اسم المؤلف
R. S. KHURMI , J. K. GUPTA
التاريخ
3 سبتمبر 2023
التصنيف
المشاهدات
297
التقييم
(لا توجد تقييمات)

Civil Engineering – Conventional And Objective Type
[For the Students of U.P.S.C. (Engg. Services);
I.A.S. (Engg. Group); B.Sc. Engg.; Diploma
and other Competitive Courses]
R. S. KHURMI , J. K. GUPTA
CONTENTS

1. ENGINEERING MECHANICS 1-53
I . Introduction. 2. Force. 3. Resultant Force. 4. System of Forces. 5. Lami’s Theorem. 6. Moment
of a Force. 7. Varignon’s Principle of Moments (or Law of Moments). 8. Parallel Forces.
2. Couple. 10. Centre of Gravity. 11. Moment of Inertia. 12. Friction. 13. Limiting Friction.
3. Laws of Static Friction. 15. Laws of Dynamic or Kinetic Friction. 16. Coefficient of Friction.
4. Limiting Angle of Friction. If. Angle of Repose. 19. Minimum Force Required to Slide
a Body on a Rough Horizontal Plane. 20. Effort Required to Move the Body up an Inclined
Plane. 21. Effort Required to Move the Body Down an Inclined Plane. 22. Efficiency of an
Inclined Plane. 23. Screw Jack. 24. Lifting Machine. 25. System of Pulleys. 26. Frame. 27.
Speed. 28. Velocity. 29. Acceleration. 30. Equations of Linear Motion. 31. Newton s Laws of
Motion. 32. Mass, Weight and Momentum. 33. D-Alembert’s Principle. 34. Motion of a Lift.
5. Motion of Two Bodies Connected by a String. 36. Projectile. 37. Equation of the Path of
a Projectile. 38. Angular Displacement. 39. Angular Velocity. 40. Angular Acceleration. 41.
Simple Harmonic Motion. 42. Velocity and Acceleration of a Particle Moving with Simple
Harmonic Motion. 43. Simple Pendulum. 44. Closely Coiled Helical Spring. 45. Compound
Pendulum. 46. Centre of Percussion. 47. Torsional Pendulum. 48. Centripetal and Centrifugal
Force. 49. Superelevation. 50. Collision of Two Bodies. 51. Work. 52. Power. 53. Energy.
Objective Type Questions
6. STRENGTH OF MATERIALS 54-129
I. Introduction. 2. Stress. 3. Strain. 4. Tensile Stress and Strain. 5. Compressive Stress and
Strain. 6. Young’s Modulus or Modulus of Elasticity. 7. Shear Stress and Strain. 8. Shear
Modulus or Modulus of Rigidity. 9. Stress in a Bar due to its Own Weight. 10. Stresses in
Bars of Varying Sections. 11. Stresses in Bars of Uniformly Tapering Circular Section.
7. Stresses in Composite Bars. 13. Stresses due to Change in Temperature – Thermal Stresses.
8. Thermal Stresses in Bars of Tapering Section. 15. Primary or Linear Strain. 16. Secondary
or Lateral Strain. 17. Poisson’s Ratio. 18. Volumetric Strain. 19. Bulk Modulus. 20. Bearing
Stress or Crushing Stress. 21. Principal Stresses and Strains. 22. Stress on an Oblique Section
of a Body Subjected to Direct Stresses in One Plane. 23. Stresses on an Oblique Section of
a Body Subjected to Direct Stresses in Two Mutually Perpendicular Directions. 24. Stresses
on an Oblique Section of a Body in One Plane Accompanied by a Simple Shear Stress. 25.
Stresses on an Oblique Section of a Body Subjected to Direct Stresses in Two Mutually
Perpendicular Directions Accompanied by a Simple Shear Stress. 26. Mohr’s Circle of Stresses.
9. Resilience. 28. Stress Induced in a Body Under Different Modes of Loading. 29. Types
of Beams. 30. Types of Loading. 31. Shear Force and Bending Moment Diagrams. 32.
Assumptions in Theory of Bending 33. Bending Equation for Beams in Simple Bending. 34.
Beams of Uniform Strength. 35. Beams of Composite Section (Flitched Beams). 36. Shear
Stress in Beams. 37. Deflection of Beams. 38. Shear Stress in Shafts. 39. Strain Energy due
to Torsion. 40. Shaft Subjected to Combined Bending and Torsion. 41. Springs. 42. Stiffness
of a Spring. 43. Carriage Spring or Leaf Springs. 44. Closely Coiled Helical Springs. 45. Springs
in Series and Parallel. 46. Riveted Joints. 47. Important Terms Used in Riveted Joints. 48.
Failures of Riveted Joints. 49. Welded Joints. 50. Thin Cylindrical and Spherical Shells. 51.
Change in Dimensions of a Thin Cylindrical Shell. 52. Thin Spherical Shells. 53. Thick
Cylindrical and Spherical Shells. 54. Direct and Bending Stress. 55. Limit of Eccentricity. 56.
Columns and Struts. 57. Rankine’s Formula for Columns. 58. Dams and Retaining Walls. 59.
Conditions for Stability for a Dam. 60. Active Earth Pressure. 61. Passive Earth Pressure. 62.
Rankine’s Theory for Active Earth Pressure. 63. Reinforced Cement Concrete Beams. 64.
Critical and Actual Neutral Axis. 65. Mechanical Properties of Materials. 66. Stress-Strain
Diagram for a Mild Steel under Tensile Test.
Objective Type Questions
10. HYDRAULICS AND FLUID MECHANICS
Pipe. or due Important 26. Orifice of 16. Metacentric Absolute Liquid. 1. 9. Compound aIntroduction. Types Important toLock 36. Liquid Friction Meter 4. Flow Expressions of Pressure. Gates. Pressure in Height. Flows and Pipes. Expressions through Motion. in2.Pitot Pipe. 10. Important of in 7. 13. 33. aaBuoyancy. used Tube. Measurement Nozzle Liquid. 31. 19. Pipe. Fluid Pipes used in Bernoulli’s Hydraulic 23. Terms 17. Kinematics. Notches in 5. atMomentum in Dynamics Pascal’s Parallel. 11. theOrifices used of end Equilibrium Gradient and Equation. Pressure. inLaw. of 14. 34. Weirs. of Hydraulics Equation. and aRate Fluid. Syphon. 6. Pipe. and 20 Mouthpieces. Atmospheric 8. 29. of of Total Total 18. Euler’s 37. Discharge. 24. Floating Pipes and Different 35. Water Orifice. Energy Pressure Fluid Equation and Power Pressur Bodies 27. Channels^^ Hammer Me 15 Types^T 25. Lines and Transmitt Notche hHyd 21° v,6 r^86 32 v C°f dS f8’es Cocff|ci ofC°n? h Dimensionless Flow 45. 42. Open Velocity Newton’s Channels. AroundofLaw Immersed Numbers. Sound 39. of Most Wave. Viscosity. Economical Bodies. 46. 43. Mach 49. Section Viscous Types Number ofResistance. of aand Channel. Forces its Importance. Present 40. 44. Vortex Compressible in47. Flow. a Stagnati Moving 4|Fio^011^0 v °W 1 VOnL^ 50
Objective Type Questions
11. HYDRAULIC MACHINES
of 9. Turbines. 1.Centrifugal Cavitation. Introduction. 6. Draft Pumps. 10.2.Centrifugal Tube. Impact 13. 7. Net of Specific Positive Pumps. Jets. 3.Speed. Suction 11. Hydraulic Multi-stage 8.Head Unit Turbines. (NPSH). Speed, Centrifugal 4. Unit 14. Impulse Model Discharge Pumps. Turbines. Testing 12. and Specific and Unit 5.Sirmlanu React Po^ Speed
of Pumps. 15. Reciprocating Pump. 16. Air Vessels. 17. Miscellaneous Hydraulic Machines.
Objective Type Questions
12. SURVEYING M
I . Introduction 2. General Classification of Surveys. 3. Principles of Surveying. 4. Scales
13. Measurement of Distance. 6. Instruments used for Chaining. 7. Error in Length due to
Incorrect Chain. 8. Chaining on Sloping Ground. 9. Correction for Slope. 10. Errors in
Chaining. 11. Tape Correction. 12. Chain Surveying. 13. Instruments for Setting out Right
Angles. 14. Obstacles in Chaining. 15. Traverse Surveying 16. Designation of Bearings
14. Reduced Bearings. 18. Fore and Back Bearings. 19. Local Attraction, Dip and Magnetic
Declination. 20. Theodolite Traversing. 21. Surveying Telescope. 22. Measurement of
Horizontal Angles, Direct Angles, Deflection Angles and Vertical Angles. 23. Traverse Survey
with a Theodolite. 24. Traverse Computations. 25. Balancing the Traverse. 26. Levelling. 27.
Simple and Differential Levelling. 28. Reduction of levels. 29. Contouring. 30. Methods of
Contouring. 31. Interpolation of Contours. 32. Plane Table Surveying. 33. Methods of Plane
Tabling. 34. Two Point Problem and Three Pcmt Problem. 35. Curves. 36. Transition Curves
15. Tacheometric Surveying. 38. Computation of Areas.
Objective Type Questions
16. BUILDING MATERIALS fBncb
17. Introduction. 2. Stones. 3. Important Building Stones. 4. Bricks. 5. Lin’6
18. Classification of Bricks. 7. Special Bricks. 8. Building Tiles. 9. Lime. y
j j Cement. 12. Testing of Portland Cement. 13. Mortar and Concrete. 14. Timber.
15 Seasoning of Timber. 15. Defect* In ‘limber. 17. Paints. 18. Varnishes. 19. Lacquers.
19. Distempers.
Objective Type Questions
7 IRRIGATION ENGINEERING 266-301
20. Introduction. 2. Classification of .Soil Water. 3. Terms used in Irrigation. 4. Base Period,
Delta and Duty. 5. Commanded Areas. 6. Methods of Distribution of Irrigation Water.
21. Consumptive use of Water. 8. Hydrology, 9. Hydrological Cycle. 10. Hydrograph,
Hyetrograph. 11. Precipitation. 12. Run-off and Catchment. 13. Estimation of Maximum Flood
Discharge. 14. Irrigation Canals. 15. Canal Alignment. 16. Layout of Canal System. 17. Terms
Relating to Canal Section. 18. Canal Lining. 19. Kennedy’s Silt Theory. 20. Lacey’s Theory.
22. Water Logging. 22. Canal Regulatory Works. 23, Regulators. 24. Escapes. 25. Canal Falls.
23. Canal Outlets or Modules. 27. Canal Head Works. 28. Weir or Barrage. 29. Bligh’s Creep
Theory. 30. Khosla’s Theory. 31. River Training Works. 32. Types of River Taining Works
24. Cross-Drainage Works.
Objective Type Questions
25. PUBLIC HEALTH ENGINEERING 302-339
26. Introduction. 2. Sources of Water. 3. Yield of a Well. 4. Quantity of Water. 5. Forecasting
Population. 6. Quality of Water. 7. Physical Examination of Water. 8. Chemical Examination
of Water. 9. Living Organisms in Water. 10. Biological Tests. 11. Water Treatment. 12.
Softening of Waler. 13. Distribution of Water. 14. Water Distribution System. 15. Methods
of Water Distribution System. 16. Sanitary Engineering. 17. Terms Used in Sanitary Engineer¬
ing. 18. Storm Sewage 19. Design of Sewers. 20. Methods of Sanitation. 21. Sewerage Systems.
27. Classification of Sewers. 23. Sewer Joints. 24. Sewerage Appurtenances. 25. House
Drainage. 26. Plumbing Systems. 27. Traps. 28. Privy. 29. Sewage Disposal. 30. Sewage
Treatment. 31. Classification of Sewage Treatment.
Objective Type Questions
28. HIGHWAY ENGINEERING 340-383
29. Introduction. 2. Classification of Roads. 3. Components of a City Road. 4. Water Bound
Mecadam Roads. 5. Elements of Transportation Cost of Highway. 6. Various Components of
a Road Surface. 7. Camber. 8. Superelevation. 9. Gradient. 10. Sight Distance. 11. Curves. 12.
Transition Curve. 13. Vertical Curves. 14. Procedure for Fixing Alignment of a Hill Road. 15.
Important Terms used in Hill Roads. 16. Classification of Hill Road. 17. Geometries of Hill
Road. 18. Construction of Hill Roads (Retaining Wall, Breast Wall and Parapets). 19. Flexible
Pavement. 20. Structure of a Road. 21. Flexible Pavement Design. 22. Group Index Method.
30. California Bearing Ratio (C.B.R.) Method. 24. Concrete Pavements. 25. Stresses in
Concrete Pavements. 26. Thickness of the Slab. 27. Joints in Concrete Pavement. 28. Criteria
for Highway Design. 29. Traffic Engineering. 30. Traffic Signs. 31. Traffic Signals. 32. Types
of Signals. 33. Signal Systems.
Objective Type Questions
31. RAILWAY ENGINEERING 384-415
32. Introduction. 2. Railway Gauges. 3. Rail Sections. 4. Length of Rail. 5. Rail Joints. 6. Coning
of Wheels. 7. Tilting of Rails. 8. Hogging of Rails. 9. Buckling of Rails. 10. Creep of Rails.
33. Wear of Rails. 12. Fish Plates. 13. Sleepers. 14. Types of Sleepers. 15. Sleeper Density.
34. Ballast. 17. Railway Fastenings and Fixtures. 18. Gradient. 19. Superelevation. 20. Cant
Deficiency. 21. Negative Superelevation or Cant. 22. Curves. 23. Plate Laying 24. Railway
Station. 25. Platform. 26. Railway Yards. 27. Important Terms used in Rails. 28. Points and
o . (X)
Crossings. 29. Crossings. 30. Track Junctions. 31. Signalling 37 „
Interlocking. 8‘ Slgnalhng System 33.
Objective Type Questions
35. SOIL MECHANICS AND FOUNDATIONS
36. Introduction. 2. Properties of Fine Grained Soil. 3. Three Phase r r
Terms Determination used inofSoil Properties Mechanics. of Solids. 5. Important 7. Sensitivity Relationships of Clays 8 Soil Between Structure Soil0^^^ o p
Conditions 10. 16. Seepage Coefficient inPressure. Soil. of Conxion. 14. 11. Compressibility Flow Lines !7. Degree and and Equipotential Consolidation of Consolidationi Lines 15 Coefficient ?2^ofVT1
il’T e’T2°’ C0U1°mb’S UW’ 2L 21 Coefficient “f
ot Soils. S’ 26. 0Terzaghi s Analysis. °f C°heSiVe Soils- 24 25. Bearing Capacity
Objective Type Questions
37. BUILDING CONSTRUCTION 454-4
38. Introduction. 2. Types of Foundations. 3. Types of Shallow Foundations. 4. Types of Deep
Foundations. 5. Classification of Piles. 6. Pile Driving. 7. Coffer Dams. ,8. Caissons. 9. Design
of Shallow Foundations. 10. Damp-Proofing. 11 Cavity Wall. 12. Scaffolding. 13. Shoring.
39. Under pinning. 15. Stone Masonry. 16. Classification of Stone Masonry. 17. Brick Masonry.
40. Bonds in Brick Work. 19. Retaining Walls and Breast Walls. 20. Partition Wall. 21.
Flooring. 22. Stairs. 23. Arches. 24. Classification of Arches. 25. Doors and Windows. 26.
Types of Doors and Windows. 27. Roofs. 28. Technical Terms used in Pitched Roofs. 29.
Types of Pitched Roofs.
Objective Type Questions
41. CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY 488-5
42. Introduction. 2. Properties of Concrete. 3. Classification of Concrete. 4. Functions of
Ingredients of Cement. 5. Composition of Cement Clinker. 6. Setting and Hardening of Cement.
43. Types of Cements. 8. Testing of Portland Cement. 9. Aggregate. 10. Specific Gravity and
Bulk Density of Aggregate. 11. Properties of Aggregate. 12. Bulking of Sand. 13. Deleterious
Materials in Aggregate. 14. Fineness Modulus. 15. Water. 16. Admixtures. 17. Water Cement
Ratio. 18. Workability. 19. Measurement of Workability. 20. Concrete G.ades. 21. Methods
of Proportioning Concrete. 22. Storing of Ingredients of Concrete. 23. Production of Concrete.
44. Stripping of Forms.
Objective Type Questions
45. REINFORCED CEMENT CONCRETE STRUCTURES 522-57
46. Introduction. 2. Assumptions in R.C.C. Beam Design. 3. Direct Tension and Compression
in Concrete. 4. Design of R.C.C. Structures. 5. Design of Singly Reinforced Beams. 6. Types
of Beam Sections. 7. Shear Stress in Reinforced Beams. 8. Bond Stress. 9. Doubly Reinforced
Section. 10. T-beam. 11. Columns. 12. Slabs. 13. Reinforcement in Slabs. 14. Bending Moment
in Slabs. 15. Two Way Slabs. 16. Flat Slab. 17. Circular Slab. 18. Ribbed, Hollow Block or
Voided Slab. 19. Foundations. 20. Design of Shallow Foundations. 21. Design of Deep
Foundations. 22. Retaining Walls. 23. Staircase. 24. Prestressed Concrete. 25. Losses in
Prestressing. 26. Analysis of Prestress. 27. Concept of Load Balancing. 28. Ultimate Load
Theory or Load Factor Method of R.C.C. Design.
Objective Type Questions
47. STEEL STRUCTURES DESIGN
572-633
48. Introduction. 2. Structural Steel Sections. 3. Important Terms. 4. Riveted Joints.
Riveted 5. Assumptions Connections. in the 8. Theory Welded of Riveted Joints. Joints. 9. Compression 6. FailuresMembers. of a Riveted 10.Joint. Euler’s 7. Eccentric Formula.
49. Angle Iron Struts. 12. Compression Member Composed of Two Components Back-to-Back.
50. Lacing and Battening for Built-up Columns. 14. Batten Plates. 15. Perforated Plates.
51. Eccentrically Loaded Column. 17. Column Splice. 18. Column Bases. 19. Tension
Members. 20. Net Sectional Area. 21. Design of Axially Loaded Tension Member. 22. Tension
Considerations Members Subjected of a Beam. to Bending. 27. Design 23. Tension of Beams. Splice. 28. Built-up 24. Lug Beams. Angle. 29. 25. Lintels. Beams. 30. 26. Jack Design Arch
Roofs. 31. Beam and Column Connections. 32. Plate Girder. 33. Design of a Plate Girder.
Objective Type Questions
52. CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 634-651
53. Introduction. 2. Functions of Construction Management 3. Classification of Construction
Works, 4. Construction Stages. 5. Construction Team. 6. Resources in a Construction Project
54. Construction Planning. 8. Construction Scheduling. 9. Organisation. 10. Principles of
Organisation. 11. Methods of Planning and Scheduling. 12. Bar Chart or Gantt Chart
55. Milestone Chart. 14. Ne4444twork Planning and Scheduling. 15. Terms used in Network
Planning Methods. 16. Critical Path Method (CPM). 17. Programme Evaluation Review
Technique (PERT).
Objective Type Questions
56. ENGINEERING GEOLOGY 652-716
57. Introduction to Geology. 2. The Restless Earth. 3. Palaeontology. 4. Mineralogy.
58. Petrology and Igneous Rocks. 6. Sedimentary Rocks. 7. Metamorphic Rocks. 8. Physical
Geology. 9., Structural Geology. 10. Field Geology. 11. Hydrology. 12. Earth Movements
and Volcanic Activities. 13. Civil Engineering Geology. 14. Physiography of India.
59. Stratigraphy of India. 16. Coal and Petroleum in India.
Objective Type Questions
INDEX

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