AutoCAD 2023 INSTRUCTOR – A Student Guide for In-Depth Coverage of AutoCAD’s Commands and Features

AutoCAD 2023 INSTRUCTOR – A Student Guide for In-Depth Coverage of AutoCAD’s Commands and Features
اسم المؤلف
James A. Leach, Shawna Lockhart
التاريخ
17 مارس 2024
المشاهدات
212
التقييم
(لا توجد تقييمات)
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AutoCAD 2023 INSTRUCTOR – A Student Guide for In-Depth Coverage of AutoCAD’s Commands and Features
James A. Leach
Shawna Lockhart
Table of Contents iv
CHAPTER 1 GETTING STARTED
CONCEPTS
Coordinate Systems
The CAD Database
Angles in AutoCAD
Draw True Size
Plot to Scale
STARTING AUTOCAD
THE AutoCAD DRAWING EDITOR
Beginning a Drawing
Drafting & Annotation Workspace
Command Entry Using the Keyboard
Accelerator Keys (Control Key Sequences)
Special Key Functions
Mouse Buttons
COMMAND ENTRY
Methods for Entering Commands
Understanding the “Command Tables”
in this Book
Command Entry Methods Practice
Line
DRAWING AIDS
Status Bar
Function Keys
AutoCAD Text Window
Model Space and Layouts
CUSTOMIZING THE AUTOCAD SCREEN
Toolbars
Ribbon
Clean Screen
Multiple Drawings
Options
CHAPTER 2 WORKING WITH FILES
AutoCAD DRAWING FILES
Naming Drawing Files
Beginning and Saving a Drawing
Accessing File Commands
File Navigation Dialog Box Functions
Windows Right-Click Shortcut Menus
New
AUTOCAD FILE COMMANDS 31
Qnew 32
Open 33
Save 35
Qsave 35
Saveas 35
Close 37
Closeall 37
Closeallother 37
Exit 37
Quit 38
Partialopen 38
Partiaload 39
Recover 40
Dwgprops 40
SAVETIME 41
AutoCAD Backup Files 42
Drawing Recovery 42
AutoCAD Drawing File Management 43
Using Other File Formats 43
CHAPTER 3 DRAW COMMAND CONCEPTS 45
AutoCAD OBJECTS 46
LOCATING THE DRAW COMMANDS 46
COORDINATE ENTRY 48
Coordinate Formats and Types 48
Coordinate Formats 48
Coordinate Types 48
Typical Combinations 48
Three Methods of Coordinate Input 48
Mouse Input 49
Dynamic Input 49
Command Line Input 50
PRACTICE USING THE THREE
COORDINATE INPUT METHODS 50
Line 50
Using Mouse Input to Draw Lines and Circles 51
Circle 51
Using Dynamic Input to Draw Lines and Circles 53
Using Command Line Input to Draw Lines
and Circles 55
Direct Distance Entry and Angle Override 57
Dynamic Input Settings 57
31Table of Contents v
POLAR TRACKING AND POLAR SNAP 58
Polar Tracking 58
Polar Tracking with Direct Distance Entry 59
Polar Tracking Override 60
Polar Snap 60
DRAWING LINES USING POLAR TRACKING 61
Using Polar Tracking
and Grid Snap 61
Using Polar Tracking and Dynamic Input 62
Using Polar Tracking, Polar Snap,
and Dynamic Input 63
CHAPTER 4 SELECTION SETS 69
MODIFY COMMAND CONCEPTS 70
SELECTION SETS 70
Selection Set Options 71
Selection Cycling 76
Select 76
NOUN/VERB SYNTAX 77
SELECTION SETS PRACTICE 77
Using Erase 78
Erase 78
Using Move 79
Move 79
Using Copy 80
Copy 80
Noun/Verb Command Syntax Practice 82
CHAPTER 5 HELPFUL COMMANDS 85
CONCEPTS 86
Help 86
Oops 88
U 88
Undo 88
Redo 90
Mredo 90
Regen 91
CHAPTER 6 BASIC DRAWING SETUP 93
STEPS FOR BASIC DRAWING SETUP 94
STARTUP OPTIONS 94
DRAWING TEMPLATES 95
Table of Basic Settings for the ACAD (Inch)
Templates 96
Table of Basic Settings for the ACADISO
(Metric) Templates 96
SETUP COMMANDS 97
Units 97
Keyboard Input of Units Values 98
Limits 99
Snap 101
Grid .103
Using Snap and Grid 104
Dsettings 104
INTRODUCTION TO LAYOUTS AND PRINTING
105
ModelTab and LayoutTabs 105
Why Set Up Layouts Before Drawing? 108
Printing and Plotting 108
Setting Layout Options and Plot Options 109
CHAPTER 7 OBJECT SNAP
& OBJECT SNAP TRACKING 113
CAD ACCURACY 114
OBJECT SNAP 114
OBJECT SNAP MODES 115
Acquisition Object Snap Modes 118
Object Snap Modifiers 120
OBJECT SNAP SINGLE POINT SELECTION 121
Object Snaps (Single Point) 121
OBJECT SNAP RUNNING MODE 123
Running Object Snap Modes 123
Osnap 123
Running Object Snap Toggle 124
Running Object Snap Override 124
Object Snap Options 124
OBJECT SNAP TRACKING 127
To Use Object Snap Tracking: 128
Object Snap Tracking with Polar Tracking 128
Object Snap Tracking Settings 130
CHAPTER 8 DRAW COMMANDS 1 137
CONCEPTS 138
Draw Commands—Simple and Complex 138
Draw Command Access 138
COMMANDS 139
Line 139
Circle 140vi Table of Contents
Arc
Use Arcs or Circles?
Point
Ptype
Pline
Pline Arc Segments
CHAPTER 9 MODIFY COMMANDS I
CONCEPTS
COMMANDS
Erase
Move
Rotate
Scale
Stretch
Lengthen
Trim
Extend
Trim and ExtendShift-Select Option
Break
Join
Copy
Mirror
Offset
Array
Arrayrect
Creating and Editing Arrays Using Grips
Arraypolar
Arraypath
Fillet
Chamfer
CHAPTER 10 VIEWING COMMANDS
CONCEPTS
ZOOM AND PAN WITH THE MOUSE WHEEL .
Zoom and Pan
Zoom with the Mouse Wheel
Pan with the Mouse Wheel
Zoom
Pan
Zoom and Pan with Undo and Redo
Viewback
Viewforward
View
Viewres 210
Ucsicon 211
Viewgo 212
Qvdrawing 212
Vports 213
CHAPTER 11 LAYERS AND
OBJECT PROPERTIES 219
CONCEPTS 220
Assigning Colors, Linetypes, Lineweights, and
Transparency 220
Object Properties 221
Plot Styles 221
LAYERS AND LAYER PROPERTIES CONTROLS 222
Layer Drop-Down List 222
Layer. 222
Layer Properties Manager Layer List 223
Color, Linetype, Lineweight,
and Other Properties 225
Layer Filters 227
Displaying an Object’s Properties
and Visibility Settings 229
Laymcur 230
Layerp 230
Layerstate 230
OBJECT-SPECIFIC PROPERTIES CONTROLS 233
Linetype 233
Linetype Drop-Down List 235
Lweight 235
Lineweight Drop-Down List 236
Color 237
Color Drop-Down List 238
True Color and Color Books 238
Setbylayer 239
CONTROLLING LINETYPE SCALE 240
LTSCALE 240
CELTSCALE 241
CHANGING OBJECT PROPERTIES 242
Properties Panel 242
Properties 243
Matchprop 243
Laymch 244
Laycur 245
Layiso 245
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.208Table of Contents vii
Layuniso 247
Copytolayer 247
Laywalk .248
Layfrz 251
Laythw 252
Layoff 252
Layon 252
Laylck 253
Layulk 253
Layvpi 253
Laymrg 254
Laydel 255
CHAPTER 12 ADVANCED DRAWING SETUP .261
CONCEPTS 262
STEPS FOR DRAWING SETUP 262
USING AND CREATING TEMPLATE DRAWINGS
266
Using Template Drawings 266
Table of Standard AutoCAD Templates 267
Creating Template Drawings 268
Additional Advanced Drawing Setup Concepts 269
Steps for Drawing Setup Using
Annotative Objects 269
CHAPTER 13 LAYOUTS AND VIEWPORTS .273
CONCEPTS 274
Paper Space and Model Space 274
Layouts 274
Viewports 275
Layouts and Viewports Example 277
Guidelines for Using Layouts and Viewports 280
Layoutwizard 281
Layout .283
Inserting Layouts with AutoCAD DesignCenter 285
Setting Up the Layout 285
Options 286
Pagesetup 287
Psetupin 288
USING VIEWPORTS IN PAPER SPACE 289
Vports 289
Qvlayout 292
Scaling the Display of Viewport Geometry .293
Locking Viewport Geometry 295
Linetype Scale in Viewports—PSLTSCALE .295
Vpmax 296
Vpmin 297
Scalelistedit 297
Chspace 298
Advanced Applications of
Paper Space Viewports 299
CHAPTER 14 PRINTING AND PLOTTING 309
CONCEPTS 310
TYPICAL STEPS TO PLOTTING 310
PRINTING, PLOTTING, AND SAVING
PAGE SETUPS 311
Plot 311
-Plot 316
Viewplotdetails 316
Pagesetup 317
Plot Dialog Box or Page Setup Managed 319
PLOTTING TO SCALE 320
Preview 320
Standard Paper Sizes 321
Calculating the Drawing Scale Factor 321
Guidelines for Plotting Model Space to Scale 322
Guidelines for Plotting Layouts to Scale 322
TABLES OF LIMITS SETTINGS 323
Examples for Plotting to Scale 329
CONFIGURING PLOTTERS AND PRINTERS .330
Plotting Components 330
Plottermanager 330
Add-A-Plotter Wizard 331
Plotter Configuration Editor 332
CHAPTER 15 DRAW COMMANDS II 337
CONCEPTS 338
COMMANDS 338
Xline 338
Ray 340
Polygon 341
Rectang 342
Donut 343
Spline 344
Ellipse 346
Divide 348
Measure 349viii Table of Contents
Mline 350
Multiline Style Dialog Box 352
Mlstyle 352
Multiline Style Dialog Box 353
Multiline Styles Example 354
Editing Multilines 355
Sketch 355
Solid 357
Boundary 357
Region 358
Wipeout 360
Revcloud 360
CHAPTER 16 MODIFY COMMANDS II 367
CONCEPTS 368
COMMANDS 368
Considerations for Changing
Basic Properties of Objects 369
Properties 370
Dblclkedit 373
Matchprop 374
Object Properties Drop-Down Lists 375
Quick Properties 376
Chprop 376
Change 376
Explode 377
Align 378
Pedit 379
Vertex Editing 382
Editing Plines with Grips 384
Editing Spline Fit Data Points 385
Splinedit 385
Editing Spline Control Vertices 387
Editing Splines with Grips 388
Reverse 389
Blend 389
Arrayedit 390
Mledit 392
Overkill 396
Boolean Commands 397
Union 398
Subtract 398
Intersect 399
Modifying Revclouds 400
CHAPTER 17 INQUIRY COMMANDS 407
CONCEPTS 408
COMMANDS 408
Status 408
List 409
Measuregeom 410
Id 413
Time 413
Setvar 414
Sysvarmonitor 415
Massprop 416
CHAPTER 18 TEXT AND TABLES 419
CONCEPTS 420
TEXT CREATION COMMANDS 422
Text 422
Mtext 425
Bullets and Lists 432
Creating Stacked Text 432
Creating Columns 433
Calculating Text Height for Scaled Drawings 434
Spacetrans 435
Txt2mtxt 436
Style 437
Annotative Text 440
Importing External Text into AutoCAD 443
Using an External Text Editor for Multiline Text 443
Format Codes for Creating MultilineText
in External Text Editors 444
Textedit 446
Mtedit 446
Properties 446
Spell 447
Find 448
Find/Replace in the Text Editor tab 450
Scaletext 450
Justifytext 452
Qtext 453
TEXTFILL 454
Substituting Fonts 454
TEXT FIELDS AND TABLES 455
Text Fields 455
Field 456
Creating and Editing Tables 457Table of Contents ix
Updatefield 457
Table 458
Tablestyle 459
The Table Cell Editor 461
Tabiedit 461
Editing Tables with Grips 463
Editing Tables with the Properties Palette 463
Importing and Exporting Tables 464
Table Breaks 465
Text Fields and Calculations in Tables 465
Text Attributes 468
CHAPTER 19 GRIP EDITING 475
CONCEPTS 476
GRIPS FEATURES 476
Activating Grips on Objects 477
Cold and Hot Grips 477
GRIPS System Variable Settings 478
Grips Menus 478
Grip Editing Options 479
Shift to Turn on Ortho 481
Auxiliary Grid 481
Editing Dimensions 481
Multifunctional Grips 482
GUIDELINES FOR USING GRIPS 482
GRIPS SETTINGS 483
Point Specification Precedence 484
More Grips 485
CHAPTER 20 ADVANCED SELECTION SETS .489
CONCEPTS 490
SELECTION SET VARIABLES 490
Changing the Settings 490
Options 491
OBJECT SELECTION TOOLS AND FILTERS 493
Selall 493
Selectsimiliar 493
Hideobjects 494
Unisolateobjects 495
Isolateobjects 495
Qselect 495
Filter 498
OBJECT GROUPS 501
Group 502
Groupedlt 503
Ungroup 503
Group Examples 504
Classicgroup 505
Changing Properties of a Group 507
CHAPTER 21 BLOCKS, DESIGNCENTER,
AND TOOL PALETTES 513
CONCEPTS 514
COMMANDS 516
Block 516
Block Color, Linetype, and Lineweight Settings 517
Insert 518
-Insert 519
Minsert 520
-Insert with * 521
Explode 521
Xplode 522
Wblock 523
Redefining Blocks and the Block Editor 525
Base 525
Bedit 526
Blocks Search Path 528
Purge 528
Rename 530
Setbylayer 531
Adcenter 532
DesignCenter Options 533
To Open a Drawing from DesignCenter 537
To Insert a Block Using DesignCenter 538
TOOL PALETTES 540
Toolpalettes 540
Creating and Managing Tool Palettes 542
COUNTING BLOCKS 544
Count 544
CHAPTER 22 BLOCK ATTRIBUTES
AND DATA LINKS 553
CONCEPTS 554
CREATING ATTRIBUTES 554
Steps for Creating and
Inserting Block Attributes 554
Attdef 555
Saving the Attributed Block 559x Table of Contents
Inserting Attributed Blocks 559
The ATTDIA Variable 560
The ATTREQ Variable 560
DISPLAYING AND EDITING ATTRIBUTES 560
Attdisp 560
Attedit 561
Multiple Attedit 562
Eattedit 562
Properties 563
Find 564
-Attedit 565
Global and Individual Editing Example 567
Battman 571
Attredef 573
Refedit, Properties, and Refclose 574
The Block Editor 575
Grip Editing Attribute Location 576
EXTRACTING ATTRIBUTES 576
Attsync 576
Eattext 577
Updating Attribute Data 581
Datalink 582
Data Link Examples 583
Datalinkupdate 585
CHAPTER 23 INTERNET TOOLS AND
COLLABORATION 591
CONCEPTS 592
Browser 593
Autodesk App Store (formerly Autodesk
Exchange) 594
Inetlocation 594
USING HYPERLINKS 596
Open from/Save to Web & Mobile 596
Hyperlink 596
HYPERLINKBASE 598
Selecturl 598
Transmitting Drawings 599
Etransmit 599
Transmittal Setups 600
Modify Transmittal Setup Dialog Box 600
CREATING .DWF AND .PDF FILES 602
Raster Files and Vector Files 603
Creating .DWF and .PDF Files
with ePlot and Export 603
Exportpdf 604
Exportdwf 605
ePlot Options 606
Creating .DWF and .PDF Files with Publish.606
Publish 606
IMPORTING .PDF FILES 609
Import 609
Pdfimport 612
Importing SHX Fonts from .PDF Files 613
PDFSHXTEXT. 613
Suggested Steps for Scaling
and Importing .PDF Files 614
Considerations for Importing
and Exporting .PDF Files 615
VIEWING .DWF AND .PDF FILES 616
Autodesk Design Review 616
DWF Underlay and PDF Underlay in AutoCAD 618
Attach 618
Dwfclip 620
To Detach a DWF or PDF Underlay 621
Viewing URLs (Hyperlinks) in a DWF Image 621
Dwflayers 621
COLLABORATING AND MARKUP TOOLS 622
The Markup Tools 622
The Markup Process 622
Shared Views 623
Shareview 623
Marking Up a Shared View 626
Making Markup in Autodesk Design Review 628
Markups from Autodesk Design Review 629
Opendwfmarkup 629
Markup 629
Share 630
DRAWING COMPARE 631
Trace 631
Compare 631
DRAWING HISTORY 632
DWGHISTORY 632Table of Contents xi
CHAPTER 24 MULTIVIEW DRAWING 637
CONCEPTS 638
PROJECTION AND ALIGNMENT OF VIEWS .638
Using Ortho and Object Snap
to Draw Projection Lines 638
Using Polar Tracking to Draw Projection Lines .639
Using Object Snap Tracking to Draw Projection
Lines Aligned with Object Snap Points 640
Using Xline and Flay for Construction Lines.642
Using Offset for Construction of Views 642
Realignment of Views Using Polar Snap and
Polar Tracking 643
USING CONSTRUCTION LAYERS 643
USING LINETYPES 644
Drawing With Hidden and Center Linetypes 645
Managing Linetypes, Lineweights, and Colors 646
ASSOCIATIVE CENTERLINES & CENTERMARKS 648
Drawing Associative Centerlines
and Centermarks 648
Centerline 648
Centermark 649
Modifying Centerlines and Centermarks 650
Grips 650
Properties 651
Centerdisassociate 652
Centerreassociate 652
Centermark and Centerline System Variables 653
Centerreset 653
CREATING FILLETS, ROUNDS, AND RUNOUTS 655
GUIDELINES FOR CREATING A TYPICAL
THREE-VIEW DRAWING 657
CHAPTER 25 PICTORIAL DRAWINGS 665
CONCEPTS 666
Types of Pictorial Drawings 666
Pictorial Drawings Are 2D Drawings 667
ISOMETRIC DRAWING IN AUTOCAD 668
Snap 668
Isometric Ellipses 670
Ellipse 670
Creating an Isometric Drawing 672
Dimensioning Isometric Drawings in AutoCAD 674
OBLIQUE DRAWING IN AUTOCAD 674
Isometric Drawing 676
Oblique Drawing 678
CHAPTER 26 SECTION VIEWS 675
CONCEPTS 679
DEFINING HATCH PATTERNS AND HATCH
BOUNDARIES 679
Steps for Creating a Section View Using the
Hatch Command 680
Hatch 681
Pattern Panel 682
Properties Panel 683
Boundaries Panel (Selecting the Hatch Area) 684
Origin Panel 686
Options Panel 686
Hatch and Gradient Dialog Box 688
Gradient Hatches 689
-Hatch Command Line Options 690
Creating Tool Palettes 694
Toolpalettes 694
EDITING HATCH PATTERNS & BOUNDARIES 696
Hatchedit 696
Using Grips with
Hatch Patterns 697
Using Trim with Hatch Patterns 697
Object Selection Features of Hatch Patterns 697
Solid Hatch Fills 698
Draworder .699
Texttofront 699
CHAPTER 27 AUXILIARY VIEWS 706
CONCEPTS 707
CONSTRUCTING AN AUXILIARY VIEW 707
Setting Up the Principal Views 707
Using Snap Rotate and Ortho 708
Rotating Snap Back to the Original Position 709
Using Polar Tracking 711
Using the Offset Command 712
Offset 713
Using the Xline and Ray Commands 714
Xline 714
Ray 714
Constructing Full Auxiliary Views 715
Reorienting the User Coordinate System 716xii Table of Contents
CHAPTER 28 DIMENSIONING
CONCEPTS
Dimension Components
Dimension Placement
Associativity
Accessing Dimension Commands
DIMENSION DRAWING COMMANDS
Dim
DimIinear
Dimaligned
Dimbaseline
Dimcontinue
Dimspace
Dimangular
Dimdiameter
Dimradius
Dim
Dimjogline
Dimjogged
Dimarc
Dimcenter
Dimbreak
Leader
Qleader.
Mleader
Mleaderstyle
Mleaderedit
Mleaderalign
Mleadercollect
Dimordinate
Qdim
Tolerance
Editing Feature Control Frames
Basic Dimensions
GDT-Related Dimension Variables
Geometric Dimensioning and
Tolerancing Example
Diminspect
EDITING DIMENSIONS
Grip Editing Dimensions
Multifunctional Grips
Exploding Associative Dimensions
Dimension Editing Commands
Dimtedit 769
Dimedit 770
Properties 771
Customizing Dimensioning Text 772
Associative Dimensions 773
Dimreassociate 775
Dimdisassoclate 776
DIMENSIONING VARIABLES INTRODUCTION . 777
Dimregen 777
CHAPTER 29 DIMENSION STYLES
AND VARIABLES 779
CONCEPTS 780
Dimension Variables 780
Dimension Styles 781
Dimension Style Families 781
Dimension Style Overrides 782
DIMENSION STYLES 783
Dimstyle or Ddim 783
-Dimstyle 787
DIMENSION VARIABLES 788
Changing Dimension Variables
Using the Dialog Box Method 789
Lines Tab 789
Dimension Lines Section (Lines Tab) 789
Extension Line Section (Lines Tab) 791
Symbols and Arrows Tab 792
Arrowheads Section
(Symbols and Arrows Tab) 792
Other Sections (Symbols and Arrows Tab) 793
Text Tab 794
Text Appearance Section (Text Tab) 795
Text Placement Section (TextTab) 796
Text Alignment Section (Text Tab) 797
Fit Tab 797
Scale for Dimension Features Section
(Fit Tab) 798
Fit Options Section (Fit Tab) 798
Text Placement Section (FitTab) 800
Fine Tuning Section (Fit Tab) 800
Primary Units Tab 801
Linear Dimensions Section
(Primary Units Tab) 802
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Measurement Scale Section
(Primary UnitsTab) 803
Zero Suppression Section
(Primary UnitsTab) 804
Angular Dimensions Section (Primary Units Tab) 804
Alternate UnitsTab 804
Alternate Unit Section (Alternate UnitsTab). 805
Zero Suppression Section (Alternate Units Tab) 806
Placement Section (Alternate UnitsTab) 806
Tolerances Tab 806
Tolerance Format Section (Tolerances Tab) 806
Alternate Unit Tolerance Section
( Tolerances Tab) 808
DIMCONTINUEMODE 808
Changing Dimension Variables
Using the Command Line Format 808
Dim . (variable name) 808
DIMASSOC (Associative Dimensions) 809
MODIFYING EXISTING DIMENSIONS 810
Modifying a Dimension Style 810
Creating Dimension Style Overrides
and Using -Dimstyle, Apply (Update) 811
Properties 811
-Dimstyle 811
Apply 811
Dimoverride 812
Matchprop 813
Dimension Right-Click Menu 814
GUIDELINES FOR NON-ANNOTATIVE
DIMENSIONING IN AUTOCAD 815
Strategy 1. Dimensioning a Single Drawing .815
Strategy 2. Creating Dimension Styles as
Part of Template Drawings 817
Optional Method for Fixed Dimension Text
Height in Template Drawings 817
DIMENSIONING IN PAPER SPACE LAYOUTS.818
When to Dimension in Paper Space 819
Procedure for Dimensioning in Paper Space 819
DIMENSIONING ISOMETRIC DRAWINGS 823
CHAPTER 30 XREFERENCES 831
CONCEPTS 832
An Xref Example 836
CREATING AND USING XREFS 838
Xref or External-references 839
Dependent Objects and Names 844
Evaluating New Layers 846
VISRETAIN/VISRETAINMODE/
XREFOVERRIDE 848
Evaluating and Reconciling Layers 849
Xattach 849
Xbind 849
Adcenter 850
Xclip 852
XCLIPFRAME 853
Demand Loading 854
INDEXCTL 855
XLOADCTL 856
XLOADPATH 856
XREFOVERRIDE 857
EDITING FOR XREFS AND BLOCKS 858
Xopen 858
In-Place Xrefand Block Editing 859
Refedit 860
Using -Refedit at the Command Line 862
Refset 862
Refclose 863
XEDIT 863
XFADECTL 864
XREFNOTIFY 864
PROJECTNAME 865
Reference Manager 867
XREFCTL 867
CHAPTER 31 OBJECT LINKING
AND EMBEDDING (OLE) 875
CONCEPTS 876
Cut and Paste Between AutoCAD Drawings 876
Cut and Paste Between AutoCAD
and Other Windows Applications (OLE) . 877
The Windows Clipboard 879
OLE RELATED COMMANDS 880
Copyclip 881
Copybase 882
Copylink 882
Cutclip 883
Cutbase 883
Pasteclip 883
Pasteorig 885xiv Table of Contents
Pasteblock
Pastespec
Insertobj
Pasteashyperlink
MANAGING OLE OBJECTS
Olelinks
OLE Right-Click Shortcut Menu
Olescale
Oleopen
Other AutoCAD Commands with OLE Objects
OLE-RELATED SYSTEM VARIABLES
MSOLESCALE
OLEHIDE
OLEQUALITY
OLESTAPTUP
CHAPTER 32 ADVANCED LAYOUTS, ANNOTATIVE OBJECTS, & PLOTTING
CONCEPTS
ADVANCED LAYOUTS
Layer Visibility for Viewports
Layer.
Vplayer
Layer Property Overrides
Linetype Scale in Viewports
Psltscale
Dimensioning in Paper Space
The “Reverse Method” for Calculating
Drawing Scale Factor
Steps for Calculating the Drawing
Scale Factor by the “Reverse Method”
ANNOTATIVE OBJECTS
Setting Annotation Scale and Viewport Scale
Creating and Displaying Annotative Objects
Multiple Viewports
SELECTIONANNODISPLAY
Adding and Deleting Scale Representations
for Annotative Objects
Objectscale
Adjusting Positions for Individual Annotative
Object Scale Representations
ANNOALLVISIBLE
Annoreset
Annoupdate
SAVEFIDELITY 924
Linetype Scales for Annotative Drawings 924
MSLTSCALE 925
Applications for Multiple Viewports 926
Using Two Layouts to Plot the Same
Geometry at Different Scales 926
Using Two Viewports to Display the Same
Geometry at Different Scales 928
Using One Layout to Plot Xref Drawings in
Multiple Viewports at Different Scales 930
PLOT STYLE TABLES AND PLOT STYLES 931
What is the Difference between a Plot Style
and a Plot Style Table? 932
Color-Dependent and Named Plot Style Tables 934
Attaching a Plot Style Table to a Layout 935
Creating a Plot Style Table 936
Stylesmanager 936
Editing Plot Styles 937
Assigning Named Plot Styles to Objects 939
Plotstyle 941
Named Plot Style Table Example 942
Convertpstyles 944
PLOT STAMPING 945
Convertctb 945
Plotstamp 945
CHAPTER 33 3D BASICS, NAVIGATION,
AND VISUAL STYLES 957
SETTING UP AUTOCAD TO DRAW IN 3D 958
Setting Up a Workspace 958
Activating the ACAD3D or ACADISO3D
Drawing Template 959
TYPES OF 3D MODELS 960
Wireframe Models 960
Surface Models 961
Solid Models 962
3D COORDINATE ENTRY 963
3D Coordinate Entry Formats 964
COORDINATE SYSTEMS 969
The World Coordinate System (WCS) and
WCS Icon 970
User Coordinate Systems (UCS) and Icons.970
The Right-Hand Rule 972
Ucsicon 972
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3D NAVIGATION AND VIEW COMMANDS 974
Pan 975
Zoom 976
Navvcube 976
3D Orbit Commands 980
3Dorbit 981
3Dforbit 982
3Deorbit 984
PERSPECTIVE 984
3Ddistance 985
View Presets 986
View 988
Adjusting the Amount of Perspective 990
3Dclip 991
Camera 992
Editing Camera Settings 994
3Dswivel 995
Navswheel 995
SteeringWheel Shortcut Menu 996
SteeringWheel Navigation Tools 997
SteeringWheel Settings 999
-Vpoint 1000
Vpoint 1001
Plan 1002
Grid 1002
Vports 1003
VISUAL STYLES 1005
Default Visual Styles 1006
Vscurrent 1006
Face Settings 1010
Shadow Settings 1012
Edge Effects 1013
Visualstyles 1014
Named Views and Viewports 1019
Graphics Performance Tuning 1021
Shade, SHADEDIF, SHADEDGE 1023
Render 1023
Printing 3D Models 1023
CHAPTER 34 USER COORDINATE SYSTEMS .1033
CONCEPTS 1034
CREATING AND MANAGING
USER COORDINATE SYSTEMS 1034
Ues 1035
Dducsp 1041
Ucsman 1042
ViewCube UCS Drop-Down List 1043
UCS SYSTEM VARIABLES 1044
Ucsbase 1044
Ucsview 1044
UcsOrtho 1044
Ucsfollow 1046
Ucsvp 1046
UCS3DPERPDISPLAYSETTING 1047
UCS3DPARADISPLAYSETTING 1047
UCSSELECTMODE 1047
Ucsaxisang 1047
USER COORDINATE SYSTEMS AND 3D MOD¬
ELING 1048
Dynamic User Coordinate Systems 1048
CHAPTER 35 SOLID MODELING
CONSTRUCTION 1051
CONCEPTS 1052
Solid Model Construction Process 1052
Solid Primitives Commands 1052
Dynamic User Coordinate Systems 1053
Commands to Move, Rotate, Mirror,
and Scale Solids 1053
Boolean Operations 1053
SOLID PRIMITIVES COMMANDS 1055
Box 1056
Cone 1057
Cylinder 1059
Wedge 1060
Sphere 1061
Torus 1062
Pyramid 1063
Polysolid 1064
Extrude 1066
Revolve 1068
Sweep 1069
Loft 1071
DYNAMIC USER COORDINATE SYSTEMS 1074
COMMANDS TO MOVE, ROTATE, MIRROR,
AND SCALE SOLIDS 1075
Move 1076
3Dalign 1077
3Dmove 1078xvi Table of Contents
3Dscale 1080
3Drotate 1080
Mirror3D 1082
3Darray 1084
BOOLEAN OPERATION COMMANDS 1087
Union 1087
Subtract 1088
Intersect 1089
Chamfer 1090
Fillet 1092
DESIGN EFFICIENCY 1093
CHAPTER 36 SOLID MODEL EDITING 1105
CONCEPTS 1106
EDITING PRIMITIVES USING THE PROPERTIES
PALETTE 1106
Editing Properties of Individual Primitives 1106
Composite Solid Subobject Selection 1108
Editing Properties of Composite Solids 1109
EDITING SOLIDS USING GRIPS AND GIZMOS 1109
Move, Rotate, and Scale Gizmos 1115
Grip Editing Composite Solids 1117
Subobjects and Selection 1118
Grip Editing Faces, Edges, and Vertices 1119
Selecting Overlapping Subobjects 1123
History Settings 1123
SOLIDS EDITING COMMANDS 1125
Solidedit 1126
Face Options 1127
Edge Options 1134
Body Options 1135
Slice 1138
Presspull 1139
Sectionplane 1141
Sectionplane Contextual Tab 1145
Section Settings Dialog Box 1147
Interfere 1147
Imprint 1149
Massprop 1150
USING SOLIDS DATA 1150
Stlout 1151
3Dprint 1152
Acisin 1152
Acisout 1152
CHAPTER 37 2D DRAWINGS
FROM 3D MODELS 1159
CONCEPTS 1160
COMMANDS 1161
Viewbase 1161
Viewbase Options 1165
Viewedit 1167
Drawing View Editing 1168
Viewproj 1169
Viewstd 1170
Viewsection 1171
Section View Examples 1173
Viewsectionstyle 1177
Modify Section View Style and New Section
View Style Dialog Boxes 1178
Section View Style and Detail View
Style Issues 1181
Viewcomponent 1182
Viewdetail 1183
Viewdetailstyle 1185
Modify Detail View Style and New Detail View
Style Dialog Boxes 1186
Viewupdate 1188
Viewupdateauto 1190
Viewsymbolsketch 1190
Creating Auxiliary Views Using Viewsection .1191
Dimensioning a Documentation Drawing .1193
APPENDIX A 1201
APPENDIX A 1202
AutoCAD 2023 Command Alias List
Sorted by Command 1202
APPENDIX B 1207
APPENDIX B 1208
BUTTONS AND SPECIAL KEYS 1208
Mouse and Digitizing Puck Buttons 1208
Function (F) Keys 1208
Control Key Sequences (Accelerator Keys) .1209
Special Key Functions 1210
List of Drawing Exercise File Names
(when files were created or changed) 12281212 Index
Symbols
@ 50
< > symbols 733, 772
2D documentation 1160
2D Object Snap 18
2D Wireframe view 1007
3D 958
Absolute Coordinates 966
Basics Workspace 958
Camera Viewing 992
Chamfer and Fillet 1054
Check model 1137
Coordinate 963
Dynamic UCS 1074
Edges 1013
Editing Primitives 1106
Grid options 1002
Grip editing 1119
Interfere 1147
Live Sectioning 1143
Mouse use 965
Navvcube 976
Orbit 980
Ortho use 967
Point Filters 968
Polar Tracking in 967
Presspull 1139
Primitives 1055
Primitive solids 1052
Printing 1151
Printing Models 1023
Relative Coordinates 966
Sectionplane 1141
Section Settings 1147
Separate 1136
Shadows 1012
Shell 1137
Slice 1138
User Coordinate Systems 969
Viewing Commands 974
Workspace 958
3DALIGN Command 1077
3DARRAY Command 1084
3DCLIP Command 991
3DDISTANCE command 985
3D Modeling Workspace 958
3DMOVE Command 1078
3DPRINT Command 1152
3DROTATE Command 1080
3DSCALE Command 1080
3DSWIVEL Command 995
.DWF 603, 605, 606, 616
Detach 621
Underlay 618
-Insert 519
.PDF 603, 606, 609, 612, 616
Detach 621
Underlay 618
-PLOT Command 316
.SHX 439
%%” symbols 772
A
A360 Drive 595
Absolute
3D Coordinates 966
Cartesian 965
Absolute Coordinates 16, 48
ACAD3D
.DWT Template 959
ACAD.CTB 933
ACAD.DWT 31, 95, 225, 268, 1181
ACAD.FMP 454
ACADISO3D
.DWT Template 959
ACADISO.DWT 32, 95, 809, 1181
ACADISO.LIN 234
ACAD_ISOnW100 Linetype 234,
241
ACAD.LIN 234
ACAD.PAT 682, 695
Accelerator keys 11,12
Accuracy 114
ACIS 1151
ADCENTER Command 532
Add
Select 74
Adobe Reader® 616
Advanced
Layout 898
Alias
Command 11
Align
3D objects 1077
Dimension 737
Multiple Leader 751
ALIGN Command 378
Aligning Views 638
All 74
Command 205
Alternate
Units 804
Angle
Counterclockwise 3
Hatch 683
Measure 412
Units 98
Angle Override 57
Angular
Dimension 730
ANNOALLVISIBLE Variable 922
ANNOAUTOSCALE 442, 692,
821, 823, 918
ANNORESET Command 922
Annotation
Linetype Scale 924
Monitor 19
Viewport Scale Sync 915
Visibility 19
Annotative
Attributes 568
Dimensions 821
Hatch Patterns 692
Object Position 920
Objects 269,914,916
SELECTIONANNODISPLAY
Variable 922
Text 440
ANNOUPDATE Command 923
ANSI 644, 645, 732, 810
ANSI Sheet Sizes 324
Aperture 115
Aperture box
Object Snap 125
Apparent intersection
Object Snap 118
Application Menu 8
App Store 595
Arc
Dimension 739
ARC Command 142
Architectural Sheet Sizes 325
ARCHITECTURAL TABLE OF
LIMITS SETTINGS 325
AREA Command 411
Array
Edit 178,390
Grips 178
in 3D 1084
Path 181
Polar 178
Rectangular 177
ARRAY Command 176
ARRAYEDIT Command 390
array option
copy command 80
ARRAYPATH Command 181
ARRAYPOLAR Command 178
ARRAYRECT Command 177
Arrowheads 792
Arrows
Suppress 799
ASCII 443,445
ASME Y14.5M – 1994 758
Associative
Centerlines and Centermarks 648
Dimension 722, 773, 809
Exploding 769
Hatch 680, 686
Associative Hatch 492
Selection 492Index 1213
Attach
Xref 839, 849
Attach DWF Underlay dialog 618
Attdef 575
ATTDEF Command 555
ATTDIA 559, 560
ATTDISP Command 560
ATTEDIT Command 561, 565
ATTMODE 561
Attredef 573
ATTREDEF Command 573
ATTREQ 566
ATTREQ Variable 560
Attribute
Annotative 568
Block 554
Creating 554
Define 555
Display 560
Edit 561, 565
Edit Enhanced 562
Extract 576
Find/Replace 564
Global/Individual Editing 567
Inserting Block with 559
Manager 571
Properties 563
Redefine 573
Redefining 570
Saving 559
Sync 576
Tag 555
Updating Data 581
Attribute Edit 565
Attributes
Define 527
Attsync 575
ATTSYNC Command 576
AutoCAD to PDF 604
Autocomplete 11
Autodesk Design Review
Markup 628
Autodesk Viewer 625
Automatic
Viewport 110
AutoScale 19
Auxiliary
Grid 481
Auxiliary View 708,1191
using Polar Tracking 711
with View Section 1191
Axonometric drawings 666
B
Backup Files 42
Back view 987
BASE Command 525
Baseline
Dimension 727, 736
Basic Dimension 760
Basic Settings
Templates 96
BATTMAN Command 571
BEDIT Command 526
Beginning a drawing 28
Big Font 439
BIMobject 537
Bind
Xref 842, 849
BLEND Command
Spline gaps 389
BLK 577
Block 514, 516, 832
Attribute 554
Attributes Define 527
Authoring Palettes 527
Create with Paste 885
Definition Dialog Box 516
Drag-and-Drop 538
Edit 526
Edit In-place 859
Explode to parts 521
Find/Replace Attributes 564
General Commands 515
Insert 518
Insert from DesignCenter 538
insertion options 518
insertion point 516
Insertion point with BASE 525
Insert multiple 520
Palette 518
Properties 517
Purge 528
Redefining 525
Reference Close 863
Reference Manager 867
Reference Set 862
Rename 530
Save As 527
Scale uniformly 516
Search Path 528
Set by layer 531
Write 523
Block Attribute Manager 571
BLOCK Command 516
Block Editor 575
BLOCKMRULIST 519
BLOCKNAVIGATE 519
BLOCKREDEFINEMODE 519
BMP 603
Boolean
with Regions 397
Boolean Commands 397
Boolean operations 1052, 1087
Border 107, 266
Bottom view 987
Boundaries
Hatch 684
Boundary
Display Hatch 696
Hatch 696
Hatch Recreate 696
BOUNDARY Command 357
Bounding Box 1150
Box 74
BOX Command 1056
Break
Dimension 741
Table 465
Break at Point 170
BREAK Command 169
Break down complex shape 377
Browser
Shared Views in 625
BROWSER Command 593
Bullets
Text 432
Buttons
Mouse 12
By Layer 239
ByLayer 233
c
Cabinet oblique 674
CAD 3
CAD/CAM 114
Calculation
in Table 465
CAMERA Command 992
CAMERADISPLAY 994
CANNOSCALE 440, 821, 914, 916
Cartesian coordinates 48
CDR 603
CECOLOR 237
CELTSCALE Command 241
Center
Lines 645
Object Snap 115
Zoom 206
CENTERCROSSGAP Variable 655
CENTERCROSSSIZE Variable 654
CENTERDISASSOCIATE Command
652
CENTEREXE Variable 654
CENTERLAYER variable 653
Centerline
Properties 651
CENTERLINE Command 648
Centerlines
Associative 648
Modifying 650
CENTERLTSCALE Variable 653
CENTERLTYPEFILE Variable 654
CENTERLTYPE Variable 654
Centermark1214 Index
Dimension 740
Grips 650
CENTERMARK command 649
CENTERMARKEXE Variable 655
Centermarks
Associative 648
CENTERREASSOCIATE
Command 652
Centroid 1150
CETRANSPARENCY 683
CGM 603
Chamfer
3D 1054
in 3D 1090
Polyline 187
CHAMFER Command 185
Change
Dimension 810
CHANGE Command 376
Change Group 507
Changing Object Properties 369
Check
Spelling 447
Check 3D Model 1137
Check Spelling Settings dialog
box 448
CHPROP Command 376
CHSPACE Command 298
Circle 53
Tangent, Tangent, Radius 142
CIRCLE Command 140
CIVIL TABLE OF LIMITS
SETTINGS 328
CLASSICGROUP Command 505
Classicinsert 519
Clean Screen 20, 24
Clip
3D 991
DWF 620
Xref 852
Clipboard 879
Close
Xref/Block 863
CLOSEALL Command 37
CLOSEALLOTHER Command
37
CLOSE Command 37
CLP 603
CMX 603
CNC 114
Collaborate tools 592
Collect
Multiple Leader 752
Color 221, 374
Edge 1135
Face 1134
Layer 225
Managing 646
True 238
COLOR Command 237
Color-Dependent
Plot 934
Colors
Object Snap 125
Columns
Text 433
Combining text
Txt2mtxt 436
Command
Alias 11
All 205
cycle with arrow keys 11
Command Entry 11
Keyboard 11
Command Line 7
Hatch 690
Command-Mode Menu 11
Commands
Entering 12
Compare
Drawing 631
COMPARE Command 631
Computer-Aided Design 3
Computer-Aided Manufacturing
114
Computer Numerical Control 114
Conceptual view 1008
CONE Command 1057
Configure
Plotter 330
Printer 330
Constraints
Infer 17
Construction Line
XLINE 338
Construction lines
Layers 643
Construction Lines 642
Continue
Dimension 736, 808
Continued
Dimension 728
CONVERTCTB Command 945
Convert Distance 435
CONVERTSTYLES Command 944
Coordinate
3D 963
Absolute 16
Cartesian 2
display 15
Entering 139
Entry 48
Geographic 16
Relative 16, 50
Specific 16
Systems 2
Copy 428
to Layer 247
Copybase 877
COPYBASE Command 882
Copyclip 877
COPYCLIP Command 881
copy command
array option 80
COPY Command 80, 172
Copylink 877
COPYLINK Command 882
COPYTOLAYER Command 247
COUNTCHECK 545
COUNTCOLOR 545
COUNT Command 544
COUNTERRORCOLOR 545
COUNTERRORNUM 545
COUNTNUMBER 545
COUNTPALETTESTATE 545
COUNTSERVICE 545
Create
Template Drawing 268
Text 422
Create Transmittal dialog box 599
Crossing 72
CSV 463, 579
CTB 931,935,945
Ctrl+E 669
Ctrl+H 503
Ctrl+N 31
CULLINOBJ 1110,1117
Current
Layer 224, 245
current folder 29
Current Scale
Line
Type 241
Custom
Dimension
Text 772
Customizing 22
Cut 428
Cutbase 877, 883
Cutclip 877
CUTCLIP Command 883
Cut/Paste 876
Cutting Plane
Line 700
Cycling
Selection 76
CYLINDER Command 1059
Cylindrical coordinates 965
D
Data Extraction 577Index 1215
Data Extraction wizard 577
Data Link 581
DATALINK Command 582
DATALINKUPDATE Command
585
Datum 760
Datum Targets 764
DBLCLKEDIT Variable 373
DCTCUST 448
DCTMAIN 448
Ddatte command 572
Ddedit 575
DDIM Command 783
DDUCSP command 1041
Default Color 6
DEFAULTGIZMO 1107, 1108, 1109,
1115
Default Menu 10
Default web location 594
Define Attribute 555
Define Attributes 527
DEFLPLSTYLE 935
Degree 345
Delete
Layer 224, 255
Delete Duplicate Objects dialog box
396
Demand Loading
Xref 854
Dependent objects 844
DesignCenter 531
Insert Block 538
Insert Layout with 285
Open Drawing 537
Options 533
Xref 851
Design Content 537
Detach DWF/PDF 621
Detail view 1183
Detail View Style Manager 1186
DGN 530, 603
Dialog Boxes 9
Dialog-Mode Menu 11
Diameter
Dimension 731
DIB 603
DIC 239
DIMADEC 804
DIMALIGNED Command 726
DIMALT 805
DIMALTD 805,810
DIMALTF 805,810
DIMALTRND 805
DIMALTTD 808
DIMALTTZ 808
DIMALTU 805
DIMANGULAR Command 730
DIMANNO 798,810
DIMAPOST 805
DIMARC Command 739
DIMARCSYM 794
DIMASSOC 773
DIMASSOC Variable 809
DIMASZ 793,810, 817
DIMATFIT 799
dimaunit 804
DIMAZIN 804
DIMBASELINE Command 727
DIMBLK 792
DIMBLK1 792
DIMBLK2 792
DIMBREAK Command 741
DIMCEN 793,810
DIMCENTER Command 740
DIMCLRD 789
DIMCLRE 761,791
DIMCLRT 761, 795
DIM Command 722, 723, 734
DIMCONTINUE Command 728
DIMCONTINUEMODE Variable
808
dimdec 802
DIMDEC 768,810
DIMDIAMETER Command 731
DIMDISASSOCIATE Command
776
DIMDLE 790
DIMDLI 737, 790, 810, 817
DIMDSEP 802,810
DIMEDIT Command 770
Dimension
Align 737
Angular 730
Annotative 821
Arc 739
Associative 722, 773, 809
Baseline 727, 736
Break 741
Centermark 740
Continue 736, 808
Continued 728
Diameter 731
Disassociate 776
Edit 481, 770
Exploding
Associative 769
Fit Options 798
Grips 766
Ignore 126
Inspection 765
Isometric 823
Jogged 739
Jogline 738
Modify 810
Ordinate 737, 753
Override 812
Style 786
Paperspace 818
Paper Space 910
Placement 721
Properties 771, 811
Quick 755
Radius 732
Reassociate 775
Regenerate 777
Right-Click Menu 814
Rotated 724
Scale 798,803
Spacing 729
Style in Template 809
Styles 781
Text 794
Edit 769
Units 801
using Matchprop 813
using Mtext/Text 732
Variables 777, 780
Dimensioning
3D model views 1193
Text
Custom 772
Dimensions 721
with Mtext or Text 733
Dimension Style Manager 780, 783,
784
Dimension Styles Manager 788
Dimetric drawings 666, 667
DIMEXE 791,810,817
DIMEXO 792,810
DIMFRAC 802
DIMFXL 792
DIMFXLON 792
DIMGAP 761, 796, 806, 810, 817
DIMINSPECT Command 765
DIMJOGANG 794
DIMJOGGED Command 739
DIMJOGLINE Command 738
Dimjust 796
DIMldrblk 793
dimlfac 803
DIMLIM 806
DIMLINEAR Command 721, 723,
725
DIMLTEX1 791
DIMLTEX2 791
DIMLTYPE 789
dimLunit 802
DIMLWD 790
DIMLWE 791
DIMORDINATE Command 753
DIMOVERRIDE Command 812
dimpost 803
DIMRADIUS Command 732
DIMREASSOCIATE Command 7751216 Index
DIMREGEN Command 777
DIMRND 802
DIMSAH 792
dimscale 798
DIMSCALE 778,791, 815
DIMSD1 790
DIMSD2 790
DIMSE1 791
DIMSE2 791
DIMSOXD 799
DIMSPACE Command 729
Dimstyle 787
DIMSTYLE Command 783
dimtad 796
DIMTAD 810
dimtdec 807
DIMTDEC 810
DIMTEDIT Command 769
DIMTFAC 795,807
DIMTFILL 795
DIMTFILLCLR 795
DIMTIH 797,810
DIMTIX 799
DIMTM 807
DIMTMOVE 768,800
DIMTOFL 801, 810
DIMTOH 797,810
DIMTOL 806
DIMTOLJ 807,810
DIMTP 807
DIMTSTSTY 761
DIMTXSTY 795
DIMTXT 438, 761, 795, 810, 817
DIMTXTDIRECTION 796
dimtzin 808
DIMTZIN 810
DIMUPT 800
DIMZIN 804, 810
Direct Distance Entry 57
directory 29
Disassociate
Centerline 652
Dimension 776
Display
Attribute 560
Hatch 698
DISPSILH 1007,1024
DISTANCE Command 410
DIVIDE Command 348
Documents 29
DONUT Command 343
Drafting and Annotation
Workspace 7
Drafting Settings 104
Drafting Settings dialog box 123
Drafting Standard dialog box 1170
drag
object selection 492
Drag-and-Drop
Block 538
Draw commands 46
Draw Commands 138
Drawing
area 100
Compare 631
File Management 43
Insert into other 519
Naming 28
Recovery 42
Scale 263,321
Setup 262, 657
starting 28
Starting 94
Status 408
Drawing Aids 15
Drawing Editor 6
Drawing Interchange Format 3
Drawing Recovery Manager 43
drawing scale factor 435
Drawing Setup 94
Advanced 269
Draw Order
Hatch 688
DRAWORDER Command 699
DS 59
Dsettings 59
DSETTINGS Command 104
DSF 321, 435
Duplicate
Removal of 396
DWF 30, 603, 621
Detach 621
Underlay 618
DWFCLIP Command 620
DWFLAYERS Command 621
DWFx 605
DWG 36,284,603
DWGHISTORY 632
DWGPROPS Command 40
DWS 35, 36
DWT 35, 36, 268, 284
DXE 577
DXF 3,35,36,603
Dynamic
UCS 971
Zoom 206
Dynamic Input 17, 49, 53, 57
Dynamic User Coordinate System
1053, 1074
E
EATTEDIT Command 562
EATTEXT Command 577
Edges in 3D 1013
Edit
Array 178, 390
Attribute 561, 572
Attribute enhanced 562
Attributes 565, 570
Block 526
Dimension 481, 770
Text 769
Hatch 696
Multiline 392
Multiline Text 446
Multiple Leader 750
Spline 385
Table 461
Table using Grips 463
Text 426, 446
Xref/Block 858, 860
In-place 859
Edit Attributes dialog box 561
Edit Block Definition dialog box 526
Edit Drawing Scales dialog box 297
Editing
Text 445
Editing 3D Primitives 1106
Edit-Mode Menu 10
efficient design 1093
Ellipse
Isometric 670
ELLIPSE Command 346
Endpoint
Object Snap 116
enhanced attribute editor 575
Enhanced Attribute Editor 562
Enter 12
Entering
Coordinates 48
Entering Commands 12
Entity
AutoCAD 46
ePlot Options 606
ERASE Command 78, 157
Esc 12
ETRANSMIT Command 599
EXE 599
EXIT Command 37
Explode
with options using XPLODE 522
EXPLODE Command 377, 521
Exploding
Associative
Dimension 769
Export
Table 464
EXPORTDWF Command 605
EXPORTPDF Command 604
Extend
Shift-Select 169
EXTEND Command 168
Extension
Object Snap 119Extents
Zoom 205
External References palette 839
External Text 443
Extract
Attributes 576
Extrude 1066
F
Fl 20
F2 20
F3 20
F4 20
F5 20
F6 20
F7 16,20
F8 18,20
F9 17,20
F10 18,20
Fil 20
F12 17,20
Facet Edges 1013
FACETRES 1024
FCF 758
feature control frame 758
Feature control frame 758
Fence 73
Field
Table using 465
Update 457
FIELD Command 456
Field dialog box 467
FIELDDISPLAY 456
Fields
Text 455
File
Formats 43
Management 43
File Navigation
Dialog Box 29
File save
Web and Mobile 595
File sharing 592
Fill
Text 454
Fillet
3D 1054
in 3D 1092
Polyline 184
FILLET Command 183
FILLETS 655
FILLMODE 343
FILLMODE Variable 698
Filter
Help results 87
Selection 493
FILTER Command 498
Filters
Layer 227
Find
Block Attributes 564
Replace Drawing Text 448
Find and Replace dialog box 564
FIND Command 448, 564
Find/Replace 450
First angle projection 1170
Fit Options
Dimension 798
Flatness Application 762
FMP 454
Font
Big 439
Mapping 454
.SHX 439
Substitution 454
TrueType 440
FONTALT 454, 455
FONTMAP 454, 455
Format
Text Codes 444
Tolerance 806
Formula
in Table 466
Freeze
Layer 251
Viewport 900
Freeze/Thaw
Layer 224
From
Object Snap 121
Front view 987
Function Keys 20
G
GALLERYVIEW 520
Gap Tolerance
Hatch 687
GDT 758
GEM 603
Geographic coordinates 16
Geometric Center
Object Snap 116
Geometric dimensioning and tolerancing 758
Geometric Dimensioning and
Tolerancing 758
Geometric Tolerance dialog box 759
GIF 603
Global
Attribute Editing 567
Gradient 688
Hatch 689
Graphics Area 7
Graphics Performance 20, 1021
Graphics Performance dialog 1021
Grid 16,265
Index 1217
Auxiliary 481
in 3D 1002
Isometric 668
Settings 103
GRID Command 103
GRIDDISPLAY 104, 1003
GRIDMAJOR 104, 1003
Grid Snap 101
Grip
3D Editing with 1119
GRIPBLOCK 483
GRIPMULTIFUNCTIONAL 482,
484
GRIPOBJLIMIT 484
Grips 71
Array 178
Centermark 650
Dimension 766
Editing with 476
Hatch 697
Hot/Cold 477
Menus 478
Settings 483
Show 476
Using 482
GRIPS 478
GRIPSIZE 483
GRIPS Variable 476,478
GRIPTIPS 484
Group 492, 504
Changing Properties of 507
Classic command 505
Object 501
Select 74
GROUP Command 502
GROUPDISPLAYMODE 504
GROUPDSIPLAYMODE 484
GROUPEDIT Command 503
H
Halo Gap % 1018
Hatch 679
Angle 683
Annotative Patterns 692
Associative 680, 686
Boundaries 684
Boundary display 696
Command Line 690
Creation ribbon tab 681
Display 698
Draw Order 688
Edit 696
Gap Tolerance 687
Gradient 688
Grips 697
Ignore 126
Island Detection 687
Options 6861218 Index
Origin 686
Pattern 679, 682
Properties 683
Recreate Boundary 696
Scale 683
Select 697
Solid 698
Trim 697
Hatch and Gradient dialog box 688,
689
HATCH Command 681
Hatch Creation tab 681
HATCHEDIT Command 696
HELP Command 86
Hidden
Lines 645
Hidden line view 1007
HIDEOBJECTS Command 494
History 29
History, Drawing 632
HPGAPTOL 687
HPLAYER Variable 680
HPORIGIN 686
HPSCALE 683
HPTRANSPARENCY 683
HTM 621
Hyperlink 596, 621
HYPERLINKBASE 597
HYPERLINKBASE Variable 598
HYPERLINK Command 597
I
ICO 603
Icon Buttons 12
ID Command 413
Identify
Point 413
IFF 603
Ignore
Dimension 126
Negative Z 126
Ignore hatch 126
IGS 603
Implied window 492
Import
Table 464
IMPORT Command 609
Importing .PDF 614
Importing SHX 613
Import .PDF 609
Imprint 1135, 1149
In
Zoom 205
INCHES.PSS 946
INDEXCTL Variable 855
INETLOCATION Command 594
Infer Constraints 17
In-Place Editing
Block/Xref 859
Input
Keyboard 98
Insert 832
Block 518
Block Components 521
Block from DesignCenter 538
Classic dialog box 519
Drawing 519
Object Snap 116
Options for Block 518
INSERT Command 518
Inserting
Block with Attribute 559
Insertion Point
block 516
Insertion Scale 98
INSERTOBJ Command 888
Insert Object dialog box 888
Insert Table dialog box 458
inspection dimension 765
Inspection Dimension dialog 766
Interfere 1147
Intersect 1054, 1089
INTERSECT Command 399
Intersection
Object Snap 116
Intersection, Apparent
Object Snap 118
Invisible
Attribute 557
Invisible attribute 557
ISAVEBAK 42
Island Detection
Hatch 687
ISO 732
ISO-25 810
Isodraft 669
Isolate
Layer 245
Layer to Current Viewport 253
Objects 20
Isolateobjects 493
ISOLATEOBJECTS Command 495
Isolines 1013
ISOLINES 1013
Isometric
Dimension 823
Drafting 18
Ellipse 670
Preset views 988
Snap & Grid 668
Isometric drawing 666
Isometric drawings 666, 668
ISO Pen Width 241
Isoplane 669
J
Jitter 1018
Jogged
Dimension 739
Jogline
Dimension 738
JOIN Command , 171
JPG 603, 621
Justify
Text 423, 428, 452
JUSTIFYTEXT Command 452
K
Keyboard 12
Command Entry 11
Function keys 20
Input 98
special key functions 12
Knots 345
L
LAS 233
Lasso 75, 76, 492
Last 74
LAYCUR Command 245
LAYDEL Command 255
Layer
By 239
Copy to 247
Current 245
Delete 224,255
Filters 227
for New VP 224
Freeze 251
Freeze/Thaw 224
inDWF 621
Isolate 245
Isolate to Current Viewport 253
List 223
Lock 253
Lock and fade 246
Lock/Unlock 225
Make Current 230
Match 244
Merge 254
New 224
Off 252
On 252
On/Off 224
Plot/No Plot 226
Previous 230
Properties, color, etc. 225
Reconcile 849
Set Current 224
Status 224
Thaw 252
Tools 244
Unisolate 247Unlock 253
VP Freeze 226
Walk 248
Xref 846
Xref Properties Manager 844
LAYER Command 222
LAYERP Command 230
Layer Properties Manager 222
Settings 229
Viewports in 902
Layer Property
Override 905
Layers 220, 221
LAYERSTATE Command 230
Layer States Manager 230
layer visibility
in viewport 276
viewport 279
Layer Visibility
Viewport 899
LayerWalk dialog box 249
LAYFRZ Command 251
LAYISO Command 245
LAYLCK Command 253
LAYMCH Command 244
LAYMCUR Command 230
LAYMGR Command 254
LAYOFF Command 252
LAYON Command 252
Layout 21, 105, 106, 109, 266, 274
Advanced 898
creating 281
Dimensions in 818
Guidelines for 280
Plot Scale 322
Tab 105
Transfer Object to Model space
298
Wizard 281
LAYOUT Command 283
Layouts
Multiple 926
LAYOUTWIZARD Command 281
LAYTHW Command 252
LAYULK Command 253
LAYUNISO Command 247
LAYVPI Command 253
LAYWALK Command 248
Leader
Multiple 746
Multiple Style 747
Quick 743
LEADER Command 742
Leader Settings dialog box 744
Left view 987
LENGTHEN Command 163
Limits 263
Setting Table 323
LIMITS Command 99
Line 53
Cutting Plane 700
TyPe
Current Scale 241
weight 235
LINE Command 139
Linetype 221
Layer 225
Pattern Generation 382
Scale 240
Use of 644
LINETYPE Command 233
Linetype Manager 233, 240
Linetypes 646
Linetype Scale
Annotation 924
in Viewport 908
non-contiguous lines 925
Viewport 295
Line Type Scale
Setting 265
Lineweight 221, 236
Layer 226
Lineweights 646
Lineweight Settings dialog box 235
Link
Data 581
Links 596
Links dialog box 890
LIST Command 409
Lists
Text 432
Live Sectioning 1143
Lock
Layer 253
Viewport 295
Lock and fade
Layer 246
Lock UI 19
Lock/Unlock
Layer 225
Loft 1071
Look 998
LTSCALE 262
Setting 265
LTSCALE Command 240
Ltype gen 382
LWDEFAULT 236
LWDISPLAY 236
LWEIGHT Command 235
LWUNITS 236
M
MAC 603
Magnet
Object Snap 125
Make Layer Current 230
Index 1219
Manage
Drawing Files 43
Managing
Xref 865
Marker
Object Snap 125
Marker size
Object Snap 125
Markup
Autodesk Design Review 628
OpenDWF 629
Shared Views 626
Tools 622
MARKUP Command 629
Markup Set Manager 629
Mass 1150
Massprop 1150
MASSPROP Command 416
Mass Properties
Measure 416
Match
Layer 244
Matchprop
with Dimension 813
MATCHPROP Command 243, 374
Match Property 374
Material Condition dialog box 760
MBUTTONPAN 202
MCS 603
MDB 579
Measure
Angle 412
Geometry 410
Mass Properties 416
Radius 413
Volume 413
MEASURE Command 349
Measuregeom
Quick option 410
MEASUREGEOM Command 410
MECHANICAL TABLE OF LIMITS
SETTINGS 324
Menu
Command-Mode 11
Default 10
Dialog-Mode 11
Edit-Mode 10
Right-Click Shortcut 30
Shortcut 10, 12
Menu Bar 8, 12
Menus
Grips 478
Merge
Layer 254
Metric (ISO) Sheet Sizes 326
METRIC TABLE OF LIMITS
SETTINGS 326
Mid Between 2 Points1220 Index
Object Snap 121
Midpoint
Midpoint 117
Object Snap 117
MINSERT Command 520
MIRROR3D Command 1082
MIRROR Command 173
MIRRTEXT 174
MLEADERALIGN Command 751
MLEADERCOLLECT Command
752
MLEADER Command 746
MLEADEREDIT Command 750
MLEADERSTYLE Command 747
MLEDIT Command 392
MLINE Command 350
MLSTYLE Command 352
MM.PSS 946
Mobile
File save 595
Open from 596
Model
Tab 105
Model space
Transfer Object to Layout 298
viewport 290
Model Space 16,21,274
Convert distance to Paper Space
435
Modifiers
Object Snap 120
Modify
Centerlines & Centermarks 650
Dimension 810
Modify commands 70, 156
Modify Commands
Advanced 368
Moments of Inertia 1150
Mouse
Buttons 12
use in 3D 965
wheel 12
Wheel
Pan 201
Zoom 201
Move
in 3D 1078
MOVE Command 79, 158
MPR 1150
MREDO Command 90
MSLTSCALE 262
MSLTSCALE Variable 925
MSOLESCALE 884,893
MSOLESCALE Variable 893
MSP 603
MTEDIT Command 446
MTEXT Command 425
MTEXTED 443
Mtext or Text
with Dimensions 732, 733
Multileader Style Manager 747
Multiline 350
Edit 392
Editing 355
Style 352
Text 425
Multiline Edit Tools dialog box 392
Multiline Text
Editing 446
Multiple 74
Viewports 926
Multiple Leader
746
Align 751
Collect 752
Edit 750
Multiview drawing 638
Multiview Drawing 657, 1160
N
Named
Views 1019
Named Style
Plot 934, 942
Naming Drawings 28
navigation
view commands 200
NAVSWHEEL Command 995
NAVSWHEELMODE 996
Navvcube
3D 976
NAVVCUBELOCATION 979
NAVVCUBEORIENT 980
NAVVCUBESIZE 979
Nearest
Object Snap 117
Negative Z
Ignore 126
NE Isometric view 988
NEW Command 31
New Folder 29
New Layer 224
New Layer VP 224
NIF 603
Node
Object Snap 117
NOHARDWARE 1023
non-uniform rational bezier spline
344
NORTHDIRECTION 980
Noun/Verb
Selection 491
Syntax 77
Noun/Verb selection 491
Noun/Verb Selection 71
NURBS 344
NW Isometric view 988
o
Object
AutoCAD 46
Group 501
Properties 375
Selection 490
Zoom 205
Object Grouping dialog box 506
Object Properties 221
Changing 242
OBJECTSCALE Command 918
Object Selection Filters 498
Object Selection Filters dialog box
498
Object Snap 114
2D 18
Aperture box 125
Apparent intersection 118
Center 115
Colors 125
Endpoint 116
Extension 119
From 121
Geometric Center 116
Insert 116
Intersection 116
Magnet 125
Marker 115, 125
Marker size 125
Mid Between 2 Points 121
Midpoint 117
Modifiers 120
Nearest 117
Node 117
Options 124
Override 121
Parallel 119
Perpendicular 117
Quadrant 118
Running Mode 123
Tangent 118
Temporary Tracking 120
Tip 115
Toggle 124
Tooltip 125
Tracking 18, 127
Tracking Settings 130
Object Snap Tracking 640
Oblique drawing 666
Oblique drawings 666, 667, 674
Off
Layer 252
Offset 642,712
OFFSET Command 174
OFFSETGAPTYPE 176
OLE 464, 880Managing 890
MSOLESCALE Variable 893
Right-Click 891
Variables 893
OLEHIDE 893
OLEHIDE Variable 893
OLEOPEN Command 891
OLEQUALITY 893
OLEQUALITY Variable 893
OLESCALE Command 891
OLESTARTUP 893
OLESTARTUP Variable 893
On
Layer 252
On/Off
Layer 224
OOPS Command 88
Opaque object 360
Open
Partial 34
Xref 858
OPEN Command 33
OPENDWFMARKUP Command
629
Open from Web & Mobile 596
0 (phi) symbol 732
Options 25
for Selection 491
Hatch 686
Object Snap 124
Options command 25
OPTIONS Command 286
Options dialog box 476, 491
Orbit
3D 980
Order
Draw 699
Ordinate
Dimension 737, 753
Origin 1037
Hatch 686
Ortho 18
3D 967
using Shift with Grips 481
OSNAPZ 126
OSOPTIONS 126
Out
Zoom 206
Output Device 109
OVERKILL Command 396
Overlay
Xref 840
Override
Dimension 812
Style 786
Layer Property 905
Xref 857
P
P10 603
Page
Setup 311
page setup 288
Page Setup 288
Add 312
Manager 287
PAGESETUP Command 287, 317
Page Setup dialog box 317
Palettes 7, 9
Tool 540, 694
Pan 12,200
Mouse
Wheel 201
PAN Command 207
Pantone 239
Paper Size 321
Paper space
Scale 293
viewport 290
Paperspace
Dimension 818
Paper Space 16, 274
Convert distance to Model Space
435
Dimension 910
Viewports 289
Paragraph
Text Alignment 429
Parallel
Object Snap 119
Parallel view 984
PARTIALOAD Command 39
Partial Open 34
PARTIALOPEN Command 38
Paste 428
Paste as Block 885
Pasteashyperlink 879
PASTEASHYPERLINK Command
889
Pasteblock 877
PASTEBLOCK Command 885
Pasteclip 877
PASTECLIP Command 883
Paste/Cut 876
Pasteorig 877
PASTEORIG Command 885
Pastespec 879
PASTESPEC Command 886
Paste Special 886
Paste Special dialog box 886
Paste to Original
Coordinates 885
PAT 695
Path
Array 181
Xref 856
Index 1221
Pattern
Hatch 682
PBM 603
PC2 937
PC3 333,931
PCL 603
PCP 937
PCX 603
PDF 603
Detach 621
PDFIMPORT Command 612
PDFSHXTEXT 613
PDFSHXTEXT Command 613
PDF Underlay 618
PDMODE 147,348
PDSIZE 147
PEDIT Command 379
Performance
Graphics 1021
Perpendicular
Object Snap 117
Perspective 984, 985, 990
Perspective projection 974
PGL 603
PIC 603
PICK 12
PICKADD 373,490
Pickadd Sysvar 373
PICKAUTO 490
PICKBOX 490
Pickbox size 491
PICKDRAG 490
PICKDRAG Variable 493
PICKFIRST 77,478,490
PICKSTYLE 490, 501, 502, 698
Pictorial drawings 666
PLAN Command 1002
PLINE Command 148
PLINEGEN 382
Plot 286
Convert Style 944
Details 316
Model Space 322
Named/Color Dependent 934
Named Style 934, 942
Paper Space 322
Scale 5,293,320
Style 931,936
Style Manager 936
Styles 221
to file 312
to Scale 329
PlotandPublishLog.CSV 317
PLOT Command 311
Plot dialog box 311
Plot/No Plot
Layer 226
Plot Scale 3211222 Index
Plot Settings
Default 286
PLOTSTAMP Command 945
plot style 932
Plot Style
Layer 226
Table in Layout 935
PLOTSTYLE Command 941
Plot Style Table 932
Plotter
Config Editor 332
Configure 330
Wizard 331
PLOTTERMANAGER Command
330
Plotting 105, 108, 310
Steps 310
PLT 603
Point
Identify 413
POINT Command 147
Point Filters
3D 968
Point Specification Precedence 484
Point Style 147
Polar
Array 178
Tracking 18
POLARANG 103
Polar coordinates 48
POLARDIST 103
Polar Snap 58, 101
Polar tracking 125
Polar Tracking 58, 61, 639
3D 967
for Auxiliary View 711
POLYGON Command 341
Polyline 148
Chamfer 187
Edit 379
Edit with Grips 384
Fillets 184
POLYSOLID Command 1064
Position
Annotation 920
Precedence
for point selection 484
Precision 98, 114
Preset
View 986
Preset Views 989
press and drag 492
Lasso 492
Presspull 1139
Previous 74
Layer 230
Zoom 206
Principal Moments 1151
Print
in 3D 1152
PRINT Command 311
Printer
Configure 330
Printing 105, 108, 310
Printing 3D Models 1023
Products of Inertia 1151
Projected Tolerance Zone 764
Projected views 1169
Projection 638
PROJECTION 638
Projection Lines 638
Projection Type 1170
PROJECTNAME Variable 865
Properties
Attributes 563
Centerline 651
Changing Objects 369
Dimension 771, 811
Hatch 683
Match 243
Object 375
palette 294
Text 446
Tool Palette 541
PROPERTIES Command 243, 370
Properties palette 243, 370
Property
Object 221
Table Editing with 463
Property Settings dialog 374
Property Settings dialog box 244,
374
PRT 603
PSD 603
PSETUPIN Command 288
PSLTSCALE 262,295
PSLTSCALE Command 295, 908
PSS 946
PSTYLEPOLICY 935
PTYPE Command 147
PUBLISH Command 606
PURGE Command 528
PYRAMID Command 1063
Q
QDIM Command 755
QLEADER Command 743
QNEW Command 32
QPLOCATION 377
QSAVE Command 35
QSELECT Command 495
QTEXT Command 453
Quadrant
Object Snap 118
Quick
Dimension 755
Leader 743
Select 495
Text 453
Quick Access Toolbar 8
Quick option
Measuregeom 410
Quick Properties 19
Quick Select 372
Quick Select dialog box 496
Quick View 212
Quick View Drawing 212
Quick View Layouts 292
QUIT Command 38
QVDRAWING Command 212
QVLAYOUT Command 292
R
Radii of Gyration 1151
Radius
Dimension 732
Measure 413
RAL 239
RAM 409
RAS 603
Raster 611
Raster Files 603
Ray 642, 714
RAY Command 340
Realistic view 1008
Realtime
Zoom 203
Reassociate
Center 652
Dimension 775
Recent Documents 34
Reconcile
Layer 849
RECOVER Command 40
Recovery
Drawing 42
Recreate Boundary
Hatch 696
RECTANG Command 342
Rectangle 342
Rectangular Array 177
Redefine
Attribute 573
Redefining
Attributes 570
Block 525
REDO Command 90
Refclose 574
REFCLOSE Command 863
Refedit 574
REFEDIT Command 860
Reference
Block/Xref Edit 860
Reference CloseXref/Block 863
Reference Manager
Block/Xref 867
Reference Set
Block/Xref 862
Reference Toolbar 838
REFSET Command 862
REGEN Command 91
Regenerate
Dimension 777
Region 397
Booleans used with 397
REGION Command 358
Relative Cartesian 965
Relative coordinates 16
Relative Coordinates 48, 50
3D 966
Reload
Xref 842
Remove
Select 74
Remove duplicate 396
RENAME Command 530
Reorient
UCS 716
User Coordinate System 716
Reorienting the User Coordinate
System 716
Replace
Block Attributes 564
Replace Drawing Text
Find 448
Replace Z value 126
Reset
Annotation 922
System Variables 416
Resolution
View 210
Revcloud
Modify 400
REVCLOUD Command 360
Reverse
Vertex order 389
REVERSE Command 389
Revolve 1068
Ribbon 7
customizing 23
Right-Click
OLE 891
Right-Click Menu
Dimension 814
Right-Click Shortcut 30
Right-Hand Rule 972
Right view 987
Rotate
in 3D 1080
Snap 708
ROTATE Command 159
Index 1223
Rotated
Dimension 724
ROUNDS 655
RTF 443
RTPAN 207
Running Mode
Object Snap 123
RUNOUTS 655
s
SAMPLE.CUS 448
SAT 1152
Save
Attribute 559
SAVEAS Command 35
Save Block As 527
SAVE Command 35
SAVEFIDELITY Variable 924
SAVEFILEPATH 41
SAVETIME 414
SAVETIME Command 41
Save to Web and Mobile 595
Scale
Dimension 798, 803
Drawing 263, 321
Hatch 683
in 3D 1080
Linetype 240
Linetype in Vport 908
Paper space 293
Plot 5,320
Plotting to 329
Text 450
Viewport 107, 277, 279, 293, 297
Zoom 205
SCALE Command 161
Scale Factor 912
SCALETEXT Command 450
Scale uniformly
Block 516
Search 87
Search Path
Blocks 528
Search the Web 29
Sectionplane 1141
Section Settings
3D 1147
Section View
Creating 680
Section views 679, 1171
Section Views 1173
Section View Style Manager 1177
SE Isometric view 988
SELALL Command 493
Select
Add 74
All 74
Box 74
Crossing 72
Fence 73
Group 74
Hatch 697
Lasso 75
Last 74
Multiple 74
Polygon 73
Previous 74
Quick 495
Remove 74
Single 74
Subobject 1118
SUbobject 74
Undo 74
Window 72
Select All 493
Select Color dialog box 237
SELECT Command 76
Selection
Associative Hatch 492
Filter 493
Filters 498
Noun/Verb 71
Options for 491
Shift key with 492
SELECTIONANNODISPLAY 443,
823, 917, 922
SELECTIONANNODISPLAY
Variable 922
Selection Cycling 76
SELECTIONCYCLING 77
SELECTIONEFFECTCOLOR 70
Selection set 493
Selection Set 70
Variables 490
Select Objects 490
SELECTSIMILAR Command 493
SELECTURL Command 598
Separate
3D Objects 1136
Set
Variable 414
SETBYLAYER Command 239, 531
Set Current
Layer 224
Settings
Drafting 104
Grips 483
Setup
Drawing 94, 262
Page 311
Setup Commands 97
SETVAR Command 414
SGI 603
Shaded view 1008
Shaded with Edges 1009
Shades of Gray view 10091224 Index
Shadows 1012
Share 593, 630
Shared View
Markup 626
Shared Views 623
in Browser 625
SHAREVIEW Command 623
Shell 1137
Shift + Left Button 74
Shift for Ortho 481
Shift key with selection 492
Shift-Select
Extend 169
Trim 169
Shortcut Menus 10, 12
Show
Grips 476
SHX 437
SHX fonts 439
SIMPLEX.SHX 454
Single 74
SKETCH Command 355
SKETCHING 356
Sketchy view 1009
SKPOLY 356
SKTOLERANCE 357
Slice 1138
Snap 17, 264
Increment 101
Isometric 668
Rotate 708
Style 102
SNAP Command 101
Snap Marker 115
Snap Tip 115
SNAPTYPE 103
SNAPUNIT 103
Solid
Hatch 698
SOLID Command 357
SOLIDEDIT Command 1126
SOLIDHIST 1118,1120
Solid models 960
Solid Models 962
Solid Primitives 1055
Spacebar 12
SPACETRANS Command 435
Spacing
Dimension 729
Special Characters
Text 445
Special Properties palette 374
Specific coordinates 16
Spell Check 431, 447
SPHERE Command 1061
Spherical coordinates 965
Spline
Control Vertices 387
Editing 385
SPLINE Command 344
SPLINEDIT Command 385
SPLINESEGS 381
SPLINETYPE 381
Stacked
Text 432
Standard
Templates 267
Starting
Drawing 94
Starting Autocad 5
Start Tab 6
STARTUP 32, 94
STARTUP system variable 32
Status
Drawing 408
Layer 224
Status Bar 15
STATUS Command 408
STB 931, 935
SteeringWheel 996
Stereo Lithography Apparatus 114
STL 1151
STLOUT Command 1151
STRETCH Command 162
Style
Dimension 781, 787
Override 786
Plot 931, 936
Table 458
Text 437
STYLE Command 437
STYLESMANAGER Command 936
Subobject
Select 1118
SUbobject
Select 74
SUBOBJSELECTIONMODE 1118
Substituting Font 454
Subtract 1054, 1088
SUBTRACT Command 398
Suppress
Arrows 799
Surface models 961
Sweep 1069
SW Isometric view 987
Symbol dialog box 759
Symbols 430
Sync
Attributes 576
Viewport Scale 915
System Variable Monitor 415
SYSVARMONITOR Command 415
T
Tab
Layout 105
Model 105
Table
Break 465
Calculations in 465
Edit 461
Edit using Properties 463
Field in 465
Formula in 466
Grip Edit 463
Import/Export 464
Properties 463
Style 458
Table Cell editor 461
TABLE Command 458
TABLEDIT Command 461
Tables 457
TABLESTYLE Command 459
Table Style dialog box 459
Tag
Attribute 555
Tangent
Object Snap 118
Tangent, Tangent, Radius
Circle 142
TDCREATE 41
TDINDWG 41
TDUPDATE 41
Template 31, 95, 266
Acad3D 959
Acadiso3D 959
ACADISO.DWT 32
Creating 268
Dimension Style in 809
Standard 267
Templates
Basic Settings 96
Temporary Tracking
Object Snap 120
TEXSTTOFRONT Command 699
Text
Annotative 440
Bullets and Lists 432
Columns 433
Combinging Single & Multiline
436
combining with Txt2mtxt 436
Create 422
Custom
Dimensioning 772
Dimension 794
Edit 769
Editing 445
Editor 426
Fields 455
Fill 454
Format Codes 444
Height 434
Import External 443Justify 423, 428, 452
Multiline 425
Paragraph Alignment 429
PDF 613
Properties 446
Quick 453
Scale 450
Special Characters 445
Stacked 432
Style 437
Symbols 430
Update Field 457
Window 20
TEXT Command 422
Text Commands 420
TEXTEDIT Command 446
Text Editor 426
TEXTFILL Command 454
Text Style 265
TGA 603
Thaw
Layer 252
Third angle projection 1170
Three View Drawing 657
TIF 603
Tiled
Viewport 290
TILEMODE 274
TIME Command 413
Titleblock 107,266
Toggle
Object Snap 124
Tolerance 345
Format 806
TOLERANCE Command 758
Toolbar
Quick Access 8
Toolbars 22
Tool Palette 540
Creating/Managing 542
Properties 541
Tool Palettes
Creating 694
TOOLPALETTES Command 540,
694
Tool Properties dialog box 542
Tools
icon buttons 12
Tooltip
Object Snap 125
Top view 986
Plan Command 1002
TORUS Command 1062
Trace 593, 631
Track Drawing Time 413
Tracking
Object Snap 127, 640
Polar 18,639
TRACKPATH 125
Transfer Object
Model/Paper 298
Transmit Drawing 599
Transparency 221
Layer 226
Transparent view 1010
Trim
Hatch 697
Shift-Select 169
TRIM Command 165
Trimetric drawings 666, 667
TrimMODE 186
TRIMMODE 185
True
Color 238
True Size
create drawings 3
TrueType 440
TrueType font files 437
TTF 437
TXT 443
Txt2mtxt 436
TXT2MTXT Command 436
uU
Command 88
UCS 716, 970, 1038, 1043
Dynamic 971
icon 211
Reorient 716
UCSAXISANG 1040
Ucsbase 1044
UCSBASE 989
UCS Command 1035
UCSFOLLOW 1041
UCSFOLLOW Command 1046
UCSICON Command 211,972
UCS Manager 1041
UCSMAN Command 1042
UcsOrtho 1044
UCSSELECTMODE 1037, 1043
Ucsview 1044
UCSVP Command 1046
UI Finder 87
Underlay 618
UNDO Command 88
UNGROUP Command 503
Unicode values 772
Union 1054, 1087
UNION Command 398
Unisolate 493
Layer 247
UNISOLATEOBJECTS Command
495
Unit
Precision 98
Units 262
Index 1225
Alternate 804
Angle 98
Dimension 801
UNITS command 97
Unlock
Layer 253
Update
Views 1188
UPDATEFIELD Command 457
Updating
Attribute Data 581
url
default 594
URL 596, 598, 621
User Coordinate System 716
Dynamic 1053, 1074
Reorienting 716
User Coordinate Systems 1034
3D use 969
Using
Grips 482
V
Variable
Dimension 777
Monitor 415
OLE 893
Set 414
Variables
Dimension 780
Reset 416
Selection Set 490
Vector Files 603
Verb/Noun Selection 71
View
Manager 208
Preset 986, 989
Quick 212
Resolution 210
Shared 623
View Alignment 638
Viewback Command 208
VIEWBASE Command 1161
VIEW Command 208
view commands 200
VIEWCOMPONENT Command
1182
ViewCube 979, 1043
VIEWDETAIL Command 1183
VIEWDETAILSTYLE Command
1185
VIEWEDIT Command 1167
Viewer
for Shared Views 625
Viewforward Command 208
VIEWGO Command 212
Viewing
3D commands 9741226 Index
Viewing .DWF 616
Viewing .PDF 616
View Manager 989
VIEWPLOTDETAILS Command
316
Viewport 213, 275
Automatic 110
Freeze 900
Guidelines for 280
Layer Visibility 276, 279, 899
Linetype Scale 295
Lock 295
Lock Scale 295
Model space 290
Multiple use 926
Named Views in 1019
Paper space 290
Scale 107, 277, 279, 297
Viewports
in Layer Properties Manager 902
Paper Space 289
Viewport Scale Sync
Annotation 915
Viewports dialog box 289
VIEWPROJ Command 1169
VIEWRES Command 210
Views
drop-down file list 29
Named 1019
Section 679
VIEWSECTION Command 1171
VIEWSECTIONSTYLE Command
1177
VIEWSTD Command 1170
VIEWUPDATEAUTO 1189, 1190
VIEWUPDATE Command 1188
Visibility
Layers in Viewport 899
Xref 848
VISRETAINMODE Variable 848
VISRETAIN Variable 848
Visual style 1005
Visual Style 1010
VISUALSTYLES Command 1014
Volume 1150
Measure 413
VP Freeze
Layer 226
VPLAYER Command 903
VPMAX Command 296
VPMIN Command 297
VPOINT Command 1000
Vports 1003
VPORTS Command 213,289
VSEDGECOLOR 1013
VSEDGES 1013
VSINTERSECTIONCOLOR 1014
VSINTERSECTIONEDGES 1014
VSINTERSECTIONLTYPE 1014
VSSHADOWS 1012
w
Walk 998
Layer 248
WBLOCK Command 523
WCS 979
Web
File save 595
Open from 596
Web browser 593
WEDGE Command 1060
Wheel
Mouse 12
Window 72
Implied 492
Zoom 204
WIPEOUT Command 360
Wireframe models 960
Wireframe view 1007
Workspace
3D 958
3D Basics 958
3D Modeling 958
Drafting and Annotation 7
Switching 19
World Coordinate System 970
Write Block 523
Dialog Box 524
WRL 603
X
XATTACH Command 849
XBIND Command 849
XBM 603
Xclip 835
XCLIP Command 852
XCLIPFRAME Command 853
Xdatum 754
XEDIT Variable 863
XFADECTL Variable 864
Xline 642,714
XLINE Command 338
XLOADCTL Variable 856
XLOADPATH Variable 856
XLS 579
XOPEN Command 858
XP
Zoom 205
XPLODE Command 522
XPM 603
X-ray view 1010
Xref 832, 836
Attach 839, 849
Bind 842,849
Clip 852
Demand Loading 854
DesignCenter 851
Edit 858
Indexed 855
In-place
Edit 859
In-Place Editing 859
Layer Properties Manager 844
Layers 846
Managing 865
Open 858
Overlay 840
Override 857
Path 856
Reference Close 863
Reference Manager 867
Reference Set 862
Reference toolbar 838
Reload 842
Visibility 848
Xedit 863
XloadCtl 856
XREF Command 839
XREFCTL Variable 867
XREFNOTIFY Variable 864
XREFOVERRIDE 857
XTP 544
XWD 603
Y
Ydatum 755
z
ZAxis 1037
Zero Suppression 804
ZIP 599
Zoom 12, 200
Center 206
Dynamic 206
Extents 205
In 205
Mouse
Wheel 201
Object 205
Out 206
Previous 206
Realtime 203
Scale 205
Window 204
XP 205
ZOOM Command 203
ZOOMFACTOR 202
Z value
Replace 126Chapter Exercise Index1228 Chapter Exercise Index
CHAPTER EXERCISE INDEX
List of Drawing Exercise File Names (when files were created or changed)
2BR-APT.DWG, Ch. 20
2BR-APT-DIM.DWG, Ch. 32
ACWEBPUBLISH.HTM, Ch. 23
ADJM-DIM.DWG, Ch. 29
ADJMOUNT.DWG, Ch. 24
ADJMT-SL.DWG, Ch. 35
AGLBR-AUX-DIM.DWG, Ch. 37
AGLBR-SL.DWG, Ch. 35
A-METRIC.DWG, Ch. 6
A-METRIC.DWT, Ch. 12
A-METRIC.DWT, Ch. 13
ANGLBRAC.DWG, Ch. 27
ANGL-DIM.DWG, Ch. 29
ANGL-TOL.DWG, Ch. 29
APARTMENT.DWG, Ch. 12
APT-DIM.DWG, Ch. 29
ARRAYDWG, Ch. 9
ARRAY1.DWG, Ch. 9
ARRAY2.DWG, Ch. 9
ASHEET.DWT, Ch. 12
ASHEET.DWT, Ch. 13
ASHEET.DWT, Ch. 18
ASSYDWG, Ch. 30
ASSY-PS.DWG, Ch. 30
BALL FIELD CH6.DWG, Ch. 6
BALL FIELD CH7.DWG, Ch. 7
BARGUIDE.DWG, Ch. 12
BARGUIDE.DWG, Ch. 13
BARGUIDE.DWG, Ch. 24
BARGUIDE.DWG, Ch. 28
BEARING.DWG, Ch. 25
BEAR-SEC.DWG, Ch. 26
BGUID-SL.DWG, Ch. 35
BGUID-SL-2.DWG, Ch. 36
BGUID-VIEWS.DWG, Ch. 37
BILLMAT2.DWG, Ch. 18
BILLMATL.DWG, Ch. 15
BOLT.DWG, Ch. 30
BOLT.DWG, Ch. 9
BREAK1.DWG, Ch. 9
BREAK2.DWG, Ch. 9
BREAK3.DWG, Ch. 9
BREAK-EX.DWG, Ch. 9
BSHEET.DWT, Ch. 13
BSHEET.DWT, Ch. 18
CBRACKET.DWG, Ch. 9
CBRACKET-PS.DWG, Ch. 13
CBRACTXT.DWG, Ch. 18
C-CIVIL-20.DWG, Ch. 14
C-D-SHEET.DWT, Ch. 13
C-D-SHEET.DWT, Ch. 18
CH11EX2.DWG, Ch. 11
CH11EX3.DWG, Ch. 11
CH12EX4.DWG, Ch. 12
CH14EX5.DWG, Ch. 14
CH2 HORIZONTAL.DWG, Ch. 2
CH2 INCLINED.DWG, Ch. 2
CH2 VERT 2.DWG, Ch. 2
CH2 VERTICAL.DWG, Ch. 2
CH27EX1.DWG, Ch. 27
CH27EX2.DWG, Ch. 27
CH27EX3.DWG, Ch. 27
CH27EX4.DWG, Ch. 27
CH32SCM.DWG, Ch. 32
CH35EX3.DWG, Ch. 35
CH35EX4.DWG, Ch. 35
CH35EX5.DWG, Ch. 35
CH35EX6.DWG, Ch. 35
CH36EX1.DWG, Ch. 36
CH36EX2.DWG, Ch. 36
CH36EX3.DWG, Ch. 36
CH36EX4.DWG, Ch. 36
CH3EX1.DWG, Ch. 3
CH3EX2.DWG, Ch. 3
CH6EX1A.DWG, Ch. 6
CH6EX1B.DWG, Ch. 6
CH6EX2.DWG, Ch. 6
CH6EX3.DWG, Ch. 6
CH7EX1.DWG, Ch. 7
CH8EX.DWG, Ch. 8
CH8EX3.DWG, Ch. 8
CH8EX4.DWG, Ch. 8
CH8EX5.DWG, Ch. 8
CH8EX6.DWG, Ch. 8
CHECK.DWG, Ch. 30
CLIP.DWG, Ch. 24
CLIP-SEC.DWG, Ch. 26
CONFTABL.DWG, Ch. 21
CRNBRACE.DWG, Ch. 25
CYLINDER.DWG, Ch. 25
D-8-AR.DWG, Ch. 14
DB_SAMPL2.DWG, Ch. 11
DROPBAR.DWG, Ch. 35
DROPBAR-L.DWG, Ch. 36
EFF-APT.DWG, Ch. 15
EFF-APT2.DWG, Ch. 18
EFF-APT2.DWG, Ch. 30
EFF-APT3.DWG, Ch. 32
EFF-APT-AREA.DWG, Ch. 18
EFF-APT-PS.DWG, Ch. 18
EFF-APT-PS.DWG, Ch. 15
EFF-APT-REV.DWG, Ch. 15
EFT-APT-ANNO.DWG, Ch. 32
EXTENDI.DWG, Ch. 9
EXTEND2.DWG, Ch. 9
EXTEND3.DWG, Ch. 9
FAUCET1.DWG, Ch. 35
FAUCET2.DWG, Ch. 35
FAUCETK.DWG, Ch. 36
FLANGE1.DWG, Ch. 20
FLANGE2.DWG, Ch. 20
FLOWDIAG.DWG, Ch. 9
FRIENDS GRAPH.DWG, Ch. 9
GASKETA.DWG, Ch. 16
GASKETA.DWG, Ch. 9
GASKETA2.DWF, Ch. 23
GASKETA2.DWG, Ch. 23
GASKET-AREA.DWG, Ch. 15
GASKETB.DWG, Ch. 32
GASKETB.DWG, Ch. 9
GASKETC.DWG, Ch. 16
GASKETC.DWG, Ch. 32
GASKETD.DWG, Ch. 28
GASKETD.DWG, Ch. 32
GASKETS.DWG, Ch. 32
GEAR-REGION 2.DWG, Ch. 16
GEAR-REGION.DWG, Ch. 15
GRADBEAM.DWG, Ch. 26
HAMMER.DWG, Ch. 13
HAMMER-DIM.DWG, Ch. 29
HAMMER-PSTYLES.DWG, Ch. 32
HANDLE.DWG, Ch. 15HANDLE2.DWG, Ch. 16
HEADER.DWG, Ch. 7
HOLDER.DWG, Ch. 27
IDLERDIM.DWG, Ch. 29
INTERIOR.DWG, Ch. 30
LIBRARY DESKS.DWG, Ch. 9
LINEWEIGHTS.CTB, Ch. 32
LINEWEIGHTS.STB, Ch. 32
LINK.DWG, Ch. 8
MANFCELL.DWG, Ch. 14
MANFCELL.DWG, Ch. 9
MATERIAL TABLE.DWG, Ch. 18
MOVE1.DWG, Ch. 9
OFF-ATT.DWG, Ch. 21
OFF-ATT2.DWG, Ch. 22
OFF-ATT2.DXE, Ch. 22
OFF-ATT2-B.DXE, Ch. 22
OFF-DIM.DWG, Ch. 29
OFFICE.DWG, Ch. 21
OFFICE-REN.DWG, Ch. 21
OFFICE-REV.DWG, Ch. 21
OFFICE-REV-2.DWG, Ch. 26
PARK.DWG, Ch. 9
PASTETXT.DWG, Ch. 31
PEDIT1.DWG, Ch. 16
PEDIT1-DIM.DWG, Ch. 28
PERFPLAT.DWG, Ch. 9
PFD.DWG, Ch. 21
PIVOTARM CH16.DWG, Ch. 16
PIVOTARM CH24.DWG, Ch. 24
PIVOTARM CH7.DWG, Ch. 7
PIVOTARM CH9.DWG, Ch. 9
PLANT.DWG, Ch. 21
PLATE-AREA.DWG, Ch. 17
PLATENEST.DWG, Ch. 16
PLATES.DWG, Ch. 9
PLATES2.DWG, Ch. 20
PLATES-D.DWG, Ch. 28
PLINE1.DWG, Ch. 8
POLYGON1.DWG, Ch. 15
PULLEYDWG, Ch. 25
PULLY-SC.DWG, Ch. 36
PULLY-SL.DWG, Ch. 35
FULLY-VIEWS-DETAIL.DWG, Ch. 37
FULLY-VIEWS-SECTION.DWG, Ch. 37
PUL-SEC.DWG, Ch. 26
PUL-SEC.DWG, Ch. 30
RET-WAL2.DWG, Ch. 15
RET-WAL3.DWG, Ch. 16
RET-WALL.DWG, Ch. 8
ROTATE1.DWG, Ch. 9
ROTATE2.DWG, Ch. 9
SADDL-DIM-PLOTSTYLES.DWG, Ch. 32
SADDL-DM.DWG, Ch. 29
SADDLE.DWG, Ch. 24
SADDLE.DWG, Ch. 30
SADDLE-HALF SECTION.DWG, Ch. 31
SADDLE-VIEWS.DWG, Ch. 37
SADDLE-VIEWS-SECTION.DWG, Ch. 37
SADL-SC.DWG, Ch. 36
SADL-SEC.DWG, Ch. 26
SADL-SL.DWG, Ch. 35
SADL-SL.MPR, Ch 37
SAMP-CLIP.DWG, Ch. 30
SAMP-OFFICE.DWG, Ch. 30
SBRACKET.DWG, Ch. 25
SBRCK-DM.DWG, Ch. 29
SCALE1.DWG, Ch. 9
SCALE2.DWG, Ch. 9
SCHEM2.DWG, Ch. 22
SCHEMATIC1.DWG, Ch. 9
SCHEMATIC1B.DWG, Ch. 15
SCREEN PERCENTS.CTB, Ch. 32
SHAFT.DWG, Ch. 30
SLEEVE.DWG, Ch. 30
SLOTNEST.DWG, Ch. 30
SLOTPLATE CH8.DWG, Ch. 8
SLOTPLATE2.DWG, Ch. 30
SLOTPLATE2.DWG, Ch. 9
SOLID1.DWG, Ch. 33
SOLID1HIDDEN.DWG, Ch. 33
SOLID2.DWG, Ch. 34
SOLIDUCS.DWG, Ch. 34
SPACEPLT.DWG, Ch. 19
SPBK-SEC.DWG, Ch. 26
STORE ROOM.DWG, Ch. 16
STORE ROOM2.DWG, Ch. 18
STORE ROOM3.DWG, Ch. 19
SUPBK-SL.DWG, Ch. 35
SWIVEL.DWG, Ch. 35
SWIVEL2.DWG, Ch. 36
TABLE-BASE.DWG, Ch. 7
TABLE-BASE.DWG, Ch. 9
TABLET TEST.DWG, Ch. 10
TBLOCK.DWG, Ch 22
Chapter Exercise Index 1229
TBLOCK.DWG, Ch. 18
TBLOCKAT.DWG, Ch. 22
TEMP-A.DWG, Ch. 16
TEMP-B.DWG, Ch. 16
TEMP-C.DWG, Ch. 16
TEMP-D.DWG, Ch. 16
TEMP-E.DWG, Ch. 16
TEMP-F.DWG, Ch. 19
TEMPGRPH.DWG, Ch. 18
T-PLATE.DWG, Ch. 9
T-PLATE2.DWF, Ch. 23
T-PLATE2.DWG, Ch. 23
TPLATEB.DWG, Ch. 19
T-PLATE-MODEL.DWF, Ch. 23
TRIM1.DWG, Ch. 9
TRIM2.DWG, Ch. 9
TRIM3.DWG, Ch. 9
TRIM-EX.DWG, Ch. 9
VBLOCK.DWG, Ch. 27
VBLOK-SL.DWG, Ch. 35
VBLOK-VIEWS-AUX.DWG, Ch. 37
VP_SAMP.DWG, Ch. 13
VP_SAMP-PSTYLES.DWG, Ch. 32
VPUCS1.DWG, Ch. 34
VPUCS2.DWG, Ch. 34
WEDGEBK.DWG, Ch. 13
WRENCH.DWG, Ch. 15
WRENCH-REG.DWG, Ch. 16
ZOOM TEST.DWG, Ch. 10

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