustal thickness
igneous intrusions
P-wave velocity ,
rifted continental margins
seismic velocity structure of crust
Hatton Bank Anticline –
seismic profile
seismic profile of unconformities
Hatton–Rockall Basin
bottom-water current activity
Heather Formation
Ling Sandstone Member
heavy oil deposits
Alberta
Athabasca Basin
Canada
heavy oil production
seismic monitoring –
in situ –
Hejre- well
HTHP environment
oil discovery
Helgeland Basin
top basement
Helgeson’s model
Helland–Hansen Arch
basin inversion
Heno Formation
porosity–permeability relationship
sandstones
Heno Plateau ,
Henrietta Island
Hercynian age
burial
erosion ,
foredeep
orogeny , ,
structures –
unconformity
Geoprobe image
Palaeozoic geology
subcrop map
Hermod system ,
hydrocarbons
INDEX Heron cluster
Skagerrak reservoirs
Heron Field
high production performance
HI. See hydrogen index (HI)
hidden pay
example
Hidra Formation ,
high-amplitude reflector
ECG
High Atlas
high-density turbidites
Central and Southern Panels
high pressure–high temperature (HPHT) field
, –
appraisal and development
Hejre- and Gert- wells
Kristin Field sedimentology –
diagenetic controls on reservoir quality

Garn formation –
depositional synthesis
description –
rapid pressure decline explanation
Ile formation –
depositional synthesis –
description
rapid pressure decline
explanation
Not formation –
palaeogeography
reservoir sedimentology –
tectonics and burial history –
Tofte Formation –
depositional synthesis
description
rapid pressure decline explanation
Upper Ror Formation
Norwegian shelf
Skagerrak Formation
Svane- well
high-resolution biostratigraphy
Donan Field
high-resolution dinocyst-based
biostratigraphy study
Donan Field
high-velocity lower-crust (HVLC)
P-wave velocities
Hildesheimer Wald
diapirs ,
Hith Formation
evaporites
Upper Jurassic GDE map
Hod Formation , , ,
listric faults and channel cuts
porosity v. permeability plots
time isochore maps
Hoggar region
observations
Holocene–Recent Rømø barrier island
system
analogue study
DCG –
methods
morphology and depositional environments

palaeogeographic reconstruction
reservoir architecture –
vertical section trough –
Holywell Shale
black shale
Horda Platform
location map
Horizon
coherency map
TWT structure map
Horizon
TWT structure ,
horizon interval
horizontal pilot holes
Horn River Basin
Devonian age
Muskwa Shale
horst segments
Clair field
hot shale
Algeria
basal Silurian source rock
Devonian age
Frasnian age
Ghadames–Illizi Basin
Murzuq Basin
Silurian age
Howe area
Howells, Dvid
Høybakken detachment –
HPHT. See high pressure–high temperature
(HPHT) field
Hubbert, M. King
Hubbert’s Peak ,
Hugin Formation
biostratigraphic data
core descriptions and GR log
characteristics
cored wells distribution
facies associations
facies summary –
Jurassic age ,
Jurassic strata
MFS –
Norwegian sector Quadrant , –
axis-perpendicular sub-regional
correlation –
bay-fill facies association A –
description
interpretation –
sequence stratigraphy
wireline-log character –
coastal plain facies association E
description
interpretation
sequence stratigraphy
wireline-log character
exploration implications –
fluvio-tidal channel-fill facies association
D –
description
interpretation
sequence stratigraphy
wireline-log character
mouth bar facies association C
cross-bedding
interpretation
sequence stratigraphy
wireline-log character
offshore open-marine facies association
F –
description
interpretation
sequence stratigraphy
wireline-log character
previous studies –
sedimentology –
sequence stratigraphic framework

Dagny area
regional correlation along basin
axis
Sigrun–Gudrun area –
sub-MFS A regression –
sub-MFS J regression
shoreface facies association B –
description –
interpretation –
sequence stratigraphy
wireline-log character
tectonic setting
palaeogeographic reconstructions of
deposition , –
present-day structural setting
regional maximum flooding surfaces
sedimentology –
sequence stratigraphy –
shallow-marine and marginal-marine
deposits
shallow-marine deposition
transgression ,
well-log correlation panel , ,
wireline-log cross-plot
Humber Group
sequence stratigraphy
comparison of interpretations
interpretation
regional sequence stratigraphic
correlation of wells
succession
seismic line
turbidite deposits
UK Central Graben sequence stratigraphy
reappraisal –
background –
Callovian–Kimmeridgian megasequence –
sequence J –
sequence J
sequence J –
sequence J a –
sequence J (b)
sequence J –
sequence J a
sequence J (b)
sequence J
Central Graben unconformities –
Early Volgian reconfiguration for
exploration models implications

basin-scale palaeogeographic
reconfiguration
palaeovalley model modification

prospect-scale models –
Volgian turbidites
geological setting
previous sequence stratigraphic studies

revised sequence stratigraphic model

INDEXstudy methodology –
tectonic reconfiguration –
basement uplift evidence –
block rotation
events timing and style –
salt redistribution
Volgian–Ryazanian megasequence

sequence J
sequence J a
sequence J b
sequence J -J
sequence J -J
sequence K –
Humble Source Rock Analyzer
Hungary
geochemical log
oil window
Pannonian Basin ,
source rocks
Huntington discoveries
Central North Sea exploration –
drilling results –
market perceptions –
pre-discovery exploration –
pre-drill predictions
technical evaluation –
channel axis development
comparison of results
reservoir potential
stratigraphic framework
Huntington Forties depth structure map
Huntington Fulmar well location
HVLC. See high-velocity lower-crust
(HVLC)
HWC. See hydrocarbon–water contract
(HWC)
hyaloclastites –
Hyblean platform
Gela oil field
geological sections
hydrocarbon occurrences
hydraulic fractures , , , ,

/ a- well
/ a- well
Chiswick Field
Ensign Field
Leman Sandstone interval
pre-existing natural fracture diagram
well / a-
/ – well evaluation
hydrocarbon(s) , , ,
Adriatic basin
Angola
Apennines
Apulian platform
v. aquifer seal capacity
Bakken
Balder
Bighorn Basin
Bream Field
v. carbon dioxide –
Carboniferous petroleum system
play types and traps –
search beneath Central North Sea –
Cenozoic plays –
exploration challenges
stratigraphy –
Central North Sea
Chalk
Chalk Group
charge and maturation –
major marine source rocks
oceanic crust exploration
deepwater equivalents
East Greenland ,
entrepreneurial exploration
exploration ,
exploring older and deeper plays

Faroe–Shetland and Møre basins
geochemical characteristics
Gulf of Suez
Halten Terrace
Hermod
Hyblean platform
Infracambrian age
intervals and well completion
inter-well volumes
Istrian platform
Italy – , ,
Jameson Land Basin
Judd Basin
Lagoa Feia lacustrine facies
Laptev Sea Province
Lombard basin and ridges
Lower Balmoral reservoir
Mesozoic plays –
Middle East plays – , –
migration –
modelling
Neoproterozoic petroleum system

Neoproterozoic plays –
hydrocarbon plays –
stratigraphy and tectonic evolution

thermal evolution and hydrocarbon
generation –
North Africa plays –
Cambro-Ordovician stratigraphy

Silurian and Devonian stratigraphy

thermal evolution –
North Atlantic passive margins
Northern Ireland wells
Northern Judd Basin –
North Kara Sea
Oman plays –
Palaeozoic plays – ,
Pennine Basin
plays –
potential
predictive capabilities
RAS
reservoir ,
Saudi Arabia plays –
exploration challenges –
stratigraphy and tectonic evolution

seismic reflection datasets
Sicilian–Maghrebian chain
SKB
source rock
Taoudenni Basin , –
D seismic
Triassic Skagerrak Formation
untapped accumulations
Val d’Agri giant oil field
West African basins
West Africa plays
West Emila accretionary arc
hydrocarbon–water contract (HWC)
hydrogen index (HI)
Iapetus closure
Iberia margin
drilling results
iceberg keel erosion
IEA. See International Energy
Agency (IEA)
IGMAS. See Interactive Gravity and
Magnetic Application System (IGMAS)
Ile Formation , –
depositional synthesis –
description
facies components
modern analogues
pressure profiles
rapid pressure decline explanation
Illizi Basin – , , . See also
Ghadames–Illizi Basin
burial and uplift models tested
chronostratigraphic chart
interpretation –
stratigraphic architecture – ,
,
stratigraphic pinchout
imaged sub-basalt strata
NE Atlantic margin
Imperial
Cold Lake development
inboard areas
inclined stocks squeezing
stages
inclined strata (IS)
sand-prone
India. See also specific location
gas hydrates occurrence
Indonesia. See also specific location
Kalimantan , ,
industry
challenges
plate tectonic theory
Industry Taskforce on Peak Oil and Energy
Security (ITPOES)
members
report
infill wells , , ,
drilling in mature fields offshore
use of predictive models to plan

Infracambrian age
black oil shales
hydrocarbon plays
Inge High
injected carbon dioxide
hydrocarbon migration –
flow characteristics –
implications –
Utsira Formation –
injected sands and field edge
injection and production wells
directional drilling
Inner Moray Firth
INDEX In Salah Field
carbon dioxide geological storage

satellite imagery
technologies
In Salah Krechba Field
cross-section
in situ coal gasifying
in situ heavy oil production
seismic monitoring –
integrated petroleum systems
Ghadames–Illizi Basin, North Africa

integrated Seismic Imaging and Modelling of
Margins (iSIMM)
airgun source
Faroe Islands
profile ,
Interactive Gravity and Magnetic Application
System (IGMAS)
interbedded turbidites
Andrew Formation
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
(IPCC) ,
International Energy Agency (IEA)
World Energy Outlook ( )
interpretation method
interpreted seismic reflectors
D visualization environment
interpreted unit boundaries
two-dimensional perspective
Intra-B shale
field-wide correlation and map
holes
recognition
intra-Buzzard
intra-chalk unit porosity variation –
basin development –
database –
geological setting –
inversion results along key profiles

key profile , –
key profile , –
key profile ,
key profile ,
seismic inversion
D seismic inversion work flow

intracontinental deformation
intra-Pennsylvanian stratigraphic traps
Intra-Pliocene Unconformity
inverse genetic scheme
Ionian Ocean formation –
IPCC. See Intergovernmental Panel on
Climate Change (IPCC)
iPhone
Iraq. See also specific location
Kurdistan region –
location map
Taq Taq field –
Ireland. See also specific location
Atlantic margin region
basins offshore
crystalline basement
Dooish well
hydrocarbon wells
lead space plots
Mesozoic sandstones
passive margins case histories –
Shannon Basin –
Iris- location
gravity-flow sandstones
irreversible compaction
grain-to-grain bonds failing
IS. See inclined strata (IS)
iSIMM. See integrated Seismic Imaging and
Modelling of Margins (iSIMM)
ISIS software
two dimensional inversion
workflow
isoprobe multicollector
ISROCK
acquisition plan
seismic survey , ,
water layer reflectivity
water layer structure
Istrian platform
geological sections
hydrocarbon occurrences
Porto Corsini East gas field
Italy –
cumulative discovered reserves
gas provinces and oil provinces
geological framework and hydrocarbon
occurrences
hydrocarbon occurrences – ,
Cretaceous petroleum system –
foredeep wedges biogenic gas –
foredeep wedges thermogenic gas
geological framework
historical perspective –
petroleum system –
thermogenic gas –
thrust-and-fold belt to foreland

petroleum
acreage
endowment
permits
systems
seismic surveys and wells
tectono-stratigraphic cycles
ITPOES. See Industry Taskforce on Peak Oil
and Energy Security (ITPOES)
Jabal Hasawnah
Jackson Field
Australia
Jacuı ´pe Volcanic Complex
Jade Field , ,
high production performance
models
predictive history-matched model
reservoir depth
well / c-
Jaeren High
remnant topography
seismic profile
sub-Zechstein seismic stratigraphy
Jameson Land Basin
deepwater reservoirs
erratic variation of fission track age
hydrocarbons generation
time-equivalent strata
Jan Mayen Fracture Zone (JMFZ) –
Jan Mayen microcontinent
plate reconstruction
Japan. See also specific location
Nankai Trough
Jasmine discovery –
analogues
appraisal drilling locations
appraisal phase –
drilling results –
/ – ,
/ – and – Z –
/ – Y
programme –
secondary reservoirs summary
appraisal sealing conundrum
exploration drilling phase summary
exploration phase –
discovery well results –
pre-drill prospect evaluation –
licence and exploitation history –
location
location and aims
LWD
pressure data
reservoir characterization programme

compartmentalization
depositional model –
drill stem tests
intra-reservoir correlation
reservoir quality
reservoir zonation scheme –
Top Joanne –
Top Julius Mudstone –
Top Lower Joanne
Top Middle Joanne
seismic reprocessing –
structural model
reservoir zonation
sealing conundrum ,
seismic depth section wells
stratigraphic and structural setting

wireline log data / –
Jasmine Field
Jasmine–Julia structural cross section
Jasmine Northern Terrace area
Jasmine West Limb
faulted anticline
Jaurf Formation
Devonian age
J Block
Joanne Member
seismic reprocessing strategy
shoreface deposition
survey acquisition area
JCR. See Joint Chalk Research (JCR)
Jenkins, David
for motion peak oil no longer concern

JIP. See Joint Industry Project (JIP)
JMFZ. See Jan Mayen Fracture Zone (JMFZ)
Joanne Field ,
Joanne Formation
porosity v. permeability plot
Joanne Member , , ,
channel-dominated
characteristic decline
characteristic radial composite model
conceptual stratigraphic architecture
core differences
INDEXdynamic modelling workflow
EUR resources
facies
gross porosity plotted with depth by facies

heterogeneous
J Block
linear flow behavior
porosity-depth trends
production
production performance ,
production profile v. CGR
reservoir ,
architecture
production performance
RF. v. CGR/GOR
shalier interval
SIS
static modelling workflow
vertical pressure barriers
well test
Joanne Sandstone Member ,
depositional environment
erosion
rich gas condensate
sandstone
Joint Chalk Research (JCR)
Joint Industry Project (JIP)
Gas Hydrate Gulf of Mexico
Jonathan Mudstone ,
climatic reinterpretation
Josephine Sandstone Member ,
J Ridge area , , , , ,
,
structural evolution
Top Triassic Unconformity
Judd Basin
basin inversion
hydrocarbon occurrences
oil-prone basin
seismic amplitude anomaly
stratigraphic column
T seismic anomaly
Judy Field ,
description
EUR
gas production
high production performance
production profiles
reservoir properties with depth
Judy Formation
reservoir architecture
vertical communication
Judy Member ,
conceptual stratigraphic architecture
EUR resources
gas recovery factor
gross porosity plotted with depth by facies

heterogeneous
porosity-depth trends
production profile v. CGR
radial flow
reservoir architecture
reservoirs ,
RF v. CGR/GOR
sandstones contrast
sheetflood-dominated ,
Skagerrak Formation
static and dynamic modelling
workflow
variogram-controlled SIS
simulation
vertical pressure barriers
well ,
Judy Sandstone Member
depositional environment
Julia well
boundary
pressure data
structural cross section
Julius Mudstone Member
climatic reinterpretation
Jurassic age. See also Late Jurassic age
analytic signal shaded relief map
Arabian Plate –
barrier island system
basins
black shales –
Brent Delta systems
Buzzard Field reservoir –
clastics
conceptual play model
Early
Netherlands petroleum exploration
petroleum system –
Posidonia shale –
source rock
faults
fields
Fisher Bank Basin
Fulmar Field
gas yield
Hanifa
Hugin Formation ,
Jura ,
lithostratigraphy
Middle
conceptual play model
North Atlantic region
palaeogeography
pre-rift sandstone
Middle East exploration potential

Navajo Formation Sandstone
North Sea rift complex
palaeogeography
palaeotopography
Pentland Formation reservoir
pre-rift sandstone
pre-rift succession
rift stage
sedimentation
stratigraphy –
Tyumen Formation
wedge –
West Siberia Basin depth map
Jutland
lithological and susceptibility log
juxtaposition difference
Jylland ,
Kalak Nappe Complex
Kalimantan, Indonesia , ,
Kara Massif (KM) . See also
Barents–Kara region
tectonic basement
Kara Province
Kara Sea , , , ,
fold-and-thrust belt
free-air gravity field
Kara Shelf
fold-and-thrust belt
Kareem Formation , ,
seismic character
Karoo Group
South Africa
Kasimovian age
palaeogeography maps
Kassanje Basin ,
Kattegat Platform
individual contributions to basement depth
map –
KCF. See Kimmeridge Clay Formation (KCF)
Keathley Canyon
kerogen
composition and source rock quality

DCG – ,
Farsund Formation ,
NW Danish Central Graben source rock

oil-prone through Farsund Formation
photomicrographs and oil immersion
reactive wells
sapropelic
Stellar default kinetic parameters
Kettla Tuff ,
Keyhole Markup Language (KML)
KG. See Krishna Godavari (K-G) Basin
Khatanga Saddle ,
assessment unit –
densities and median sizes
distributions and AUs probabilities
field densities, field sizes, and exploration
maturities –
Monte Carlo simulation
Khaz Dumi
major play systems
Khuff Formation
Saudi Arabia
Kimmeridge Clay Formation (KCF) , ,
, , ,
black shale ,
sequence J , , –
subcrop
well correlation
stratigraphic thicknesses control
subordinate turbidite
turbidite flows
turbidite sands pressures
Kimmeridge Fulmar sandstones
distribution
Kimmeridge–Piper Transition unit (KPT)

Kimmeridgian age
Late
DCG
sequence J
time stratigraphic scheme
well correlation
sequences J a
sequences J b
Kingston, Dave
Kintail fan
Kirchhoff time migration
South Arne
INDEX kitchen maps
Klett, Timothy
Klinkenberg permeability
Chalk empirical relation
Klubben Formation
KM. See Kara Massif (KM)
KML. See Keyhole Markup Language (KML)
Kollstraumen detachment ,
Kometan Formation
description
lithological model
seismic analysis
Kong Oscar Fjord
Kongsberg-Bamble Complex
Bouguer gravity profiles
NRM
Kootenay Group
Kotel’nyi Terrane
KPT. See Kimmeridge–Piper Transition unit
(KPT)
Kraka Extension Survey
location map
Kraka Field
Kraka structure
Krechba
Carboniferous storage reservoir
Krishna Godavari (K-G) Basin ,
Kristiansand
Kristin Field
bioturbated shale-prone interval
chemostratigraphy
depletion from wells
footwall stratigraphy
growth across faults
HPHT sedimentology –
location map
major fault overstep
marine transgression
permeability distribution
quartz cement growth
structural model
unexpected pressure decline –
Kufra Basin – , ,
burial history
Cambro-Ordovician sandstone
chemostratigraphy –
material and methods
results –
study objective
depth-to-basement map
fluid inclusions – ,
material and methods
results
study objective
palynology
material and methods
results
study objective
petroleum source rock evaluation –
material and methods
results
study objective –
regional hydrocarbon prospectivity
implications –
seismic section
spore colouration
material and methods
results
study objectivity
Spore Colour Index against depth
tectonic events
vitrinite reflectance ,
well A -NC exploration –
wells locations
Kupfershiefer
Permian age
Kurdistan region
Taq Taq field –
Kwanza-Benguela Basin
schematic play cross-section
Kyle Group
Kyle Limestone
laboratory caprock core
Labrador Sea conjugate
exhumed mantle
Laggan Field
appraisal wells
AVO
gas sand calculation
gas sand thickness uncertainty
net gas sand map
seismofacies
biostratigraphic zones
cataclastic bands
chlorite , ,
compartments and segments
definition
depositional model
exploration wells
fault juxtaposition analysis
feeder system
gas condensate discoveries
leaking segments
location map
Low Reflectivity Package
mature understanding of undeveloped
discovery –
AVO analysis
compartmentalization –
depositional model –
D geological models –
net pay estimation
petrographic overview
petrophysical interpretation
reservoir correlation
seismic interpretation –
seismic inversion
static uncertainty study –
Tormore
net pay v. net gas sand map
Paleocene gas condensate discoveries
petrochemical analysis
uncertainty
Poisson ratio
pressure data ,
pressure v. depth plot
reservoir
correlation
depth structure map
properties
subdivision
thickness
sand isochore map
sands sediment supply
seismic impedance
seismic interpretation
seismic IP and well data
static uncertainty
stratigraphy
structural map
traps
undeveloped discovery
water saturation uncertainty
Lagoa Feia Formation
facies
hydrocarbon source rock
La Marcouline Formation
Lamba Formation
Lapland Granulite Belt
Bouguer gravity profiles
Laptev Rift System (LRS)
structure
Laptev Sea , , , ,
hydrocarbon
RAS sedimentary basins – ,

Laptev Shelf
oil generation
lasers
ablation system
airborne scanner
scanning technology
Last Chance Sand
Last Chance Shale , ,
shut-in flowmeter pass
Late Callovian age
sequence J
Late Campanian age
Magne Formation biofacies map
Late Carboniferous age
Netherlands petroleum exploration
palaeogeography maps
Late Cenozoic age
Viera Anticline
Late Cimmerian age
fault geometries
North Sea hydrocarbon systems , –
rift architecture –
tectonics
Late Cretaceous age ,
Cardium Formation
Chalk ,
Central North Sea
Inoceramid bivalves
limestone porosity –
natural gamma ray log –
Netherlands petroleum exploration

pressures
Danian Chalk Group deposition
Euphrates Graben sedimentology –
Faroe–Shetland syn-rift play
genetic basin analysis
global genetic analysis
Nubian sandstone
Shiranish Formation sedimentology

Late Cryogenian age
Dar Cheikh Group
Late Danian age
Middle Ekofisk Formation
biofacies map
Upper Ekofisk Formation
biofacies map
Late Devonian age – ,
Antrim Shale
INDEXGDE map
incised valleys
Late Jurassic age
Arab play
CRS map
formation
for oil ,
for oil charge
play cartoon
for reservoir
for seal
barrier island sandstones –
Freja discovery –
back-barrier sediments –
depositional environments –
shoreface sandstones
stratigraphy
thick stacked –
basin architecture
Bazhenov Formation
DCG – , – , –
deepwater depositional systems –
deposits
extension multiple phases interplay
Fulmar reservoir potential
Fulmar Sandstone ,
global plate reconstruction
isochore map
isopach
Kimmeridge Clay
Lower Volgian gravity-flow sandstones

depositional environment –
palaeogeography
reservoir characteristics
Lower Volgian shoreface sandstones

depositional environment
palaeogeography
reservoir characteristics
Netherlands petroleum exploration

Nikanssin Formation
v. Palaeogene age deepwater
reservoirs
platform area
play map
reservoir architecture –
reservoir sandstones –
sandstone play area –
shale gas in Europe
shale gas in Vienna Basin
shallow marine sandstones –
depositional environment –
reservoir characteristics
shoreface sandstones –
succession
Upper Kimmeridgian paralic –
depositional environments –
palaeogeography –
reservoir characteristics –
Upper Middle Volgian –
depositional environment –
distribution and stratigraphy
palaeogeography
reservoir characteristics
Late Kimmeridgian age
DCG
sequence J ,
time stratigraphic scheme
well correlation
Late Maastrichtian age
Tor Formation Subzone
biofacies map ,
Late Miocene age
Algyo˜ Formation
brackish-water shale
North Sea Basin palaeogeography
Pannonian Basin , –
shales
Late Neogene age
basin development
implications –
depocentres ,
development contour currents –
exhumation –
Late Neoproterozoic age
Peri-Gondwana Margin
Late Ordovician age
Lower Silurian shales
Mamouniyat Formation
Sarah Formation
striated glacial surface
Late Oxfordian age
Callovian–Kimmeridgian megasequence
(J -J ) –
sequence J a –
depositional environments
regressive shoreface sandstones
turbidite sandstones
sequence J b
depositional environments
well correlation
Late Palaeozoic age
genetic basin analysis
Late Paleocene age
Late Permian age
North Atlantic region
lateral horizon density variations
Late Ryazanian age
sequence K –
Late Silurian age
Caledonian unconformity
closure
late syn-rift
Faroe–Shetland syn-rift play
Late Tournaisian age
regression
Late Triassic age
Dutch Central Graben
Italy hydrocarbon occurrences –
Late Vise´an age
Late Volgian age
layer density values input
D inversion model
LCB. See lower crustal body (LCB)
LCS. See Lower Captain Sand (LCS)
lead
basement source
concentration –
Dooish well –
isotopic data
North Atlantic region
potassium feldspar
European Margin
isotopic composition
palaeodrainage
Porcupine Bank
provenance technique
Rockall Basin ,
provenance analysis –
source ranges
space plots
crystalline basement from onshore
Ireland
Dooish sandstones K-feldspar
Lewisian Complex Rocks
Nagssugtoqidian Mobile Belt
offshore crystalline basement blocks
from Atlantic
Leadon Field
FPSO
Leggett, Jeremy ,
against motion peak oil no longer
concern
Leiosphaerida morphology
Leman Sandstone ,
correlation panel
depth map
Ensign Field ,
hydraulic fracture-stimulated
intervals
illite cementation
reservoir
Lena-Anabar Basin
assessment units ,
densities and median sizes
field densities, field sizes, and exploration
maturities –
Lena Delta
crustal tectonic
Leningradskoye field drainage area
gas yield , ,
lessons learnt
drilling pilot holes
seismic
Levantine Basin
exploring older and deeper hydrocarbon
plays –
Mesozoic –
Levorsen, A. I.
Lewisian Complex Rocks
lead space plots
Lewis Shale
Cretaceous age
Lias
black shale ,
Libya . See also specific location
basins
Gargaff Arch –
chronostratigraphic chart
geological map
Ghadames basin –
Illizi basin –
Kufra Basin –
Murzuq basin – , –
outcrops
platform –
reservoirs
sub-basins and arches –
tectonic events
Tihemboka High –
lidars ,
Ferron Sandstone
Nukhul syncline dataset
Panther Tongue sandstone
scan data
INDEX Life of Field Seismic system
D data
Valhall
Limestone
Devonian Kyle Limestone
Mendips –
Top Palaeogene Chalk –
Upper Cretaceous Chalk –
Limits to Growth
Ling Sandstone Member
Heather Formation
liquefied natural gas (LNG)
globalization
lithofacies prediction
Taq Taq field
Little, Alice
LKO. See Lowest Known Oil (LKO)
LNG. See liquefied natural gas (LNG)
Lochkovian age
palaeogeography maps
Lochranza Field
AVO and structure
Lodgepole Formation
Lofoten–Vestera˚len margin
geological and structural
features
individual contributions to basement depth
map –
NRM
petroleum geoscientists virtual
fieldtrips
log facies map
Nelson Field
logging while drilling (LWD) ,
advances
geosteering ,
Jasmine accumulation
well locations
Lola Formation
shoreface sandstones
Lombard Basin
geological sections
hydrocarbon occurrences
Settala gas field
Villafortuna–Trecate oil field
Lomonosov Ridge
Longa Basin
Long Eaton Formation
black shale
shale
Lopra Formation
Louisiana
offshore ,
water saturation data
Lousy Bank Anticline –
seismic profile
Lower Balmoral
net pay thickness
overlying Lista roof shake
reservoir
sandstone ,
biostratigraphic subdivision
vertical seismic profile
Lower Bowland
black shale
Lower Captain Sand (LCS)
Lower Congo Basin
D seismic survey
gas discoveries by play
Lower Cretaceous age. See Early Cretaceous
age
lower crustal body (LCB)
Edoras–Hatton margin
mid-Norwegian margin – , ,
D models compilation
isostatic considerations –
process orientated approach

regional considerations –
Norwegian model Moho horizons
Vøring margin
Lower Devonian age. See Early Devonian age
Lower Ekofisk Field –
porosity and bulk volume water
Lower Ekofisk Formation –
age
biofacies
biofacies map
lithology/petrophysics
tectonostratigraphy –
Lower Fernie Formation
interbedded sandstones
Lower Limestone Shale
Mendips –
Lower Magne Formation –
age
biofacies
correlation
lithology/petrophysics
tectonostratigraphy –
Lower Miocene age. See Early Miocene age
Lower Palaeozoic age. See Early Palaeozoic
age
Lower Piper sections
Lower Rotliegend ,
subcrop traps
units
Lower Rudeis Formation
Lower Scott Sands
J post-drill correlation
Lower Silurian shales
Upper Ordovician surface
Lower Tor Formation
age
biofacies
lithology/petrophysics
tectonostratigraphy
Lower Volgian gravity-flow sandstones

Lowest Known Oil (LKO)
Ross and minor Burns reservoir
low velocity zone (LVZ)
sub-basalt
LRS. See Laptev Rift System (LRS)
Ludlov Recess
Lutetian compressional event
LVZ. See low velocity zone (LVZ)
LWD. See logging while drilling (LWD)
Maastrichtian age
Early ,
Late ,
Tor Formation , ,
Macaronichnus
Mackenzie River Delta ,
gas hydrates occurrence
Macuspana Basin ,
Mad Dog Field
pre-stack depth-migrated data
subsalt
WATS survey
Madison Formation ,
magmatic underplating
Magne Field
porosity and bulk volume water
tectonic and eustatic events
Magne Formation , , . See also
Lower Magne Formation
Late Campanian age
porosity v. permeability plots
sequences
magnetic basement
Norwegian margin
Magnus basin
location map
Magnus Fields
bypassed oil
water overrun
Maider Basin ,
major deltaic depocentres
Mako´ Trough
pre-Neogene rocks
shale gas in Europe –
Malaysia ,
Mali
Neoproterozoic geology
Mallik, Canada
gas hydrates occurrence
Mallik Gas Hydrate Production Research
Well Program ,
Malta
Mamouniyat Formation
Late Ordovician glaciogenic
Marcellus Shale
Marco Polo minibasin
Green Canyon area
Gulf of Mexico
margins. See also specific name
D isostatic behaviour
evolution D
Margins Programme
Marinated fold belt
marine shales
Tofte Formation
Masjid-i-Sulaiman wells
Massif Ancient
Pre-Cambrian rocks
maturity – , , –
Mauritania
Neoproterozoic geology
Taoudenni Basin
Maximum flooding surfaces (MFS)
J transgression –
palaeogeographic reconstruction

T
bridge plug
vertical flow barrier
transgression
maximum regressive surfaces (MRS)
McMurray Formation
Lower Cretaceous age
Alberta
MDT. See modular dynamics tester (MDT)
data points
measurement while drilling (MWD) sensors

INDEXMedian Volcanic Ridge
continental crust
Mediterranean Basin
tectonic elements
Mediterranean passive margin rifting

Megion Formation
Meharez High
Mendips
Lower Limestone Shale –
mercury capillary pressure
Merganser leakage zone
Central North Sea basin
Meride Limestone
foreland
hydrocarbon occurrences
Mesozoic age
Atlantic margin basins –
basins regional D data
carbonate cores
depocentres Geoprobe image
evolving drainage patterns
exploring older and deeper hydrocarbon
plays –
extension
Faroe–Shetland Basin
foreland
Greenland basins
hydrocarbon plays –
intraplate inversional swells
Ireland sandstones
Levantine Basin –
Møre basin magmatic underplating
petroleum systems
plays –
rifting events
Rockall Basin palaeodrainage

Rockall Basin stratigraphy
Rockall Trough strata
sediment dispersal into NE Atlantic margin
basins –
Sirte Basin –
structural elements
structural play
Val d’Agri oil field
Villafortuna–Trecate oil field
Vøring basin magmatic underplating
Western Desert –
West Siberian basin
chronostratigraphy
methane
Angola
carbon and hydrogen isotope
ranges
enhanced coal bed
generation microbial ecosystem succession

northern West Siberia
solubility
metric tons of carbon dioxide
MFS. See Maximum flooding surfaces (MFS)
Michigan Basin
microscale sealed vessel (MSSV) pyrolysis

Bakken Formation
Mid-Clysmic Unconformity
Middle Akakus Shale
Silurian age GDE map
Middle Cimmerian age
reservoir distribution controls –
Middle Cretaceous age
early syn-rift stage mature
Faroe–Shetland syn-rift play –
relay ramps
stratigraphic interpretation
Middle East
case study of exploration potential

composite play fairway map
description
exploration potential –
Arabian plate Jurassic –
exploration process
future potential
history
plays –
exploring hydrocarbon plays –
challenges –
stratigraphy –
exploring older and deeper hydrocarbon
plays – , – ,
hydrocarbons development
Khuff Formation
major play systems
Palaeozoic basins
Palaeozoic geology
regional geology
Silurian Tannezuft Formation
striated glacial surface
tectonostratigraphic chart
Unayzah complex
Middle Ekofisk Formation ,
age
biofacies
biostratigraphic data
Late Danian age
biofacies map
lithology/petrophysics
Middle Eldfisk Field
porosity and bulk volume water
Middle Joanne shalier interval
Middle Jurassic age
conceptual play model
North Atlantic region
palaeogeography
pre-rift sandstone
Tyumen Formation
Middle Miocene age
North Sea Basin palaeogeography
Pannonian Basin , –
Pannonian Basin tight gas plays

shales
source rocks geochemical log
Middle Norwegian margin
LCB –
D models compilation
isostatic considerations –
process orientated approach –
regional considerations –
Middle Oxfordian age
sequence J – ,
Middle Tor Formation
Middle Tournaisian age
Middle Volgian age
sequence J b
sequence J -J
mid-early Danian age
Lower Ekofisk Formation biofacies
map
Mid-Late Cretaceous age
Faroe–Shetland syn-rift play
Mid Miocene Unconformity (MMU)
acoustic pull-ups
D horizon maps
TWT structure map
Mid North Sea High
structural and stratigraphic relationships
mid-Norwegian body
formed
mid-Norwegian margin
Caledonian basement
Early Cretaceous rifting
geological and structural features
individual contributions to basement depth
map –
isostatic flexural base
isostatic flexural Moho
LCB
LCB properties
magmatic underplate
Moho configuration
profiles
Rockall Trough
Mikulov Marls ,
Minas Basin
location
sedimentary logs through Triassic
succession
Triassic outcrops
minibasins
formation
salt tectonics emerging concepts

Sigsbee Escarpment
triggers –
Minnes Group
Miocene age. See also Late Miocene age
Early
Pannonian Basin
Middle
North Sea Basin palaeogeography
Pannonian Basin , –
Pannonian Basin tight gas plays

shales
source rocks geochemical log
North Sea Basin palaeogeography
palaeogeothermal gradients
Pannonian Basin –
Pannonian Basin tight gas plays

shales
source rocks geochemical log
Mirren salt dome
seismic cross-section of channel features
Mississippian age
facies map
Netherlands petroleum exploration
reef leads
sedimentological model
shale
UK
Mississippian Barnett Shale
Fort Worth Basin
Mjølner Field
INDEX MMU. See Mid Miocene Unconformity
(MMU)
Moab fault, Utah
petroleum geoscientists virtual fieldtrips
modular dynamics tester (MDT) data points
Judy Sandstone
Mohns ridges
spreading rates
Moho boundary
Norwegian model
Moho configuration
mid-Norwegian margin
Moho difference
Vøring margin
monitoring, verification and accounting
(MVA)
monitoring wells
Monk’s Park Shale
Moray Firth , , ,
Mordor Anticline
Cenozoic sediments
seismic profile ,
Møre Basin
continental crystalline crust
Cretaceous age
hydrocarbon provinces
magmatic underplating
rifted basins
seismic section
sub-basalt hydrocarbon prospectivity

sub-basalt imaging
Møre coastal area
Møre margin
basement thickness
geological and structural features
individual contributions to basement depth
map –
lateral volcanic distribution
Moho map
negative Moho difference
profile
satellite image
Møre–Trøndelag Fault Zone
Palaeozoic-age
Morgan Accommodation Zone
Morocco . See also specific location
Atlas Basin
Central High Atlas Basin, Morocco
High Atlas
Maider Basin ,
palaeogeographic map at Triassic
time
Permo-Triassic outcrops
present-day structure summary map
rifting and continental breakup
structural style and evolution evidence
from outcrop –
Tafilalt Basin
tectonic and climactic influence on
depositional architecture
Morrissey Formation
mounted laser scanner system
Mount Elbert Prospect
Alaska
gas hydrate stratigraphic test well
Mouthbar Facies Association ,
cross-bedding
Hugin Formation sedimentology
interpretation
sequence stratigraphy
wireline-log character
wireline-log cross-plot
MRS. See maximum regressive
surfaces (MRS)
MSSV. See microscale sealed vessel (MSSV)
pyrolysis
Muckle Basin
structural evolution and sediment dispersal

structural reconstruction
mud and silt turbidites
mudrock – ,
Barnett Shale ,
Cromer Knoll
mudstones
Alportian–Pendleian
bay-fill
climatic reinterpretation
Jonathan Mudstone Member ,
Pokur Formation
Muenster Arch
multiscale model context
petroleum geoscientists virtual fieldtrips

Mungo Central North Sea
CDR frequency spectrum
seismic time difference volumes
Mungo diapir
seismic time section
Mungo four dimensional Noise Case
Study
Mungo monitor surveys
Murzuq Basin – , –
burial history
interpretation – , –
Silurian hot shale source rock
stratigraphic architecture – ,
tectonic events
Muskwa Shale
MVA. See monitoring, verification and
accounting (MVA)
MWD. See measurement while drilling
(MWD) sensors
Nafun Group
Nagssugtoqidian Mobile Belt
lead space plots
Namibe Basin
Namurian age
marine shales TOC
onshore UK
vitrinite reflectance percentage
values
Nana- XP well ,
quality-control plot
Nankai Trough
BSR
gas hydrates occurrence
Naokelekan Formation ,
narrow-azimuth towed steamer
(NATS)
acquisition configuration
associated generic costs
data ,
data quality v. tile number
earth model
v. WATS tile number comparison
Narve Field
porosity and bulk volume water
tectonic and eustatic events
Narve Formation , ,
age
biofacies
lithology/petrophysics
regional correlation
tectonostratigraphy
National Oil Companies petroleum industry
future
GeoControversies debates –
National Science Foundation (NSF)
source-to-sink studies
NATS. See narrow-azimuth towed
steamer (NATS)
natural fractures
effect on hydraulic fracture treatment
efficiency –
gas shales –
open
open microfractures
origins –
reactivation , –
relevance –
size distributions
subcritical crack growth –
types –
bedding-parallel fractures
deformed fractures –
sub-vertical sealed planar fractures

US shales –
natural gas. See also gas hydrates
liquefied
globalization
production and shale gas reservoirs
natural remanent magnetization (NRM)
Norway
Navajo Formation Sandstone
Jurassic age
Nelson Field
bypassed oil configuration
bypassed oil volumes
drainage cells
hydraulic units
lateral compartmentalization
locating remaining oil in –
analogue information –
channelized turbidite reservoirs
production patterns –
channel margins bypassed oil

mud drapes
sand complexes amalgamation
shale blankets
background information –
central channel complex
eastern channel complex
western channel complex
data integration – ,
data integration vertical flow –
oil–water contact movement

post-production formation tester logs

shut-in crossflow
water geochemistry –
water shutoff performance
INDEXflow detection controls methods

areal flow barriers and baffles
D seismic data –
water and oil geochemistry
water cut maps used in conjunction
with log facies maps –
locating remaining oil workflow
predictive models to plan infill wells

screening tools –
target oil volumes –
oil bypassed in channel margins

significant attic oil volumes –
slow oil
uneconomic oil volumes –
channel margin architecture
heterogeneous reservoir intervals
local sand pinchouts
minor attic oil volumes
thin beds –
thin beds partially disconnected by
faulting –
vertical flow barriers
location
log facies map
open hole gamma-ray logs
principal reservoir intervals
resistivity logs
top structure map
turbidite reservoirs
well / –
Neocomian–Barremian Bucomazi Formation

Neogene age. See also Late Neogene age
basin ,
unconformity
depositional units
Early
exhumation –
exhumation –
hydrocarbon system events chart
Mako´ Trough rocks
Norwegian wells
petroleum system –
Scandinavia uplift
shale gas in Europe –
succession seismic-stratigraphy –
Neoproterozoic petroleum system ,
Algeria
conceptual
exploring older and deeper hydrocarbon
plays –
Mali
Mauritania
Taoudenni Basin – , ,
hydrocarbon plays –
stratigraphy and tectonic evolution

thermal evolution and hydrocarbon
generation –
Neoproterozoic plays –
basin remnant
cross-section schematic
exploring older and deeper hydrocarbon
plays –
Middle East hydrocarbon plays
North Africa – ,
stromatolitic carbonate reservoir
succession
timescale
West Africa –
Neotethys –
Nesna detachment
Nesna Shear Zone
Netherlands –
exploration drilling
index map
petroleum exploration with stratigraphic
plays –
based on basin evolution and
depositional model –
basin evolution structural framework

biogenic gas
Cenozoic
Devonian and Mississippian
Early Jurassic
Early Jurassic Posidonia shale –
Geverik shale
Late Carboniferous gas
Late Cretaceous Chalk –
Late Jurassic and Early Cretaceous

Pennsylvanian
plays –
biogenic gas
Early Jurassic Posidonia shale

Geverik shale
Late Carboniferous gas
Rotliegend –
structural v. stratigraphic traps –
Triassic –
Zechstein
stratigraphical log
stratigraphic traps , ,
unconformities
net to gross (NTG) character
Skagerrak Formation
well production performance
New Albany Shale
calcite-sealed fractures
cores and outcrops
tall calcite-sealed fractures
Newark East shale gas field
Newfoundland margin
drilling results
New Mexico
ECBM sequestration test –
New Siberian Islands
crustal tectonic
New Siberian-Wrangel Foreland Basin
– ,
New York
Catskill Mountains
Nezzazat Group ,
NGHP Expedition , India
NGU. See Geological Survey of Norway
(NGU)
Niendorf II
diapiric salt
diapirs
Nikanassin Formation – ,
– , – ,
ambient porosity v. permeability
basin-centred gas –
depositional model –
rock properties –
cross-section
data cross-plots
interbedded sandstones
Lower Cretaceous age
outcrop photograph
shales
Nile Delta
burial history
Cenozoic plays
deep Oligocene play –
depositional system
geological section
lithology
Oligocene sequence
petroleum systems
sedimentary characteristics
sedimentary stacking patterns
stratigraphy
tectonic events ,
Niobrara Formation
fracture porosity
non-bioturbated claystones
Farsund Formation
non-reservoir chalk facies
coccolith fragments
Nordfjord
satellite image
Nordfjord–Sogn detachment –
Nordkapp Basin Aeromagnetic
Survey
Nordland
petrophysical samples locations
susceptibility log
normalized root mean square (NRMS)
,
North Africa
Cambrian succession
Cambro-Ordovician stratigraphy – ,

Carboniferous outcrop sections ,
Carboniferous plays
Carboniferous stratigraphic traps

Cenozoic volcanic centres
Devonian stratigraphy –
Early Carboniferous cycle
exploring older and deeper hydrocarbon
plays , –
gas occurrences
Ghadames–Illizi Basin, North Africa
integrated petroleum systems

and global transgressive–regressive cycles

Hercynian unconformity
hydrocarbon generation –
hydrocarbon prospectivity –
Late Ordovician glaciogenic
Neoproterozoic and Neoproterozoic–Early
Cambrian plays
oil occurrences
palaeohigh influence on plays –
Palaeozoic basins , ,
Palaeozoic hydrocarbon source rocks
Palaeozoic platform geological setting

Palaeozoic times
INDEX North Africa (Continued)
plays
Palaeohigh influence –
structural style Pan-African heritage
uplifts timing –
Precambrian and Palaeozoic plays
Silurian stratigraphy –
Silurian Tannezuft Formation
stratigraphic architecture
stratigraphic trapping types
tectonic evolution –
thermal evolution –
uprising palaeohigh
North Africa Carboniferous sequence
framework
stratigraphic traps North Africa –
Early to Middle Tournaisian
transgression
global transgressive–regressive cycles

Late Devonian (Strunian) regression

Latest Vise´an to Serpukhovian
transgression
Late Tournaisian regression
Late Tournaisian to earliest Vise´an
transgression
Strunian regression –
Vise´an transgressive–regressive cycles

North America . See also specific areas
shale gas
shales and tight reservoirs
North Atlantic
AFTA and VR data
areas displaying Cenozoic exhumation
conceptual breakup models
continental breakup ,
Faroe Islands
flood basalt province
gravity compilations –
hot mantle
Late Permian–Early Triassic and Middle
Jurassic
lead basement source
Norway aeromagnetic compilations

oceanic spreading –
palaeogeographic reconstructions
Paleocene–Eocene transition
pre-quaternary geology
rifted continental margins
schematic Triassic palaeogeographic
reconstruction
seafloor spreading
seismic profile
North Atlantic margins
basalt flows
P-wave velocities
seismic profile
vertical seismic profiles
North Atlantic passive margins
erosion surfaces
geological map
hydrocarbons preservation
Permo-Triassic –
post-rift uplift
rifting
seismic sections
uplift and erosion
uplift and exhumation –
North Chukchi Basin
internal structure
Northeast Atlantic
base basalts
basins
bathymetry and topography map
Bouguer gravity
CHAMP satellite magnetic anomaly
gravity surveys compilation
magnetic compilation
magnetic surveys compilation
pre-drift reconstruction
seismic section
sub-basalt hydrocarbon prospectivity

Faroe–Shetland and Møre basins

Rockall –
seismic data acquisition and processing

Northeast Atlantic Margin
basin inversion
bathymetric map
Cenozoic unconformities
geological and structural features
imaged sub-basalt strata
Northeast England
Carboniferous TOC
case study
underground coal gasification with
CCS
Northeast North Sea
individual contributions to basement depth
map –
Northern Judd Basin
CSEM survey
depositional concept
model far-stack
OMV –
OMV – far-stack
optimized thickness model
rock physics
rock physics evaluation
seismic amplitude anomaly ,
T sequence prospectivity –
CSEM survey –
hydrocarbon sourcing –
within Lamba formation –
CSEM survey –
hydrocarbon sourcing –
reservoir –
rock physics analysis –
seal
trap
main prospectivity –
stratigraphy –
structure –
northern Norway
Precambrian units
Northern Panel
Northern Priverkhoyansk Foredeep
assessment unit , –
densities and median sizes
distributions and assessment unit
probabilities
field densities, field sizes, and exploration
maturities –
Northern Terrace
seismic reprocessing results
Northern Yamal Peninsula
North German Basin
North Ireland
hydrocarbon wells
North Kara Province
petroleum geology
RAS sedimentary basins
shelves
North Kara Sea
HC systems
North Red Sea
basin hydrocarbon prospectivity
Egypt –
North Rockall Trough
north Russia
topography
North Sea , , , , , , , ,
, . See also Central North Sea
(CNS)
adjacent petroliferous basins
CDR frequency spectrum
Chalk
debate
deepwater reservoirs
erosion removal
exploration , , ,
four dimensional acquisition and
processing case study –
Gannet Area
Eocene Tay formation fan system
GeoControversies debates –
geological evolution and exploration
history
individual contributions to basement depth
map –
Jurassic rift complex
largest fields
location map
Mungo ,
oil field
polyphase rifting
porosity–permeability relationship
pressure distribution
rift basin architecture –
Scott Field
seismic technique datasets
seismic time difference volumes
sub-Zechstein seismo-stratigraphic
relationship
tectonic model evolution
D seismic mapping
time isochore map
D seismic mapping
UK seismic and drilling technology

unconformities
Utsira Formation
Volgian sandstone intervals
well data
North Sea Basin
case A tectonic control
Cenozoic stratigraphy and
palaeogeography –
Early and Late Neogene exhumation

episodic uplift and exhumation

INDEXSouthern Scandinavia post-breakup
uplift phases
Chalk deposition
Late Miocene palaeogeography
maximum burial
Middle Miocene palaeogeography
mid-Oligocene palaeogeography
palaeogeography
Pliocene palaeogeography
Scandinavia
North Sea Central Graben
wells location
North Sea Dome
North Sea hydrocarbon systems
– –
North Sea Eldfisk Field
holostratigraphic approach to Chalk

biofacies methodology –
Ekofisk Formation
geophysical data – , –
Magne Formation
methodology and integration of results

results –
stratigraphic background
study objectives
Lower Ekofisk Formation – ,

age
biofacies
lithology/petrophysics
tectonostratigraphy –
Lower Magne Formation –
age
biofacies
correlation
lithology/petrophysics
tectonostratigraphy –
Lower Tor Formation
age
biofacies
lithology/petrophysics
tectonostratigraphy
Magne Formation
Middle Ekofisk Formation ,
age
biofacies
lithology/petrophysics
Middle Tor Formation
age
biofacies
lithology/petrophysics
tectonostratigraphy
Narve Formation ,
age
biofacies
lithology/petrophysics
regional correlation
tectonostratigraphy
Thud Formation , –
age
biofacies
correlation
lithology/petrophysics –
tectonostratigraphy
Tor Formation – ,
Upper Ekofisk Formation , –
age
biofacies
lithology/petrophysics
Upper Magne Formation –
age
biofacies
correlation
formation
lithology/petrophysics
tectonostratigraphy
Upper Tor Formation –
age
biofacies –
lithology/petrophysics
tectonostratigraphy
North Sea Exploration Manager of Amerada
Hess
North Sea Group
North Sea High
structural and stratigraphic relationships
North Sea hydrocarbon systems –
deepwater reservoirs Palaeogene v. Late
Jurassic –
basin architecture
basin setting/sea-level response –
Cenozoic examples –
Central Trough Upper Jurassic
comparison
play considerations –
provenance/hinterland
reservoir fairway development

salt withdrawal role
sandstone injectites
sandstone provenance –
Upper Jurassic deepwater depositional
systems –
historical milestones –
petroleum geology retrospective view

regional setting
tectonics –
basin forming mechanisms –
Cimmerian events –
crustal scale deformation –
fault geometries
Late Cimmerian
Late Cimmerian rift architecture –
Mid Cimmerian reservoir distribution
controls –
North Sea Dome –
polyphase rifting –
shear –
stratal geometries fundamental change

structural processes
trap scale salt-related geometries –
Triassic reservoir distribution controls

North Sea Rift
D seismic data blanket
generalized stratigraphy
structural elements
Triassic stratigraphy
North Siberian Arch
crustal tectonic
North Slope of Alaska
location map
wells
Northumberland Trough
Northwest Danish Central Graben

Northwest European Atlantic margin
structural and terrane map
North West Europe and Global Perspectives

Northwest Siberia
basin sensitivity parameters
isotopic composition of methane
North Ymir Ridge Anticline
bathymetric gorge
seismic profile
Norway – , . See also
mid-Norwegian margin
aeromagnetic compilations –
analytic signal shaded relief map
bathymetry and topography map
body formed
case B early Neogene exhumation –
episodic uplift and exhumation –
basic concepts
burial anomalies
timing and magnitude –
continental shelf sedimentary rocks
Danish Basin potential field anomalies
Eldfisk Field holostratigraphic approach to
Chalk –
Hugin Formation –
maximum burial
middle margin –
North Atlantic passive margin
rifting
North Sea – ,
NRM
onlapping marine shales
petroleum geoscientists virtual fieldtrips
petrophysical data
petrophysical samples locations
Precambrian units
pre-glacial terrain
profile data –
regional structures
reservoired hydrocarbons
rifting commenced
uplifting and erosion
Norwegian Barents Shelf
Norwegian Central Graben Chalk fields
Norwegian continental margin
geological features
onshore geomorphology
pre-glacial terrain
Norwegian Continental Shelf –
basement thickness –
basement thickness maps –
Bouguer anomaly
database presentation –
gravity anomaly map
magnetic anomaly map –
regional seismic data
data integration
geological setting –
individual contributions to basement depth
map –
Barents Sea
Kattegat –
Lofoten margin –
Mid-Norwegian margin –
Møre margin –
Northeastern North Sea –
INDEX Norwegian Continental Shelf (Continued)
Norwegian–Danish Basin –
Skagerrak –
Viking Graben
Vøring margin
Moho depth –
new compilation –
passive margin system –
petroleum industry
potential field data
segmentation of passive margin system

seismic profiles
top basement –
compilation
map
total magnetic field anomaly
Norwegian–Danish Basin ,
individual contributions to basement depth
map –
potential field
Precambrian basement
Norwegian–Greenland Sea
aeromagnetic surveys
embayment
Norwegian Margin
basin inversion
Caledonian basement
distribution of lower crustal bodies

flexural isostasy
formation
individual contributions to basement depth
map –
magmatic underplating
magnetic basement
physiographically
plate reconstruction
properties of lower crustal bodies

Norwegian model
LCB and Moho horizons
Moho boundary
potential field models
volcanic distribution
Norwegian Sea Overflow
compression
Norwegian shelf
HP/HT field
Norwegian wells
AFTA and FR data
burial anomaly
Neogene phase
palaeogeothermal gradient values
sonic logs
thermochronological constraints
/ – well
/ – well
Not formation –
Notikewin Member
basin-centred gas in Western Canada
Noto Formation
foreland
hydrocarbon occurrences
Nova Scotia, Canada
Fundy Basin , –
Minas Basin ,
Permo-Triassic
Permo-Triassic outcrops
Novaya Zemlya
archipelago
archipelago dimensions
arcuate fold-and-thrust belts
Axial Structural Domain
Central Structural Domain
classification schemes –
curvature –
Eastern Structural Domain
fold-and-thrust belt – ,
foreland deformation
offset –
palaeogeography maps
Precambrian–Cambrian
exposures
structural trend lines
structure ,
curvature –
curvature cause –
domain
interpretation –
offset cause
patterns – ,
trend lines ,
thrust-sheet transport
topography ,
Western Structural Domain
Novaya Zemlya Fold Belt (NZFB) ,
,
NRM. See natural remanent
magnetization (NRM)
NRMS. See normalized root mean
square (NRMS)
NSF. See National Science Foundation (NSF)
NTG. See net to gross (NTG) character
Nubia Sandstone , ,
structural traps
Nukhul Formation
basal conglomerates
lidar-derived DEM
location map
marine to brackish depositional conditions

petroleum geoscientists virtual
fieldtrips
Quickbird Satellite image
syncline dataset ,
syn-rift sedimentation
syn-rift stratigraphy
VRGS software
Nuussuaq Basin
Gro- well
NZFB. See Novaya Zemlya Fold Belt
(NZFB)
OBC. See Ocean Bottom Cable (OBC)
oblique progradational facies
OBM. See oil-based mud (OBM)
O’Brien, Mike
OBS. See ocean bottom seismometers (OBS)
Ocean Bottom Cable (OBC)
acquisition programme
data
survey
ocean bottom seismometers (OBS)
,
Atlantis Field
component
nodes
oceanic deepwater basins
free-air gravity field
oceanic sound speed variations
October Concession Rudeis Formation
October Revolution Island ,
offshore aeromagnetic surveys
offshore crystalline basement blocks from
Atlantic
lead space plots
offshore deposition
indicator and predictor
Offshore Equatorial Guinea
offshore open-marine facies association
Hugin Formation sedimentology –
description
interpretation
sequence stratigraphy
wireline-log character
offshore three dimensional seismic data
interpretation –
analogues –
base volcanic effect and subvolcanic
unit
data and methods –
facies units description –
facies unit
facies unit
facies unit
facies unit
facies unit
facies unit –
geological development –
geological model
intrusions
study background
offshore West Greenland
seismic profile
oil
Angola exploration
Angola production
Bakken Formation , ,
composition
Cretaceous age
Danish Central Graben –
density –
East Barents region
enhanced recovery ,
– ,
Farsund Formation ,
generation potential ,
geochemistry
geology-led approach
gravity data ,
heavy , , , –
hydrocarbon pools
Italy provinces
kerogens , , , ,
Laptev Shelf
locating methods
mature fields
migration model
North Africa occurrences
permeabilities
predicting production behaviour –
price trends chart
recovery
reservoir –
shales
source rock
INDEXT anomaly
Westray Fault system
window , ,
oil-based mud (OBM)
oil–water contact (OWC) , ,
Donan Field
D seismic and reservoir model calibration

injection strategy
Scott Field
Tyra Field ,
Okavango Basin ,
thickness
Old Red Sandstone
Oligocene age ,
depositional features
Nile Delta sequence
succession
West Greenland hiatus offshore
West Greenland unconformity
Oman
exploring hydrocarbon plays –
Onika Anticline
seismic profile
onlapping marine shales
onshore United Kingdom
open fractures
geomechanical modelling D output
Open Geospatial Consortium
Ophelia- well
sedimentological core logs
Ophiomorpha ,
burrows
O.P.V. Seillean
Orca Basin
Orcadian Basin ,
Ordovician age
Hamra Quartzites
Late , ,
North Africa stratigraphy – ,
Sarah Formation ,
shale
shallow water clastic sediments
Unayzah formation
organic carbon , ,
organic facies
Shiranish Formation –
Origin of Sediment-Related AeroMagnetics
(OSRAM) Project
Ormen Lange system
fluvial erosion
Maastrichtian–Paleocene age
segment-style analysis
Oslo Rift
OSRAM. See Origin of Sediment-Related
AeroMagnetics (OSRAM) Project
Ouachita Thrust Front
Ouan Kasa Formation
Oued Mya Basin
thermal maturity of Early Silurian
Tannezuft hot shale
Ougarta Arch
Oukaimeden Sandstone Formation
distribution of facies associations
Oukaimeden Valley ,
alluvial fan breccias
sedimentation
stereonet plot
structural cross-section across
Ouled Cheb formation
Ourika Valley ,
outboard areas
outcrops
analogue studies
fracture types
West Greenland
Outer Moray Firth
Outer Rough Basin
VR gradients
wells VR trends
Outer Rough Sand ,
facies core photos
porosity–permeability relationship
sedimentological core log
Owambo Basin ,
thickness
OWC. See oil–water contact (OWC)
Oxford Clay
black shale ,
Oxfordian age
Early
sequence J
fairways
Kimmeridgian basin fabric
Kimmeridgian turbidite sandstone
reservoirs
Late –
sequence J a –
depositional environments
regressive shoreface sandstones
turbidite sandstones
Middle
sequence J – ,
Pabdeh in Cenozoic
major play systems
Pai Khoi region
major strike-slip fault systems
Pakistan
Sindh and Punjab regions
palaeoburial
data
landscape
Palaeogene age
basalts
v. Late Jurassic age deepwater reservoirs
volcanic distribution
palaeogeographic reconstruction
palaeogeothermal gradients
derived from AFTA and VR data ,
palaeohigh
influence on North African plays –
Ahara High, Illizi, and Berkine basins,
Algeria –
Cambrian to Devonian succession

Djebel Tamamat in Bled el Mass area

Gargaff Arch, Ghadames and Murzuq
basins, Libya –
geological setting –
Palaeozoic platform –
Palaeozoic succession around
syn-tectonic highs –
petroleum system implications
implications on reservoir quality
potential tectonostratigraphic
traps
pre-Hercynian migration process
source rock deposition
stratigraphic architecture
stratigraphic architecture – ,

structural style Pan-African heritage
sub-basins and arches –
synthesis tectonostratigraphic evolution

Tihemboka High, Illizi and Murzuq
basins –
uplifts timing –
Palaeozoic petroleum systems –
Pan-African heritage
Palaeotethys Ocean Drift
palaeothermal
Palaeozoic age
Ahnet Basin ,
Ajjer Tassil outcrops
Berkine Basin
depocentres Geoprobe image
Early , ,
exploring older and deeper hydrocarbon
plays – ,
Faroe–Shetland Basin structural play
Hercynian unconformity
hydrocarbon plays
integrated petroleum systems –
Late
Middle East
basins
plays
Møre–Trøndelag Fault Zone
North Africa – ,
basins , ,
location
plays
tectonic elements
petroleum system , , , –
Reggane Basin ,
Rub Al Khali Basin
sedimentation
structural elements
succession –
stratigraphic column
Taoudenni Basin
Tindouf Basin
Paleocene age
Andrew sands
Barents Sea cooling
Faroe–Shetland Basin
gas condensate discoveries
Laggan
Late
Lower Balmoral sandstones
Ormen Lange system –
palaeogeothermal gradients ,
Pladda prospects ,
reservoir ,
sandstones
shelfal Hermod sequences
Top Lower Balmoral Structure
Tormore
transition to North Atlantic
breakup
Vøring Basin strata
Paleocene Forties Sandstone Member
,
exploration
INDEX Paleocene Forties Sandstone Member
(Continued)
isopach map
reservoir interval
reservoir potential
Pannonian Basin ,
Central Europe ,
dynamic hydrocarbon system
Hungary ,
lithostratigraphic units and pressure
regimes
Lower Miocene
Middle Miocene –
Neogene hydrocarbon system events chart

Neogene petroleum system –
maturity
reservoirs and seals –
source rocks –
timing
overpressured basal shales
overpressured Upper Miocene
brackish-water shale
Pliocene
present-day heat flow
Sarmatian sedimentary rocks
shale gas in Europe –
structural and sedimentary evolution

palaeogeographic evolution
sedimentary environment
stratigraphy of basin fill –
structural evolution
tight gas exploration –
tight gas plays –
TOC
unconventional hydrocarbon
Upper Miocene , –
Panther Tongue sandstone
lidar studies
paper theme
Paradox Basin sequestration test
parallel bedded platform facies
Paratethys
Parshall Field
Passage Beds
passive margins –
evolution –
exploration models
exploration technology
frontiers
arctic
palaeo-passive margins
hydrocarbon charge and maturation

heat flow models –
hydrates and biogenic gas
local source rocks –
marine source rocks
oceanic anoxic events
oceanic crust exploration
hydrocarbon prospectivity
late structural evolution
magmatic addition
megasequence
new development concepts –
Norwegian continental shelf –
passive margin evolution –
reservoirs –
large drainage basin systems
remaining deepwater plays
reservoirs and basement in multiphase
rifts
reservoirs and outer margins
shelf edge deltas and plays –
retention
series of case histories from Ireland

subtle migration paths
PCG audience
peak oil no longer concern
GeoControversies debates –
Pechora Sea
PEE. See petroleum expulsion
efficiency (PEE)
Pelagian Basin
Pelion Formation
transgressive sandstones
Pennine Basin
coal and hydrocarbon
exploration
Craven Group –
Pennsylvanian
Netherlands petroleum exploration with
stratigraphic plays
play map
Pentland basin
marine environments
Pentland Formation
reservoir
tectono-stratigraphic model
Pentland Hills Inlier
Pentland succession
biostratigraphic data
Peri-Gondwana Margin palaeogeography
Periscope
planned v. actual geosteered wellpath
permeability preservation
Permian age
architecture –
Argana Basin
basins ,
location map
morphology
preparing for carbon constrained world

Central High Atlas Basin
Early ,
Fundy Basin
hopanes and steranes in oil sample
Kupfershiefer
lithostratigraphy
plate-tectonic setting and depositional
environments
red beds
Rotliegend Groningen gas field
Scandinavia
seismic data for wells
shallow marine
traps
Upper Rotliegendes Group ,
volcanic rocks magnetic properties
Permian White Rim Sandstone
Permo-Carboniferous
Unayzah formations
Permo-Triassic Basin – ,
Central High Atlas and Argana basins
evolution and fill –
implications for future exploration

Morocco and Nova Scotia
North Atlantic passive margins –
outcrops
PESGB. See Petroleum Exploration Society
of Great Britain (PESGB)
petroleum
acreage in Italy
Bakken Formation
endowment in Italy
migration
permits in Italy
play fairway analysis –
plays in continental margins
Shiranish Formation
Petroleum Exploration Society of Great
Britain (PESGB)
petroleum expulsion efficiency (PEE)
Bakken Formation ,
petroleum generation ,
Bakken Formation
potential
threshold
petroleum generation index (PGI)
Bakken Formation ,
petroleum geology
North Sea hydrocarbon systems –
and reservoir production of South Arne

Petroleum Geology Conference
history from to date from NW Europe
to international
petroleum geoscientists virtual fieldtrips

applications –
DVD examples –
Arkitsa fault, Greece –
carbonates, Alpine foreland
deltaic reservoir analogues from central
Utah
Gre`s d’Annot Formation, SE France
Lofoten, Norway
Moab fault, Utah
Nukul syncline, Gulf of Suez
Shannon Basin, West of Ireland

future trends
virtual fieldtrips creation –
petroleum industry
Norwegian continental shelf
petroleum geoscientists virtual fieldtrips

additional field time –
discontinuity dimensions
geometry constraints
multiscale model context –
traditional fieldtrip training tool
petroleum resources
Siberian Craton –
Petroleum Sharing Contracts (PSC)
petroleum systems , , , , ,
,
advances
analysis
Arabian Palaeozoic
Bush Formation
characterized
Cretaceous age –
INDEXDevonian–Mississippian Bakken
Formation –
distribution and nature
Early Jurassic age –
Early Silurian Tanzuft –
gas-prone
Ghadames–Illizi Basin
Gulf of Suez
hydrocarbon distribution –
implications on reservoir quality
integrated –
Italy – ,
Late Devonian Frasnian
Late Triassic age –
megasequence framework –
Foreland Basin megasequence
Foreland Basin megasequence
passive margin megasequence
passive margin megasequence
post-rift megasequence
post-rift megasequence –
syn-rift megasequence
syn-rift megasequence –
Mesozoic
migration modelling –
missing section map and erosion maps

model
Nile Delta, Egypt
North African Palaeozoic basins
palaeohigh influence on North African
plays
petroleum source rocks –
phases
play fairway analysis –
post-salt thermogenic
potential tectonostratigraphic traps
pre-Hercynian migration process
reservoir-seal combinations
Rub Al Khali Basin, Saudi Arabia
source access
source rock deposition
source rock pressure
South Atlantic Ocean breakup –
stratigraphic architecture
between Timor and Australia
viability
petrophysical data
compilation
NGU
Norwegian mainland
rock bodies
PGI. See petroleum generation index (PGI)
PGS Central North Sea MegaSurvey
PGS North Sea Digital Atlas time
horizons
phase kinetics
photomosaic and lidar data
stratigraphy
pick-and-mix forward models
Piedmont glacier
Piggvar Terrace
wells VR trends
Pila Spi Formation
pilot holes ,
Captain Field – ,
drilling
horizontal
well locations
Piper Field
sandstones , ,
Upper and Lower
Pladda prospects
Paleocene ,
planktonic foraminifera
biofacies groups
Eldfisk Bravo
Eldfisk Field
plate reconstruction
constrain
detrital zircons
Greenland
Norwegian margin
plate tectonics
play fairway
analysis ,
assessment
CRS description
distribution
frontier basin distribution
locate new oil and gas resources
lowest risk segments
quality
risk mapping techniques –
play systems . See also specific location
syn-rift models
Pleistocene age
Corsica
dip map
Early
glaciations
Golo turbidite system
Pliocene age
Apennines
North Sea Basin palaeogeography
Pannonian Basin
Plio-Pleistocene
foredeep wedges biogenic gas –
Italy hydrocarbon occurrences –
Porto Corsini East gas field
Settala gas field
terrigenous units ,
PMR. See Porcupine Median Ridge (PMR)
POC. See proto-oceanic crust (POC)
pod/interpod terminology
Pokur Formation , , ,
Cenomanian deltaic coals and
mudstones
Cenomanian fluvial-deltaic deposits
Cenomanian gas play
gas yield ,
temperature map
thermal yields
Poland. See also specific location
black shales
polyphase faulting
polyphase rifting
European basin architectures
hydrocarbon systems –
North Sea –
ponded turbidites ,
Ponta Grossa dyke
Po Plain ,
foreland
Villafortuna–Trecate oil field
Porcupine Bank
lead data from detrital K-feldspar
grains
seabed slope
Porcupine Basin , , , ,

database –
Dooish K-feldspars
interpretation grid basemap
location map
seismic interpretation –
Porcupine Median Ridge (PMR)
original and reprocessed section
porosity
and permeability preservation
uncertainty
Porto Corsini East Field – ,
Posidonia shale
Early Jurassic age –
Post-Aptian salt plays –
post-basalt heating
East Greenland
post-rift
early
post-rift uplift
along passive margins
megasequence , –
North Atlantic passive margins
post-salt gas plays
post-salt thermogenic petroleum
systems
potassium feldspars
detrital ,
Dooish ,
lead ,
lead isotopic composition
Rockall Basin
potential field modelling
Caledonoid granite core
Carboniferous petroleum system

potential stratigraphic trapping types
Carboniferous stratigraphic traps North
Africa –
Powder River Basin in Wyoming
Pre-Aptian salt plays –
Precambrian age
basement , , , –
gneisses
Massif Ancient rocks
North Africa plays
northern Norway
Norwegian–Danish Basin
Novaya Zemlya
Taoudenni Basin stratigraphy
predicting production behaviour
from deep HPHT Triassic reservoirs

Deep Joanne model results

Deep Judy model results
field production and well test behaviour

methods
modelling parameters –
results –
sedimentological interpretation

Skagerrak diagenesis –
Skagerrak Formation geology –
sedimentary architecture impact on
recovery –
INDEX pressure distribution
North Sea
pressure-temperature (PT) conditions
pre-stack depth migration (PSDM)
processing ,
reprocessed
Top Zeit rugosity
velocity models
pre-stack time migration (PSTM)
data ,
three dimensional AVO products ,
production behaviour
predicting –
Project Ramsay
prospect evaluation
proto-oceanic crust (POC)
West Africa and Brazilian margins
Provenance analysis
categories
deepwater reservoirs Palaeogene v. Late
Jurassic
Rockall Basin palaeodrainage – ,

PSC. See Petroleum Sharing Contracts (PSC)
PSDM. See pre-stack depth
migration (PSDM)
PSTM. See pre-stack time migration
(PSTM)
PT. See pressure–temperature (PT)
conditions
Puffin horst area
fault trends
Puffin Terrace ,
turbidite deposition
well correlations
Punjab region
Pakistan
Purple Pick
Pyrenean compression
pyrolysis gas chromatography
Bakken petroleum system –
chain length distribution
Qamchuqa Formation
description
lithological model
porosity
Qamchuqa matrix
Qara Chauq
Qasaiba in Silurian
major play systems
Q-Marine survey
quartz cement growth
Kristin Field
Quaternary sand channels
analytical signal
Quickbird Satellite image
Nukhul syncline dataset
Qulleq- well
unconformity below Neogene
succession
VR data v. depth
radon demultiple
Rajasthan, India
Baghewala Oil Field
Ramsay, William –
RAS. See Russian Arctic shelves (RAS)
geology
Ras Abu Darag well
Nebwi –
seismic amplitude anomalies
Ra˚s Basin
Ras Hamia formation
Rattray Volcanics
Rauwerd
Lower Cretaceous age
Rauwerd- -Sneek-
cross-section
Ravn Member
sedimentological core logs
RCSP. See Regional Carbon Sequestration
Partnerships (RCSP)
reactivation –
natural fractures , –
reactive kerogen wells
recovery factor (RF)
v. CGR/GOR
Deep Judy model results
red bed deposits
Red Sand Formation
Red Sea
location map
North –
prospects and leads
source rock biomarker and isotope
analysis
stratigraphy and tectonic framework
tectonic setting
Red Sea basin
aeromagnetic data
D SRME processing
gravity data
onshore field mapping
pre- and syn-rift sequences –
PSDM, foldout
PSTM, foldout
salt flood velocity model, foldout
seismic data coverage
subsalt events
subsalt illumination
Red Sea Rift
Reggane Basin , , ,
Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships
(RCSP)
regressive shoreface sandstones
sequence J a
regressive–transgressive scheme
relay ramps
fault zones ,
Mid-Cretaceous early syn-rift stage
mature
rift oblique lineaments
rift topography
West Shetland Platform
reservoirs
Algeria
architecture
Joanne Member
Judy Formation
Athabasca Oil Sands –
behaviour implications for
sedimentological interpretation

Buzzard Field – ,
Captain Field
Carboniferous – ,
Cenomanian
Cenozoic Asmari carbonate
central Utah deltaic analogues
Chalk facies
coccolith fragments
dissolution seams
localized stylolites
characterization programme –
compaction
observed and predicted
South Arne ,
Cretaceous , , – ,

deep Joanne model
deep Judy model
deep Triassic
deepwater – , ,
depletion fault control
depth , ,
depth structure map
desiccated
Donan
Egyptian North Red Sea basin
Ekofisk
exploring subtle exploration plays in Gulf
of Suez –
post-rift reservoirs
pre-rift reservoirs
syn-rift reservoirs –
flow simulation
fractures
Fulmar Field ,
geomechanical model ,
hydrocarbon(s) ,
Jade Field
Jasmine discovery –
depositional model –
intra-reservoir correlation
seismic reprocessing –
structural model
zonation scheme –
Top Joanne –
Top Julius Mudstone –
Top Lower Joanne
Top Middle Joanne
Joanne Member ,
Judy Field
Judy Member ,
Laggan Field , , , ,

Late Jurassic age –
Leman Sandstone
Libya
Lower Balmoral ,
Norway hydrocarbons
oil –
passive margins –
large drainage basin systems
remaining deepwater plays
reservoirs and basement in multiphase
rifts
reservoirs and outer margins
predicting production behaviour

Ross and minor Burns
sandstones
characteristics
defined
Forties Field
Lower Balmoral
INDEXScott Field
shale gas
annual natural gas production
map
Shiranish Formation
Skagerrak Formation
stratigraphy –
Taq Taq field development
tight in North America
Triassic age
Upper Leman interval
well / –
well / a-
well / a-
reservoir sedimentology
Garn formation –
depositional synthesis
description –
rapid pressure decline explanation
HP/HT Kristin Field –
Ile formation –
depositional synthesis –
description
rapid pressure decline explanation
Not formation –
Tofte Formation –
depositional synthesis
description
rapid pressure decline
explanation
Upper Ror Formation
RF. See recovery factor (RF)
Rheic Ocean Drift
Rheic Ocean rifting
Rhuddanian Sandstones
Ribble Turbidites
erosions
ridge-trough sedimentary structures
rifting , –
basin architecture –
climax
and continental breakup
events ,
heat flow anomaly
hot/wet spot
initiation
Jurassic age
Late Triassic age
Norwegian North Atlantic passive
margin
Norwegian region
phase
Rheic Ocean
Rockall Trough
shear
Solan Bank High
topography relay ramps
Yell Basin margin
Rijswijk oil province
Rio Grande Rise
location
Rio Muni transform
gravity modelling
Rita- well ,
sedimentological core logs
RMS. See root mean square (RMS)
robust depositional model development
Rockall Basin
B sandstones
Cretaceous sandstones
C sandstones
Dooish gas condensate discovery ,

Dooish K-feldspars
geoseismic profile and seismic profile
geoseismic section
Hatton–Rockall Basin
K-feldspars bulk
lead-in-potassium-feldspar provenance
tool
location map ,
margin
sandstones –
sedimentology –
Mesozoic sediment dispersal –
Mesozoic stratigraphy
methodology –
core logging and sampling
imaging and EMPA analysis
lead analysis –
provenance analysis –
NE Atlantic sub-basalt hydrocarbon
prospectivity –
palaeodrainage –
results –
analytical results –
B sandstones – ,
core description
C sandstones ,
depositional environments –
sandstone petrography –
A sandstones , , ,
well stratigraphy
rotated faults
sedimentological logs of cores
strike line
variation of lead K-feldspar populations

wireline profiles
provenance interpretation –
regional sand-sourcing implications
sub-basalt hydrocarbon prospectivity

Rockall–Faroe area
age and characteristics
Atlantic Margin timing, controls and
consequences –
basalt escarpments ,
bottom-water currents
Cenozoic compressional structures
Cenozoic unconformities
compression –
basin control on orientation –
bottom-water current activity –
Norwegian Sea Overflow
subsidence –
driving mechanisms –
prospectivity implications
structures – ,
Alpin Anticline
Auðhumla Basin Syncline
Bill Bailey’s Bank –
Bridge Anticline –
Dawn Anticline –
Faroe Bank Anticlines
Faroe Bank Channel Syncline
Hatton Bank Anticline –
location
Lousy Bank –
Mordor Anticline
Onika Anticline
Viera Anticline
West Lewis Ridge reverse faults

Wyville–Thomson Ridge Anticline

Ymir Ridge Complex
unconformities –
top-basalt isochron map
well/borehole data location
Ypresian isochore
Rockall–Faroe continental margin
volcanism constraints –
Rockall–Faroe continental margins
magmatism –
compressional structures
crustal structure
crustal velocity models –
geological interpretation –
igneous intrusion
igneous intrusion and extrusion
lithological constraints from P- and S-wave
velocities –
source and receiver design –
wide-angle seismic data –
Rockall Trough
acquisition plan
age of rifting
bottom-water currents
CTD probe
location
Mesozoic strata
mid-Norwegian margin
oceanic mixing ,
reflection strength
seismic reflectivity
sound speed
CTD probe casts
profiles
water layer
reflectivity
sound sections
stratigraphy
structure
Rock-Eval pyrolysis
Bakken Formation ,
rock physics
amplitude anomaly
inversion
model ,
Rocky Mountain foreland fold-and-thrust
belt
Rodinia Supercontinent
Rolf Field
Romagna accretionary arc
Porto Corsini East gas field
Rømø barrier island. See also
Holocene–Recent Rømø barrier island
system
GPR profile , ,
modern analogue
palaeogeographic reconstruction
reservoir analogue
tidal inlet sands
vertical section trough –
wells position
west–east cross-sections
INDEX Rona Fault
Rona Ridge
roof disruption
Gulf of Mexico
roof-edge thrust
Alaminos Canyon area
root mean square (RMS)
amplitude extraction ,
Ross Formation
Ross reservoir
LKO
rotary steerable systems (RSS)
rotated faults
Rockall Basin
Rotliegend Group , ,
Chiswick Field
desert sandstones
Lower ,
Lower Permian age
Netherlands petroleum exploration

reservoir
sequence
strata , ,
thickness
two-way time and depth maps
Upper and Lower
Rotliegend Slochteren sand
Rover Boys
RSS. See rotary steerable systems (RSS)
Rub Al Khali Basin
burial history
Palaeozoic petroleum system
petroleum system
petroleum systems
structural elements
tectonic elements
tectonic events
Rudeis Formation ,
exploring subtle exploration plays

Lower
South October Concession
syn-rift ,
Rush, Julian
GeoControversies debates summary

Russia. See also specific location
CSP –
FSU and Circum-Arctic final frontier

topography
Russian Arctic shelves (RAS) geology

consolidated basement main characteristics

eastern sector –
western sector –
crustal tectonic
free-air gravity field
HC resources
heterogeneous folded tectonic
basement
sedimentary basins –
CSP Russian sector –
east Barents Province –
ESSP –
Laptev Sea Province –
North Kara Province
petroleum geology – ,
,
South Kara Province –
sparsely explored
surveys and offshore wells location
tectonic history and petroleum geology

tectonic setting
Ryazanian gravity-flow sandstones
Upper Jurassic reservoir sandstones

Sabden Shales
black shale
SACROC EOR
history-match analysis
sequestration test –
Texas
SAGD. See steam-assisted gravity drainage
(SAGD)
Saharn Platform
highs
saline aquifer ,
salt
basin architecture
Block , offshore Angola
canopies ,
advancing
Gulf of Mexico ,
deepwater reservoirs
diapiric , ,
gas plays
Gulf of Mexico ,
plays –
sheets
withdrawal minibasins
withdrawal role
salt diapirs , , , ,
chimneys
fluid leakage
leakage zones –
structure
Saltire Formation
Saltire Shale
salt plumes
intrusive –
salt tectonics
emerging concepts – ,
Allochthonous fragments –
canopy-margin thrust systems

intrusive salt plumes –
minibasin triggers –
state of knowledge
Gulf of Mexico
Salvador–N’Komi transfer zones
sand fluidization
laboratory experiment demonstrating
implications
SandGEM –
sandstones , ,
aeolian
Albo-Aptian Kopervik
Balmoral
barrier island
basin-centred, distal lowstand
Bossier
Buzzard Sandstone Member
Carboniferous ,
v. conglomerate
Corrib gas field
Cretaceous
cross-bedded
C sandstones
deepwater reservoirs , –
deposition tectonic reconfiguration
deposits sequences J -J b
Devonian sandstones
Dooish ,
Early Jurassic age
Early Volgian age –
Farsund Formation
Fell Sandstone Group
fluvial
Fulmar Field ,
aggradational packages
BVRU
deposited in narrow palaeovalleys
Humber Group thickness
initial distribution
J and J sequences
shallow-marine
subdivided
well / b-
gravity-flow
Gulf of Suez
Heno Formation
Ireland Mesozoic
isopach
Joanne Sandstone Member ,
erosion
rich gas condensate
Judy Member
Judy Sandstone Member
depositional environment
Kimmeridge Fulmar
Kimmeridge Fulmar sandstones
Late Jurassic age –
Leman Sandstone ,
correlation panel
depth map
hydraulic fracture-stimulated
intervals
illite cementation
reservoir
Lower Balmoral
Lower Cretaceous age
Navajo Formation Sandstone
reservoir
reservoir prediction
Rockall Basin
margin –
palaeodrainage –
Sgiath Sandstone
Sherwood Sandstone ,
shoreface
Lola Formation
porosity–permeability relationship

Upper Jurassic barrier island system of
Freja discovery
Skagerrak Formation , ,
Strunian–Tournaisian
turbidites
Upper Jurassic
barrier island –
reservoir –
Upper Rudeis
INDEXSan Juan Basin (SJB) –
San Paulo Plateau (SPP)
bedded evaporite deposition age
drilling
subsidence analysis
Tupi oil discovery
San Rafael Swell
Santerno Formation
Santonian Thud Formation
sediments
Santos Basin ,
air gravity data
bathymetry
beta factor maps
Bouguer gravity anomaly map
conceptual breakup models
continental lithosphere thinning and crustal
thickness
crustal cross-section
crustal thickness map
gravity inversion , ,
incipient breakup
margin breakup
rifted margin
rifting
seismic cross-sections
South Atlantic Ocean breakup –
regional geology –
regional structure –
stratigraphy
subsidence analysis
subsidence association
subsidence modelling
Sao Francisco craton ,
Sao Paulo Plateau
beta factor maps
breakup of South Atlantic Ocean

conceptual breakup models
continental lithosphere thinning
crustal cross-section
crustal thickness
gravity inversion , ,
rifting
seismic cross-sections
South Atlantic Ocean breakup – ,

subsidence analysis from D backstripping

Sao Paulo Ridge
location
sapropelic kerogen
Farsund Formation
Sarah Formation
Late Ordovician age
Ordovician ,
Sarawak
offshore , ,
Sargelu Formation
Sarmatian sedimentary rocks
Pannonian Basin
Sartirana Formation
Settala gas field
Saudi Arabia. See also specific location
exploring hydrocarbon plays

challenges –
stratigraphy –
hydrocarbons development
Khuff Formation
Rub Al Khali Basin –
striated glacial surface
Unayzah complex
Saxo- well
sedimentological core log
Volgian sandstone intervals
Scandes
Cenozoic uplift
Scandinavia
basement area
palaeogeography
Cenozoic development
eastern North Sea Basin
erosion basement
gravity surveys compilation
hemipelagic, deep-marine deposits of
Eocene age
landscape
Neogene uplift
onshore–offshore geological map
Permian volcanic rocks magnetic properties

post-breakup uplift phases
regional exhumation
tectonic pulses
uplift phase
progradation ,
volcanic rocks magnetic
properties
Scandinavian Alum Shale
scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis

Schiehallion Field
amplitude shutoff
Schlumberger Full-bore Micro-Imager log
data (FMI)
Ensign Field
Sciacca Formation
porosity origin
Scoresby Sund area
erosional unloading
Scotland
biogenic gas
Orcadian Basin
Scott, Robert ,
Scott Field
asset
asset matures
continuous drilling programme
depositional perspective
drilled infill wells
drilling campaign , ,
dynamic modelling
infill drilling targets
initial development drilling
injection strategy
integrated analysis
interpreted open hole results ,
J Z
J
J
IW, SW–NE cross section
location map
mature field revitalization –
bypassed sweep targets –
downdip injector
drilling campaign impact on field
production –
geological description –
infill campaign ( – )

production overview
seismic database
seismic interpretation –
updip attic targets –
MDT logs
North Sea
OBC data with PSDM data
PBU derivative J
Piper depletion J
post-drill correlation J
production
production history
recent drilling
reservoirs
sands
simulation modelling
Skene
structuration
structure map
target
J
J Z
J ,
tectonostratigraphic development
wells
J
J Z
J Z
J
zonation
Scott Formation
Scott Sands
Lower ,
Scott–Telford field complex
Scremerston Coal Group ,
sealed wells
sea water injection
sedimentology ,
architecture
production behaviour with depth
production performance
basins , –
Angola ,
fill patterns
Gulf of Mexico
Rockall Basin margin –
Shiranish Formation –
segment-style analysis
Ormen Lange system
seismic data
acquisition
XCTD probe
XSP
acquisition parameters
CDR D surveys
Cimmerian rifting
cold-water statics
crossline profile orientated
NW–SE
cross-section of channel features
database –
exhumation estimates –
facies analysis –
facies types
imaging of variable layer sound speed

INDEX seismic data (Continued)
interpretation
Carboniferous petroleum system –
sub-Zechstein seismo-stratigraphic
relationships
Auk–Argyll–Flora area –
Jaeren High area
Mid North Sea High area
West Central Shelf –
new methods of improving –
inversion
monitoring
new methods for improving –
Norwegian Continental Shelf basement
map
passive margin evolution case histories
from Ireland –
profile
Auk–Flora Ridge , ,
Central Graben ,
Jaeren High
Norwegian continental shelf
West Central Shelf ,
project-specific four dimensional
project-specific three dimensional
reflection imaging
hydrocarbon exploration
oceanic variability –
longer term
short-term –
spatial variation –
temporal variation –
oceanography implications
sound speed variation
surveying implications
water layer variability –
regional two dimensional ,
repeat four dimensional
repeat three dimensional
reprocessing –
sequence stratigraphy
stratigraphy ,
survey ,
type outcrop exposures
velocity data –
well log expressions
seismic fault distortion zone (SFDZ)
expressions
fault network
geobody
juxtaposition across damage zones
juxtaposition analysis
juxtaposition-based sealing
juxtaposition difference ,
mapped
reflectivity volumetric fault attributes
skin geometries
thickness
volume render of single fault
seismic technology –
Selandian Va˚le Formation
Sele formation
Sele/Hermod shelf
seismic expressions
Selkirk Field
discovery
turbidites
SEM. See scanning electron microscope
(SEM) analysis
Semberah Field ,
geological model ,
Senja
NRM
Sentusidinium
sequence
J
Callovian age –
J
depositional environments
Early Oxfordian age
Late Callovian age
well correlation
J
Fulmar Sandstone deposits
Middle Oxfordian age – ,
J
depositional environments
Fulmar Sandstone deposits
Late Oxfordian age – ,
depositional environments
regressive shoreface
sandstones
turbidite sandstones
well correlation ,
J ,
depositional environments
turbidite deposition
well correlations
J
depositional environments
Kimmeridgian
well correlation ,
J
late Kimmeridgian age
well correlation
J
Early Volgian age
shoreface
turbidite sandstones
J
Early Volgian age ,
Middle Volgian age
turbidite sandstones
J
Middle Volgian age
J
Middle Volgian age
J
J
K
Late Ryazanian age –
stratigraphy
application
correlation of wells ,
framework
model , –
schemes
studies –
sequential Gaussian simulation (SGS)
sequential indicator simulation (SIS)
Joanne model
sequestration
Serpukhovian–Bashkirian incised
valleys
Settala gas field , ,
SFDZ. See seismic fault distortion
zone (SFDZ)
Sgiath Sandstone
SGS. See sequential Gaussian
simulation (SGS)
Shaftsbury Formation
shale
Arnsbergian Sabden Shale –
Austria
Avon
Bakken
Besano Shales ,
Big Sandy shale gas field
bioturbated shale-prone interval
black , , , , ,

Chimney Rock Shale
Clare Shale
Craven Group
Cretaceous Lewis Shale
Czech Republic
DDB
deepwater marine shales
Devonian ‘hot’ shale
Ekofisk Formation
El Gassi Shale
Emgyet Shale
Europe
Farsund Formation
Frasnian ‘hot’ shale
gas –
gas-bearing chalk
GDE map
geometry
Gething Formation
Ghadames-Illizi Basin
Gothic Shale
Holywell Shale
Intra-B shale ,
Lewis Shale
Lias ,
Long Eaton Formation
Lower Bowland
Lower Limestone Shale –
Middle Miocene
Miocene
Mississippian
New Albany Shale , , ,
Nikanssin Formation
North America
Ordovician
Poland
Posidonia shale –
Scandinavian Alum Shale
Silurian age ,
Slovak Republic
stratigraphic groups – ,
thickness
Tofte Formation
Ukraine
Widmerpool Formation
Worston Shale Group
shale gas
case studies –
Cambro-Ordovician black shales
Carboniferous black shales – ,

Lower Jurassic black shales
Neogene shale (basin centred) gas

Silurian black shales
Upper Jurassic shale gas
INDEXEurope –
biogenic methane
current research activities –
outlook
research activities
Newark East
North America
play
reservoirs
annual natural gas production
map
UK ,
United States –
Western Canada Basin
Western Europe ,
shale oil
play
unconventional oil and gas resources

shallow marine
exhibit
Fangst Group
Fulmar Sandstone
Fulmar sandstone or turbidite sandstones

Hugin deposition
Sigrun–Gudrun area
Shannon Basin
Carboniferous age
petroleum geoscientists virtual fieldtrips

shear rifting
Shearwater area
shoreface environments
shelf margin wedge
Sherwood Sandstone ,
Shetland. See Clair field
Shetland area
structural elements
Shetland Basin
location map
Shetland Isles ,
Shiranish Formation
activation energy
description
Euphrates Graben –
bulk petroleum generation kinetics

hydrocarbon source rock potential

mineralogy –
organic facies –
regional geology –
results
samples
trace element palaeoredox proxies
fault movement
high clay mineral content
kaolinite
lithology
mineralogical composition
open pyrolysis gas chromatograms
organic geochemical characterization
petroleum formation
petroleum geology
sedimentology –
seismic analysis
tectonic map
TOC
total nitrogen content
vitrinite reflectance
Shiranish model
fault displacement
shoreface
deposits
facies association B –
Hugin Formation sedimentology –
description –
interpretation –
sequence stratigraphy
wireline-log character
sandstones
Freja discovery
Lola Formation
porosity–permeability relationship
sequences J
wireline-log cross-plot
Shoreface Facies Association
Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM)

Siberian Arch
crustal tectonic
Siberian Arctic Shelf
petroleum play elements chart
sedimentary basin
tectonostratigraphy
Siberian Basin
basin sensitivity parameters
,
charging gas fields –
analyses –
geology –
results –
stratigraphy –
structure –
isotopic composition of methane
Siberian–Chukchi Fold Belt
Siberian Craton
consists
field densities –
geological provinces
geological provinces assessment
results
location
north of Arctic Circle –
petroleum resources – ,
assessment results
assessment units
geological analogues for assessment

Khatanga Saddle assessment unit

Lena-Anabar Basin assessment
unit
Northern Priverkhoyansk Foredeep
assessment unit –
Yenisey–Khatanga Basin assessment
unit –
geological provinces
petroleum occurrence geological models

resource quantities
Siberian Sea ,
free-air gravity field
Siberian Sea Basin ,
Siberian Sea Province –
Siberian Sea Shelf
Siberian shelves
Sicilian-Maghrebian chain
Gela oil field
geological sections
hydrocarbon occurrences
Sicily
sigmoid aggradational facies
sigmoidal clinoform package
Sigrun-Gudrun area
axis-perpendicular sub-regional correlation

flooding
shallow-marine sedimentation
well-log correlation panel
Sigsbee Escarpment
minibasins
thrusting
siliciclastic rocks
depth v. average density
siltstones
Farsund Formation
Silurian age
agrillaceous depth velocity plots
Ahara uplift
basal
Berkine Basin
black shales ,
chronostratigraphic diagram
dark-grey agrillaceous complex
Early , – ,
flooding ,
Ghadames Basin
hot shale Ghadames–Illizi Basin
hydrocarbon prospectivity –
Late
Middle Akakus Shale
Middle East
North Africa – ,
sediments Azzel Matti Ridge
shale ,
succession
Tanezzuft Formation
Tannezuft Formation
Tihemboka
well A -NC
Sindh region
Pakistan
Single Well Oil Production System (SWOPS)

Sirte Basin
exploring hydrocarbon plays –
SIS. See sequential indicator simulation (SIS)
six-tile WATS
SJB. See San Juan Basin (SJB)
SJU SB
tectonic reconfiguration event
Skagerrak Field
exploration
Skagerrak Formation , , , ,
,
basement depth map –
channel and overbank processes
degrade with depth
depositional facies
gas condensate
geology –
HPHT
hydrocarbon fields
Judy Member well
locations producing
INDEX Skagerrak Formation (Continued)
NTG
pods as basin infilled
porosity with depth –
predicting production behaviour

production performance ,
proximal to distal trends
quad area
reservoirs ,
Heron cluster
sandstones ,
sequences
sedimentation
stratigraphic column
stratigraphy changes
structural tilt
succession
VClay log
Skagerrak Platform
Skallingen peninsula
washover fan
SKB. See South Kara Basin (SKB)
Skjold Flank- well
Skolithos ichnofacies ,
Skrubbe Fault
Skua Field
high production performance
Sleipner carbon dioxide plume –
cumulative total reflection
strength
feeder chimney
flow simulation of synthetic surface
flow simulations
schematic cross-section
seismic images
seismic line through
time-lapse monitoring
time-lapse seismic data –
topmost carbon dioxide layer
analysis – ,
buoyancy effects –
growth
observed volume
permeability effects –
properties
spreading D flow simulation

thickness derived from structural
analysis
thicknesses from seismic amplitudes

thicknesses from structural analysis

topographic effects –
topseal properties
TOUGH axisymmetrical flow model
whole plume flux D flow simulation

Sleipner Delta
shallow-marine
Sleipner Field
carbon dioxide injection
injection operation
Sleipner Formation
Sleipner West Field ,
slope by-pass systems
Slovak Republic
shale
Slyne Basin , –
Cenozoic exhumation history
Dooish K-feldspars
exhumation ,
exhumation estimates from seismic
velocities
exhumation values
location map ,
seismic data
smart mobile devices
Smith, John
Smith Bank Formation
Smith Bank Shale
Smithwick Formation
tall calcite-sealed fractures
Society of Petroleum Engineers
(SPE)
Søgne Basin
Sognefjord
satellite image
Solan Bank High
classical rifting
geoseismic profile
location map
Solarcentury
Sole Pit area
map showing location
Sole Pit Basin
source-to-sink systems
drainage basin–shelf–slope basin floor
profile
elements
exploration value
Gulf of Mexico
Norwegian continental shelf –
NSF
passive margins – , –
ancient systems analysis
linked segment-style approach –
methods –
modelling
Norwegian continental margin –
Norwegian continental shelf

drainage system characteristics
fan volume v. onshore source area size

significance –
uncertainties
segments
South Africa
Karoo Group
South Anyui
ophiolitic suture
suture
South Arne Field
acoustic impedances , ,
base survey
changes in water saturation
compaction
depositional environment
fluid flow
Kirchhoff time migration
monitor survey
petroleum geology
applied time-lapse seismic methods

Poisson’s ratio ,
reservoir compaction ,
reservoir geomechanical model
rock physics model
change in gas saturation
change in porosity
change in water saturation
surveys
three-dimensional view ,
time-lapse AVO inversion
time-lapse rock physics inversion
time-lapse shift
top-reservoir structure
South Atlantic Ocean
bathymetry contours
breakup –
continental lithosphere thinning

crustal thickness determination

failed breakup model
history , –
petroleum systems –
rifted margin formation
subsidence analysis
thinned continental crust i –
conceptual breakup models
Santos Basin –
regional geology –
regional structure –
Sao Paulo Plateau –
sedimentary basins evolution
South Bro´na Basin
geoseismic profile
South Chukchi Basin
HC play elements
internal structure
Southern North Sea
Chiswick Field –
Southern Panels
Buzzard Field
high-density turbidites
Lower B unit
Southern Permian Basin
Southern Scandinavia post-breakup uplift
phases
South Kara Basin (SKB) ,
,
HC systems
MCS data
petroleum potential
plate-tectonic setting and depositional
environments
structural mechanisms proposed
South Kara Province
petroleum geology
RAS sedimentary basins –
South Kara Sea
South Korea
Drilling Expedition UBGH ,
South October Concession
exploring subtle exploration plays in Gulf
of Suez –
Rudeis Formation
South Taimyr Fold Belt
crustal tectonic
South Viking Graben
Hugin Formation –
sedimentology and sequence
stratigraphy
well-log correlation panel
INDEXSouthwest Carbon Partnership
(SWP)
carbon dioxide sequestration
capacities
terrestrial Riparian Restoration
Project –
South Ymir Ridge Anticline
seismic profile
Soviet Union
Former
SPE. See Society of Petroleum
Engineers (SPE)
Spirit River Formation
basin-centred gas in Western Canada

Cadotte Member –
Falher Member –
Notikewin Member
Lower Cretaceous age
SPP. See San Paulo Plateau (SPP)
SRME. See surface related multiple
elimination (SRME)
SROCK
SRTM. See Shuttle Radar Topography
Mission (SRTM)
STAR
application ,
methodology
steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD)
, , ,
steam chambers
steam chambers
logging data
SAGD
Stellar
default kinetic parameters
kerogen transformation
three dimensional basin modelling software
,
three dimensional basin models
stem flooding
four dimensional monitoring
Stendal, Henrik
sterane maturity parameters
Storelv formation
STRATAFORM project
stratigraphic architecture
Ahara High – ,
Berkine Basin
Djebel Tamamat –
Gargaff Arch –
Illizi Basin –
Jasmine discovery –
North Africa
North African plays –
Algeria –
Bled el Mass area –
Libya –
North Sea Eldfisk Field,
Norway
Palaeozoic succession
Taq Taq field
Tihemboka High
stratigraphic column
Chiswick Field
CNS Triassic
Gulf of Suez
Judd Basin
Skagerrak Formation
stratigraphic framework
Ghadames–Illizi Basin
Huntington discoveries
stratigraphic pinchout
Emsian flooding surface
Illizi Basin
Silurian flooding
stratigraphic trap
clastic basin fill
defined
Grouw
Lower Cretaceous Rauwerd
Netherlands ,
North Africa –
types – ,
Carbonate buildups (Waulsortian reefs)

depositional pinchout –
incised valley-fills
North Africa
Serpukhovian–Bashkirian incised
valleys
Strunian to Tournaisian incised
valleys
Vise´an incised valleys
stratigraphy
Buzzard Field
charging gas fields –
Chiswick Field –
Chukchi basins
Egyptian North Red Sea basin
Euphrates Graben
Faroe–Shetland Paleocene
gas-prone petroleum systems
Laggan sands
Netherlands
Nile Delta
play –
Northern Judd Basin –
North Sea Rift
photomosaic data
Red Sea
Santos Basin
Saudi Arabia –
Skagerrak Formation
Taoudenni Basin –
Taq Taq
thicknesses control
Vaila Formation
West of Shetlands Area
Streppenosa Formation
foreland
hydrocarbon occurrences
stress-fields
tectonic
strike-slip faulting
stromatolitic carbonates
Abolag- ,
Taoudenni Basin
structural architecture
Almada Basin –
Camamu Basin –
North Sea hydrocarbon
systems
structural diagenesis
Strunian Sands
Strunian–Tournaisian
incised valleys
sandstones
sub-basalt imaging
Faroe–Shetland Channel
Møre Basin
subsalt
Block ,
imaging challenges –
Mad Dog Field
subsidence
calculating
modelling programmes
sub-Zechstein
composite layer
seismo-stratigraphic relationship –
well sections –
Suez Rift
Suilven
CSEM
gas discovery
oil discovery
Sukkertoppen Iskappe
idealized profile
landscape development ,
uplift history
Suprasalt Miocene strata
Green Canyon area
surface related multiple elimination (SRME)
,
three dimensional Red Sea basin
visualization quality control
suspension-transport by contour
currents
Svalbard
AFTA data
Svane- well
formation pressures
gravity-flow sandstones
HTHP environment
Svecokarelian greenstone belts
Sverdrup Basin
Swab–Tanf Formation
Sweden
exhumation
SWOPS. See Single Well Oil Production
System (SWOPS)
SWP. See Southwest Carbon
Partnership (SWP)
synchronous exhumation –
Alaska North Slope –
Barents Sea –
exhumation histories from North Slope
Alaska –
exhumation histories in Barents Sea

implications for hydrocarbon prospectivity

regional extent
regional synchroneity –
thermal history reconstruction
syn-rift . See also Faroe–Shetland Basin,
syn-rift play
Angola
early
late ,
Lower Cretaceous age
plays –
poorly dated
Rudeis
sedimentary fill
stratigraphy
INDEX syn-rift megasequence
syn-rift megasequence –
Syria. See also specific location
Euphrates Graben –
tectonic map
Szolnok Formation ,
Tabe Formation
generalized present day level of
maturity
Tadrart fields
Tadrart Formation
Lower Devonian age
GDE map
MPath modelling
outcrop photo
Tafilalt Basin ,
Tail End Graben
gravity-flow sandstones
Taimyr Fold Belt
crustal tectonic
Tannezuft Formation
Silurian age
Middle East
North Africa
Tanopcha Formation , ,
coal-bearing muddy sediments
gas yield , ,
temperature map
thermal yields
Tanzuft ‘hot’ shale
Tanzuft source rocks
kitchen maps
Taoudenni Basin , , ,
Abolag- well
burial histories
depositional model for stromatolitic
carbonates
exploring older and deeper hydrocarbon
plays –
geological cross-section
Neoproterozoic geology
Neoproterozoic petroleum system

Neoproterozoic succession
petroleum system
Precambrian stratigraphy
regional tectonic events
tectonic events and hydrocarbon
play
Taq Taq field –
appraisal and development –
current plans
fluids –
pore system –
reservoirs
seismic facies analysis –
Shiranish Formation
structure –
appraisal and development of –
lithofacies prediction
location map
log, core, mud gas and image interpretation

matrix-fracture interaction under
water
seismic dip line
stratigraphy ,
structural interpretation
target oil volumes
locating remaining oil in Nelson Field

slow oil
Target Remaining Oil
Tasmanites morphology
Tassili N’Ager outcrops
Palaeocurrents
Tayarat Limestone
Tay formation fan system
Eocene age
TD. See total depth (TD)
TDS. See total dissolved solids (TDS)
Teal embayment
Telford fields
Temis three dimensional model
Caledonian erosion
Tempa Rossa oil fields
Val d’Agri oil field
temperature logs
Tern horst
evolution
Late Jurassic extension multiple phases
interplay
terrestrial laser scanning
workflow
Terroir, Didier
Tertzakian, Peter
Tethyan rim of Arabia
Tethys Ocean ,
Texas
Bossier sandstones
cores and outcrops
Fort Worth Basin , ,
SACROC EOR Field, Texas
history-match analysis
regional location map
sequestration test –
Thebes Formation
thermal history algorithms
thermal mining in situ
techniques
thermogenic gas shales
microfractures
thermogenic petroleum systems
Angola future gas exploration –
Post-Aptian salt plays –
Pre-Aptian salt plays –
Thousand Barrels a Second
(Tertzakian)
three channel pathways
Central North Sea basin
three-component geophones
S-waves
three dimensional horizon maps
MMU
three dimensional maps
West Greenland
three dimensional modelling
basin project
compilation
crystalline basement surface
finite-difference
area
generation
NATS v. WATS
WATS oil field subsalt offshore Angola
image –
forward and inverse –
geological –
geological software
inversion
free air gravity computation
layer density values input
stages
isostatic behaviour
petroleum systems ,
showing granite morphologies
visualization environment
three dimensional seismic data
Captain Field
Clair field
hydrocarbon systems
and sequence stratigraphy of North Sea
three dimensional seismic mapping
North Sea
and porosity variation of intra-chalk
units –
Three Forks Formation
thrust-and-fold belts
Cenozoic
Italy hydrocarbon occurrences –
thrust faults offset
Walker Ridge area
thrusting
Gulf of Mexico
propagation folds
Sigsbee Escarpment
types
Thud Field
tectonic and eustatic events
Thud Formation , , –
age
biofacies
correlation
lithology/petrophysics –
tectonostratigraphy
TIB. See Transscandinavian Igneous
Belt (TIB)
tidal inlet sands
Rømø barrier island
tight gas sandstones ,
tight oil
unconventional oil and gas resources

tight reservoirs
North America
Tihemboka area
chronostratigraphic chart
geological map
Siluro-Devonian stratigraphic architecture

Tihemboka High –
interpretation –
stratigraphic architecture
Tilje Formation
Timan–Pechora Basin
Palaeozoic oil-prone source rocks
time-lapse seismic data
acquisition, processing and
inversion
AVO inversions –
South Arne
volumetric strain
time-lapse time shift
Ekofisk
South Arne
Valhall
INDEXtime-lapse time shift observations
applied time-lapse seismic methods

Timor
petroleum systems
Tindouf Basin
TOC. See total organic carbon (TOC)
Tofte Formation , –
depositional synthesis
description
facies elements
marine shales
pressure profiles
rapid pressure decline explanation
tomographic inversions
wide-angle arrival times
Top Buzzard
Top Chalk Group
time-structure map
Top Chalk horizon
depth maps
top crystalline basement depths
D inversion of free air gravity
computation
Top Eocene
depth maps
Top Hermod surface
Top Joanne
reservoir zonation scheme –
Top Julius Mudstone
reservoir zonation scheme –
Top Jurassic depth map
West Siberia Basin
Top Lower Joanne
reservoir zonation scheme
Top Middle Joanne
reservoir zonation scheme
Top Palaeogene Chalk
limestone porosity –
natural gamma ray log –
Top Reservoir
Base Cretaceous and Base Chalk horizon

dry holes and discoveries analysis
hydrocarbon discoveries v. aquifer seal
capacity histogram
South Arne structure
top seal – ,
seismic signatures
trapping below
Top Shiranish
depth map
Top Triassic Unconformity
Top Zeit rugosity
PSDM velocity models
Tor Field
hydrodynamic sorting pattern
porosity and bulk volume water
tectonic and eustatic events
Tor Formation , – , ,
, , . See also Lower Tor
Formation
age
air–mercury capillary pressure
biofacies
Chalk
Chalk well micrographs
core data
Cretaceous age
depth trends
effective stress
lithology/petrophysics
mercury capillary pressure
penecontemporaneous allochthonous
sediments
porosity, water saturation and PWFT
reservoir
tectonostratigraphy
Tormore
AVO ,
chlorite
gas condensate discoveries
Laggan mature understanding
location map
Paleocene gas condensate discoveries

structural map ,
Tornquist Fan
Bouguer gravity profiles
total depth (TD)
Faroe Islands
total dissolved solids (TDS)
total magnetic field anomaly
Norwegian continental shelf
total organic carbon (TOC)
Bakken Formation
Bakken member
Bakken shales
Carboniferous
England
Namurian
Northeast England
Pannonian Basin
upper Bakken member
TOUGH model
flow simulation
intra-reservoir mudstones
Tournaisian age
Early
Late
Middle
Tournaisian Alum Shale
T prospectivity
Lamba formation –
Northern Judd Basin sequence –
CSEM survey –
hydrocarbon sourcing –
reservoir –
rock physics analysis –
seal
seismic anomaly
seismic model
trap
reducing uncertainty level –
traditional fieldtrip training tool
petroleum geoscientists virtual
fieldtrips
Traill Island
AFTA data
Traill–Vøring igneous complex –
Trans-Saharan Seaway –
Transscandinavian Igneous Belt (TIB)
traps
scale salt-related geometries implications

stratigraphy role
style
Trecate oil field
Triassic age
Argana Basin
basins location map
basins of Morocco
Berkine Basin
Bunter fields ,
Bunter Shale
Central High Atlas Basin
CNS
Early
Fundy Basin
Late – ,
Main Buntsandstein Formation
Morocco palaeogeographic map
Netherlands petroleum exploration with
stratigraphic plays –
outcrops
palaeogeographic reconstruction
plate-tectonic setting and depositional
environments
pods ,
pre-rift succession
red beds
reservoirs – , –
salt ridges
sand dispersal on NW European margin

sedimentary architecture –
Skagerrak Formation , ,
strata ,
stratigraphy ,
succession ,
traps
Trinity three dimensional basin
model
Troll delta
Trøndelag Platform ,
amplitude magnetic anomalies
offshore top basement map
onshore tectonostratigraphic map
true vertical depth subsea (TVDSS)
Tunguska Basin
Tunisia reservoirs
Tupi oil discovery
SPP
turbidites
amalgamated
Andrew Formation
biostratigraphy
channel complexes
chemostratigraphy integration
deposition
Puffin Terrace
Puffin Terrace and Fulmar–Clyde
Terrace
sequence J
high-density
Humber Group
KCF ,
mud and silt
ponded ,
reservoirs
sand deposition phases
sands pressures
sandstones sequences J
Selkirk
slope
TVDSS. See true vertical depth subsea
(TVDSS)
INDEX two dimensional modelling
gravity ,
margin evolution
perspective
seismic data
two dimensional seismic inversion
intra-chalk unit porosity variation –
well log correlation
two dimensional seismic mapping
North Sea
two way travel time (TWT) structure
Horizon ,
Horizon ,
MMU
TWT. See two way travel time (TWT)
structure
Tyra Field – , –
bulk density and water saturation
calculated water saturation
capillary pressure
capillary pressure curve
Chalk oil–water contact tiling –
log- and core data analysis –
results
conceptual cross section
conceptual water saturation
depth structure map
GOC
hydrodynamic action
lithostratigraphic and fluid contacts in wells

OWC ,
porosity, water saturation and PWFT
water saturation calculation
water-saturation-depth curve
well logs analysis
Tyumen Formation
Jurassic age
source rocks
UBGH . See Ulleung Basin Gas Hydrate
Expedition (UBGH )
UCG. See underground coal gasification
(UCG)
UCGP. See Underground Coal Gasification
Partnership (UCGP)
UKCS. See United Kingdom Continental
Shelf (UKCS)
Ukraine
shale
Ulleung Basin Gas Hydrate Expedition
(UBGH )
ultra-heavy oil
biodegradation
Canada
unconventional oil and gas resources
Unayzah complex
Saudi Arabia
Unayzah formations
Ordovician
unconformities
nature and significance
Neogene basin
traps
unconventional oil and gas resources
– ,
basin-centred and tight gas
carbon dioxide geological
storage
coal gasification
gas hydrates –
geological storage of carbon dioxide

shale gas
shale oil –
tight oil –
ultra-heavy oil
underground coal gasification (UCG)
,
CCS –
economic case
ERA –
history –
implementation technical
challenges
Northeast England case study
process –
prospects for carbon dioxide storage

stages
UK feasibility
Underground Coal Gasification Partnership
(UCGP)
uneconomic oil volumes
locating remaining oil in Nelson Field

heterogeneous reservoir intervals
minor attic oil volumes
thin beds –
United Kingdom , – ,
– , . See also specific
location
Central Graben sequence stratigraphy
reappraisal –
Central North Sea – ,
data and analysis for shale gas prospectivity

hydrocarbon self-sufficiency
Lower Palaeozoic black shales
Mississippian shale
North Sea –
Norway Quad area
onshore
Sele/Hermod shelf
sequence stratigraphic models
shale gas , –
Barnett Shale
Carboniferous black shales –
gas content and kerogen type
gas fields and discoveries
Jurassic black shales –
mineralogy
porosity, permeability and fracture
porosity –
potential source rocks general
characteristics –
pre-Carboniferous black shales

principal source rocks –
thermal maturity
TOC
UK’s closest tectonic analogue

shale gas exploration
shales stratigraphic groups
– ,
Southern North Sea –
UCG feasibility
wells
direct pressures in Chalk
fluid pressures
pressure-depth plot
United Kingdom Continental Shelf (UKCS)
, –
exploration
Faroe–Shetland Basin location map
United States. See also specific location
NSF source-to-sink studies
regional carbon sequestration partnerships
programme –
shale gas –
Williston Basin
untapped hydrocarbon accumulations
updip water – , – ,
uplift and erosion
North Atlantic passive margins
shelves of Greenland
subsidence
tectonic
uplift and exhumation –
case A tectonic control –
case B early Neogene exhumation –
case C West Greenland –
case D Oligocene hiatus –
case E Ordovician source rocks –
case F post-rift burial –
elevated rift margins –
estimating timing and magnitude –
North Atlantic passive margins –
origin of post-rift uplift along passive
margins
upper Bakken member
maturity
pseudo van Krevelen diagram
TOC
Upper Bowland Shale
black shale
mudstones thickness
thickness
Upper Captain Sand (USC)
Upper Cretaceous age. See Late
Cretaceous age
Upper Devonian age. See Late Devonian age
Upper Ekofisk , –
age
biofacies
biostratigraphy
lithology/petrophysics
Upper Ekofisk Formation
Upper Fars Formation
Upper Jurassic age. See Late Jurassic age
Upper Kimmeridgian –
depositional environment –
palaeogeography
paralic and shoreface sandstones –
depositional environments –
palaeogeography –
reservoir characteristics –
reservoir characteristics
shallow marine sandstones –
depositional environment –
reservoir characteristics
Upper Leman interval
reservoir properties
Upper Magne Formation –
age
biofacies
INDEXcorrelation
formation
lithology/petrophysics
tectonostratigraphy
Upper Middle Volgian –
depositional environment –
distribution and stratigraphy
palaeogeography
reservoir characteristics
Upper Miocene age. See Late
Miocene age
Upper Nikanssin age
acoustic properties
secondary porosity
sections
Upper Ordovician age
Lower Silurian shales
Upper Piper sections
Upper Ror Formation
Upper Rotliegendes Group
Permian
play map
strata
units
Upper Rudeis Formation
characterization
sandstone distribution ,
Upper Rudeis prospectivity
exploring plays in Gulf of Suez
Upper Silurian age
Caledonian unconformity
Upper Tor Formation –
age
biofacies –
lithology/petrophysics
tectonostratigraphy
Uralian deformation
Uralian Ocean
Uralian Orogeny ,
Ural mountains
Urengoy field ,
gas charge
gas yield
USC. See Upper Captain Sand (USC)
U-shaped minibasin
Walker Ridge area
Ust’ Lena Rift
Utah
Book Cliffs of Utah ,
deltaic reservoir analogues
EOR-sequestration test
Gordon Creek Field –
commercial-scale injection test

site location/surface geology map
stratigraphy
Utsira Formation
carbon dioxide
flow model
flow v. hydrocarbon migration
injection –
migration
plume seismic signatures
location and extent
modelled D carbon dioxide
distribution
North Sea
Utsira Sand
amplitude changes
amplitude–thickness
relationship
average velocities variation to top
,
carbon dioxide saturations
Cenozoic saline aquifer
core material centrifuge experiments
CWC
distribution and thickness
faults
geophysical logs
layer thickness-saturation
function
north-trending depositional geometry
permeability values
reflection amplitude changes
seismic velocity
water production
Vaila Formation
stratigraphy
Val d’Agri oil field
discovery
hydrocarbons
Italy hydrocarbon occurrences –
petrophysical characteristics
Va˚le Formation ,
Valhall
LoFS system
time-lapse time shift
valid exploration targets
Carboniferous petroleum system
Variscan basement
Variscan Foreland Basin –
Vasyugan Formation
Venture appraisal well
Venture-operated Chiswick Field
Verkhoyansk Fold Belt
Vernet Field
vertical seismic profiling (VSP)
Verzhbitsky, Vladimir
Vienna Basin
geological cross-section
Viera Anticline
Late Cenozoic compression
Viking Graben , , , ,
individual contributions to basement depth
map
sedimentology and sequence stratigraphy

well-log correlation panel
Vil’kitski Rift Basin ,
Villafortuna Field
discovered
virtual fieldtrips
creation –
petroleum geoscientists –
workflow
virtual fieldwork
basis
workflow
virtual outcrop (VO) ,
Virtual Reality Geological Studio (VRG)
lidar scan data
Vise´an age
Late
Vise´an incised valleys
Vise´an transgressive–regressive cycles
vitrinite reflectance (VR) ,
data v. depth
gradients
measurements
percentage values
software
Vlieland section
cross section
VO. See virtual outcrop (VO)
volcanic rocks magnetic properties
volcanism onset
Volgian age . See also Early Volgian age
depocentre
development
downdip
Late
sandstone intervals of North Sea
sequence J
sequence J a ,
turbidites
sediment sources
well correlation
Volgian–Ryazanian
broad log character motifs
environments
formation process
Humber Group sequence stratigraphy
reappraisal
log profiles
megasequence
sequence J
sequence J a
sequence J b
sequence J -J
sequence K –
sequences J -J
succession ,
sequence age
tectonic reconfiguration ,
Volve Field
Vøring Basin
Cretaceous strata
Eocene volcanic rocks
magmatic underplating
modelled strains
Paleocene strata
Vøring margin
basement thickness
Caledonian basement
crustal thickness
geological and structural features
individual contributions to basement depth
map
lateral volcanic distribution
LCB distribution
magmatic rocks
Moho difference
Moho map
negative Moho difference
VR. See vitrinite reflectance (VR)
VRG. See Virtual Reality Geological Studio
(VRG)
VSP. See vertical seismic profiling (VSP)
Wabiskaw Formation
Wadden Sea – , , ,
Wadi Shati
incised valleys
Wales
biogenic and thermogenic shale gas
INDEX Walker Ridge area
thrust faults offset
U-shaped minibasin
Walvis Ridge
location
water
distribution to gas production across basin

layer stratigraphy Rockall Trough
saturation capillary pressure
water cones
WATS. See wide-azimuth towed streamer
(WATS)
Waulsortian reef
WCG. See West Central Graben (WCG)
Welbeck Colliery
gas wetness ratio
wells – . See also Infill wells;
specific name
/ – ,
/ – (a-B A)
geochemical profiles and binary
diagrams
/ –
/ (a-B)-
/ (a-B A,-B ,-B )
/ (a-B Z)
pressure depletion
updip production
/
/ –
/ – ,
/ –
migrated VSP image
/ –
discovery well
evaluation –
fracture stimulation
fracture stimulation process
future orientation
hydraulic fracture stimulation parameters

reservoir properties
scanning electron photomicrograph of
fibrous illite
/ –
rose diagram showing strike orientation

/ (a)- – ,
reservoir properties
scanning electron photomicrograph of
fibrous illite
/ (a)- –
FMI log
horizontal well
hydraulic fracture-stimulated
intervals
reservoir properties
/ –
reservoir analogue
A
pressure-tester formation
Amalie- wells
Amethyst State- well, Alaska
AFTA and VR data , ,
palaeotemperatures
A -NC
A -NC –
buried hill structure
chemostratigraphy
Kufra Basin –
lithology and GR characteristics
palynomorphs
Silurian to Carboniferous
stratigraphy
Spore Colour Index against depth
well log
business justification of targeting blind test

Captain Field, Well A
Central North Sea
Central Panel injection well
Central Trough
Cleo- wells
correlation panel
Dooish well , –
England
Felicia- and Hans- wells, Offshore
Denmark
Gert- well , ,
back barrier sediments
interpreted washover fans
photographs
porosity-permeability plot
sedimentological core log
Gro- well
Hejre-
HH – , GG – , GS –
Huntington Fulmar well location
hydrocarbon(s)
injection and production
J
J
J (Z)
J (Z) , ,
J , ,
J (a SB)
Jade Field
JAPEX/JNOC/GSC Mallik L- gas
hydrate research well
Judy Member
Julia horst well ,
Julia well
kerogen
leaking
log correlation D seismic
inversion
monitoring
N
shale baffle
N (Z)
N
North Sea data
North Slope of Alaska
pressure and logs
Qara Chauq
Rockall Basin palaeodrainage stratigraphy

Saxo-
Scott zonation
sealed
seismic to synthetic tie
Svane-
formation pressures
T
T
T
prospectivity –
T
bypassed oil
bypassed oil volumes
D seismic response
macroforms and drainage cells
T
fill and spill geometry
fuel tank display
macroforms and drainage cells
western channel baffles
Wessel-
Western Canadian Foreland Basin density

Wernigerode Phase tectonics
Peine Phase tectonics
Wessel- well
Volgian sandstone intervals
West Africa
exploring older and deeper hydrocarbon
plays –
hydrocarbons
POC
Taoudenni Basin –
West Canada
BCG basin model –
Nikanassin Formation –
West Canada Basin
centred gas system , –
Devonian Exshaw
shale gas
West Canada Sedimentary Basin
regional cross-section
regional setting –
stratigraphic column
tectonic setting from Late Jurassic to Early
Eocene
West Canadian Foreland Basin
schematic regional tectonic map
well density
West Central Graben (WCG)
high-amplitude reflector
marine conditions
seismic line , ,
shoreface deposition
well correlation , ,
West Central Shelf
seismic profile ,
seismo-stratigraphic relationships

West Emila accretionary arc
geological sections
hydrocarbon occurrences
Settala gas field
Villafortuna-Trecate oil field
Western Channel wells
/ -N and / -N Z
N bridge plug
Western Desert
burial history
exploring older and deeper hydrocarbon
plays –
tectonic events
Western Platform
Western Structural Domain
Novaya Zemlya
West Europe
shale gas ,
West Forties basin
tectonic reconfiguration
INDEXWest Gondwana
reconstructions
West Greenland
burial and uplift history
D maps
erosional unconformity
evaluating palaeotemperature profiles
events chronology
geomorphological and geological
observations
landscape
landscape and detailed
thermochronological dataset
Oligocene hiatus offshore
Oligocene unconformity
outcrops
seismic profile ,
unconformity below Neogene
succession
uplift and erosion of offshore
shelves
West Lewis Basin
seismic profile
West Lewis Ridge
reverse faults –
inversion
seismic profile
West Limb
Boundary Fault
core area gas condensate
exploration drilling phase summary
seismic reprocessing results
West Lutong Field
by-passed hydrocarbons identification
geological models
West Orkney Basin
classical rifting
Westphalian
black shale
Chiswick Field
gas development
Westray Fault ,
oil
oil migration model
West Shetland Area
aeromagnetic map
stratigraphy
West Shetland Platform
breached relay ramps
conceptual model for structural
evolution
conceptual play model
Early Cretaceous
seismic acquisitions/processing
West Siberia
Cenomanian gas fields
Cenomanian reservoirs
isotopic composition of methane
West Siberia Basin , ,
cross-section of petroleum systems
D basin modelling project
Mesozoic chronostratigraphy
northern and central ,
source rocks
Top Jurassic depth map
White Zone
wide-azimuth towed streamer (WATS)
acquisition configuration
acquisition details
acquisition parameters
data
five-tile
four-tile
Gulf of Mexico
oil field subsalt offshore Angola image

business case support
D finite-difference modelling

model evaluation –
recommended WATS survey
subsalt imaging challenges –
wide-azimuth solution –
six-tile
survey
Block acquisition area
Mad Dog Field
subsalt offshore Angola image
three-tile
tile number comparison
v. NATS
tiles
wide sag-type basins
Widmerpool Formation
shale
Widmerpool Gulf
Williston Basin
Bakken Formation –
Devonian age – ,
GOR ,
lithostatic and hydrostatic pressure
gradients
location
Mississippian Bakken Formation
petroleum system –
Witch’s Hat segment
Clair field ,
Withycombe Farm borehole
Wolfville fluvial succession
Wolfville Formation , ,
summary correlation
Woodford Formation
folded calcite-sealed fracture
folded dolomite veins
Woodford Shale
tall calcite-sealed fractures
Worcester Graben satellite basins –
World Energy Outlook ( )
International Energy Agency (IEA)
Worston Shale Group
black shale
shale
Wrangel Foreland Basin – ,
Wrangel-Herald Arch ,
Wrangel Island
crustal tectonic
Wyoming ,
Wyoming Craton
Wyville–Thomson Ridge Anticline

bottom-water current activity
seismic profile
XCTD. See expendable
conductivity-temperature-depth
(XCTD) probe
XSP. See expendable sound speed
probe (XSP)
Yamal Peninsula
Yell Basin
Clair play
rifted margin
seismic acquisitions/processing
structural evolution and sediment
dispersal
structural reconstruction
Yenisei-Khatanga Basin
Assessment Unit
densities and median sizes
distributions and assessment unit
probabilities
Yenisei-Khatanga region
Yenisey-Khatanga Basin
assessment unit –
exploration maturities –
field densities and sizes –
Ylvingen Fault
Ymir Ridge Anticline
North
seismic profile
Ymir Ridge Complex
Yowlumne Field
Ypresian isochore
Rockall–Faroe area
Zagros mountain-building
folding and faulting
Zechstein Group ,
composite layer
crystalline basement surface
gas chimneys
isopach map
isopachs
evaporite seal
faults
isochore two-way time and depth
maps
isopachs
Netherlands petroleum exploration

play map
salts
BCU depth structure map
halokinetic activity
underpinning
seismo-stratigraphic relationship
Auk–Argyll–Flora area –
Jaeren high area
Mid North Sea High area
West Central Shelf –
topsoil
Upper Palaeozoic
well sections –
Ziegler, Peter , ,
zircon
age spectra
detrital
geochronology
INDEX

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