International Plumbing Code

International Plumbing Code
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International Plumbing Code
Table of Contents
Chapter I Scope and Administration … I
Part I-scope and Application I
Section
101 General 1
102 Applicability 1
Part 2-administration and
Enforcement 2
103 Department of Plumbing Inspection 2
104 Duties and Powers of the Code Official 2
105 Approval. 2
106 Permits 3
107 Inspections and Testing 5
108 Violations 6
109 Means of Appeal 7
110 Temporary Equipment, Systems and Uses 8
CHAPTER 2 DEFINITIONS 9
Section
201 General 9
202 General Definitions 9
CHAPTER 3 GENERAL REGULATIONS 17
Section
301 General. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
302 Exclusion of Materials Detrimental
to the Sewer System 17
303 Materials 17
304 Rodentproofing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
305 Protection of Pipes and Plumbing
System Components 17
306 Trenching, Excavation and Backfill 18
307 Structural Safety 19
308 Piping Support 19
309 Flood Hazard Resistance 20
310 Washroom and Toilet Room
Requirements 20
311 Toilet Facilities for Workers 21
312 Tests and Inspections 21
313 Equipment Efficiencies 22
314 Condensate Disposal 22
2009 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE
CHAPTER 4 FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND
FIXTURE FITTINGS 25
Section
401 General 25
402 Fixture Materials 25
403 Minimum Plumbing Facilities 25
404 Accessible Plumbing Facilities 28
405 Installation of Fixtures 28
406 Automatic Clothes Washers 29
407 Bathtubs 30
408 Bidets 30
409 Dishwashing Machines 30
410 Drinking Fountains 30
411 Emergency Showers and Eyewash
Stations 30
412 Floor and Trench Drains 30
413 Food Waste Grinder Units 30
414 Garbage Can Washers 30
415 Laundry Trays 31
416 Lavatories 31
417 Showers 31
418 Sinks 32
419 Urinals 32
420 Water Closets 32
421 Whirlpool Bathtubs 33
422 Health Care Fixtures and Equipment 33
423 Specialty Plumbing Fixtures 34
424 Faucets and Other Fixture Fittings 34
425 Flushing Devices for Water Closets
and Urinals 34
426 Manual Food and Beverage
Dispensing Equipment 35
427 Floor Sinks 35
CHAPTER 5 WATER HEATERS 37
Section
501 General 37
502 Installation 37
503 Connections 37
504 Safety Devices 38
505 Insulation 38
xiTABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 6 WATER SUPPLY AND
DISTRIBUTION 39
Section
601 General 39
602 Water Required 39
603 Water Service 39
604 Design of Building Water Distribution
System 40
605 Materials, Joints and Connections 41
606 Installation of the Building Water
Distribution System 46
607 Hot Water Supply System 47
608 Protection of Potable Water Supply 48
609 Health Care Plumbing 53
610 Disinfection of Potable Water System 53
611 Drinking Water Treatment Units 54
612 Solar Systems 54
613 Temperature Control Devices and Valves 54
CHAPTER 7 SANITARY DRAINAGE 55
Section
701 General 55
702 Materials 55
703 Building Sewer 57
704 Drainage Piping Installation 57
705 Joints 57
706 Connections between Drainage Piping
and Fittings 60
707 Prohibited Joints and Connections 61
708 Cleanouts 61
709 Fixture Units 62
710 Drainage System Sizing 62
711 Offsets in Drainage Piping in Buildings
of Five Stories or More 62
712 Sumps and Ejectors 65
713 Health Care Plumbing 66
714 Computerized Drainage Design 67
715 Backwater Valves 67
CHAPTER 8 INDIRECT/SPECIAL WASTE ….. 69
Section
801 General 69
802 Indirect Wastes 69
803 Special Wastes 70
804 Materials, Joints and Connections 70
xii
CHAPTER 9 VENTS 71
Section
901 General 71
902 Materials 71
903 Outdoor Vent Extension 71
904 Vent Terminals 71
905 Vent Connections and Grades 72
906 Fixture Vents 72
907 Individual Vent. 72
908 Common Vent 72
909 Wet Venting 73
910 Waste Stack Vent 73
911 Circuit Venting 73
912 Combination Drain and Vent System 74
913 Island Fixture Venting 74
914 Relief Vents-Stacks of More Than
10 Branch Intervals 75
915 Vents for Stack Offsets 75
916 Vent Pipe Sizing 75
917 Air Admittance Valves 76
918 Engineered Vent Systems 77
919 Computerized Vent Design 78
CHAPTER 10 TRAPS, INTERCEPTORS
AND SEPARATORS 79
Section
1001 General 79
1002 Trap Requirements 79
1003 Interceptors and Separators 79
1004 Materials, Joints and Connections 81
CHAPTER 11 STORM DRAINAGE 83
Section
1101 General 83
1102 Materials 83
1103 Traps 84
1104 Conductors and Connections 84
1105 Roof Drains 84
1106 Size of Conductors, Leaders and
Storm Drains 84
1107 Secondary (Emergency) Roof Drains 91
1108 Combined Sanitary and Storm System 92
1109 Values for Continuous Flow 92
1110 Controlled Flow Roof Drain Systems 93
1111 Subsoil Drains 93
2009 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE 1112 Building Subdrains 93
1113 Sumps and Pumping Systems 93
CHAPTER 12 SPECIAL PIPING AND
STORAGE SYSTEMS 95
Section
1201 General 95
1202 Medical Gases 95
1203 Oxygen Systems 95
CHAPTER 13 REFERENCED STANDARDS 97
APPENDIX A PLUMBING PERMIT FEE
SCHEDULE 107
Permit Issuance 107
Unit Fee Schedule. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Other Inspections and Fees 107
APPENDIX B RATES OF RAINFALL FOR
VARIOUS CITIES 109
APPENDIX C GRAY WATER RECYCLING
SYSTEMS 111
Section
C101 General 111
C102 Systems for Flushing Water Closets
and Urinals 111
C103 Subsurface Landscape Irrigation Systems 112
APPENDIX D DEGREE DAY AND DESIGN
TEMPERATURES 117
APPENDIX E SIZING OF WATER PIPING
SYSTEM 123
Section
E101 General 123
E102 Information Required 123
E103 Selection of Pipe Size 123
E201 Selection of Pipe Size 140
E202 Determination of Pipe Volumes 140
APPENDIX F STRUCTURAL SAFETY 145
Section
F101 Cutting, Notching and Boring in
Wood Members 145
APPENDIX G VACUUM DRAINAGE SYSTEM .. 147
Section
G101 Vacuum Drainage System 147
2009 INTERNATIONAL PLUMBING CODE
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INDEX 149
INDEX
A
ABANDONED SYSTEMS 101.4
ABS
Mechanicaljoints 505.3.1
Plastic pipe 505.3
Solvent cement joints 505.3.2
ABSORPTION AREA
Minimum other buildings 604.1
Minimum residential 603.1
Mound systems 903.2
Pressure distribution system 702.2
ABSORPTION SYSTEM
Location 406.1
Percolation rate 406.3
Separation 406.1
Sizing 602
Sizing, other buildings 604
Sizing, residential 603
ACRYLONITRILE BUTADIENE STYRENE (ABS)
PLASTIC PIPE Table 505.1
ADMINISTRATION
Applicability 102
Approval 105
Code official, duties, powers 104
Emergency measures 108.7.1, 108.7.2
Fees 106.4
Inspection 107
Means of appeal 109
Notice of approval 107.7
Permits 106
Scope 101.2
Stop work 108.5
Validity 106.3.2
Violations 108
Temporary equipment 110
ADMINISTRATION AND
ENFORCEMENT Chapter 1
ALARM CONTROLS, PRESSURE DISTRIBUTION
PUMP 705.2
ALARM SYSTEMS, PRESSURE
DISTRIBUTION 705.3
ALLUVIAL SOIL 403.4
ALTERED SLOPE
General 406.7
Investigation 406.7.1
Site protection 406.7.3
System location 406.7.2
ALTERNATIVE MATERIALS 105.2
APPLICABILITY 102
APPLICATION FOR PERMIT 106.2
APPROVAL
General 105
Joints and connections 505.2
2009 INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE SEWAGE DISPOSAL CODE
Notice 107.4
Tanks 504.1
APPROVED PLANS 106.3.1
ARTIFICIAL DRAINAGE, MONITORING 405.2.2
ASBESTOS CEMENT
Joint 505.4
Pipe 505.1
B
BACKFILL, SEPTIC TANKS 802.9
BACKWASH, FILTERS 302.6
BASAL AREA, MOUND SYSTEMS 903.6
BED, CONSTRUCTION, PRESSURE
DISTRIBUTION 704.1
BED, MOUND SYSTEMS 903.4
BED, PERCOLATION RATE 406.3
BED, SIZING, RESIDENTIAL Table 603.1
BEDROCK
Fill 406.6.2
General 403.1, 403.3, 406.2
Verification 405.1
BORINGS
Depth 403.1.1
General 403.1
Location 403.1.2
Mound systems 902.1
Number 403.1.1
BUILDING SEWER 101.3
C
CAPACITY, SEPTIC TANKS 802.7
CAPACITY SIZING, DOSING 802.11.1
CAST IRON
Caulked joint 505.6.1
Joint 505.6
Mechanicaljoint 505.6.2,505.6.3
Pipe 505.1
CESSPOOLS 302.2, Chapter 10
CHAMBER, DOSING OR PUMPING 802.11
CHEMICAL RESTORATION 804
CLEAR WATER 302.5
CODE OFFICIAL
Duties and powers 104
General 104.1
COLLUVIAL 403.4
COLOR PATTERNS 403.2
CONCRETE
Joint 505.7
Pipe 505.1, Table 505.1
Tanks 504.2
71INDEX
CONNECTIONS
Approval 505.2
CONSTRUCTION, HOLDING TANK 805.3
CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES,
MOUND SYSTEMS 904
COPPER
Joint 505.8
Pipe 505.1, Table 505.1
Soldered joint 505.8.2
Tubing 505.1, Table 505.1
D
DEFINITIONS 202
DESCRIPTION, SOIL 403.1.3
DESIGN
Septic tank 802.2
Treatment tank 802.12
DESIGN CRITERIA, MOUND SYSTEMS 903
DESIGN LOADING RATE, PRESSURE
DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM 702
DIMENSION
Mound 903.1, 903.5
DISCHARGE METHOD 602.3
DISPOSAL, FOOD WASTE 302.7
DISPOSAL, SEPTAGE 803.2
DISPOSAL SYSTEM PIPE 505.1
DISSIMILAR MATERIAL, JOINT 505.13
DISTANCE, SEPARATION 406.1, Table 406.1
DISTRIBUTION HEADER 605.6
DISTRIBUTION PIPE 505.1.1,605.6,703.3
DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM, INSTALLATION 904.8
DOMESTIC WASTE 302.1
DOSING
Capacity sizing 802.11.1
Chamber 802.11
General 706.1
DROP BOX 605.6
E
ELECTRICAL CONNECTION 705.4
EMERGENCY MEASURES 108.7.1,108.7.2
ENFORCEMENT Chapter 1
EQUIPMENT, MECHANICAL PERCOLATION
TESTING 404.2.4
ESTIMATED VOLUME, DOSING 706.1
ESTIMATED WASTE-WATER FLOW,
PRESSURE 702.3
EVALUATION, PERMEABILITY 404
EXISTING SYSTEMS 102.4
72
F
FAILING SYSTEM 101.5
FAILURE CRITERIA 101.5.1
FEES 106.4
FIBERGLASS TANKS 504.4
FILL
Bedrock 406.6.2
Design requirements 406.6.7
Ground water 406.6.3
Inspection 406.6.6
Monitoring 406.6.5
Natural soil 406.6.4
Placement 406.6.1
FILLED AREAS 406.6
FILTER BACKWASH 302.6
FLOOD HAZARD AREAS
General 303.1
Mound systems 303.3
Tanks 303.2
FOOD WASTE DISPOSALS 302.7
FORCED MAIN
Mound systems 904.3
Pressure distribution 703.6
FREEZING, INSTALLATION 605.8
FREQUENCY, DOSING 706.1
FRICTION FACTOR, HAZEN-WILLIAMS 703.3
FRICTION LOSS, PRESSURE
DISTRIBUTION 703.5
G
GENERAL REGULATIONS Chapter 3
GROUND WATER
Artificial drainage 405.2.2
Fill 406.6.3
General 403.1.5, 406.2
Monitoring procedures 405.2.3
Monitoring well 405.2.4
Mound systems 902.7
Observation monitoring 405.2.5
Reporting data monitoring 405.2.6
H
HAZEN-WILLIAMS FRICTION FACTOR 703.3
HEADER, DISTRIBUTION 605.6
HEAT FUSION, POLYETHYLENE 505.9.1
HOLDING TANKS
Construction 805.3
General 805
Sizing 805.2
Warning device 805.5
HOLE, PERCOLATION TEST 404.2.1
2009 INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE SEWAGE DISPOSAL CODE IDENTIFICATION, MATERIALS 502
INDUSTRIAL WASTE 302.3
INFILTRATIVE CAPACITY OF SOIL,
MOUND SYSTEMS 903.6
INSPECTION
Fill 406.6.6
General 107, Chapter 12
INSPECTION OPENINGS, TANKS 802.6
INSTALLATION
Holding tanks 805.4
Mound systems absorption 904.6
Pipe 505.14
Septic tank 802.8
Winter 605.8
J
JOINT
ASS mechanical 505.3.1
ASS plastic pipe 505.3
ASS solvent cement 505.3.2
ASS, coextruded composite pipe 505.5
Approval 505.2
Asbestos cement 505.4
Cast iron 505.6
Cast-iron caulk 505.6.1
Concrete 505.7
Copper 505.8
Dissimilar material 505.12
General 505
Heat fusion, polyethylene 505.9.1
Mechanical cast iron 505.6.2, 505.6.3
Mechanical polyethylene 505.9.2
Mechanical PVC 505.10.1
Polyethylene 505.9
PVC 505.10
PVC coextruded composite 505.11
Soldered copper 505.8.2
Solvent cement 505.3.2, 505.10.2
Vitrified clay 505.12
L
LOADING RATE, PRESSURE
DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM 702
LOCATION
Mound systems, sloping 902.9
Soil boring 403.1.2
M
MAINTENANCE
General 102.5
Mound systems 904.10
Septic tanks 803.1
Treatment tanks 803.1
MANHOLE, SEPTIC TANK 802.4
2009 INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE SEWAGE DISPOSAL CODE
INDEX
MANIFOLD, PRESSURE DISTRIBUTION 703.4
MATERIAL, PIPE 505.1
MATERIALS Chapter 5
MEANS OF APPEAL 109
MECHANICAL JOINT
ASS 505.3.1
Compression, cast iron 505.6.2
Copper 505.8.1
Polyethylene 505.9.2
PVC 505.10.1
METHOD OF DISCHARGE 602.3
MINIMUM ABSORPTION AREA
Other buildings 604.1
Residential 603.1
MINIMUM SEPARATION
Septic and treatment tanks 802.8
MONITORING
Artificial drainage 405.2.2
Ground water 405.2
Precipitation 405.2.1
Procedures 405.2.3
Well design 405.2.4
Wells, observation 405.2.5
Wells, reporting data 405.2.6
MOTTLE
Color 403.1.4
General 403.1.4, 403.2
Precipitation 405.2.1
Reporting 403.2, 403.2.2, 405.2.2
Verification 405.1
MOUND DIMENSIONS 903.1
MOUND SYSTEM
Construction techniques 904
Design 903
Design criteria 903
General Chapter 9
Percolation test 902.3, 902.4, 902.5
Prohibited locations 902.2
Soil and site requirements 902
Trenches 903.3
MOVED STRUCTURE 102.9
N
NONCONFORMING SITE, REPLACEMENT .. 401.3.1
NOTICE OF APPROVAL 107.4
NUMBER OF BORINGS 403.1.1
o
OBSERVATION, MONITORING DESIGN 405.2.5
OBSERVATION PIPES 605.7
OBSERVED GROUND WATER 403.1.5
P
PE PLASTIC PIPE Table 505.1.1, 505.9
73INDEX
PERCOLATION 404
PERCOLATION RATE
Absorption 406.3
Seepage pit 406.4
PERCOLATION TEST
General 404
Hole 404.2.1
Mechanical equipment 404.2.4
Mound system 902.3
Procedures 404.2
Procedures, other 404.2.3
Sandy soil 404.2.2
Soil borings 403.1
Verification 405.1
PERMEABILITY EVALUATION 404,404.3
PERMEABLE SOIL 406.2
PERMEABLE SOIL,
MOUND SYSTEM 902.3, 902.4, 902.5
PERMIT
Application 106.2
Fees 106.4
General 106.1
Revocation and suspension 106.3.5
PERVIOUS ROCK, MOUND SYSTEMS 902.6
PIPE
Distribution 605.6
Dosing size 706.1
General 505
Identification 502
Installation 505.14
Observation 605.7
Placement of fill. 406.6.1
POLYETHYLENE
Heat fusion 505.9.1
Joint 505.9
Mechanicaljoint 505.9.2
PRECAST CONCRETE TANKS 504.2
PRECIPITATION 405.2.1
PRESSURE DISTRIBUTION
Absorption area 702.2
Alarm system 705.3
Bed construction 704
Distribution pipe 703.3
Force main 703.6
Friction loss 703.5
Loading rate 702
Manifold 703.4
Pump alarm 705.2
Pumps 705
Soil requirements 702.1
System design 703
Waste water 702.3
PRESSURE DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS Chapter 7
PRIVIES 302.2
PROFILE DESCRIPTION 403.1
PROFILE, SOIL 403.1.3
74
PROHIBITED LOCATIONS, MOUND
SYSTEMS 902.2
PUBLIC SEWER 101.3
PUMP ALARM 705.2
PUMP CHAMBER 802.11
PUMPS, PRESSURE DISTRIBUTION 705
PVC PLASTIC PIPE
Joint 505.10
Mechanical joint 505.10.1
Plastic pipe 505.1, 505.1.1
Solvent cement joint 505.10.2
R
REMOVAL FROM SERVICE 108
REPAIRS AND MAINTENANCE 102.4,102.5
REPLACEMENT SYSTEM
Area 401.3
Nonconforming site 401.3.1
Undisturbed site 401.3.2
REPORTING DATA, MONITORING WELL 405.2.6
RESIDENTIAL SIZING 603
REVOCATION, PERMIT 106.3.5
ROCK STRATA, MOUND SYSTEMS 902.10
S
SAND FILL, MOUND SYSTEMS 904.5
SANDY SOIL, PERCOLATION TESTS 404.2.2
SCOPE 101.2
SEEPAGE PIT
Percolation rate 406.4
Residential 603
SEPARATION
Distance Table 406.1
Septic and treatment tanks Table 802.8
SEPTAGE DISPOSAL 803.2
SEPTIC TANKS
Backfill 802.9
Capacity 802.7
Concrete 504.2
Design 802.2
Fiberglass 504.4
General 504, Chapter 8
Identification 502.1
Inspection tanks 802.6
Installation 802.8
Maintenance 803.1
Service, removal 108
Steel 504.3
SEWER CONNECTION 101.3
SITE-CONSTRUCTED TANKS 504.2
SITE EVALUATION Chapter 4
SITE INVESTIGATION, SLOPE ALTERING 406.7.1
SITE LOCATION 406.1
SITE PLAN 106.2.6
2009 INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE SEWAGE DISPOSAL CODE SITE PREPARATION, MOUND SYSTEMS 904.2
SITE PROTECTION, ALTERED SLOPE 406.7.3
SITE REQUIREMENTS
General 406
Mound systems 902
SIZING
Absorption system, general 602.1
Absorption system, other buildings 604.1
Absorption system, residential. 603.1
Dosing capacity 802.11.1
Dosing pipe 706.1
Holding tanks 805.2
Mound absorption systems 903.2
Mound trenches 903.3
Septic tank 802.7
SLOPE
Altering 406.7
General 402
Mound systems 902.8
Verification 405.1
SLOWLY PERMEABLE SOIL
General 406.2
Mounds 902.3
Sludge disposal 803
SOIL
Color 403.1.3
Color patterns 403.2
Texture 403.1.3
SOIL ABSORPTION SYSTEM
Area, minimum other buildings 604.1
Filled areas 406.6
General Chapter 6
Horizontal separation distance Table 406.1
Location 406.1
Minimum residential 603.1
Other buildings 604
Percolation rate 406.3
Sizing 602
Sizing, residential 603
Slope 402.1
SOIL BORING
Depth 403.1.1
General 403
Location 403.1.2
Mound systems 902.1
Number 403.1.1
Profile description 403.1
SOIL CHARACTERISTICS 403.1
SOIL DATA 106.2.5
SOIL DESCRIPTION 403.1.3
SOIL EVALUATION
General 403
Permeability 404.3
SOIL INFILTRATIVE CAPACITY
Mound systems 903.6
SOIL MAPS 406.5
SOIL MOTTLES
Contrast and color 403.1.4
2009 INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE SEWAGE DISPOSAL CODE
INDEX
General 403.1.3, 403.1.4
Monitoring 405.2
Reporting 403.2.2
Verification 405.1
SOIL PROFILE
Color 403.2
General 403.1, 403.1.3
SOIL REQUIREMENTS
Mound systems 902
Pressure distribution system 702.1
SOIL SATURATION
Color 403.2
Mottles 403.2.1
SOIL VERIFICATION 405
SOLDERED JOINT 505.8.2
SOLVENT CEMENT
ASS 505.3.2
PVC 505.10.2
STEEL TANKS 504.3
STOP WORK 108.5
STRUCTURE, MOVED 102.9
SURFACE WATER 302.5
SUSPENSION OF PERMIT 106.3.5
SYSTEM DESIGN
Mound system 903
Pressure distribution system 703
SYSTEM FAILURE 101.5
SYSTEM LOCATION, ALTERED SITE 406.7.2
T
TANKS
Approval 504.1
Concrete 504.2
Design 802.2
Fiberglass 504.4
General 504
Holding 805
Identification 502
Steel 504.3
TEST EQUIPMENT, PERCOLATION
MECHANICAL 404.2.4
TEST HOLE, PERCOLATION 404.2.1
TEST, PERCOLATION PROCEDURES 404.2
TREATMENT TANKS
Design 802.12
General 802
Separation 802.8
TRENCH
Construction, pressure distribution 704
Mound systems 903.3
Percolation 406.3
Sizing, residential 603
U
UNDISTURBED SITE, REPLACEMENT 401.3.2
75INDEX
UNSAFE CONDITIONS 108.7
V
VALIDITY 106.3.2
VIOLATIONS 108
VITRIFIED CLAY
Joint 505.12
Pipe Table 505.1
VOLUME, DOSING 706.1
W
WARNING DEVICES, HOLDING TANKS 805.5
WASTE
Clear water 302.5
Domestic 302.1
Industrial 302.3
WATER SOFTENER 302.6
WELLS, MONITORING DESIGN 405.2.4
WINTER INSTALLATION 605.8
76 2009 INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE SEWAGE DISPOSAL CODE
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