Introduction to Solid Modeling Using SOLIDWORKS 2021

Introduction to Solid Modeling Using SOLIDWORKS 2021
اسم المؤلف
William E. Howard
التاريخ
6 مايو 2024
المشاهدات
229
التقييم
(لا توجد تقييمات)
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Introduction to Solid Modeling Using SOLIDWORKS 2021
William E. Howard
East Carolina University
Joseph C. Musto
Milwaukee School of Engineering
CONTENTS
Special Features vii
Preface ix
PART ONE
Learning SOLIDWORKS® 1
1 Basic Part Modeling Techniques 3
1.1 Engineering Design and Solid Modeling 4
1.2 Part Modeling Tutorial: Flange 5
1.3 Modifying the Flange 25
1.4 Using Dimensions and Sketch Relations 30
1.5 A Part Created with Revolved Geometry 35
Problems 49
2 Engineering Drawings 55
2.1 Drawing Tutorial 55
2.2 Creating a Drawing Sheet Format 70
2.3 Creating an eDrawing 76
Problems 80
3 Additional Part Modeling
Techniques 83
3.1 Part Modeling Tutorial: Wide-Flange Beam
Section 84
3.2 Part Modeling Tutorial: Bracket 92
3.3 Sharing and Displaying the Solid
Model 106
Problems 111
4 Advanced Part Modeling 119
4.1 A Lofted and Shelled Part 119
4.2 Parts Created with Swept
Geometry 129
4.3 A Part Created with a 3-D Sketch as the
Sweep Path 133
Problems 140
5 Parametric Modeling Techniques 149
5.1 Modeling Tutorial: Molded Flange 150
5.2 Creation of Parametric Equations 163
5.3 Modeling Tutorial: Cap Screw with
Design Table 167
5.4 Incorporating a Design Table in a
Drawing 174
Problems 181
6 Creation of Assembly Models 191
6.1 Creating the Part Models 192
6.2 Creating an Assembly of Parts 197
6.3 Adding Features at the Assembly Level 206
6.4 Adding Fasteners to the Assembly 209
6.5 Creating an Exploded View 213
Problems 219
ISTUDYvi Contents
7 Advanced Assembly Operations 229
7.1 Creating the Part Models 229
7.2 Creating a Complex Assembly of
Subassemblies and Parts 230
7.3 Detecting Interferences and Collisions 236
Problems 238
8 Assembly Drawings 241
8.1 Creating an Assembly Drawing 241
8.2 Adding an Exploded View 243
8.3 Creating a Bill of Materials 246
Problems 250
PART TWO
Applications of SOLIDWORKS® 253
9 Generation of 2-D Layouts 255
9.1 A Simple Floor Plan Layout 255
9.2 Finding the Properties of 2-D Shapes 268
Problems 273
10 Solution of Vector Problems 277
10.1 Vector Addition 277
10.2 Vector Addition with SOLIDWORKS 278
10.3 Modifying the Vector Addition
Drawing 280
10.4 Further Solution of Vector Equations 283
10.5 Kinematic Sketch of a Simple
Mechanism 286
Problems 293
11 Analysis of Mechanisms 297
11.1 Approaching Mechanism Design with
SOLIDWORKS Assemblies 298
11.2 Development of Part Models of Links 299
11.3 Development of the Assembly Model of the
Four-Bar Linkage 302
11.4 Creating Simulations and Animation with
a Motion Study 306
11.5 Investigating Mechanism Design 310
Problems 315
12 Design of Molds and Sheet Metal
Parts 325
12.1 A Simple Two-Part Mold 325
12.2 A Core-and-Cavity Mold 330
12.3 A Sheet Metal Part 338
Problems 346
13 The Use of SOLIDWORKS® to
Accelerate the Product Development
Cycle 351
13.1 3-D Printing 352
13.2 Finite Element Analysis 360
13.3 Product Data Management 362
13.4 Some Final Thoughts 364
APPENDIX
A Recommended Settings 365
A.1 System Settings 365
A.2 Part Settings 367
A.3 Drawing Settings 372
A.4 Assembly Settings 374
A.5 Backing Up and Transferring Settings 375
A.6 Summary of Recommended Settings 378
B The SOLIDWORKS® Interface:
Use and Customization 379
Index 393
ISTUDYSPECIAL
FEATURES
DESIGN INTENT
Planning the Model 19
Selecting a Modeling Technique 24
Planning for Other Uses of the Model 40
Choosing the Initial Sketch Plane 42
Keeping It Simple 46
Exploiting Associativity 62
Symmetry in Modeling 104
Planning an Assembly Model 199
Part-Level and Assembly-Level Features 209
Manufacturing Considerations 215
Assembly-Level Dimensions 244
FUTURE STUDY
Dynamics (Kinetics) 47
Manufacturing Processes, Geometric Dimensioning
and Tolerancing, and Metrology 67
Industrial Design 128
Industrial Engineering 267
Mechanics of Materials 271
Machine Dynamics and Machine Design 311
Materials and Processes 337
VIDEOS
Example 1 6
Example 2 56
Example 3 105
Example 4 120
Example 5 192
Example 6 360
Example 7 366
Index
A
Additive Manufacturing (AM), 350
see also 3-D printing
Advanced tab, 15
Airbus 380 jumbo jet, 364
Alignment, 63
American Institute of Steel
Construction (AISC), 84
American National Standards
Institute (ANSI), 9
Angle, 197
Animation, 306–310
Animation Controller, 217
Animation Tool, 306
Annotation tab, 60
ANSI. see American National
Standards Institute
Apply Scene Tool, 15
Arcs, 30, 95–96
Area, of shape, 268–269
Area properties, 268–272
Assembly drawing
Bill of Materials (BOM),
246–249
creating, 241–243
exploded view, adding,
243–246
Assembly-level dimensions, 244
Assembly-level feature, 209, 244
Assembly model
advanced, 229–237
assembly of parts, 197–206
creating, 192–197
defined, 191
exploded view, 213–218
fasteners, adding, 209–212
features, adding, 206–208
interferences and collisions,
236–237
introduction to, 191
planning, 199
subassemblies and parts,
230–236
Assembly settings, 374
Assembly system, 5
Assembly template, 374
Associativity, 62
Automatic relations, 32
Auto Relief, 340
AVI file, 310
ISTUDY394 Index
B
Back-up and transfer settings,
375–377
Base feature, 13
Base, of mold, 326
Basic Motion, 306, 312–313
Basic Motion Tool, 306
Bending stiffness, 271
Bend notes, 343–345
editing, 345
Bends, and sheet metal part, 339–343
Bent tubing, 129
Bill of Materials (BOM), 209,
246–249, 363
balloon, 248–249
editing, 247
Binder jetting, 353
Block, 266
Bolt hole, 20–22, 102
Border, 70–72
Boss, 13
Boundary conditions, 362
Bracket, 92–105
arc for, 95–97
cylindrical feature, 97
holes, 101–104
horizontal boss, 92
symmetric sketch, 95–96
C
CAD (Computer-Aided Design), 4
Camera View, 109
Cap screw, 167–174
Cartoon View, 15
Cavity, 331
Center hole, adding, 19
Centerline, dimensions and, 31
Centerline Tool, 39, 41–42, 161
Centroidal axis, 271
Centerpoint Arc Tool, 258
Centerpoint Straight Slot Tool, 121
Center point, circle, 10–11, 31, 32
Center Rectangle Tool, 37–38
Center Tool, 74
Centroid, 268
Chamfer, 24
Chamfer Tool, 24
“child” feature, 25
Circle
center point, 10–11, 31, 32
dimensions and, 31
drawing, 10–11
methods for defining, 10–11
points on perimeter, 11
Smart Dimension Tool, 12
Circle Tool, 10–11, 64, 161, 162
Circular Pattern, 21, 27, 102
Circular Pattern Tool, 21, 161
Classic color icon option, 9
Coarse resolution, 358–359
Coincident, 32
Coincident relation, 178, 197
Collinear relation, 86
CommandManager, 7–8, 379–392
Comment, 79
Component (part), 5
Computer-aided design (CAD),
298
Concentric mate, 233, 235
Concentric relation, 96, 198
Concurrent engineering, 4
Configuration management, 362
ConfigurationManager, 29, 91
Context Toolbar, 20
Convert Entities Tool, 155
Coordinate Measuring Machines
(CMMs), 67
Core, 330
Core-and-cavity mold, 330–338
Corner Rectangle Tool, 37–38, 72
Cosmetic threads, 169–171
Countersunk screw holes, 194
Crank-rocker, 289
Cylindrical mold part, 325
D
Data management, 362–364
Data management function of PDM,
363, 364
Deformation, 271
ISTUDYIndex 395
Dependent parameter, 150
Derived parts, 330
Design, 4
Design engineer, 128
Design intent, 19
importance of, 27
Design table, 150
cap screw with, 167–174
incorporating into drawing,
174–180
Detached drawing, 76
Detail View Tool, 64
Dimension Palette, 66
Dimensions, 30–31, 34
adding, 60
font, 62
importing, 60, 65
sketch relations and, 30–35
tolerance and, 66–68
Dimetric view, 14
DimXpertManager, 29
Directed energy deposition, 354
DisplayManager, 29
Display Style Tool, 15
Distance, 197
Document Properties tab, 9, 36
Double-rocker mechanism, 289
Drafting Standard, 57
Draft Tool, 160
Drawing
2-D of flange, 55–70
eDrawing, 76–79
setting, 372–374
sheet format, 70–76
template, 378
Drawing Heads-up View Toolbar, 64
Drawing settings, 372–374
Drawing sheet format, 70–76
Drawing trees, 363
Driven dimensions, 60, 280, 281,
288–289
Dual Dimension units, 9
Dynamic Annotation Views Tool, 14
Dynamics, 311
Dynamic Zoom, 16
E
Edit Appearance Tool, 15
Edit Sketch, 25
eDrawing, 76–79, 106–110
adding comments, 78
creating, 76–79
publish, 77
sending, 79
sharing via email, 77
eDrawings Publisher, 76
eDrawings Viewer, 76, 78
Element, 361
Engineering design, 4–5
defined, 4
Engineering economy, 267
Engineering field, change and,
364
Equations, vector, 283–285
Ergonomic design, 267
Ergonomics, 267
Exit Sketch, 10
Exit Sketch Tool, 25, 130
Exploded view, 213–218, 243–246
Extruded Boss/Base Tool, 13, 18, 97,
98, 99, 150, 157
Extruded Cut Tool, 20, 21, 153
Extrusion, 13, 18–19
F
Fastener, 209–212
Feature, 206–208
FeatureManager, 17, 25, 29
FeatureManager® Design Tree, 8
Features tab, 7
Fillet, 22–23
Fillet Tool, 23, 24, 43, 88, 125
Finite Element Analysis (FEA),
360–362
common errors in using,
361–362
inappropriate boundary
conditions, 361
inappropriate choice of elements,
361
ISTUDY396 Index
linear behavior, 361
misrepresentation, 362
Finite element model, 4
Fix, 32
Flange
2-D drawing of, 55–70
modification of, 25–29
tutorial, 5–24
Flat-Pattern, 340–341
Flatten-Bends, 341, 343
Flatten tool, 340, 341
Fly-out feature, 7
Font, 62, 172
Four-bar linkage, 297, 298
assembly model, 302–305
development of, 299–302
mechanism design, 298–299
motion simulation, 306,
310–314
part model, 299–302
simulation and animation,
306–310
Four-bar linkage assembly model,
302–305
Four-View option, 26
Front Plane, 10, 17
Front View, 18
Fully Defined, 12
Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM),
352
G
Geometric Dimensioning and
Tolerancing (GD&T), 67
Geometric tolerances, 67
Geometry, 86, 195
Global Variables, 164
Guide curve, 129
H
Handlebars, 133, 138–139
Hatch, 198–199, 215, 233
Heads-Up View Toolbar, 8, 14
Helix curve, 131, 132
Helix geometry, 131
Helix/Spiral curve, 131
Hidden lines, 57
Hide/Show Items Tool, 15
Hinge, 192, 215
Hinge pin, 229–230
Hole, 194, 215
Hole Wizard, 194, 207
Horizontal relation, 32
HTML file, 79
I
Independent parameter, 150
Industrial, 267
Industrial design, 128
Industrial designer, 128
Industrial Designers Society of
America, 128
Industrial engineer, 267
Industrial engineering, 267
Inertia, 47
Initial sketch plane, 42
Instant 2-D, 10
Instant 3-D, 10
Interface use and customization,
379–392
Interferences and collisions, 236–237
International Organization for
Standardization (ISO), 9
Intersections, 155, 157
IPS (inch, pound, second), 9
ISO. see International Organization
for Standardization
Isometric view, 14
J
Jetting
binder, 353
material, 353
Joint, 297, 298
K
Keyboard shortcuts, 388–390
K-factor, 340
Kinematic analysis, 286, 311
Kinematic sketch
defined, 286
of simple mechanism, 286–292
Kinetic analysis, 311
ISTUDYIndex 397
L
Layer-by-layer building process, 350.
see also 3-D printing
Layout sketch, 286
Linear pattern, 102–103
Linear Pattern Tool, 149
Line Tool, 41–42, 73, 130
Link, 297, 298
Lofted and shelled part, 119–129
business card holder, 119–129
design intent, 123
fillet tool, 125
guide curve, 122, 129
shell command, 124
Loft Tool, 119, 128. see also Lofted
and shelled part
M
Machine components, 311
Machine design, 311
Machine dynamics, 311
Manually-added relation, 33
Manufacturing process, 67
Manufacturing Resource Planning
(MRP), 364
Markup box, 79
Mass Properties, 45
tools, 107
Mated assembly, 299
Mate Dialog Box, 202–206
Mate PropertyManager, 202
Material extrusion, 352
Material jetting, 353
Materials, mass properties, 45
Mates, 198
Mate Tool, 200, 201–202
Measure Tool, 108
Mechanical engineering system, 5
Mechanics of materials, 271
Mechanism, 297
Mechanism analysis
four-bar linkage assembly model,
302–305
introduction to, 297–298
mechanism design investigation,
310–314
part models of links and,
299–302
simulations and animation with
motion study, 306–310
SOLIDWORKS® assemblies and,
298–299
Mechanism design
investigating, 310–314
with SOLIDWORKS®
assemblies, 298–299
Mechanism design investigation,
310–314
Menu Bar, 7
Merge, 33
Metrology, 67
Microsoft Excel, 171, 175
Microsoft Windows, 3
Mid Plane extrusion, 88
Mirror Entities, 96
Mirror image, 83, 95, 105
Mirroring, 94, 104
Mirror Tool, 138
Model builder, 4
Model displaying, 106–110
Modeling technique, selecting, 24
Model Items Tool, 60
Model planning, 19
Model sharing, 106–110
Model View, 56, 59, 71, 107
Modify Configurations Dialog Box,
91
Mold
base, 326
core-and-cavity, 330–338
cylindrical part, 325
two-part, 325–330
Mold base, 326–329
Molded flange, 150–162
Molded flange, in parametric model,
150–162
Moments of inertia, 268
MotionManager, 110, 306
Motion study, 306–310
Motion Study Properties Tool,
309
Motor PropertyManager, 307
Motor Tool, 307
Mouse Gestures, 391–392
ISTUDY398 Index
N
Newton’s Second Law, 47
No Bends Tool, 341
Nodes, 360
Normal To Tool, 14
Normal vector, 354
Note Tool, 73–74
O
Offset Entities Tool, 122–123
Options Tool, 8, 16, 23, 36, 57
Orientation View, 109
Orthographic projection, 15
Over Defined, 12
P
Pan Tool, 16
Parallel relation, 265
Parallel surfaces, 197
Parametric design problem, 298
Parametric equations, 163–166
Parametric model
defined, 149
introduction to, 149–150
molded flange, 150–162
“parent” feature, 25
Part
setting, 367–371
template, 378
Part Heads-up View Toolbar, 64
Part-level feature, 209
Part modeling
bracket, 92–105
created with 3-D sketch as sweep
path, 133–139
eDrawing, 106–110
flange modification, 25–29
flange tutorial, 5–24
hinge pin, 229–230
of links, 299–302
lofted and shelled part,
119–129
swept geometry, 129–133
wide-flange beam section, 83,
84–91
Part models of links, 299–302
Part settings, 367–371
Part Template, 36
Pattern, 102
Perpendicular relation, 33, 197, 265
Perspective View, 15
Photopolymer, 350
PhotoView 360, 15, 29
Physics, 311
Pierce relation, 132
Pilot hole, 207
Pin joint, 298, 299
Pivot point, 286, 298
Plain White scene, 15
Plane of symmetry, 34
Playback mode, 309
Position analysis, 286
Powder bed fusion, 351
PowerPoint presentation, video and,
110
Previous View Tool, 14
Process management function of
PDM, 362, 363
Product Data Management (PDM),
362–364
categories of function, 362–363
software, 362
Product development cycle
3-D printing, 350–359, 360
Finite Element Analysis (FEA),
360–362
introduction to, 349
product data management,
362–364
Product Lifecycle Management
(PLM), 364
Project management, 267
Properties, finding, 268–269
PropertyManager, 11, 13, 17, 29
circle tool and, 11
tool selection and, 11
Pulley, 35, 85
Q
Quality control, 267
Quick Access Tools, 388
ISTUDYIndex 399
R
Radius dimension, 39
Rebuild Tool, 165
Record Video option, 108
Reference Geometry Tool, 17, 132
Reference Plane, 92
Relations, 32–35. see also Sketch
Relations
Resolution, 356–359
.stl files, 356
Resultant force, 277
Resultant vector, 278
Revolved Boss/Base Tool, 40
Revolved features, 31, 35, 42
Revolved geometry, 35–48
Rib Pattern, 163, 165
Ribs, 101, 109, 163
Rotary motor, adding, 306, 307
Rotate Tool, 78
Rotate View Tool, 16
Round, 22
S
Save, 19, 36
Scale, 65
“Scissors” action, 299
Screw threads, 169
Section properties, 269–272
Section Properties Tool, 271
Section Tool, 107
Section View Tool, 14
Selective Laser Sintering (SLS), 351
Send Tool, 108
Sensor, 47
Settings
assembly, 374
assembly template, 378
back-up and transfer, 375–377
drawing, 372–374
drawing template, 378
part, 367–371
part template, 378
system, 365–367
Shaded Sketch Contours Tool, 12
Shape
area of, 268–269
section properties of, 269–272
Sheet format, 70–76
Sheet lamination processes, 353
Sheet metal part, 338–345
Sheet metal toolbar, 339
Shell Tool, 119, 124. see also Lofted
and shelled part
Shrinkage, in molding material, 325,
329, 337
Simple mechanism, 283–285
Simple two-part mold, 325–330
Simulation with motion study, 306–
310
Sintered, 351
SI units, 9
Six-bar linkage, 297
Sketch dimensions, editing, 25–26
Sketch Fillet Tool, 88, 137
Sketch Relations, 32–35
automatic, 32
collinear, 86
concentric, 96
horizontal and vertical, 32, 35
icons of, 35
manually adding, 33
merge, 33
perpendicular, 33, 34, 35
Sketch tab, 7, 10
SLA process, 350
Slider-crank, 297
Smart Dimension Tool, 12–13, 18, 21,
30–31
Snap, 11, 32
Solid model, 4
Solid modeling
engineering design and, 4–5
introduction to, 3
Solid part, 5–24. see also Flange
SOLIDWORKS® interface, use and
customization, 379–392
SOLIDWORKS® Motion, 306
SOLIDWORKS® program, 3
Statistical Process Control (SPC), 67
Status Bar, 8
Stereolithography, 350, 354
Stereolithography (.stl) file, 354
Stl file, 354–359
creating, 355
resolution, 358–359
ISTUDY400 Index
Strain, 271
Stress, 271, 360
Stress analyst, 4
Subassemblies and parts, 230–236
Sweep Path, 133–139
Sweep Tool, 119. see also Lofted and
shelled part
Swept Boss/Base Tool, 133, 138
Swept geometry, 129–133
Symmetric sketch, 94, 96
Symmetry, 35, 83–84, 92, 104
System Options, 57
System settings, 365–367
T
Tabs, sheet metal part, 339
Tangent, 57, 70, 198
Tangent Arc Tool, 95, 129
Tangent display, 57
Task Pane, 8, 15, 28
texture application and, 29
T-beam, 34, 269
Techniques, modeling, 24
Template, 10
Text, adding to part, 126–127
Texture, 29
Thermoplastic material, 352
Thin-feature extrusion, 192–196
Thread diameter, 173
Thread Tool, 169
3-D modeling software, 3
3-D printing, 350–358, 360
categories of, 350
3-D sketch, 133, 136, 137
fillets, 125–126
fully defined, 130
handlebars, 133, 139
sweep path and, 133–139
Title block, 70–72
Toggle position, 289, 292, 313
Tolerance, dimensions and,
66–68
Tool selection, 11
Top View, 64
Torque, 47
Total Quality Management (TQM),
363–364
Transfer settings, 375–377
Triad Tool, 201
Trim Entities Tool, 85
Trimetric view, 14, 16, 99, 108
2-D drawing, 55–70, 64–65
from 3-D model, 55–70
center hole, 61–62
chamfer, 60
dimensions, 65–67
of flange, 5–24, 55–70
part file import, 59
pictorial view, 69
trimetric view, 69–70
2-D layout
floor plan, 255–267
properties of 2-D shapes,
268–272
2-D shapes, 268–272
2-D sketch, 13
and 3-D features,
video example, 6
2-D sketch, into 3-D part, 13
Two-part mold, 325–330
U
Under Defined, 12
Undo Tool, 13, 27
Units and Dimension default
values, 6–7
Units and Dimension Standard
box, 6
US units, 9
V
Vat polymerization, 350, 351
Vector addition, 277–278
modification of, 280–283
with SOLIDWORKS®, 278–280
Vector drawing
equations, 286–292
kinematic sketch of simple
mechanism, 286–292
ISTUDYIndex 401
Vector equations, 283–285
Vector problems, solution of,
277–292
Vertical relation, 32
Video, 108–110, 110
Video Compression screen, 110
Video example
2-D part creation, 56
2-D sketch with 3-D features, 6
3-D printing, 360
assembly model from
prefabricated blocks, 192
bracket mounting holes, 105
lofted and swept features, 120
Shell Tool, 120
View Layout tab, 62–63
View Orientation Tool, 14
six standard views in, 14
View Selector Tool, 14
View Settings Tool, 15
Virtual vault, 363
W
Web, vertical, 84
Welcome dialog box, 5, 6
Wide-flange beam section, 84–91
Z
Zoom to Area Tool, 14
Zoom to Fit Tool, 14
Zoom to Sheet Tool, 64

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