Industrial Hydraulics – Project Manual

Industrial Hydraulics – Project Manual
اسم المؤلف
Bosch Rexroth AG
التاريخ
24 مايو 2022
المشاهدات
76
التقييم
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Industrial Hydraulics – Project Manual
Bosch Rexroth AG
Introduction
Imparting knowledge through project work • Project designation with short description of
the industrial application • Comparison of project exercises Bosch Rexroth AG/BIBB •
Component matrix • Overview of components • Safety aspects
B
Basic principles of hydraulics
System technologies/energy conversion • Simple hydraulic circuit • Symbols according
to DIN ISO 1219-1 • Circuit systems in the field of hydraulics • Demands placed on drive
elements • Physical basic principles • Hydraulic fluids • Filtration
C
Project tasks
Fundamental safety notes • 01 Hydraulic power unit • 02 Hydraulic pump/variable displacement pump characteristic curve • 03 Single-rod cylinder/pressure intensification •
04 Single-rod cylinder/flow • 05 Hydraulic motor • 06 4/3 directional valve • 07 Check
valve • 08 Check valve, pilot operated • 09 Throttle valve, adjustable • 10 Throttle check
valve • 11 Flow control valve • 12 Pressure relief valve, direct operated • 13 Pressure relief valve controls • 14 Pressure reducing valve • 15 Pressure switch • 16 Pressure switch/
hysteresis • 17 Hydraulic accumulator • 18 Regenerative circuit • 19 Rapid speed/creep
speed control • 20 Valve circulation control • 21 Commissioning, inspection, maintenance, troubleshooting, repair
D
Annex
RE 07008 General product information about hydraulic products from
Bosch Rexroth AG
s
The increasing importance of process-oriented working procedures, the growing complexity
and networking of new technologies as well as comprehensive, customer-oriented services
have resulted in the necessity to restructure industrial metalworking professions, which was
laid down in regulations in 1987.
Restructuring of industrial metalworking professions (source: DIHK 06/2004)
Qualification requirements
The requirements for core qualification are met by solving tasks set in the form of project
steps, which involve informing, planning, decision-making, executing, checking and assessing. Mastering and internalizing the multitude of qualifications finally results in the professional
competence to act.
Time frame – method (source: DIHT 06/2004)
Subject
area-specific
specialized
training
Subject
area-specific
specialized
training
Profession-specific specialized training
Interdisciplinary specialized training
Basic training
Profession-specific
specialized training
over 21 months, including
specialized task in the
company’s field of
activities
Training period (years)
Common
core qualification
21 months
Integrated training
1st step
Analysis of qualification
requirements
→ Training pattern
(technical structure)
2nd step
Synthesis of
qualification contents
→ Time frame
(time structure)
In the sense of fields of
work/activities within the
context of professionspecific business
processes
Field of
activities

  • Core qualifications
  • Specialist qualifications +
    Fields of activities
    Specialist qualifications
    Core qualificationsIntroduction 2 Bosch Rexroth AG I RE 00845/04.07
    Imparting knowledge through project work
    The present Project Manual Industrial Hydraulics is intended for imparting the required specialist knowledge in the field of hydraulic control technology in practice-oriented applications.
    Through the logically structured project work the trainee:
    • is to understand the physical laws and technical interrelationships (area, pressure, force,
    work and power),
    • is to become able to explain the function, structure, practical operating principle and possible applications of hydraulic equipment,
    • is to become able to read and understand symbols and circuit diagrams,
    • is to get to know basic controls of hydraulics and assemble units according to prepared
    circuit diagrams,
    • is to be made familiar with types, properties, requirements and application of hydraulic
    fluids.
    The project tasks and project work described in the Project Manual Industrial Hydraulics provide trainers and trainees with information and instruments that will help them comply with the
    demands made on the transfer of specialist know-how in the field of hydraulics.
    The sub-objectives listed below, which are taken from the framework curriculum for vocational
    training of industrial mechanics, are matched with the regulations for vocational training in
    industrial metalworking professions dated 09.07.2004 (BGBl. I. S. 1502). The sub-objectives
    listed refer to training objectives given for hydraulic control technology.
    Industrial mechanics
    • plan and organize work sequences, check and assess work results,
    • verify mechanical and physical variables,
    • assemble and disassemble machines, equipment, fixtures and systems,
    • commission systems and plants, including open and closed-loop control equipment, and
    instruct customers,
    • carry out maintenance work and ensure the operability of technical systems,
    • prepare technical documentation,
    • apply standards and regulations for safeguarding the process and product quality and
    contribute to continuing improvements in the work sequences in the company.
    Industrial mechanics are mainly assigned to professional activities in the field of production,
    assembly, maintenance and automation of technical systems. The fields of activities mentioned
    before are dealt with in individual training sections. Within the fields of activities, the training
    sections of the individual training years are based on each other.
    In training section-oriented lessons the solutions required for project handling are not imparted
    like in conventional lessons. The solution of the task set is worked out alternately in systematic,
    technical and situation- or case-related training. In the course of the project work it should
    be envisaged that the trainee can handle the projects on his/her own and under his/her own
    responsibility and, whenever possible, in a team.
    This brings the training contents closer to the trainee’s real world of experience, which enables
    and simplifies imparting the professional competence to act in the lessons.
    To solve a more complex project task, it may be required to impart the basic principles for this
    project in systematic technical training.
    Training contents
    Framework
    curriculum
    Fields of activities
    Training sectionsIntroduction 3 Bosch Rexroth AG I RE 00845/04.07
    Training section 6, which is geared to hydraulic control technology, is described below.
    Training
    section 6:
    Installing and commissioning
    control systems
    2nd year of training
    Recommended time: 60 hours
    The trainees are to install and commission control systems. They determine the control
    components to be used and the functional sequence for controls on the basis of circuit
    diagrams and other documentation for various component technologies. For this, they use
    manufacturers’s documents.
    The trainees plan and realize the set-up of the control. They commission the control system
    observing rules for safety at work. They develop strategies for troubleshooting and optimization of the control systems and apply them.
    They document and present their results utilizing suitable user programs.
    Contents:
    • Technology diagram
    • Hydraulic power part
    • Supply unit
    • Sensors
    • Flow of material, energy, information
    • Electrical circuit diagrams
    • Pressure fluids
    • Pressures, forces, velocity, flow
    • Operating modes
    • Plant safety
    The starting point of didactic-methodical structuring of the training situation in the individual
    training sections is to be the business and work process in the vocational field of activities. This
    is reflected in the formulation of objectives in the individual training sections. The objectives of
    the training sections are the decisive factors for the structuring of the lessons and represent
    the minimum scope together with supplementary contents.
    The technical contents of the individual training sections are formulated generally and are not
    listed in a differentiated way. The individual contents of the training sections are coordinated
    with the training curriculum for in-company training.
    According to § 7 of the regulations for vocational training in industrial metalworking professions
    deviations from the training curriculum are permitted in terms of technical contents and time
    schedule, in particular, where practical requirements necessitate this deviation.
    The project tasks described in the Project Manual Hydraulics are structured so that the trainee
    achieves the training objectives described in the project definition in 6 project steps:
    • Informing,
    • Planning,
    • Deciding,
    • Executing,
    • Checking,
    • Evaluating.
    Training schedule
    (Training framework curriculum § 10 section 1 No. 10/Control technology)Introduction 4 Bosch Rexroth AG I RE 00845/04.07
    Specialist
    competence
    Professional
    competence to act
    The objectives described are geared to the development of competence to act. The trainee will
    develop his or her competence to act from the capability and willingness to solve tasks and
    problems and evaluate results in a target-oriented manner, skillfully, methodically and independently on the basis of technical knowledge and skills.
    The projects described in the project definition are oriented towards practical needs and are
    characterized by a high level of conformity with customer orders from industry and trade. Customer orders represent complete activities and develop and promote the trainee’s professional
    competence.
    As mentioned before, the trainee is to work off the project task or the project order in 6
    steps.
  1. Informing
    Based on the project definition, the trainee is to get a clear idea of the finished solution, including
    any required details. This is achieved through a systematic analysis of the project documentation and, if required, by asking questions.
    Possible questions: • What is to be done?
    • Have I understood the task completely?
    • Which hydraulic component/system is to be dealt with?
  2. Planning
    Planning means the theoretical preparation and anticipation of the concrete execution. In detail,
    planning requires competence to handle the project order and to organize the project handling
    steps.
    Possible questions: • How to proceed?
    • What knowledge is required?
    • Which aids are available?
    • Are there comparable applications in my company?
  3. Decision-making
    After the planning stage, the trainee determines the aids to be used, e.g. which data sheets are
    required for coping with the project task. He/she decides on the sequence and the interrelationships of the individual project steps. Moreover, a decision should be made as to whether it
    would be easier to solve the project task in a team.
    Possible questions: • Which hydraulic components will be used?
    • How can you know that technical data sheets are up to date?
    • Have I utilized all available sources of information?
    • Are the prescribed safety instructions at hand?
  4. Executing:
    The order is to be executed according to the work instructions given in the chapter “order execution”, taking all safety notes into account. After a thorough preparatory phase, the trainee is to
    carry out the project order largely on his/her own. After the solution was worked out in writing,
    it should be verified or questioned, whether the right attempt at a solution was selected.
    Depending on the project order, the possibilities of execution may be limited. This is valid, for
    example, in the case of costly work in the field of information technology.
    Possible questions: • Have I chosen the correct sequence?
  5. Checking:
    The trainee must check intermediate results as early as during the execution stage, and finally
    the result of the customer requirement. In some cases, the result can be compared with the
    manufacturer’s documents. In the case of measuring exercises, it must be checked, whether the
    measured results are realistic. The documentation should also be finally corrected, improved
    and completed. This also includes the preparation of a final report. After completion, the trainer
    makes a final check.Introduction 5 Bosch Rexroth AG I RE 00845/04.07
    Procedural
    knowledge
    Pictogram
    Possible questions: • Was the control properly installed?
    • Has the project objective been complied with?
    • Is the customer satisfied with the project result?
    • Which documentation is required?
    • Is the result completely documented in the correct order?
  6. Evaluating:
    In the final evaluation phase, an external or self-evaluation is to be carried out on the basis of
    a comparison of project order documents, the installed control and results of measurements
    and checks.
    Faults, if any, and their causes must be analyzed and possibilities discussed as to how faults
    can be avoided in the future.
    The trainee must learn to assess his/her strengths and weaknesses and develop objective quality
    standards for his/her acting, which ultimately leads to personal competence. The evaluation can
    be finalized in a technical discussion, possibly also in a discussion with the customer.
    General notes:
    For didactic reasons, we refer exclusively to trainees and trainers in the present manual. We
    expressly point out that these terms include all persons involved in the basic and advanced
    training: Instructors, teachers, project managers, etc., whether male or female.
    In this manual, we do not give notes on procedural knowledge (explanatory knowledge). It is
    the knowledge of how to achieve a certain result with which measures, procedures or processes – in this case, how the learning target can be reached.
    The present manual must be understood as a tool for providing the required core and specialist qualification that must be imparted in an integrated form through independent planning,
    executing and checking according to the regulations for vocational training in industrial metalworking professions.
    The pictograms, which are used as recurrent symbols, are to transfer important information
    as quickly as possible in the form of a simplified graphical representation and independently
    of languages

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