Copper Tube Handbook

Copper Tube Handbook
اسم المؤلف
غير معروف
التاريخ
22 مايو 2023
المشاهدات
249
التقييم
(لا توجد تقييمات)
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Copper Tube Handbook
Industry Standard Guide for the Design and Installation of Copper Piping Systems
CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION 7
UNDERSTANDING COPPER TUBE

  1. STANDARD TUBES 9
    Types of Copper Tube 9
    Tube Properties 9
    Identification of Copper Tube 9
    Introduction To Copper Tube, Piping and Fittings 10
  2. SELECTING THE RIGHT TUBE FOR THE JOB 11
    Advantages of Copper Tube 11
    Minimum Recommendations for Various Applications 11
  3. DESIGN AND INSTALLATION DATA 13
    Pressure System Sizing 13
    Pressure Ratings and Burst Strength 15
    Drainage Plumbing Systems 17
    Copper Tube for Heating Systems 19
    Ground Source Heat Pumps 20
    Nonflammable Medical Gas Piping Systems 20
    Medical Gas Copper Installation 21
    Snow Melting Systems 22
    Irrigation and Agricultural Sprinkler Systems 22
    Solar Energy Systems 22
    Copper-Iron Alloy Tube and Fittings for High Pressure HVAC/R Applications 23
    General Considerations 25
    WORKING WITH COPPER TUBE
  4. BENDING 30
    Bending Copper Tube 30
    TABLE 4.1. Bending Guide for Copper Tube 30
  5. JOINING METHODS 32
    Solder or Brazed Joints 32
    No-flame Joints 32
    Additional Joining Methods 32
  6. FITTINGS, SOLDERS, FLUXES 33
    Fittings 33
    Solders 33
    Fluxes 34
  7. SOLDERED JOINTS 35
    Measuring and Cutting 35
    Reaming 36
    Cleaning 36
    Applying Flux 37
    Assembly and Support 38
    Heating 38
    Applying Solder 39
    Cooling and Cleaning 40
    Testing 40
    Soldering Preparation 41
    Soldering and Brazing Copper Alloy Flanges 41
    Fluxing & Soldering Techniques 41
    Soldering of No-Lead Copper Alloy Fittings, Valves & Components 41
  8. BRAZED JOINTS 42
    Brazing Filler Metals 42
    Fluxes 42
    Assembly 43
    Applying Heat and Brazing 43
    Horizontal and Vertical Joints 43
    Removing Residue 44
    General Hints and Suggestions 44
    Brazing Copper Tube 44
    Testing 44
    Purging 44
    How to Braze Threaded Copper Adapters 44
  9. FLARED JOINTS 45
    How-To: Use Flare Joints for Copper 46
  10. ROLL GROOVE JOINTS 47
    Preliminary Requirements 47
    Installation Steps 47
    Testing 49
  11. PRESS-CONNECT JOINTS 50
    Preliminary Requirements 50
    Installation Steps 51
    Press-Connect Joints for HVACR Applications 53
    Testing 54
  12. PUSH-CONNECT JOINTS 55
    Preliminary Requirements 55
    Installation Steps 56
    Testing 58
  13. MECHANICALLY FORMED EXTRUDED OUTLETS 59
    Preliminary Requirements 59
    Installation Steps 60
    Testing 63
    Solderless Fittings 63
    TECHNICAL DATA
  14. TABLES AND FIGURES 65
    TABLE 14.1. Copper Tube: Types, Standards, Applications, Tempers, Lengths 65
    TABLE 14.2A. Dimensions and Physical Characteristics of Copper Tube: Type K 66
    TABLE 14.2B. Dimensions and Physical Characteristics of Copper Tube: Type L 67
    TABLE 14.2C. Dimensions and Physical Characteristics of Copper Tube: Type M 68
    TABLE 14.2D. Dimensions and Physical Characteristics of Copper Tube: DWV 69
    TABLE 14.2E. Dimensions and Physical Characteristics of Copper Tube: ACR 70
    TABLE 14.2F. Dimensons and Physical Characteristics of Copper Tube: Medical Gas, K and L 71
    TABLE 14.3A. Calculated Rated Internal Working Pressures for Copper Tube: Type K 72
    TABLE 14.3B. Calculated Rated Internal Working Pressure for Copper Tube: Type L 73
    TABLE 14.3C. Calculated Rated Internal Working Pressure for Copper Tube: Type M 74
    TABLE 14.3D. Calculated Rated Internal Working Pressure for Copper Tube: DWV 75
    TABLE 14.3E. Calculated Rated Internal Working Pressure for Copper Tube: ACR 76
    TABLE 14.4A. Pressure-Temperature Ratings of Soldered and Brazed Joints 77
    TABLE 14.4B. Pressure-Temperature Ratings of No-flame Joints 78
    TABLE 14.5. Actual Burst Pressures Types K, L and M Copper Water Tube 79
    TABLE 14.6. Pressure Loss of Water Due to Friction in Types K, L and M Copper Tube 80
    TABLE 14.6. Pressure Loss of Water Due to Friction in Types K, L and M Copper Tube 81
    TABLE 14.7. Pressure Loss in Fittings and Valves Expressed as Equivalent Length of Tube 82
    TABLE 14.7A. Pressure Loss in HVACR Elbows Expressed as Equivalent Length of Tube 83
    TABLE 14.8. Radii of Coiled Expansion Loops and Developed Lengths of Expansion Offsets 84
    TABLE 14.9. Dimensions of Solder Joint Ends for Wrought Pressure Fittings 85
    TABLE 14.10. Solder Requirements for Solder Joint Pressure Fittings 86
    TABLE 14.11. Typical Brazing Filler Metal Consumption 87
    TABLE 14.12. Filler Metals for Brazing 88
    FIGURE 14.1. Collapse Pressure of Copper Tube, Types K, L and M 89
    FIGURE 14.2. Expansion vs. Temperature Change for Copper Tube 90
    FIGURE 14.3 Coiled Expansion Loops and Expansion Offsets 91
    FIGURE 14.4. Selected Pressure Fittings 92
    FIGURE 14.5. Dimensions of Solder Joint Fitting Ends 93
    FIGURE 14.6. Melting Temperature Ranges for Copper and Copper Alloys, Brazing Filler Metals, Brazing Flux and Solders 94
    FIGURE 14.7. Brazing Flux Recommendations 95

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