الطباعة الثلاثية الأبعاد – ميلاد ثورة صناعية جديدة

الطباعة الثلاثية الأبعاد – ميلاد ثورة صناعية جديدة
اسم المؤلف
هود ليبسن و ميلبا كيرمان
التاريخ
18 نوفمبر 2021
المشاهدات
التقييم
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الطباعة الثلاثية الأبعاد – ميلاد ثورة صناعية جديدة
تأليف
هود ليبسن و ميلبا كيرمان
ترجمة
زياد إبراهيم
مراجعة
مصطفى محمد فؤاد
المحتويات
شكر وتقدير 9
مقدمة 13

  • ١كل شيء يصبح ضربًا من ضروب الخيال العلمي 15
  • ٢آلة يمكنها صنع أي شيء تقريبًا 21
  • ٣التصنيع الذكي: جيد وسريع وقليل التكلفة 41
  • ٤اقتصاد الغد القائم على المنتجات القابلة للطباعة 65
  • ٥الطباعة في طبقات 87
  • ٦برامج التصميم: لوح الرسم الرقمي 113
  • ٧الطباعة الحيوية بالحبر الحي 135
  • ٨المطبخ الرقمي 165
  • ٩مصنع داخل الفصل المدرسي 193
  • ١٠آفاق جديدة في التصميم والهندسة المعمارية والفن 219
  • ١١تصنيع نظيف وصديق للبيئة 243
  • ١٢الملكية والأمان وجبهات قانونية جديدة 265
  • ١٣تصميم المستقبل 291
  • ١٤المرحلة التالية للطباعة الثلاثية الأبعاد 315
    مراجع
    مراجع
    الفصل الثاني: آلة يمكنها صنع أي شيء تقريبًا
    (1) Neal Gershenfeld, When Things Start to Think (New York, NY: Henry
    Holt & Company, 1999).
    (2) Nicholas Negroponte, Being Digital (New York, NY: Random House,
    1995).
    الفصل الثالث: التصنيع الذكي: جيد وسريع وقليل التكلفة
    (1) Quote from a press conference covered by VentureBeat in May
  1. http://venturebeat.com/2012/05/10/3d-systems-ceo-we-want-
    3d-printing-to-be-as-big-as-the-ipad/.
    (2) Quote from Terry’s blog, July 2012. http://wohlersassociates.com/
    blog/2012/07/why-most-adults-will-never-use-a-3d-printer/.
    الفصل الرابع: اقتصاد الغد القائم على المنتجات القابلة للطباعة
    (1) Chris Anderson, The Long Tail: Why the Future of Business is Selling
    Less of More (New York, NY: Hyperion Press, 2008).
    (2) Joseph Pine and James Gilmore, The Experience Economy (Boston,
    MA: Harvard Business School Press, 1999).الطباعة الثلاثية الأبعاد
    (3) Eric Reis, The Lean Startup: How Today’s Entrepreneurs Use Continuous Innovation to Create Radically Successful Businesses. (New York,
    NY: Crown Publishing Group, 2011).
    (4) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microcredit.
    الفصل الخامس: الطباعة في طبقات
    (1) Harris L. Marcus, Joel W. Barlow, Joseph J. Beaman, and David
    L. Bourell, “From computer to component in 15 minutes: The integrated
    manufacture of three-dimensional objects.” JOM: Journal of the Minerals,
    Metals and Materials Society 42, no. 4 (1990): 8–10.
    (2) Paul Williams, “Three Dimensional Printing: A New Process to Fabricate Prototypes Directly from CAD Models.” Master’s thesis, MIT Mechanical Engineering, 1990.
    (3) Christophe Chaput and J. B. Lafon, “3-D Printing Methods:
    3-D Printing Based On Laser Stereolithography Opens Up New Application Fields for Advanced Ceramics.” Ceramic Industry (2011): 15-16.
    (4) Grant Marchelli, Renuka Prabhakar, Duane Storti, and Mark Ganter,
    “The Guide to Glass 3D Printing: Developments, Methods, Diagnostics and
    Results.” Rapid Prototyping Journal, 17, no. 3 (2011): 187–194.
    الفصل السادس: برامج التصميم: لوح الرسم الرقمي
    (1) John Walker, “The Autodesk File: Bits of History, Words of Experience,” Fourth Edition (1994). Retrieved from http://www.fourmilab.ch/
    autofile/.
    (2) Richard P. Feynman, Surely You’re Joking, Mr. Feynman! (Bantam,
    1985).
    338مراجع
    الفصل السابع: الطباعة الحيوية بالحبر الحي
    (1) Russ Banham. “Printing a Medical Revolution.” Connections.
    T. Rowe Price (May 2012).
    (2) E. C. Armstrong (Ed.), The Medieval French Roman d’Alexandre, Vol.
    2 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1937).
    (3) White House press release, June 4, 2012. http://www.whitehouse
    .gov/the-press-office/2012/06/04/remarks-vice-president-joebidencypress-bay-high-school-graduation-cere.
    (4) Figures cited from Phil Reeves were gathered from Joris Peel’s
    blog article, “3D printing in medicine: What is happening right now in patients,” February 2011. http://i.materialise.com/blog/entry/3d-printingin-medicine-what-is-happening-right-now-in-patients.
    (5) Figures cited from Phil Reeves were gathered from Joris Peel’s
    blog article, “3D printing in medicine: What is happening right now in patients,” February 2011. http://i.materialise.com/blog/entry/3d-printingin-medicine-what-is-happening-right-now-in-patients.
    (6) Quote from Russ Banham. “Printing a Medical Revolution.” Connections. T. Rowe Price (May 2012).
    (7) Cyrille Norotte, Francois S. Marga, Laura E. Niklason, and Gabor Forgacs, “Scaffold-free vascular tissue engineering using bioprinting.”
    Biomaterials, 30(30) (2009): 5910–5917.
    (8) Emma Marris, “How to print out a blood vessel,” Nature online.
    March 2008. http://www.nature.com/news/2008/080320/full/news.2008
    .675.html.
    (9) Miguel Castilho, Ines Pires, Barbara Gouveia, and Jorge Rodrigues, “Structural evaluation of scaffolds prototypes produced by threedimensional printing.” Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 56
    (2011): 561–569.
    339الطباعة الثلاثية الأبعاد
    (10) http://biomimicry.net/letter.html.
    (11) Quote from Russ Banham. “Printing a Medical Revolution.” Connections. T. Rowe Price (May 2012).
    (12) V. Mironov, T. Boland, T. Trusk, G. Forgacs, and R. R. Markwald,
    “Organ printing: computer-aided jet-based 3D tissue engineering.” Trends
    Biotechnol, 21(4) (2003 Apr): 157–61.
    (13) “Printing Living Tissues: 3-D Printed Vascular Networks Made of
    Sugar,” ScienceDaily, July 1, 2012. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/
    2012/07/120701191617.htm.
    (14) Zhuo Xiong, Yongnian Yan, Renji Zhang, and Xiaohong Wang, “Organism manufacturing engineering based on rapid prototyping principles.”
    Rapid Prototyping Journal, 11(3) (2005): 160–166.
    الفصل الثامن: المطبخ الرقمي
    (1) Concept designs developed in collaboration with Amit Zoran. Prototypes developed with the assistance of Zachary Nelson, Josh Ramos, and
    Varun Perumal.
    (2) http://web.media.mit.edu/~marcelo/cornucopia/.
    (3) Stephen Wolfram blog, “The Personal Analytics of My Life,”
    March 8, 2012. http://blog.stephenwolfram.com/2012/03/the-personalanalytics-of-my-life/.
    (4) “4 Most Harmful Ingredients in Packaged Foods,” Reader’s Digest
    online. http://www.rd.com/health/diet-weight-loss/4-most-harmful-in
    gredients-in-packaged-foods/.
    (5) Rachel Laudan, “In Praise of Fast Food,” Utne Reader, SeptemberOctober 2010.
    340مراجع
    (6) Rachel Laudan, “In Praise of Fast Food,” Utne Reader, SeptemberOctober 2010.
    (7) Marcel Dicke and Arnold Van Huis, “The Six-Legged Meat of the
    Future.” Wall Street Journal, February 19, 2011. http://online.wsj.com/
    article/SB10001424052748703293204576106072340020728.html.
    الفصل التاسع: مصنع داخل الفصل المدرسي
    (1) High Schools: Are they doing their job?: Much criticism. Much anxiety. What’s the truth?” Changing Times 10 (1956): 27–29.
    (2) NSF Report, Horwitz, 1995.
    (3) Frank Coffield, David Moseley, Elaine Hall, and Kathryn Ecclestone,
    Learning styles and pedagogy in post-16 learning: A systematic and critical
    review. (Published by the Learning and Skills Research Centre, 2004).
    (4) Frank Coffield, David Moseley, Elaine Hall, and Kathryn Ecclestone,
    Learning styles and pedagogy in post-16 learning: A systematic and critical
    review. (Published by the Learning and Skills Research Centre, 2004).
    (5) Harold Pashler, Mark McDaniel, Doug Rohrer, and Robert Bjork.
    “Learning Styles: Concepts and Evidence.” Psychological Science in the
    Public Interest 9(3) (2008).
    (6) Glenn Bull, Gerald Knezek, and David Gibson, “A rationale for incorporating engineering education into the teacher education curriculum.”
    Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education, 9(3) (2009):
    222–225.
    (7) Cheryl A. Cox and John R. Carpenter, “Improving attitudes toward
    teaching science and reducing science anxiety through increasing confidence in science ability in inservice elementary school teachers.” Journal
    of Elementary Science Education, 1(2) (1989): 14–34.
    341الطباعة الثلاثية الأبعاد
    الفصل العاشر: آفاق جديدة في التصميم والهندسة المعمارية والفن
    (1) “MIT Looks at Printing Buildings.” http://fabbaloo.com/blog/
    2011/4/13/mit-looks-at-printing-buildings.html
    (2) Stephen Todd and William Latham, Evolutionary Art and Computers. (Academic Press, September 1992).
    الفصل الحادي عشر: تصنيع نظيف وصديق للبيئة
    (1) China Labor Watch reports. http://www.chinalaborwatch.org/.
    (2) “ATKINS: Manufacturing a Low Carbon Footprint. Zero Emission
    Enterprise Feasibility Study.” Project number N0012J, October 2007. Lead
    Partner: Loughborough University.
    (3) “ATKINS: Manufacturing a Low Carbon Footprint. Zero Emission
    Enterprise Feasibility Study.” Project number N0012J, October 2007. Lead
    Partner: Loughborough University.
    (4) Whitney MacDonald, “Time for Titanium Processing.” CSIRO Process magazine (June 2005): 1-2. http://www.csiro.au/files/files/p81m.pdf
    (5) “ATKINS: Manufacturing a Low Carbon Footprint. Zero Emission
    Enterprise Feasibility Study.” Project number N0012J, October 2007. Lead
    Partner: Loughborough University.
    (6) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Recycling.
    (7) Susan Freinkel, Plastic: A Toxic Love Story (New York, NY: Houghton
    Mifflin Harcourt Publishing, 2011).
    (8) Stat from Global Environmental Polymers, Inc. http://www.degrad
    ablepolymers.com/plastic_pollution.html.
    (9) Capt. Charles Moore with Cassandra Phillips, Plastic Ocean: How
    a Sea Captain’s Chance Discovery Launched a Determined Quest to Save
    the Oceans (Avery, 2011).
    342مراجع
    (10) Joris Peels, “3D printing vs Mass Production: Part IV More beautiful landfill.” i.materialise blog (June 29, 2011). http://i.materialise.com/
    blog/entry/3d-printing-vs-mass-production-part-iv-more-beautifullandfill.
    (11) American Chemistry Council, “2005 National Post-Consumer
    Plastics Bottle Recycling Report” (2005).
    الفصل الثاني عشر: الملكية والأمان وجبهات قانونية جديدة
    (1) United States Secret Service. “Know Your Money.” http://www
    .secretservice.gov/money_technologies.shtml.
    (2) Sebastian Anthony, “The world’s first 3D-printed gun.” ExtremeTech (July 26, 2012). http://www.extremetech.com/extreme/133514-theworlds-first-3d-printed-gun.
    (3) Mark D. Symes, Philip J. Kitson, Jun Yan, Craig J. Richmond, Geoffrey J. T. Cooper, Richard W. Bowman, Turlif Vilbrandt, and Leroy Cronin,
    “Integrated 3D-printed reactionware for chemical synthesis and analysis.”
    Nature Chemistry, 4 (2012): 349–354. doi: 10.1038/nchem.1313.
    (4) Nikki Olson, “3D Printing Laboratories: The Age of DIY Designer
    Drugs Begins.” Institute for Ethics & Emerging Technologies (April 26,
    2012). http://ieet.org/index.php/ieet/more/olson20120426.
    (5) Peter Hanna. “The Next Napster? Copyright questions as 3D printing comes of age.” Ars Technica (April 6, 2011). http://arstechnica.com/
    tech-policy/2011/04/the-next-napster-copyright-questions-as-3dprinting-comes-of-age/2/.
    (6) Erin McCarthy, “SXSW: The Looming Legal Battles over 3D Printing.” Popular Mechanics (March 14, 2012). http://www.popularmechanics
    .com/how-to/blog/sxw-the-looming-legal-battles-over-3d-printing-
    7333888.
    343الطباعة الثلاثية الأبعاد
    (7) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patent.
    (8) Simon Bradshaw, Adrian Bowyer, and Patrick Haufe, “The Intellectual Property Implications of Low-Cost 3D Printing.” SCRIPTed, Volume 7, Issue 1 (2010). http://www.law.ed.ac.uk/ahrc/script-ed/vol7-1/
    bradshaw.asp.
    (9) Phillip Torrone, “MAKE’s Exclusive Interview with Alicia Gibb
    – President of the Open Source Hardware Association.” Make magazine (April 23, 2012). http://blog.makezine.com/2012/04/23/makesexclusive-interview-with-alicia-gibb-president-of-the-open-sourcehardware-association/.
    (10) Mark A. Lemley and Carl Shapiro, “Probabilistic Patents.” Journal
    of Economic Perspectives, Volume 19, Number 2 (Spring 2005): pp. 75–98.
    (11) http://www.crnano.org/dangers.htm.
    الفصل الثالث عشر: تصميم المستقبل
    (1) Stephen Todd and William Latham, Evolutionary Art and Computers. (Academic Press, September 1992).
    (2) http://generativedesign.wordpress.com/2011/12/12/crackingthe-layout-problem/#more-1719.
    الفصل الرابع عشر: المرحلة التالية للطباعة الثلاثية الأبعاد
    (1) Katy Scott, “Where is my flying car?” 3rd Degree, 4(10) (September
    2007). http://3degree.ecu.edu.au/articles/1378.

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