Tutorial Guide to AutoCAD 2024 – 2D Drawing, 3D Modeling

Tutorial Guide to AutoCAD 2024 – 2D Drawing, 3D Modeling
اسم المؤلف
Shawna Lockhart
التاريخ
19 فبراير 2024
المشاهدات
308
التقييم
(لا توجد تقييمات)
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Tutorial Guide to AutoCAD 2024 – 2D Drawing, 3D Modeling
Shawna Lockhart
BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTSTable of Contents iii
GS-1 Preparing for the Tutorials GS1-1
Introduction to the Tutorials GS1-1
Basic Mouse Techniques GS1-1
Objectives GS1-1
Recognizing Typographical Conventions GS1-2
Creating a Work Folder GS1-4
Installing Data Files for the Tutorials GS1-5
Configuring AutoCAD for the Tutorials GS1-5
User Profiles GS1-8
Backing Up AutoCAD Defaults GS1-11
Customizable Support Files GS1-12
GS-2 AutoCAD® Basics GS2-1
Introduction GS2-1
Starting the AutoCAD 2024 Software GS2-1
Objectives GS2-1
Microsoft Windows Conventions GS2-2
Navigating in Windows GS2-2
Basic Elements of the AutoCAD Graphics Window GS2-2
Minimizing and Restoring an Application GS2-3
Microsoft Windows Multitasking Options GS2-3
Clicking Commands and Menu Options GS2-4
Entering Points GS2-4
Dragging GS2-4
Object Selection GS2-4
AutoCAD Commands and Options GS2-5
Typing Commands GS2-5
Switching the Workspace GS2-6
Using the Ribbon GS2-7
Backing Up and Backing Out of Commands GS2-10
Repeating Commands GS2-10
Working with the Ribbon GS2-10
Working with Dialog Boxes GS2-11
Accessing On-Line Help GS2-13
Working with Documents GS2-14
Exiting an AutoCAD Session GS2-15
GS-3 Studying for the AutoCAD®
Certification Exam G3-1
General Study Tips G3-1
Objectives G3-1
Certification Exam G3-2
In this book G3-2
Certified Associate Exam Categories G3-2
1 Introduction to AutoCAD® 1
Introduction 1
Starting 1
The AutoCAD Screen 1
Objectives 1
The Quick Access Toolbar 5
The Ribbon 6
Showing a Ribbon Panel 8
Canceling Commands 9
Typing Commands 9
Dynamic Entry 10
Starting a New Drawing 12
Naming Drawing Files 13
Working with Multiple Drawings 14
Using Grid 17
Using Zoom 17
Using Snap Mode 18
Drafting Settings 19
Using Line 20
Entering Coordinates 20
Using Absolute Coordinates 20
Drawing Using Grid and Snap 21
Using Last Point 22
Using Relative X- andY-Coordinates 22
Using Polar Coordinates 23
Using Help 25
Using Save 27
Using Erase 28
Erasing with Window or Crossing 28
Using Undo 30
Using Redo 31
Drawing a Plot Plan 32
TABLE OF CONTENTSiv Table of Contents
Setting the Units 32
Sizing Your Drawing 35
Using Limits 36
Using Rectangle 37
Drawing Circles 38
Adding Text 39
Copying Text 41
In PlaceText Editing 42
Moving and RotatingText 43
Setting theText Style 43
Setting a Style Current 47
Using Mtext 47
Spell CheckingYour Drawing 50
Saving Your Drawing 52
Transferring Files 52
Exercises 54
2 Basic Construction Techniques 57
Introduction 57
Starting 57
Opening an Existing Drawing 57
Objectives 57
Saving as a New File 59
Using Layers 60
Current Layer 60
Controlling Layers 60
Controlling Colors 61
Layer Visibility 62
Freezing Layers 63
Locking Layers 64
Making Object’s Layer Current 64
Using Layer 65
Using Object Snap 69
Using Arc 72
Using Zoom 77
Using the ScrollWheel to Zoom 80
Zoom Dynamic 81
Using Pan Realtime 82
Using Circle Options 82
Circle Tangent, Tangent, Radius 85
Using Ellipse 85
Exercises 89
3 Basic Editing and Plotting Techniques 93
Introduction 93
Starting 93
Starting from aTemplate Drawing 93
Objectives 93
Using Trim 96
Using Offset 99
Changing Object Properties 101
Using the Properties Panel 102
The Properties Palette 103
Using Fillet 104
Using Chamfer 106
Using Polyline 107
Using Spline 110
Using Blend 111
Getting Information about Your Drawing 112
Using List 112
Locating Points 113
Measuring Geometry 114
Area 114
Using Multilines 115
The Plot Dialog Box 119
Exercises 126
4 Geometric Constructions 133
Introduction 133
Starting 133
Setting the Units and Limits 133
Objectives 133
Drawing theWrench 134
Using Copy Object 134
Effective Use of Layers 136
Changing Properties 138
Setting the Global Linetype Scaling Factor 139
Changing an Object’s Linetype Scale 140
Using Polygon 143
Using Polar Tracking 145
Using Object Snaps 148
Showing a Floating Toolbar 148
Object Snap Overrides 149
More Object Snaps 154
Object Tracking 156Table of Contents v
Using Break 156
Using Extend 158
Using Rotate 160
Using Move 160
Methods of SelectingObjects 161
Select Similar 163
Using Selection Filters 164
Using Quick Select 165
Creating the Geneva Cam 166
Using Construction Line (Xline) 168
Using Mirror 170
Using Array 172
Editing Associative Arrays 173
Making Changes using Grips 174
Noun/Verb Selection 177
Using the Path Array 178
Editing an Associative Path Array 180
Using the Count Command 182
Using 2D Parametric Constraints 184
Exercises 195
5 Template Drawings and More Plotting 201
Introduction 201
Starting 201
Using a Standard Template 201
Objectives 201
Paper Space Layouts 203
Printer Area 204
Viewport 204
Switching to Model Space 206
Inserting an Existing Drawing 206
Showing the Drawing in the Layout 209
Setting theViewport Zoom Scale 210
Using Pan to Position the Drawing 213
Locking theViewport Scale 214
Creating a Second Floating Viewport 214
Making aViewport Active 216
Attributes and Fields 217
Using Irregularly Shaped Viewports 220
Plotting from Paper Space 221
Sheet Sets 222
Creating aTemplate Drawing 229
Creating Default Layers 230
Using the Drafting Settings Dialog Box 238
Selecting the Default Text Font 239
Setting theViewres Default 240
Switching to a Paper Space Layout 240
Adding aTitle Block and Text to Paper Space 241
Hide/Show Lineweight on Status Bar 242
Using Divide 243
Setting Point Style 243
Adding theTitles 244
Beginning a New Drawing from aTemplate Drawing 246
Changing theTitle Block Text 247
Exercises 248
6 2D Orthographic Drawings 253
Introduction 253
The Front, Top, and Right-Side
Orthographic Views 253
Objectives 253
View Location 254
Starting 254
Switching to Model Space 256
Deciding the Model Space Limits 256
Viewing the Model Space Limits 256
Using Ortho 257
Drawing Construction Lines 257
Hidden Lines 260
Drawing Hidden Lines 261
Line Precedence 264
Slanted Surfaces 264
Top-View to Side-View Projection 266
Drawing the Miter Line 266
Using Object Snap Tracking 266
Sizing and Positioning the Drawing 270
Locking theViewport Scale 270
Showing Holes 271
Drawing Centerlines and Centermarks 272
Adding the Centerline 274
Setting the Global Linetype Scaling Factor 276
Projecting Slanted Surfaces on Cylinders 277
Exercises 281vi Table of Contents
7 Dimensioning 287
Introduction 287
Terminology and Conventions 287
Objectives 287
Semiautomatic Dimensioning 288
Starting 289
Dimensioning a Shape 289
Setting the Dimension Layer 290
Dimension Standards 290
Associating Dimensions 291
Annotation Scaling 291
The Dimension Panel 292
Using Dimension Styles 292
Creating a Named Dimension Style 293
Scaling Dimension Features 294
Lines tab 295
Symbols and Arrows tab 296
Text tab 298
Fit Tab 299
Setting the Current Style 305
Checking Your Dimension Settings 306
Associative Dimensioning 307
Adding Dimensions to the Layout or the Model 307
Adding Dimensions 308
Creating a Diameter Dimension 309
Baseline Dimensioning 311
Using Xplode 314
Adding Text with Special Characters 314
Using Quick Dimension 316
Saving As a Template 316
Dimensioning the Adapter 317
Using the Continue Option 318
Angular Dimensions 318
Centering the Views 320
Adding the Tolerance Note 320
Updating Associative Dimensions 321
Using Stretch 321
Modifying Dimensions 322
Updating a Dimension Style 323
Changing the Drawing Scale 324
The Annotation Property 327
Synch the Annotative and Viewport Scales 328
Creating an Annotative Text Style 328
Exercises 331
8 Advanced Dimensioning 335
Tolerance 335
Objectives 335
Tolerance Formats 336
Starting 337
Automatic Bilateral Tolerances 337
Using Limit Tolerances 344
Creating Feature Control Frames 346
Using Leader with Tolerances 350
Creating Datum Flags 352
Creating an Annotative Dimension Style 354
Exercises 356
9 Section and Auxiliary Views 359
Introduction 359
Section Views 359
Objectives 359
Starting 361
Creating 2D Section Views 361
Cutting Plane Lines 362
Changing Hidden Lines to Visible 367
Using Hatch 367
Adding the Hatch Pattern 373
Creating the Side Section View 374
Solid Fill 377
Using Draworder 378
Changing Associative Hatches 379
Auxiliary Views 382
Drawing Auxiliary Views Using 2D 382
Aligning the UCS with the Angled Surface 384
Adding Visual Reference Lines 388
Linetype Conventions 388
Curved Surfaces 389
Drawing the Ellipse 394
Exercises 396Table of Contents vii
10 Blocks, DesignCenter, and Tool Palettes 401
Introduction 401
Objectives 401
Starting 402
Using the Block Command 402
Inserting a Block 405
Using Explode 407
Using Write Block 407
Using DesignCenter andTool Palettes 409
Drawing the Half-Adder Circuit 414
Using Donut 415
Freezing the TEXT2 Layer 416
Creating Object Groups 416
Creating Custom Interfaces 419
Creating a Toolbar 422
Using Special Characters in Programmed Commands 424
Exercises 429
11 Introduction to Solid & Surface Modeling 435
Introduction 435
Objectives 435
Starting 436
The 3D Modeling Workspace 436
3D Coordinate Systems 437
Creating 3D Objects 437
Setting the Viewpoint 438
User Coordinate Systems 442
The UCS Icon 443
Dynamic UCS System Variable 444
Using Layers 444
Creating Multiple Viewports 445
Viewports Using Different UCSs 448
Creating Cylinders 450
Selection Cycling 450
Setting Isolines 453
Building Complex Solid Models 454
Using the Viewport Controls 455
Creating Wedges 456
Creating Cones 457
Creating User Coordinate Systems 458
Plotting Solid Models from Paper Space 461
Saving Your Multiview Setup as a Template 463
Creating Solid Models with Extrude
and Revolve 464
Region Modeling 466
Extruding a Shape 467
Creating Solids by Revolution 469
Aligning the Views 469
Using the Boolean Operator Intersection 471
Dynamic UCS 474
Creating Surface Models 476
Using Loft 478
Creating a Patch (SURFPATCH) 478
Creating Mesh Models 480
Creating an Edge Mesh 481
Using the Steering Wheel 481
Creating a Network Surface 483
Creating 3D Mesh Primitives 484
Exercises 486
12 Changing and Plotting Solid Models 491
Introduction 491
Starting 491
Objectives 491
Using Fillet on Solids 492
Using Chamfer on Solids 492
Using Slice 493
Creating the Hole 500
Placing Views to Create a Drawing 502
Adding the Centerlines 506
Exercises 508
13 Creating Assembly Drawings from
Solid Models 513
Introduction 513
Attaching Solid Models 513
Objectives 513
Starting 514
Using External References 515
Layers and External References 518
Inserting the Solid Part Drawings 519
Checking for Interference 523viii Table of Contents
Determining Mass Properties (MASSPROP) 525
Creating an Exploded Isometric View 526
Creating a Dynamic Block for the Ball Tags 528
Defining Attributes 531
Defining the Parameters 535
Defining the Actions 536
Inserting the Ball Tags 537
Changing an Attribute Value 540
Changing an Externally Referenced Drawing 540
Creating the Parts List 542
Extracting Attribute Information 542
Exercises 548
14 Solid Modeling for Section & Auxiliary Views 555
Introduction 555
Creating Sections from a Solid Model 555
Objectives 555
Adding a Section View 557
Using Section Plane 560
Using Live Section 561
Section Settings 562
Creating an Auxiliary View from a 3D Model 563
Orienting theView 564
3 Point UCS 564
Using Plan 565
Using 3D Dynamic View 566
Exercises 569
15 Rendering 573
Introduction 573
Starting 573
Objectives 573
The Render Panel 574
Adding Lights 581
Choosing Materials 585
Creating a New Material 587
Adjusting Mapping 590
Adding Backgrounds 591
Rendering to a File 592
Using Sun Properties 593
Geographic Location 594
Exporting AutoCAD Files 599
Exercises 602
Glossary 609
AutoCAD® Command Summary 623
Index 651INTRODUCTION TO THE TUTORIALS GS1-1
G1
Objectives
This chapter describes
how to prepare your
computer system and the
AutoCAD 2024 software
for use with the tutorials
in this manual. As you
read this chapter, you will

  1. Understand how to
    use a mouse during the
    completion of these
    tutorials.
  2. Recognize the typographical conventions
    used in this book.
  3. Create and prepare
    data file and working
    directories.
  4. Configure your copy of
    AutoCAD for use with
    these tutorials.
    INDEX
    Symbols
    @ 22
    2D constraint based modeling 184
    3D Dynamic View 566
    3D Mesh command 484
    3D solid models 435–490
    3D UCS icon 443, 444, 479
    .dwg 13
    .dwt 32
    .X, specifying x coordinate 495
    .Y, specifying y-coordinate 495
    A ab
    solute coordinates 20
    acad.dwt 13, 32, 133, 145, 166, 201,
    229, 428, 436, 443
    adding backgrounds 591
    aerial viewer 81
    alias 10
    align 520
    attribute 534
    section 560
    text alignment 298
    UCS 384
    view alignment 469
    aligned
    aligned dimensional constraint 186
    alignment 529
    alternate units 303
    and gate 403, 404, 405, 417, 427, 429
    angle brackets 17, 18, 533
    angular
    angular dimensional constraint 186
    angular dimension 301, 319
    annotation scale 291
    annotation scaling 291, 327
    ANSI-C template 201
    ANSI standards 201, 290, 295
    arc 72, 77
    arc 3 points 72
    arc command 72
    arc continue 76
    arc start center end 73
    arc start center length 74
    arc start end angle 74
    arc start end radius 76
    area 114
    array 172
    copy command option 41
    dynamic grips and array 528
    editing 173
    path 172
    polar 172
    rectangular 172
    arrows 290, 296, 297, 323
    ASME standards 201, 290, 295
    attribute alignment 534
    auxiliary view 382
    auxiliary view from 3D model 563
    B ba
    ck option
    undo command 31
    backspace to erase text 40
    ball tags 528, 537
    base grip 109, 174, 175, 176, 177, 194,
    275
    baseline dimension 311, 312
    baseline spacing for dimensions 295
    basic dimension 339
    bilateral tolerance 336
    blend 111
    block 206, 321, 401, 403
    authoring palette 536
    command 402
    defining attributes 531
    dynamic 528
    editor 529
    insert block 206, 405, 538
    insert blocks using designcenter 409
    insert drawing 461, 519
    save block 537
    title block 241
    using block with leaders 365
    write block 403, 407
    boolean operators 435, 437, 454, 456,
    460, 466, 471, 485, 586
    box
    box command 437, 438
    box mapping 590
    bump map 601
    buttons
    creating new commands 423
    special programming characters 424
    c ca
    lculator 497, 508, 497
    cancel 9
    Cartesian coordinate 20, 53
    cascade drawings 15
    case-sensitive, commands are NOT 9
    celtscale 140
    centerlines 84, 85, 136, 138, 139, 233,
    264, 271, 272, 506
    breaking the centerline 274
    centerlines in 3D drawings 506
    centerlines used as extension lines
    287
    circular view 272
    line precedence for centerlines 264
    using LTScale with centerlines 139
    centermarks 272
    chained dimensioning 311
    chamfer
    chamfer 3D solids 492
    chamfer button 106
    chamfer command 106
    chamfer on rectangle 37
    choosing materials 585
    chord length 74, 75, 88
    circle
    circle 2 point 82, 88
    circle 3 point 82, 83, 88
    circle flyout 83
    circle tangent tangent radius 84, 85
    circle tangent tangent tangent 85
    command 11
    command options 82
    drawing circles 38
    circular view 271, 272, 280
    circumscribed 143
    circumscribed hexagon 144
    circumscribed polygon 143
    close button 4
    drawing window close button 16
    coincident
    coincident constraint 186
    collinear
    collinear constraint 186652 Index
    color
    books 62
    color in layers 66, 231
    color in layers 67
    controlling colors 61
    controlling dimension color 296
    ground plane color 599
    index color 62, 66
    layer colors for tutorials 233, 559
    lighting color 598
    material color 588
    object color 230
    select color dialog box 62, 66, 67,
    232, 506
    select similar 164
    command
    aliasing 10
    cancelling 9
    command options with underscore 425
    creating new commands 423
    prompt 9
    typing command option letters 12
    concave arc 73, 88
    concentric constraint 186
    cone command 457
    constraints 184
    (parameters) 186
    construction line command 168
    context-sensitive help 110
    continue an arc 76
    convex arc 73, 88
    coons patch mesh 481, 485
    coordinates
    absolute 20
    coordinates panel 459
    entering coordinates 20
    polar coordinates 23
    relative coordinates 22
    right-hand rule 20
    toggle coordinate display 425
    world coordinates 20, 439, 501
    world UCS button 501
    copy
    array option 41
    copy command 134, 391
    copy icon 41
    copying text 41
    copy option with move command
    175
    copy to clipboard 48
    countarea 183
    count command 182
    crosshairs
    graphics cursor or crosshairs 3
    rotated crosshairs 391
    crosshatching 360
    current layer 60
    custom
    custom hatch patterns 368
    custom interfaces 419
    customize command 413
    customize workspace button 421
    custom toolbar 425, 426, 427
    support files 10
    customize
    dialog 413
    workspace button 421
    cutting plane
    adding leader arrows to
    cutting plane line 364
    cutting plane in 3d slice 493
    cutting plane lines 272, 360, 362
    cylinder command 450
    D da
    shed lines 139, 362
    datum flags 352
    ddedit 47
    default 17
    text font 239
    define attributes command 531
    defpoints 288, 291
    delobj 475
    delta angle 74, 88
    designcenter , 401, 409, 410, 411, 413,
    419, 429, 405, 522, 316
    deviation tolerances 338, 345, 355
    diameter
    diameter dimensional constraint 186
    symbol 315
    diameter dimension
    adding a centermark 297
    creating a diameter dimension 309
    dimassoc variable 307
    dimcen 272, 280, 297
    dimension 308
    alternate units 303
    fit tab 325
    measurement scale 302
    standards 290
    style 292, 293, 294
    tolerances 301, 304, 305, 311, 335
    values 288
    variables 292
    zero suppression 302, 303
    dimensional constraints 186
    dimensioning 287–334
    primary units 302
    dimension lines 287, 288, 290, 295
    radial 297
    dimension scaling factor 287, 294
    disk intensity 599
    disk scale 599
    display tab 442
    divide command 243
    donut command 415
    drafting settings 11, 19
    dynamic input tab 11
    drawing
    centerlines 272
    naming files 13
    save 13
    starting new 12
    window 3
    working with multiple 14
    draworder command 378
    dynamic
    input 10, 11, 134
    input tab 11
    dynamic blocks 528
    dynamic view 566, 567, 569
    E ea
    ttedit 540
    edge mesh 480, 481
    edit
    hatching 381
    polyline 108, 395
    text 246, 247
    edit attribute command 540
    elements, multiline 117
    elevation, setting for sun calculator 595
    ellipse command 85, 86
    using ellipse in projection 278
    engineering units 32, 53
    enhanced attribute editor 217, 218, 540
    entering coordinates 20
    enter key 11
    equal constraint 186
    erase command 28
    escape key 9
    explode 407
    explode command , 109
    exploded views 526
    exporting autocad files 599
    extend command 158
    extension line 287, 290, 295
    centerlines used as 287
    dimension lines crossing 288
    offset 287, 331
    external reference (xref ) 515
    attach external reference dialog 520
    layers 518
    mass properties do not work 525653
    extract
    attributes 542
    data 542
    extrude command 464, 467
    F fa
    cetres 453, 485
    favorites 14, 58
    feature control frames 336, 348
    fields, using to store information 533
    file extension 13, 53, 93, 94, 229,
    227, 14
    file name 14, 27, 52
    fillet command 104
    filter
    new group filter 230
    new property filter 230
    point filters 495
    selection filters 164
    fit tab (dimension) 325
    fixed constraint 186
    flip parameter 535, 548
    floating viewports 214, 247, 445
    flyouts 7, 9, 17
    fonts 43
    shape-compiled 43
    special characters 40
    using fonts 44
    formats 12
    fractional units 32
    freehand trim 98
    freeze 237
    layers 63
    front view 448
    function key
    grid [F7] 147
    ortho 257
    polar tracking [F10] 146
    running object snap [F3] 154
    snap [F9] 176
    text window [F2] 306
    G ge
    ographic location 593, 594
    geometric characteristic symbol 347,
    355
    geometric tolerances 336, 347
    global linetype scale 139
    glow intensity 599
    graphics cursor 3
    grid 17
    group
    group filter 230, 236
    select group 162
    group command 401, 416
    H ha
    tch
    3D section 562
    annotation scale and hatch 292
    boundary 371
    changing associative 379
    pattern 368
    scale 369
    hatch command 367
    help, context-sensitive 110
    help command 25
    hexagons 144
    hidden lines 260
    hide data column 545
    hot grips 174
    I i
    mage tile 296
    implied
    crossing 28, 177
    stretch and crossing box 321
    windowing 28
    inscribed polygon 143
    insert block 206, 405
    interfere command 523
    intersect
    snap to apparent intersection 154
    snap to intersection 152
    intersect command 476
    isocircle 158
    isolines command 453
    isometric 158
    J jo
    in polyline 109
    join command 466
    justify
    justify Mline 118
    justify text 39, 46
    L la
    st point
    closing to first point 21
    using @ 22
    layer 136, 230
    color in layers 67
    control 60, 101, 233
    filter 234
    layer color 66
    properties manager 204, 230
    layout
    paper space layout 203, 240
    showing drawing in layout 209
    leader
    annotation scaling and leaders 292
    dimension child style 342
    dimension fit tag and leaders 300
    drawing leader with tolerance 350
    multileader 363
    quick leader 363
    quick leader command 350
    radial line leader 309
    limit
    drawing limits 17
    tolerances 336, 339, 344
    limits command 36
    line
    precedence 264
    using the line command 20
    linear dimension
    constraint 186
    linear constraint 191
    zero suppression for 302
    line command 6, 7, 9
    command allias for line (l) 10
    linetype
    linetype scale 139
    loading linetypes 137
    setting the linetype 136
    list command 112
    location
    add new location 227
    geographic location picker 594
    lock
    layers 64
    locking viewport scale 214
    M ma
    ke
    layer non-plotting 234
    object layer current 64
    mapping 590
    mass properties 525
    materials 585
    maximize window 3
    measure
    geometry 114
    quick 115
    measurement scale 302
    mesh
    3D 480
    mesh command 484
    midpoint between two points (MTP)
    snap 155
    minimize window 3
    mirror command 170
    miter line 266654 Index
    model space 36, 201
    model space command (MS) 206
    move command 160
    multiline 118
    elements 117
    multiline text 48
    multiline command 115
    multiple
    drawings, working with 14
    viewports 445
    N na
    med UCS 459
    nominal dimension 336
    non-plotting 204, 205
    layer 234
    noun/verb selection 177
    NURBS 467, 477
    O ob
    ject snap 69, 148
    object tracking 500
    offset command 99
    oops command 28
    open command 57
    options dialog box 70
    origin 442
    ortho 148
    ortho command 257
    P pa
    n 213
    pan command 160, 213
    paper size 120, 123
    paper space
    layout 240
    plotting from 221
    parametric constraints 184
    partial auxiliary views 390
    parts list 542
    path array 172
    array, path 178
    editing 180
    pen assignments 121
    perspective icon 444
    plan command 498, 565
    plot command 119
    plus/minus tolerances 336
    point parameter 535
    point style 243
    polar array 172
    polar coordinates 20, 22, 23, 53, 425,
    439, 459, 471, 501, 527, 565
    polar tracking 24, 145
    polygon 143
    polyline 107
    precedence 264
    line precedence 264
    preferences 425
    primary units 301, 302
    dimensioning using 301
    profile
    setup profile (solprof) 502
    projection
    view projection 266
    properties
    editing dimensions using 322
    layer properties manager 65
    palette 102
    panel 61
    Q qu
    adrant object snap 150
    quick measure 115
    quick calculator 497
    quick dimension 316
    quick leader (Qleader) 350, 352, 363
    quick select 165
    R ra
    dius dimensional constraint 186
    radius dimension 310
    ray 168
    ray command 168
    real-world units 35
    rectangle 37
    rectangle command 37
    rectangular array 172
    redo button 4
    redo command 31
    reference dimension 320
    reference edit 540
    region, mass properties 525
    region command 466
    relative coordinates 22
    rendering 573–608
    resolution 69, 240, 573
    restarting commands 22, 29
    revision cloud 8
    revolve command 469
    right-click
    to show options 10
    to show short cut menu 43
    right-hand rule 20
    rotate 43
    rotate command 160
    running mode object snap 69
    S sa
    ve
    drawing 52
    multiline style 117
    save as 60
    template 229
    save as command 59, 60
    savetime variable 375
    scale
    setting the viewport scale 210
    scaling factor
    dimension scaling factor 287, 294
    scientific units 32
    section views 359–400
    from a 3D model 555
    SE isometric view 501
    selectable groups 401, 416
    selection
    cycling 450
    filters 164
    methods for selecting objects 161
    noun/verb 177
    settings for selection 28
    select similar 164
    setup profile 502, 508, 568
    sheet set manager 222
    single line text 39
    size constraints 186
    slice command 493
    smart blocks 528
    snap 18
    drawing using snap 21
    object snap modes 154
    tip 69
    snap command 18
    snap from 155
    solid modeling 435
    changing solid models 491
    for section and auxiliary views 555
    solprof 502, 568
    spacebar 11, 48
    special characters 314, 424
    spell checking 50
    sphere command 438
    spherical mapping 590
    spline, fit 110
    spline command 110
    standard template 12, 201, 202
    starting from a template 93
    status bar 4
    stretch with grips 174
    stretch command 321655
    style
    creating a dimension style 292
    text styles 44
    updating dimension style 323
    style command 43
    subtract command 454
    sun properties 598
    support files 10
    surface modeling 435
    surveyor units 32
    symmetrical tolerances 339
    symmetric constraint 186
    T ta
    ngent
    circle tangent tangent radius 84
    snap to tangent 151
    templates
    data extraction templates 542
    select template dialog 12
    standard templates 201
    tessellation lines 453
    text
    attribute text 533
    styles 43
    text command 39
    through point 99
    tiled viewports 214
    title bar 3
    toggles 18
    tolerance 304, 335
    geometric 348
    tool palettes
    customizing tool palettes 412
    turning on tool palettes 411
    tracking
    object tracking 156
    polar tracking 19, 145
    using object tracking 500
    transparent 370
    transparent command 79
    transparent commands 424
    transparent view 458
    trim
    freehand 98
    trim command 96
    U U
    CS
    3D UCS appearance 479
    aligning the UCS 384
    creating user coordinate systems 458
    icon appearance 443
    UCS parallel to view 471
    UCS alignment 384
    UCSicon command 443
    undo command 30
    back option 31
    undo option
    line command undo option 21
    unilateral tolerances 336
    union 460
    units command 32
    user coordinate system (UCS) 4, 442
    V vi
    ew alignment 469
    viewport controls 455
    W we
    dge command 456
    world coordinate system (WCS) 20,
    437
    button 501
    write block 403, 407
    X xaxis 437
    x-coordinate 5, 12
    Xplode command 314
    XREF 513, 515
    Y ycoordinate 5
    Z zcoordinate 5
    zero suppression 302
    zoom command 17

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The Unzip Password : books-world.net

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