Health & Safety at Work – An Essential Guide for Managers

Health & Safety at Work – An Essential Guide for Managers
اسم المؤلف
Jeremy Stranks
التاريخ
4 أبريل 2024
المشاهدات
662
التقييم
(لا توجد تقييمات)
Loading...

Health & Safety at Work – An Essential Guide for Managers
Jeremy Stranks
Revised eighth edition
Contents
List of Figures and Tables vii
Preface to First Edition ix
Preface to Revised Eighth Edition xi
Acknowledgement xii
Part 1: Health and Safety Management and Administration
1 Principal Legal Requirements 3
Criminal and civil liability 4; Health and Safety at Work Act
(HASAWA) 1974 4; Sources of criminal law 7; Approved Codes
of Practice 9; Powers of inspectors 10; Improvement and
prohibition notices 11; Corporate manslaughter 17; Joint
consultation with employees 18; Running a safety committee
20; Statements of health and safety policy 22; Management of
Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 26; Schedule 1 34;
Passport schemes 36; Home working 37; Lone working
situations 39; Vulnerable groups 40; Documentation and record
keeping requirements 43; Occupiers’ liability 47; Courts and
tribunals 49; The Health and Safety Information for Employees
Regulations 1999 51; Summary 51; References 52
2 Health and Safety Management 54
What is management? 54; Health and safety management 55;
Supervisors and health and safety 56; Successful Health and SafetyManagement – HS(G)65 57; Quality management and health and
safety – BS8800: 1996 Guide to Occupational Health and Safety
Management Systems 59; Benchmarking 67; Emergency
procedures 69; Risk management 71; Information sources for
health and safety 76; Summary 81; References 81
3 Reporting, Recording and Investigation of Injuries,
Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences 82
Reporting requirements 83; Reporting procedures under the
regulations 85; Accident investigation 85; The cost of accidents
87; Summary 89; References 91
4 Principles of Accident Prevention 92
Accident definitions 92; Incidents 93; ‘Hazard’, ‘Danger’ and
‘Risk’ 94; Accident prevention strategies 94; Safe systems of
work 99; Safety monitoring systems 101; Accident and ill-health
rates 106; Risk assessment 108; Competent persons 111; The role
of the health and safety practitioner 114; Summary 118;
Conclusion to Part 1 119; References 119
Part 2: People at Work
5 Human Factors 123
Behavioural safety 125; Human error 126; Planned motivation
schemes 128; Atypical workers 129; Disability Discrimination
Act 1995 137; Summary 140; References 140
6 Ergonomics 142
The application of ergonomics in working situations 142;
Principles of ergonomic design 144; Controls and
displays 145; Display screen equipment 145; The
schedule 150; Manual handling injuries and conditions 153;
Management action 160; Summary 160; References 161
7 Stress at Work 162
What is stress? 162; Violence at work 174; Post-traumatic stress
disorder (PTSD) 178; Conclusion 179; Summary 179; Conclusion
to Part 2 180; References 180
Part 3: Occupational Health
8 Occupational Diseases and Conditions 185
Occupational health 185; Occupational diseases 187;
The Employment Medical Advisory Service (EMAS) 189;
iv ContentsContents v
Occupational health schemes 189; Benefits of occupational
health services 192; Sickness absence control 192; Sickness
absence procedure 194; Sickness absence monitoring 194;
Occupational health initiatives 195; Health Act 2006 196;
Summary 204; References 204
9 First Aid 205
Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations 1981 205;
HSE Guidance – first aid at work 208; Principles of first aid 212;
The role of first-aiders 212; Summary 213; References 213
10 Dangerous Substances 214
Chemicals (Hazard Information and Packaging for Supply)
(CHIP) Regulations 2002 214; Hazardous substances and
preparations – classification 218; Principles of toxicology 220;
Workplace exposure limits 225; Handling and storage of
dangerous substances 226; Safety data sheet/product
information 226; Control of Substances Hazardous to Health
(COSHH) Regulations 2002 227; Health risk assessments 228;
Principles of good practice 232; Health surveillance 232;
Summary 235; Conclusion to Part 3 236; References 236
Part 4: Safety Technology
11 Engineering Safety 241
Selection of work equipment 242; Principles of machinery
safety 242; Other hazards associated with machinery operation
245; Machinery guards 245; Machinery safety devices 247;
Planned maintenance 248; Lifting operations and lifting
equipment 248; Machinery safety assessment 249; Summary 249;
References 250
12 Fire Prevention 251
The fire triangle 251; Causes of fire spread 252; Fire extinction
253; Fire appliances 253; Colour coding of fire appliances 255;
Fire protection systems 255; Legal requirements 255; Summary
261; References 261
13 Electrical Safety 262
Principles of electrical safety 262; Causes and effects of shock
265; Portable electrical appliances 265; Summary 267;
References 26714 Structural Safety 268
Floors and traffic routes 268; Falls or falling objects 269;
Windows, and transparent or translucent doors, gates and
walls 269; Windows, skylights and ventilators 269;
Organisation of traffic routes 269; Doors and gates 269;
Escalators and moving walkways 270; Access to and egress from
the workplace 270; Work at height 270; Traffic systems 272;
Summary 273; References 273
15 Construction and Contractors 274
Construction hazards 274; Contractors and the law 275;
Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007 276;
Accidents in construction activities 281; Regulating the
contractor 282; Safety method statements 283; Contractors’
regulations 285; Summary 286; References 287
16 Mechanical Handling 288
Mechanical handling systems 288; Summary 295;
References 296
17 The Working Environment 297
Location and layout of workplaces 297; The use of colour in the
workplace 298; Waste disposal 298; Environmental control 299;
Noise 306; Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005 308;
Work involving radioactive sources 310; Welfare amenity
provisions 314; Summary 316; References 317
18 Safety in Offices, Workshops and in Catering Operations 318
Safety requirements for offices 318; Office health and safety
audit 323; Workshop safety 324; Catering safety 327; Summary
330; Conclusion to Part 4 331; References 332
Index 333
List of Figures and Tables
FIGURES
1.1 Powers of health and safety inspectors 13
1.2 Summary of features of notices under the Health and
Safety at Work Act 1974 14
1.3 Improvement and prohibition notices 15–16
2.1 Key elements of successful health and safety
management (HSE) 57
2.2 An approach based on ISO 14001 –
the Plan–Do–Check–Act cycle 63
2.3 The planning process 64
3.1 The cause–accident–result sequence 88
3.2 A sample accident costing form 90
4.1 Health and safety review 107
6.1 DSE workstation principles 149
6.2 Correct seating and posture 152
6.3 Correct handling – proper grip 155
6.4 Correct handling – straight back 156
6.5 Correct handling – proper foot positions 156
6.6 Correct handling – use your bodyweight 157
7.1 Sources of managerial stress 164
9.1 Opening the airway 209
9.2 The recovery position 2109.3 Chest compressions 211
10.1 Categories of danger 218–20
10.2 Hazard warning symbols 221
10.3 Specimen health risk assessment 230
10.4 COSHH action plan 231
11.1 In-running nips 243
11.2 Shearing traps – a moving part traversing a fixed part 244
11.3 Entanglement risks 244
12.1 The fire triangle 252
12.2 Fire instructions notice 258
16.1 Trapping points on a reversible belt conveyor 289
16.2 Traps between sprocket and chain on a reversible
chain conveyor 289
16.3 Safety requirements at the junction between a belt
conveyor and roller conveyor 290
16.4 Typical form of company permit to drive 293
17.1 Extract ventilation systems 305
18.1 Guarding to a hand-operated guillotine 321
TABLES
6.1 The ergonomic approach to the work situation 143
12.1 Fire and fire appliance classification 253
12.2 Colour coding of fire appliances 255
17.1 Comfort temperature ranges 299
17.2 Average illuminances and minimum measured
illuminances 301
17.3 Maximum ratios of illuminance for adjacent areas 302
17.4 Effective reflectance values 303
332 Safety Technologyabrasive wheels 325
absolute or strict duties 24
abstracts 327
acceptance, barriers to 133
accident (definitions) 92, 93
accident and ill-health rates 106, 108
accident and ill-health statistics 80
accident costs 87, 89
accident costs assessment 90
accident investigation 85–87
accident prevention 92–120
accident prevention strategies 98, 99
acoustic trauma 307
action plans 69
active learning 135
Acts of Parliament 7, 8, 77
acute effect 221
additional smoke-free places 198, 199
adjustable guard 246
air compressors 325
air monitoring records 44
alcohol and drugs 131
alcohol at work 203, 204
all reasonable precautions and all due diligence
25, 26, 263
Alterations Notice 260
amenity area (workshops) 327
anti-freeze 326
anxiety 167, 179
appeals 49, 50
appeals against notices 12, 14
Approved Code of Practice (ACOP) 9, 77
Approved Supply List 215, 216
articles and substances for use at work 5, 6, 7
asbestos 285
attention, lapses of 127
attitudes 125
atypical workers 129–31
auditing and reviewing performance 59
auditing performance 66, 67
automatic guard 246, 247
average illuminances 301
avoiding potential risks 190
awareness, maintaining 98
battery charging 326
behavioural safety 125, 126
benchmarking 67–69
biological agents 188
biological dose of radiation 311
biological health hazards 186
biological monitoring 234
biological stressors 163
breach of a statutory duty 4, 33, 34, 46, 47
brightness (luminosity) 303
brightness Ratio 303
British Examination Board in Occupational
Hygiene (BEBOH) 118
British Occupational Hygiene Society
(BOHS) 78
British Safety Council 78
British Standards 78
British Standards Institute 78
British Zonal Method 302–03
BS 8800: 1996 Guide to Occupational Health and
Safety Management Systems 59–64
BS EN ISO 12100: Safety of machinery 245–47
burns (treatment) 211
capabilities and training 30
capability to work 192, 193
captor systems 304, 305
carbon dioxide appliances 254
carcinogenic classification 219
carpal tunnel syndrome 147
case law 46, 77
Indexcategory of danger 216, 218–20
catering injuries 327, 328
catering safety 327–30
cause-accident-result sequence 88
CDM co-ordinator (definition) 276, 277
CDM co-ordinators’ duties 280
change of process 98
Chartered Institute of Environmental Health
(CIEH) 78
checking and correcting performance 66
chemical agents 188
chemical health hazards 186
chemical stressors 163
Chemicals (Hazard Information and Packaging
for Supply) Regulations 2002 214–20
chest compressions 211
children 48, 259
chronic effect 221
ciliary escalator 224
circuit breakers 264
civil action 4
civil courts 4
civil liability 4, 33, 275
classification requirements (hazardous substances
and preparations) 216
classified persons 313
cleaning and degreasing agents 326
cleaning schedules 44
client (definition) 276
clients’ duties 278
clothing, accommodation for 315, 327
clothing, changing facilities 315
clothing, drying arrangements 315
colour in the workplace 298
colour rendition 303
comfort requirements 144
comfort temperature ranges 299
comfort ventilation 303
common law 46, 77
communications 132, 133
competent contractors 36, 37
competent persons 28, 33, 111–14, 248, 259, 262,
271, 277
compressed air equipment 325
conformity assessment procedure 45
Construction (Design and Management)
Regulations 2007 29, 113, 276–81
Construction (Head Protection) Regulations 1989
275, 276
construction activity accidents 281–82
construction and contractors 274–87
construction hazards 274
construction phase 279
construction phase health and safety plan 279,
285
constructive manslaughter 18
contact hazards 244
contingency plan in the event of a radiation
accident 45, 313
contractor (definition) 277
contractor regulation 282–83, 285
contractors and the law 275
contractors’ duties 279, 280
Control of Major Accident Hazards Regulations
1999 215
Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005 308–10
Control of Substances Hazardous to Health
(Amendment) Regulations 2004 232
Control of Substances Hazardous to Health
Regulations 2002 215, 227–33, 303, 306
controlled or supervised areas 313
controllers of premises 6
controlling mind 18
controls and displays 145
conveyors 289, 290
co-operation and co-ordination 29, 277
coping strategies 168, 169
corporate liability 17
corporate manslaughter 17, 18
corporate persons 17
corrosive classification 219
COSHH Action Plan 231
COSHH compliance procedures 229
counselling 191
County Courts 49
Court of Appeal 50
Court of Appeal ‘propositions’ and guidance
(stress-induced injury) 169–73
courts and tribunals 49–51
criminal law 7–9, 275
criminal liability 4
Crown Court 49
Crown property 13
damage control 102
danger (definition) 94
danger areas 28
danger zones 258
dangerous for the environment classification 220
dangerous occurrences 84
dangerous substances 214–17, 257, 259, 320, 321,
330
death of an employee 83
decibels 307
decision making 55
declaration of conformity 45
delegated legislation 8
Department for Work and Pensions 79
depression 167, 168, 179
designer (definition) 277
designers, manufacturers, importers and
suppliers’ duties 6, 7
designers’ duties 278
detoxification 220
diesel store (workshops) 326
diet, healthy 130
dilution ventilation 305, 306
direct contact 263
direct costs of accidents 87, 89
direct observation 80
direct results of accidents 88
Disability Discrimination Act 1995 41, 42, 137–40
334 Indexdisability glare 300
disabled workers 41, 42, 140, 316
discomfort glare 302
discrimination 137
disease reporting 83
dismissal (breach of health and safety law, etc) 51
display screen equipment 145–53
display screen requirements 150, 151
distance (radiological protection) 311, 312
distance guard 246
distress 163
documentation 102, 103
documentation requirements 25, 26, 43–45
doors and gates 269
dose 223
dose limitation 313
dose records 45, 312, 313
dose-response relationship 223, 224
down draught captor hood 305
drills and drilling machines 325
drinking water provision 315, 327
drive shafts to mobile work equipment 295
drugs in the workplace 203
dry powder appliances 254
Dupuytren’s contracture 148
duration rate 108
duties, hierarchy of 24, 25
duty holders 262, 271, 276, 277
duty of care 34, 35, 38, 47, 139, 176
earth continuity test 266
earth leakage circuit breakers (residual current
circuit breakers) 264
earthing 263
effective reflectance values 303
ejection hazards 245
electric shock 263, 264
electric welding 325
electrical appliances (offices) 319, 320
electrical control boxes 326
electrical safety 262–67
Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 113, 262, 263
elevated storage areas 324
elevators 291
elimination 110
emergency first aid 208–12
emergency procedure 45, 69–71
emergency routes, exits and doors 258
emergency stops 290
employees’ duties 5, 30, 97, 260, 271, 310, 313
employers’ duties 4, 5
employers’ duties at common law 46
employers’ obligations (stress-induced injury)
171, 172
Employment Medical Advisory Service (EMAS)
189, 191
Employment Rights Act 1996 31
enclosure 110
enforcement 4, 10–17, 202, 203, 260
enforcement Notice 260
engineering safety 241–50
entanglement hazards 244
entry, powers of 10
environmental control 191
environmental factors 143, 329
environmental health officers 10–17
epicondylitis 147
ergonomic (work-related) health hazards 186
ergonomic design 139, 144, 242
ergonomics 142–61, 187
European Court of Justice 50, 77
European Directives 4, 42, 76
exhaust ventilation equipment 44, 304–06
existing written information 79
explosive classification 218
exposure limit value (ELV) 308
exposure to toxic substances 221, 222
external areas 324
external services 28
extremely flammable classification 218
eye and eyesight tests 148
eye injuries 211, 212
Factories Acts 3
failing to prevent smoking in a smoke-free place
201, 202
failure to safety 246
falls or falling objects 269
family and friends 131
files 326
film badges 312
fire and rescue authorities 4
fire appliances 253–55
fire extinction 253
fire fighting equipment 258
fire instructions notice 258
fire precautions 256, 322, 329
fire prevention 251–61
fire protection (workshops) 326
fire protection systems 255
fire risk assessment 257
fire safety management 257
fire spread 252
fire triangle 251
first aid 205–13
first aid (definition) 205–13
first aid arrangements 187, 191
first aid boxes 207, 208
first aid equipment 207, 327
first aid personnel 206, 207, 212, 213
first aid rooms 206, 207
fixed guard 245, 246
fixed penalties 202
flammable classification 219
flammable materials and wastes 326
flight or fight response 163
floors and traffic routes 268, 269, 324, 328
foam appliances 254
fork lift trucks 291–95
frequency rate 106
fresh air requirements 304
friction and pressure 189
Index 335furniture and fittings (offices) 319
fuses 264
gas incident reporting 83
gas welding 325
general fire precautions 256, 257
general principles of prevention 34, 277, 278, 309
general storage (workshops) 326
generic risk assessments 109
glare conditions 300–02
gross negligence 18
guards and safety devices 110
Guidance Notes (HSE) 9, 10, 78
guillotines 325
hacksaws 326
hand lamps 326
hand tools 326, 328
handling and storage of dangerous substances 226
harmful classification 219
hazard (definition) 94
Hazard and Operability Studies (HAZOPS) 101,
102
hazard reporting 31, 271
hazard warning symbols (dangerous substances)
221
head protection 275, 276
Health Act 2006 196–203
Health and Safety (Consultation with Employees)
Regulations 1996 20
Health and Safety (Display Screen Equipment)
Regulations 1992 39, 148–53
Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations 1981
205–08
Health and Safety (Information for Employees)
Regulations 1999 51
health and safety arrangements 27
health and safety assistance 28
Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 4–7, 8
health and safety benchmarking 67–69
Health and Safety Commission 9
Health and Safety Executive 4, 9
health and safety management 54–81
health and safety managers/advisers and safety
officers 115–17
health and safety practitioners 114–18
health and safety systems 103, 104
health and safety training 134–36
health and safety training requirements 30
health education 191
health records 44, 45, 191, 235
health risk assessment 230
health surveillance 27, 31, 186, 190, , 232–35, 309,
312
hearing protection 309
hearing protection zones 309
heat from equipment (display screen equipment)
153
hernia (rupture) 154
hierarchy of duties 24, 25
High Court of Justice 49
highly flammable classification 218, 219
home working 37–39
host employers 29, 35
House of Lords 50
housekeeping 318, 3319
HSE Guidance Note EH/40 Workplace exposure
limits 225
HSE inspectors 10–17
human capability 30, 121
human characteristics 143
human error 126–28
human factors 123–41, 242
human factors (definition) 123
human system 142
humidity control (display screen equipment) 153
hypersensitisation 219
Illuminating Engineering Society (IES) 302
improvement notices 11–15, 51
inadequate design 126
inadequate information 126
incident rate 106
incident recall 80
incidents 93
indirect causes of accidents 88
indirect contact 263
indirect costs of accidents 89, 90
indirect results of accidents 88
infectious or contagious diseases 31
information for employees 28, 29
information sources for health and safety 76–81
information, instruction and training 5, 40, 95,
96, 105, 187, 259, 279, 309, 310, 312
ingestion 223
inhalation 222
injection/implantation 223
in-running nips 243, 289
inspection of work equipment 271
inspection pits 324
inspectors, powers of 10–17
Institute of Occupational Safety and Health
(IOSH) 78, 116, 117
insurance companies 79
interface between computer and operator/user
153
interlocking guard 246
intoxication 220
involuntary manslaughter 18
ion 310
ionisation 310
ionising radiation 310, 311
Ionising Radiations Regulations 1999 312, 313
irritant classification 219
ISO 14001: the Plan-Do-Check-Act cycle 63
jacking operations 325
jewellery 330
job descriptions 79
job design 124, 125
job movements 189
job safety analysis 80, 99, 100
336 Indexjoint consultation 18, 23
judicial precedent 46
justification (defence) 138
keyboard requirements 151
labelling requirements (hazardous substances)
217, 218
lathes 325
Law Reports 46, 77
lawful visitors 47
layout requirements 144
liability for psychiatric illness 172, 173
liability, provisions as to 33
Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment
Regulations 1998 114, 248, 249
lifting tackle 325
ligamental strain 154, 155
lighting design factors 302, 303
lighting distribution 302–03
lighting in the workplace 299–303, 325
lighting requirements (display screen equipment)
152
lighting standards 300–03
Limiting Glare Indices 302
load (definition) 157
local effect 222
local exhaust ventilation (lEV) systems 226,
304–06
local rules 313
location and layout of workplaces 297, 298
lone working 39, 40
long-term sickness absence 192–94
lower exposure action values (lEAV) 308–10
low-volume high-velocity (lVHV) systems 304,
305
luminosity 303
lux 299–301
lymphatic system 224
machine controls 326
machinery guards 245–47
machinery hazards 243–45, 328
machinery safety 242–47
machinery safety assessment 249
machinery safety devices 247
macrophages (phagocytes) 224
Magistrates court 17, 49
maintenance requirements 259
maintenance work 286
major accident prevention policy 45
management (definition) 54
Management of Health and Safety at Work
Regulations 1999 26–34, 233, 234
management performance 55, 56
management resources 54
management review 67
management standards (HSE) 173
managerial stress 163–65
man-machine interface 143
manslaughter 17
manual handling injuries and conditions 153–55,
157
manual handling principles 155–57
manual handling risk assessment 158–60
manual handling operation (definition) 158
manual handling operations 39, 320, 329
Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992
157–60
manufacturers’ information and instructions 78
maximum ratios of illuminance 300, 302
meals, facilities for taking 315, 316
mean duration rate 108
measuring performance 59
mechanical factors 242
mechanical handling 288–96
mechanical handling systems 288
mechanical restraint device 247
medical surveillance 234
medical suspension payment 51
method statements 283–85
minimum measured illuminances 300, 301
misperceptions 127
mistaken actions 127
mistaken priorities 128
mobile work equipment 291–95
monitoring performance 66, 67
motivating factors 125
muscular strain 153, 154
mutagenic classification 219
nasal filtration 224
National Examination Board in Occupational
Safety and Health (NEBOSH) 116
near misses 87
negligence 4, 46
new and expectant mothers 31, 32, 40, 41
No Smoking signs 199, 200
noise 306–10
noise control 307
noise emissions from display screen equipment
152
noise in workshops 325
non-occupational diseases 190
non-unionised employees 20
notifiable and reportable major injuries 83, 84
notification by new and expectant mothers 32
notification of a project 281
obstruction of an inspector 10
occupational cancers 188
occupational diseases and conditions 185–204
occupational health and safety management 63
occupational health hazards 185–87
occupational health initiatives 195–204
occupational health nurses 114, 115
occupational health schemes/practice 189–91
occupational hygiene 186, 191
occupational hygiene (definition) 118
occupational hygienists 118
occupational physicians 117, 118
Occupiers Liability Acts 1957 – 84 34, 47, 48
Index 337occupiers’ duties 5, 6, 47
office equipment 321
office health and safety audit 323, 3324
office safety requirements 318–23
off-site emergency plan 45
operational stress 146, 147
operator (display screen equipment) 148
operator fatigue 145
organisations, characteristics of 124
organising health and safety 58
overrun device 247
oxidising classification 218
packaging requirements (hazardous substances)
218
partial enclosure 305
passive learning 135
passport schemes 36
penalties 13
performance standards 58
peritendinitis 147, 148
permanent threshold shift 307
permit to drive 293
Permit to Work systems 40, 100, 264
personal conduct 322, 323
personal experience 80
personal factors 88, 125
personal hygiene 97, 98
personal protective equipment (PPE) 96, 99, 111,
187, 330
Personal Protective Equipment at Work
Regulations 1992 96, 97
personal protective equipment risk assessment
96, 97
personality and stress 165, 166
pervasion 222
phagocytes 224
physical agents 188
physical health hazards 185
physical or mental impairment 137
physical stressors 163
physical violence 175
placing people in suitable work 190
planned maintenance 248
planned motivation schemes 128, 129
planned preventive maintenance schedules 44
planning for safety 58
planning requirements 63, 64
poisonings 188
policy matters 58
portable electrical appliances 265–67
portable ladders 324
post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) 178, 179
post ural fatigue 146
posture 144
‘practicable’ duties 24
precedents 46
pregnant women and nursing mothers 315
preparations 215
prescribed diseases 187
Pressure Systems Safety Regulations 2000 113
pre-tender stage health and safety plan 44
prevention and control procedures 104, 105, 309
primary and secondary monitoring 190
primary irritants 222
principal contractor (definition) 277
principal contractor’s duties 278, 279
principles of good practice (substances hazardous
to health) 232
principles of prevention 27, 34, 278
process control 98
product complaints 80
product liability 6, 7
professional institutions and trade associations 78
progressive chronic effect 221
prohibition 98
prohibition notices 12, 16, 51, 260
project (definition) 276
project notification 281
prolapsed disc 154
prosecution 12
protective mechanisms – particulate matter 224,
225
Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations
1998 241, 242, 248, 294, 295
psychiatric illness (liability for) 172, 173
psychological violence 175
published information 79
pure risks 72
quality management and health and safety –
BS8800:1996 59–64
Queen’s Bench Division 49, 50
racking (workshops) 327
radiation 310–13
radiation (display screen equipment) 153
radiation monitoring 313
radiation protection advisers 312
radiation protection supervisors 313
radioactive substances records 44
radiological protection 311, 312
ramps (vehicle) 325
ratio decidendi 46
reasonable adjustments to premises 42, 138
reasonable care 5
reasonably practicable 9, 25
reception, barriers to 133
receptor hood 304, 305
receptor systems 304, 305
reciprocating traps 243
reckless manslaughter 18
record keeping 43–45, 212
reduced voltage 264, 266
Reducing error and influencing behaviour – HS(G)48)
123–26
reflections and glare 152
registers 327
regulating the contractor 282, 283
regulations 8, 9, 42, 43, 77
Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 113,
114, 255–60
338 Indexrelative humidity 299
relevant person 255, 256
relevant statutory provisions 5, 11, 26
remote controlled self-propelled work equipment
295
repetitive strain injury 147, 148
reportable diseases 84, 85, 187, 188
reportable major injuries 83, 84
reporting requirements 83–85
respiratory protective equipment 313
respiratory protective equipment examination
records 44
responsible person 256
rest rooms and rest areas 315, 316, 327
rheumatism 155
risk (definition) 72, 94
risk analysis and evaluation 73
risk assessment 26, 27, 31, 33, 39, 40, 41, 43, 44,
58, 64, 65, 108–11, 148, 158–60, 176, 228–31,
233, 257, 271, 308, 309, 313
risk avoidance 75
risk evaluation (or measurement) 74
risk exposure 72
risk identification 74
risk information 230
risk management 71–76
risk phrases 218
risk prevention or control 73
risk reduction 76
risk retention 75
risk transfer 75, 76
risk, types of 75
risk/hazard control 110, 111
Robens Report 4
role ambiguity 163
role conflict 163
role overload 163
role theory 165
routes of entry 222, 223
Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents
(RoSPA) 78, 116
safe materials 95
safe person strategies 96–98
safe place strategies 94–96
safe plant and machinery 95
safe premises 94
safe processes 95
safe systems of work 5, 40, 44, 95, 98, 99, 100,
110, 264
safe working environment 95
safe workplace 94–96
safety audits 101, 102–06
safety committees 18–22
safety culture 58, 131, 132
safety data sheets 217, 226, 227
safety incentive schemes 129
safety inspections 39
safety method statements 283–85
safety monitoring systems 101–08, 110
safety organisations 78
safety phrases 218
safety representatives 13, 18, 51
Safety Representatives And Safety Committees
Regulations 1977 18–20
safety sampling 101, 107
safety surveys 101
safety tours 101
sanitary conveniences 314, 327
scalds 327
sealed sources of radiation 311
seating and posture 152
secondary cutaneous sensitiser 222
seizure of articles and substances 11
self-propelled work equipment 295
sensitising classification 219
serious and imminent danger 28, 258
severity rate 106
shared workplaces 29, 259, 260
shearing traps 244
shielding (radiological protection) 312
shift workers 129–31
short-term sickness absence 192
sickness absence control 192–94
sickness absence monitoring 194, 195
sickness absence procedure 194
sickness absence rate 108, 192
side draught captor hood 305
site rules 279
site safety requirements 280, 281
sleep deprivation 130
slipped discs 154
smoke-free premises 196–99
smoke-free vehicles 199
smoking at work 195–203
smoking in a smoke-free place 200, 201
Social Security (Industrial Injuries) (Prescribed
Diseases) Regulations 1985 187, 223
software requirements 153
solvents 326
source causes 88
space requirements 151
special technical and organisational measures
256
speculative risks 72
statements of health and safety policy 22–24, 67
status review of the health and safety
management system 61
statutes 7, 8, 77
Statutory Instruments 8, 77
stress (definitions) 162
stress at work 162–81
stress, effects of 167
stressful conditions 168
strict duties 24
structural safety 268–73, 324
sub-acute effect 221
subordinate legislation 8
substance (definition) 7, 215, 228
substance hazardous to health (definition) 228
substantial and long-term adverse effects 137
substitution 98, 110
Index 339successful health and safety management –
HS(G)65 57–59
supervisors and health and safety 56, 57, 95, 111
supply requirements (chemicals) 215
suspension from work 31, 32
systematic training 134
systemic effect 222
target organs and target systems 224
task analysis 80
task illuminance factor 303
temperature control in the workplace 299, 324
temporary threshold shift 306
temporary workers 31
tendinitis 148
tenosynovitis 147, 148
termination of employment 193, 194
third party (definition) 34
time (radiological protection) 311
tissue response 225
total enclosure 305
Total Loss Control 87, 119
total working system 143
toxic classification 219
toxic for reproduction classification 220
toxicity 220
toxicology 220
traffic routes 268, 269
traffic systems 272
training (definition) 134
training evaluation 135, 136
training needs 134
training plan and programme 134
training sessions 136
traps 243, 289
travelling first aid kits 208
treatment services 190
trespassers 48
tribunals 50, 51, 139
trigger finger/thumb 148
trip device 247
truck operating areas 292
truck operator requirements 293
truck operator training 294
tunnel guard 290
tunnel vision 127
two hand control device 247
understanding, barriers to 133
understanding, lack of 126
Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977 48
unsafe act 88
unsafe behaviour 97
unsafe conditions 88
unsealed sources of radiation 311
upper exposure action values (UEAV) 308–10
use (work equipment) 241
user (display screen equipment) 39, 148
valve grinders 325
vapourising liquid appliances 254
vehicle washing 325
ventilation in the workplace 303–06, 325
very toxic classification 219
victim support 177, 178
violence at work 174–78
vision requirements 144
visitors to premises 6
visual aids 136
visual fatigue 146
voluntary manslaughter 17
vulnerable groups 40–42, 97, 190
warning notices 47, 48
warning symbols 218
washing facilities 314
waste disposal 298
water appliances 254
weather conditions 271
welding equipment 326
welfare facilities 5, 186, 314–16
wilfulness 128
windows, transparent or translucent doors, gates
and walls 269
windows, skylights and ventilators 269
Wiring Regulations (IEE) 262
women at work 167
woodworking machinery 325
work at height (definition) 270
Work at Height Regulations 2005 270–72
work away from base 29, 34–36
work chairs 151
work desk/surface requirements 151
work equipment (definition) 241
work equipment, selection of 242
work rate 144
work study techniques 79
working environment 5, 143, 297–17
Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare)
Regulations 1992 268–70, 297, 299, 303, 304,
314–16
Workplace Exposure Limits (WELs) 223, 225
workplace layout 297, 298
work-related agents 189
work-related upper limb disorders 147, 148
works of an equivalent nature 9
workshop safety 324–27
workstation (definition) 149, 150
writer’s cramp 148
written plan of work 44
written procedures 111
written scheme of examination 44, 113
young persons 32, 33, 41abrasive wheels 325
absolute or strict duties 24
abstracts 327
acceptance, barriers to 133
accident (definitions) 92, 93
accident and ill-health rates 106, 108
accident and ill-health statistics 80
accident costs 87, 89
accident costs assessment 90
accident investigation 85–87
accident prevention 92–120
accident prevention strategies 98, 99
acoustic trauma 307
action plans 69
active learning 135
Acts of Parliament 7, 8, 77
acute effect 221
additional smoke-free places 198, 199
adjustable guard 246
air compressors 325
air monitoring records 44
alcohol and drugs 131
alcohol at work 203, 204
all reasonable precautions and all due diligence
25, 26, 263
Alterations Notice 260
amenity area (workshops) 327
anti-freeze 326
anxiety 167, 179
appeals 49, 50
appeals against notices 12, 14
Approved Code of Practice (ACOP) 9, 77
Approved Supply List 215, 216
articles and substances for use at work 5, 6, 7
asbestos 285
attention, lapses of 127
attitudes 125
atypical workers 129–31
auditing and reviewing performance 59
auditing performance 66, 67
automatic guard 246, 247
average illuminances 301
avoiding potential risks 190
awareness, maintaining 98
battery charging 326
behavioural safety 125, 126
benchmarking 67–69
biological agents 188
biological dose of radiation 311
biological health hazards 186
biological monitoring 234
biological stressors 163
breach of a statutory duty 4, 33, 34, 46, 47
brightness (luminosity) 303
brightness Ratio 303
British Examination Board in Occupational
Hygiene (BEBOH) 118
British Occupational Hygiene Society
(BOHS) 78
British Safety Council 78
British Standards 78
British Standards Institute 78
British Zonal Method 302–03
BS 8800: 1996 Guide to Occupational Health and
Safety Management Systems 59–64
BS EN ISO 12100: Safety of machinery 245–47
burns (treatment) 211
capabilities and training 30
capability to work 192, 193
captor systems 304, 305
carbon dioxide appliances 254
carcinogenic classification 219
carpal tunnel syndrome 147
case law 46, 77
Indexcategory of danger 216, 218–20
catering injuries 327, 328
catering safety 327–30
cause-accident-result sequence 88
CDM co-ordinator (definition) 276, 277
CDM co-ordinators’ duties 280
change of process 98
Chartered Institute of Environmental Health
(CIEH) 78
checking and correcting performance 66
chemical agents 188
chemical health hazards 186
chemical stressors 163
Chemicals (Hazard Information and Packaging
for Supply) Regulations 2002 214–20
chest compressions 211
children 48, 259
chronic effect 221
ciliary escalator 224
circuit breakers 264
civil action 4
civil courts 4
civil liability 4, 33, 275
classification requirements (hazardous substances
and preparations) 216
classified persons 313
cleaning and degreasing agents 326
cleaning schedules 44
client (definition) 276
clients’ duties 278
clothing, accommodation for 315, 327
clothing, changing facilities 315
clothing, drying arrangements 315
colour in the workplace 298
colour rendition 303
comfort requirements 144
comfort temperature ranges 299
comfort ventilation 303
common law 46, 77
communications 132, 133
competent contractors 36, 37
competent persons 28, 33, 111–14, 248, 259, 262,
271, 277
compressed air equipment 325
conformity assessment procedure 45
Construction (Design and Management)
Regulations 2007 29, 113, 276–81
Construction (Head Protection) Regulations 1989
275, 276
construction activity accidents 281–82
construction and contractors 274–87
construction hazards 274
construction phase 279
construction phase health and safety plan 279,
285
constructive manslaughter 18
contact hazards 244
contingency plan in the event of a radiation
accident 45, 313
contractor (definition) 277
contractor regulation 282–83, 285
contractors and the law 275
contractors’ duties 279, 280
Control of Major Accident Hazards Regulations
1999 215
Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005 308–10
Control of Substances Hazardous to Health
(Amendment) Regulations 2004 232
Control of Substances Hazardous to Health
Regulations 2002 215, 227–33, 303, 306
controlled or supervised areas 313
controllers of premises 6
controlling mind 18
controls and displays 145
conveyors 289, 290
co-operation and co-ordination 29, 277
coping strategies 168, 169
corporate liability 17
corporate manslaughter 17, 18
corporate persons 17
corrosive classification 219
COSHH Action Plan 231
COSHH compliance procedures 229
counselling 191
County Courts 49
Court of Appeal 50
Court of Appeal ‘propositions’ and guidance
(stress-induced injury) 169–73
courts and tribunals 49–51
criminal law 7–9, 275
criminal liability 4
Crown Court 49
Crown property 13
damage control 102
danger (definition) 94
danger areas 28
danger zones 258
dangerous for the environment classification 220
dangerous occurrences 84
dangerous substances 214–17, 257, 259, 320, 321,
330
death of an employee 83
decibels 307
decision making 55
declaration of conformity 45
delegated legislation 8
Department for Work and Pensions 79
depression 167, 168, 179
designer (definition) 277
designers, manufacturers, importers and
suppliers’ duties 6, 7
designers’ duties 278
detoxification 220
diesel store (workshops) 326
diet, healthy 130
dilution ventilation 305, 306
direct contact 263
direct costs of accidents 87, 89
direct observation 80
direct results of accidents 88
Disability Discrimination Act 1995 41, 42, 137–40
334 Indexdisability glare 300
disabled workers 41, 42, 140, 316
discomfort glare 302
discrimination 137
disease reporting 83
dismissal (breach of health and safety law, etc) 51
display screen equipment 145–53
display screen requirements 150, 151
distance (radiological protection) 311, 312
distance guard 246
distress 163
documentation 102, 103
documentation requirements 25, 26, 43–45
doors and gates 269
dose 223
dose limitation 313
dose records 45, 312, 313
dose-response relationship 223, 224
down draught captor hood 305
drills and drilling machines 325
drinking water provision 315, 327
drive shafts to mobile work equipment 295
drugs in the workplace 203
dry powder appliances 254
Dupuytren’s contracture 148
duration rate 108
duties, hierarchy of 24, 25
duty holders 262, 271, 276, 277
duty of care 34, 35, 38, 47, 139, 176
earth continuity test 266
earth leakage circuit breakers (residual current
circuit breakers) 264
earthing 263
effective reflectance values 303
ejection hazards 245
electric shock 263, 264
electric welding 325
electrical appliances (offices) 319, 320
electrical control boxes 326
electrical safety 262–67
Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 113, 262, 263
elevated storage areas 324
elevators 291
elimination 110
emergency first aid 208–12
emergency procedure 45, 69–71
emergency routes, exits and doors 258
emergency stops 290
employees’ duties 5, 30, 97, 260, 271, 310, 313
employers’ duties 4, 5
employers’ duties at common law 46
employers’ obligations (stress-induced injury)
171, 172
Employment Medical Advisory Service (EMAS)
189, 191
Employment Rights Act 1996 31
enclosure 110
enforcement 4, 10–17, 202, 203, 260
enforcement Notice 260
engineering safety 241–50
entanglement hazards 244
entry, powers of 10
environmental control 191
environmental factors 143, 329
environmental health officers 10–17
epicondylitis 147
ergonomic (work-related) health hazards 186
ergonomic design 139, 144, 242
ergonomics 142–61, 187
European Court of Justice 50, 77
European Directives 4, 42, 76
exhaust ventilation equipment 44, 304–06
existing written information 79
explosive classification 218
exposure limit value (ELV) 308
exposure to toxic substances 221, 222
external areas 324
external services 28
extremely flammable classification 218
eye and eyesight tests 148
eye injuries 211, 212
Factories Acts 3
failing to prevent smoking in a smoke-free place
201, 202
failure to safety 246
falls or falling objects 269
family and friends 131
files 326
film badges 312
fire and rescue authorities 4
fire appliances 253–55
fire extinction 253
fire fighting equipment 258
fire instructions notice 258
fire precautions 256, 322, 329
fire prevention 251–61
fire protection (workshops) 326
fire protection systems 255
fire risk assessment 257
fire safety management 257
fire spread 252
fire triangle 251
first aid 205–13
first aid (definition) 205–13
first aid arrangements 187, 191
first aid boxes 207, 208
first aid equipment 207, 327
first aid personnel 206, 207, 212, 213
first aid rooms 206, 207
fixed guard 245, 246
fixed penalties 202
flammable classification 219
flammable materials and wastes 326
flight or fight response 163
floors and traffic routes 268, 269, 324, 328
foam appliances 254
fork lift trucks 291–95
frequency rate 106
fresh air requirements 304
friction and pressure 189
Index 335furniture and fittings (offices) 319
fuses 264
gas incident reporting 83
gas welding 325
general fire precautions 256, 257
general principles of prevention 34, 277, 278, 309
general storage (workshops) 326
generic risk assessments 109
glare conditions 300–02
gross negligence 18
guards and safety devices 110
Guidance Notes (HSE) 9, 10, 78
guillotines 325
hacksaws 326
hand lamps 326
hand tools 326, 328
handling and storage of dangerous substances 226
harmful classification 219
hazard (definition) 94
Hazard and Operability Studies (HAZOPS) 101,
102
hazard reporting 31, 271
hazard warning symbols (dangerous substances)
221
head protection 275, 276
Health Act 2006 196–203
Health and Safety (Consultation with Employees)
Regulations 1996 20
Health and Safety (Display Screen Equipment)
Regulations 1992 39, 148–53
Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations 1981
205–08
Health and Safety (Information for Employees)
Regulations 1999 51
health and safety arrangements 27
health and safety assistance 28
Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 4–7, 8
health and safety benchmarking 67–69
Health and Safety Commission 9
Health and Safety Executive 4, 9
health and safety management 54–81
health and safety managers/advisers and safety
officers 115–17
health and safety practitioners 114–18
health and safety systems 103, 104
health and safety training 134–36
health and safety training requirements 30
health education 191
health records 44, 45, 191, 235
health risk assessment 230
health surveillance 27, 31, 186, 190, , 232–35, 309,
312
hearing protection 309
hearing protection zones 309
heat from equipment (display screen equipment)
153
hernia (rupture) 154
hierarchy of duties 24, 25
High Court of Justice 49
highly flammable classification 218, 219
home working 37–39
host employers 29, 35
House of Lords 50
housekeeping 318, 3319
HSE Guidance Note EH/40 Workplace exposure
limits 225
HSE inspectors 10–17
human capability 30, 121
human characteristics 143
human error 126–28
human factors 123–41, 242
human factors (definition) 123
human system 142
humidity control (display screen equipment) 153
hypersensitisation 219
Illuminating Engineering Society (IES) 302
improvement notices 11–15, 51
inadequate design 126
inadequate information 126
incident rate 106
incident recall 80
incidents 93
indirect causes of accidents 88
indirect contact 263
indirect costs of accidents 89, 90
indirect results of accidents 88
infectious or contagious diseases 31
information for employees 28, 29
information sources for health and safety 76–81
information, instruction and training 5, 40, 95,
96, 105, 187, 259, 279, 309, 310, 312
ingestion 223
inhalation 222
injection/implantation 223
in-running nips 243, 289
inspection of work equipment 271
inspection pits 324
inspectors, powers of 10–17
Institute of Occupational Safety and Health
(IOSH) 78, 116, 117
insurance companies 79
interface between computer and operator/user
153
interlocking guard 246
intoxication 220
involuntary manslaughter 18
ion 310
ionisation 310
ionising radiation 310, 311
Ionising Radiations Regulations 1999 312, 313
irritant classification 219
ISO 14001: the Plan-Do-Check-Act cycle 63
jacking operations 325
jewellery 330
job descriptions 79
job design 124, 125
job movements 189
job safety analysis 80, 99, 100
336 Indexjoint consultation 18, 23
judicial precedent 46
justification (defence) 138
keyboard requirements 151
labelling requirements (hazardous substances)
217, 218
lathes 325
Law Reports 46, 77
lawful visitors 47
layout requirements 144
liability for psychiatric illness 172, 173
liability, provisions as to 33
Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment
Regulations 1998 114, 248, 249
lifting tackle 325
ligamental strain 154, 155
lighting design factors 302, 303
lighting distribution 302–03
lighting in the workplace 299–303, 325
lighting requirements (display screen equipment)
152
lighting standards 300–03
Limiting Glare Indices 302
load (definition) 157
local effect 222
local exhaust ventilation (lEV) systems 226,
304–06
local rules 313
location and layout of workplaces 297, 298
lone working 39, 40
long-term sickness absence 192–94
lower exposure action values (lEAV) 308–10
low-volume high-velocity (lVHV) systems 304,
305
luminosity 303
lux 299–301
lymphatic system 224
machine controls 326
machinery guards 245–47
machinery hazards 243–45, 328
machinery safety 242–47
machinery safety assessment 249
machinery safety devices 247
macrophages (phagocytes) 224
Magistrates court 17, 49
maintenance requirements 259
maintenance work 286
major accident prevention policy 45
management (definition) 54
Management of Health and Safety at Work
Regulations 1999 26–34, 233, 234
management performance 55, 56
management resources 54
management review 67
management standards (HSE) 173
managerial stress 163–65
man-machine interface 143
manslaughter 17
manual handling injuries and conditions 153–55,
157
manual handling principles 155–57
manual handling risk assessment 158–60
manual handling operation (definition) 158
manual handling operations 39, 320, 329
Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992
157–60
manufacturers’ information and instructions 78
maximum ratios of illuminance 300, 302
meals, facilities for taking 315, 316
mean duration rate 108
measuring performance 59
mechanical factors 242
mechanical handling 288–96
mechanical handling systems 288
mechanical restraint device 247
medical surveillance 234
medical suspension payment 51
method statements 283–85
minimum measured illuminances 300, 301
misperceptions 127
mistaken actions 127
mistaken priorities 128
mobile work equipment 291–95
monitoring performance 66, 67
motivating factors 125
muscular strain 153, 154
mutagenic classification 219
nasal filtration 224
National Examination Board in Occupational
Safety and Health (NEBOSH) 116
near misses 87
negligence 4, 46
new and expectant mothers 31, 32, 40, 41
No Smoking signs 199, 200
noise 306–10
noise control 307
noise emissions from display screen equipment
152
noise in workshops 325
non-occupational diseases 190
non-unionised employees 20
notifiable and reportable major injuries 83, 84
notification by new and expectant mothers 32
notification of a project 281
obstruction of an inspector 10
occupational cancers 188
occupational diseases and conditions 185–204
occupational health and safety management 63
occupational health hazards 185–87
occupational health initiatives 195–204
occupational health nurses 114, 115
occupational health schemes/practice 189–91
occupational hygiene 186, 191
occupational hygiene (definition) 118
occupational hygienists 118
occupational physicians 117, 118
Occupiers Liability Acts 1957 – 84 34, 47, 48
Index 337occupiers’ duties 5, 6, 47
office equipment 321
office health and safety audit 323, 3324
office safety requirements 318–23
off-site emergency plan 45
operational stress 146, 147
operator (display screen equipment) 148
operator fatigue 145
organisations, characteristics of 124
organising health and safety 58
overrun device 247
oxidising classification 218
packaging requirements (hazardous substances)
218
partial enclosure 305
passive learning 135
passport schemes 36
penalties 13
performance standards 58
peritendinitis 147, 148
permanent threshold shift 307
permit to drive 293
Permit to Work systems 40, 100, 264
personal conduct 322, 323
personal experience 80
personal factors 88, 125
personal hygiene 97, 98
personal protective equipment (PPE) 96, 99, 111,
187, 330
Personal Protective Equipment at Work
Regulations 1992 96, 97
personal protective equipment risk assessment
96, 97
personality and stress 165, 166
pervasion 222
phagocytes 224
physical agents 188
physical health hazards 185
physical or mental impairment 137
physical stressors 163
physical violence 175
placing people in suitable work 190
planned maintenance 248
planned motivation schemes 128, 129
planned preventive maintenance schedules 44
planning for safety 58
planning requirements 63, 64
poisonings 188
policy matters 58
portable electrical appliances 265–67
portable ladders 324
post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) 178, 179
post ural fatigue 146
posture 144
‘practicable’ duties 24
precedents 46
pregnant women and nursing mothers 315
preparations 215
prescribed diseases 187
Pressure Systems Safety Regulations 2000 113
pre-tender stage health and safety plan 44
prevention and control procedures 104, 105, 309
primary and secondary monitoring 190
primary irritants 222
principal contractor (definition) 277
principal contractor’s duties 278, 279
principles of good practice (substances hazardous
to health) 232
principles of prevention 27, 34, 278
process control 98
product complaints 80
product liability 6, 7
professional institutions and trade associations 78
progressive chronic effect 221
prohibition 98
prohibition notices 12, 16, 51, 260
project (definition) 276
project notification 281
prolapsed disc 154
prosecution 12
protective mechanisms – particulate matter 224,
225
Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations
1998 241, 242, 248, 294, 295
psychiatric illness (liability for) 172, 173
psychological violence 175
published information 79
pure risks 72
quality management and health and safety –
BS8800:1996 59–64
Queen’s Bench Division 49, 50
racking (workshops) 327
radiation 310–13
radiation (display screen equipment) 153
radiation monitoring 313
radiation protection advisers 312
radiation protection supervisors 313
radioactive substances records 44
radiological protection 311, 312
ramps (vehicle) 325
ratio decidendi 46
reasonable adjustments to premises 42, 138
reasonable care 5
reasonably practicable 9, 25
reception, barriers to 133
receptor hood 304, 305
receptor systems 304, 305
reciprocating traps 243
reckless manslaughter 18
record keeping 43–45, 212
reduced voltage 264, 266
Reducing error and influencing behaviour – HS(G)48)
123–26
reflections and glare 152
registers 327
regulating the contractor 282, 283
regulations 8, 9, 42, 43, 77
Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 113,
114, 255–60
338 Indexrelative humidity 299
relevant person 255, 256
relevant statutory provisions 5, 11, 26
remote controlled self-propelled work equipment
295
repetitive strain injury 147, 148
reportable diseases 84, 85, 187, 188
reportable major injuries 83, 84
reporting requirements 83–85
respiratory protective equipment 313
respiratory protective equipment examination
records 44
responsible person 256
rest rooms and rest areas 315, 316, 327
rheumatism 155
risk (definition) 72, 94
risk analysis and evaluation 73
risk assessment 26, 27, 31, 33, 39, 40, 41, 43, 44,
58, 64, 65, 108–11, 148, 158–60, 176, 228–31,
233, 257, 271, 308, 309, 313
risk avoidance 75
risk evaluation (or measurement) 74
risk exposure 72
risk identification 74
risk information 230
risk management 71–76
risk phrases 218
risk prevention or control 73
risk reduction 76
risk retention 75
risk transfer 75, 76
risk, types of 75
risk/hazard control 110, 111
Robens Report 4
role ambiguity 163
role conflict 163
role overload 163
role theory 165
routes of entry 222, 223
Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents
(RoSPA) 78, 116
safe materials 95
safe person strategies 96–98
safe place strategies 94–96
safe plant and machinery 95
safe premises 94
safe processes 95
safe systems of work 5, 40, 44, 95, 98, 99, 100,
110, 264
safe working environment 95
safe workplace 94–96
safety audits 101, 102–06
safety committees 18–22
safety culture 58, 131, 132
safety data sheets 217, 226, 227
safety incentive schemes 129
safety inspections 39
safety method statements 283–85
safety monitoring systems 101–08, 110
safety organisations 78
safety phrases 218
safety representatives 13, 18, 51
Safety Representatives And Safety Committees
Regulations 1977 18–20
safety sampling 101, 107
safety surveys 101
safety tours 101
sanitary conveniences 314, 327
scalds 327
sealed sources of radiation 311
seating and posture 152
secondary cutaneous sensitiser 222
seizure of articles and substances 11
self-propelled work equipment 295
sensitising classification 219
serious and imminent danger 28, 258
severity rate 106
shared workplaces 29, 259, 260
shearing traps 244
shielding (radiological protection) 312
shift workers 129–31
short-term sickness absence 192
sickness absence control 192–94
sickness absence monitoring 194, 195
sickness absence procedure 194
sickness absence rate 108, 192
side draught captor hood 305
site rules 279
site safety requirements 280, 281
sleep deprivation 130
slipped discs 154
smoke-free premises 196–99
smoke-free vehicles 199
smoking at work 195–203
smoking in a smoke-free place 200, 201
Social Security (Industrial Injuries) (Prescribed
Diseases) Regulations 1985 187, 223
software requirements 153
solvents 326
source causes 88
space requirements 151
special technical and organisational measures
256
speculative risks 72
statements of health and safety policy 22–24, 67
status review of the health and safety
management system 61
statutes 7, 8, 77
Statutory Instruments 8, 77
stress (definitions) 162
stress at work 162–81
stress, effects of 167
stressful conditions 168
strict duties 24
structural safety 268–73, 324
sub-acute effect 221
subordinate legislation 8
substance (definition) 7, 215, 228
substance hazardous to health (definition) 228
substantial and long-term adverse effects 137
substitution 98, 110
Index 339successful health and safety management –
HS(G)65 57–59
supervisors and health and safety 56, 57, 95, 111
supply requirements (chemicals) 215
suspension from work 31, 32
systematic training 134
systemic effect 222
target organs and target systems 224
task analysis 80
task illuminance factor 303
temperature control in the workplace 299, 324
temporary threshold shift 306
temporary workers 31
tendinitis 148
tenosynovitis 147, 148
termination of employment 193, 194
third party (definition) 34
time (radiological protection) 311
tissue response 225
total enclosure 305
Total Loss Control 87, 119
total working system 143
toxic classification 219
toxic for reproduction classification 220
toxicity 220
toxicology 220
traffic routes 268, 269
traffic systems 272
training (definition) 134
training evaluation 135, 136
training needs 134
training plan and programme 134
training sessions 136
traps 243, 289
travelling first aid kits 208
treatment services 190
trespassers 48
tribunals 50, 51, 139
trigger finger/thumb 148
trip device 247
truck operating areas 292
truck operator requirements 293
truck operator training 294
tunnel guard 290
tunnel vision 127
two hand control device 247
understanding, barriers to 133
understanding, lack of 126
Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977 48
unsafe act 88
unsafe behaviour 97
unsafe conditions 88
unsealed sources of radiation 311
upper exposure action values (UEAV) 308–10
use (work equipment) 241
user (display screen equipment) 39, 148
valve grinders 325
vapourising liquid appliances 254
vehicle washing 325
ventilation in the workplace 303–06, 325
very toxic classification 219
victim support 177, 178
violence at work 174–78
vision requirements 144
visitors to premises 6
visual aids 136
visual fatigue 146
voluntary manslaughter 17
vulnerable groups 40–42, 97, 190
warning notices 47, 48
warning symbols 218
washing facilities 314
waste disposal 298
water appliances 254
weather conditions 271
welding equipment 326
welfare facilities 5, 186, 314–16
wilfulness 128
windows, transparent or translucent doors, gates
and walls 269
windows, skylights and ventilators 269
Wiring Regulations (IEE) 262
women at work 167
woodworking machinery 325
work at height (definition) 270
Work at Height Regulations 2005 270–72
work away from base 29, 34–36
work chairs 151
work desk/surface requirements 151
work equipment (definition) 241
work equipment, selection of 242
work rate 144
work study techniques 79
working environment 5, 143, 297–17
Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare)
Regulations 1992 268–70, 297, 299, 303, 304,
314–16
Workplace Exposure Limits (WELs) 223, 225
workplace layout 297, 298
work-related agents 189
work-related upper limb disorders 147, 148
works of an equivalent nature 9
workshop safety 324–27
workstation (definition) 149, 150
writer’s cramp 148
written plan of work 44
written procedures 111
written scheme of examination 44, 113
young persons 32, 33, 41

كلمة سر فك الضغط : books-world.net
The Unzip Password : books-world.net

تحميل

يجب عليك التسجيل في الموقع لكي تتمكن من التحميل
تسجيل | تسجيل الدخول

التعليقات

اترك تعليقاً