Trends in Supply Chain Design and Management – Technologies and Methodologies

Trends in Supply Chain Design and Management – Technologies and Methodologies
اسم المؤلف
Hosang Jung, F. Frank Chen and Bongju Jeong
التاريخ
10 أبريل 2023
المشاهدات
247
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Trends in Supply Chain Design and Management – Technologies and Methodologies
Hosang Jung, F. Frank Chen and Bongju Jeong (Eds.)
Contents
List of Contributors xi
Part I. Trends in Technologies

  1. A Systems Approach to Viable RFID Implementation in the Supply
    Chain
    Can Saygin, Jagannathan Sarangapani
    and Scott E.Grasman 3
  2. Applications of RFID in Supply Chains
    Gary M. Gaukler and Ralf W. Seifert .29
  3. A Tool Set for Exploring the Value of RFID in a Supply Chain
    Ying Tat Leung, Feng Cheng, Young M. Lee,
    and James J. Hennessy 49
  4. The Effect of RFID on Inventory Management and Control
    Uttarayan Bagchi, Alfred L. Guiffrida, Liam O’Neill, Amy Z. Zeng,
    and Jack C. Hayya .71
  5. Mobile Supply Chain Event Management Using Auto-ID and
    Sensor Technologies – A Simulation Approach
    Frank Teuteberg and Ingmar Ickerott .93
  6. Impact of Information Technology on Supply Chain Management
    Enver Yücesan 127
  7. An Agent-based Approach to Enhance Supply Chain Agility in a
    Heterogeneous Environment
    Chun-Che Huang, Tzu-Liang (Bill) Tseng, Hong-Fu Chuang,
    and Yu-NengFan 149viii Contents
    Part II. Trends in Methodologies
    Supply Chain Design
  8. Design of Reverse Logistics Networks for MultiProducts,
    Multistates, and Multiprocessing Alternatives
    Marc Chouinard, Sophie D’Amours, and Daoud Aït-Kadi .181
  9. Transforming the Government Value Chain: Emerging Business
    Models and Enabling Technologies
    Nikolaos A. Panayiotou, Stavros T. Ponis,
    and Sotiris P. Gayialis .213
  10. Beyond Partnerships: The Power of Lean Supply Chains
    Leonardo Rivera, Hung-da Wan, F. Frank Chen,
    and Woo Min Lee .241
  11. Diverse Production and Distribution Models in Supply Chains:
    A Semiconductor Industry Case
    Young Hoon Lee and Kyung Hwan Kang 269
    Decentralized Supply Chains
  12. Decentralized Supply Chain Planning for Two Classified
    Supply Chains
    Hosang Jung and F. Frank Chen .289
  13. Multiagent System Approach for Dynamic Lot-sizing in
    Supply Chains
    Seokcheon Lee and Soundar Kumara 311
  14. Integrating Transport into Supply Chains: Vendor Managed
    Inventory (VMI)
    Andrew Potter, Denis R. Towill, and Stephen M. Disney 331Contents ix
    Supply Chain Uncertainty
  15. Supply Uncertainty and Diversification: A Review
    M. Mahdi Tajbakhsh, Saeed Zolfaghari, and Chi-Guhn Lee .345
  16. Quantitative Robustness Index Design for Supply Chain Networks
    Ming Dong and F. Frank Chen 369
  17. Impact of Reducing Uncertainty in European Supply Chains
    Paul Childerhouse and Denis R. Towill .393
    Available-To-Promise
  18. Analyzing the Effectiveness of the Availability Management
    Process
    Young M. Lee .411
    About the Editors 437
    Index 439
    Index
    A
    Abstraction-mechanism specification,
    160
    Accessibility, 182, 188, 201, 379, 386,
    387, 389,
    Activity sampling, 397
    Advanced planning systems, 93, 120,
    138
    Agency, 153, 154, 162–164, 166, 169,
    172, 181, 218, 232, 325
    Agent
    collaborative agent, 106, 124, 290,
    291, 294
    manufacturer agent, 299
    distributor agent, 299
    control agents, 154, 155, 163, 165,
    167, 168
    flow control agent, 165, 168
    inventory control agent, 165,
    168
    production control agent, 165
    supply control agent, 165
    problem-solving agents, 153, 155,
    159, 165
    data management agent, 159,
    165
    simulation agent, 160, 165
    structural agents, 154, 165
    distribution center agent, 165
    external supply agent, 165
    manufacturing plant agent, 165,
    168
    marketing agent, 165, 166, 168
    retailer agent, 165, 168
    supply agent, 165, 327
    transportation agent, 154, 155, 165
    Agent architecture, 105, 121, 123,
    153, 160–163, 175, 325, 326, 328
    agent body, 163
    agent repository, 163, 164, 166
    agent-based annotation process,
    157
    basic agent architecture, 153, 163
    information and interface agent,
    155, 156, 159
    intelligent agents, 123, 152, 160,
    172, 173, 175, 311, 330
    multiagents, 153
    Agent platform, 99, 109, 114, 115,
    121, 122
    Agent technology, 95, 97, 99, 106,
    107, 124, 125, 149, 152, 171, 175,
    312, 325, 326, 330,
    agile business processes, 150
    agile supply chain processes, 150
    agility enablers, 150, 167, 169,
    172
    Algorithm, 19–22, 37, 77, 108–110,
    153, 158, 174, 192, 211, 291, 311,
    315, 317, 321, 327–329, 349, 358,
    369, 381, 382, 387, 416
    Alternative configurations, 167, 169,
    172
    Annotation mechanism, 155
    5W1H, 156, 162440 Index
    annotated knowledge, 155–157
    annotation process, 155–157
    Articulation rules, 157–159
    Articulation mechanism, 149, 155,
    157, 158, 169, 172
    Assemble-to-order, 132, 375
    Assembly, 6, 7, 22, 23, 27, 36–38, 46,
    47, 117–119, 185, 187, 192, 193,
    199, 203, 204, 207, 243, 269–271,
    352, 356, 367, 370, 374, 376, 390,
    396, 418
    operation, 47, 376
    Asset tracking, 10, 23, 38
    Auction, 143, 147, 177, 225, 232, 291,
    309, 315, 317–322, 324, 326, 327,
    329, 330
    Audit results, 401, 402
    Authentication, 27, 38, 39, 227, 232
    Auto ID, 25, 26, 32
    auto ID center, 25, 26, 32
    Automated pipeline inventory and
    order based production control
    system (APIOBPCS), 334
    Automated storage and retrieval
    system (AS/RS), 15, 22
    Automatic articulation generator, 158
    Autonomy, 99, 108, 226
    B
    Backroom, 33, 34, 61, 75
    Balance-production, 269, 271, 274,
    276–278, 282, 284
    Bar code, 4, 30, 31, 33, 37, 41, 44, 46,
    50, 54, 56, 57, 64, 71, 73, 74, 83,
    87–91, 97, 254
    Base stock, 377
    level, 377
    Baseline, 6, 21, 23, 74, 75, 334, 339,
    342, 400–403, 407
    Batch sizes, 335, 340
    Batch-and-queue, 264, 397, 399, 400
    Bayesian, 371
    network, 371
    Behavior performance deteriorating,
    372
    Benchmark ontology, 157
    direct benefits, 50, 52, 54, 56–58,
    61, 66, 68, 69
    indirect benefits, 54, 58, 59, 60, 61,
    68, 69
    Best practice, 238, 309, 393, 394, 402,
    406–408
    Bidding, 143, 147, 318–321, 326, 329
    Bill of materials (BOM), 183, 185,
    193, 194, 201
    Building block, 129, 130, 139, 241,
    249, 250, 259, 265, 266, 362, 366,
    374, 381, 418, 421, 423
    basic, 265, 381
    Bullwhip effect, 10, 58, 70, 77, 78,
    101, 118, 147, 248, 313, 315, 325,
    327, 328, 331, 338
    Bullwhip phenomenon, 133, 134, 137
    Business case, 4, 24, 31, 49–53, 60,
    61, 69, 89, 138
    Business process model, 49, 50, 58
    Business process reengineering
    (BPR), 131, 239
    Business process transformation, 58
    Business systems engineering (BSE),
    398
    Business value model, 49–51, 53, 58,
    60–63, 69, 70
    Business-to-business (B2B), 134, 142,
    216
    C
    Capital flow, 370, 374
    Cash flows, 51, 67, 68, 127, 165
    Causal relationships, 397, 398
    Centralized supply chain, 7, 22, 291,
    293, 296
    planning, 293, 296
    Certification, 144, 145
    ISO, 144
    Chemistry, 384
    Client-server architecture, 128, 129,
    137, 140
    Clockspeed, 147
    Closure, 380–383, 390Index 441
    Clustering, 189, 192, 193, 210, 406
    Coefficient of variation, 338
    Coinput, 376, 380
    Collaborative agent, 106, 124, 290,
    291, 294
    Collaborative planning, forecasting
    and replenishment (CPFR), 132
    Communications, 3, 5, 12, 25, 26, 91,
    123–125, 129, 135, 142, 147, 175,
    217, 226, 229, 238, 253, 409
    network, 97, 312
    routing protocol, 11, 14, 25, 27
    scheduling protocol, 10
    wireless, 5, 13, 97
    Competitiveness, 241, 252, 265, 313,
    322–324, 409
    Complex flow symptoms, 397, 399–
    405
    Complex material flow, 397, 398,
    400–402, 405, 407, 408
    Computation, 56, 58, 66, 102, 110,
    131, 273, 281, 282, 284, 285, 307,
    311, 312, 313, 319, 324, 325, 327,
    328, 350, 366, 381, 386
    computational ecosystem, 312,
    328
    Computing technology industry
    association, 4
    Conception schema, 156, 157
    Configuration management, 36
    Connectivity, 13, 14, 135, 137, 138,
    141, 255, 371, 376, 379, 380, 381,
    382, 384, 385–387, 389
    index, 381
    structural, 255, 385–387
    Construction sector, 405
    Content provider, 224
    Contingency, 177, 369
    Contracts, 142, 144, 145, 148, 174,
    175, 417
    Conveyor, 7, 9, 15, 22, 23, 42, 64,
    256
    Consequence analysis, 371
    Countermeasure analysis, 371
    Coordination, 4, 6, 44, 105, 108, 116,
    123, 127–137, 141–148, 155,
    174–177, 210, 215, 219, 262,
    290–294, 309–329, 343, 370, 396,
    406, 414
    Cooutput, 376, 380
    Correlation, 394, 398, 399, 407
    Cost reduction, 60, 142, 143, 234,
    318, 321–324, 351
    Cost-benefit analysis, 12, 53, 89, 167
    Cost-time-profile, 257, 258
    Counterfeit protection, 33, 38, 39
    Cross docking, 250, 251, 267
    Customer service, 36, 57, 59, 60, 65,
    66, 88, 89, 201, 234, 313, 314,
    331, 332, 334, 337, 340–342, 350,
    352, 397, 411, 412, 414, 419, 422,
    423, 426, 430, 431, 434
    Cycle time, 56, 71, 72, 134, 165, 168,
    169, 213, 214, 251, 256, 270, 271,
    273, 274, 277–279, 281, 285, 287,
    378, 393, 404, 405
    D
    Data analysis, 337
    Data integration, 230, 235, 236
    Data layer, 112
    Data modeling, 397
    Data warehousing, 72, 175, 177
    Decentralized decision-making, 170,
    290, 291, 307
    Decentralized model, 319
    Decentralized supply chain planning,
    289–292, 294, 295, 299, 307–309
    Decision support system (DSS), 125,
    334
    Decision support tools, 49
    Decision theory, 3, 49, 71, 127, 241,
    269, 311, 345, 369
    Decision trees, 51
    Decoupling point, 271, 273, 285
    Demand rate, 81, 83, 250, 359, 362,
    378
    Demand volumes, 195
    Demand forecast, 417
    Demand surge, 371, 372
    demand volatility, 133
    Design for localization, 140, 287442 Index
    Design for manufacturability, 140
    Deviation, 17, 64, 81, 83, 85, 118,
    334, 357, 370, 371, 378, 425
    operating, 371
    Digital divide, 230, 235
    Digital equipment corporation, 127,
    210
    Disassembly, 181–185, 193–195, 199,
    201, 203–205, 207, 211, 376
    structure, 376
    Disaster, 369, 370, 385, 391
    Disruption, 93, 95, 98, 107, 109, 115,
    118, 121, 122, 369, 370–374, 377,
    389, 404
    Distributed artificial intelligence, 152,
    174, 175, 327
    Distributed discrete-event, 152
    Distributed simulation techniques,
    152
    Distribution, 7, 8, 15, 17, 18, 25, 34,
    39, 56, 59, 61, 70, 75, 165, 167,
    168, 173, 250, 269, 270, 271, 273,
    282–284, 290, 292, 296–299, 302,
    306, 312, 337, 374, 376, 390
    arborescent, 374, 390
    center, 7, 8, 15, 17, 18, 25, 34, 39,
    56, 59, 61, 70, 75, 165, 167,
    168, 173, 250, 269, 270, 271,
    273, 282–284, 290, 292, 296–
    299, 302, 306, 312, 337, 376
    chain, 269, 270–272, 274, 282,
    284–286
    Distributor-driven supply chain, 290,
    291, 293, 299, 300, 303, 305, 308,
    309
    District, 385
    neighboring, 385
    Diversification, 345, 346, 353, 354,
    356, 357, 362, 364, 366, 367, 391
    Dock door, 7, 15–18, 22, 23
    Domain knowledge base, 161
    Dominant strategy, 317, 320
    Dual sourcing, 349, 350, 354–358,
    361, 366, 367, 371
    Dynamic behavior, 58, 332, 337,
    397–399, 407
    Dynamic lot-sizing, 311, 314–317,
    325, 326
    E
    e-Administration, 214, 219
    e-Business, 70, 128, 129, 147, 148,
    173, 175, 213, 216–218, 223, 224,
    227, 234, 235, 239, 329, 430, 436
    Echoupal, 146, 148
    e-Collaboration, 128, 129, 134–136,
    144, 145
    e-Commerce, 128, 129, 132, 144, 146,
    173, 175, 176, 218, 219, 226, 234,
    411–413
    Economies of scan, 41, 44
    Ecosystems, 145, 146, 328
    e-Delivery, 218, 225, 233, 273, 355,
    356
    e-Democracy, 218, 219, 228, 231
    Edge, 20, 90, 158, 376, 380, 381
    Effective lead time, 346–349, 351,
    361
    Efficiency improvement, 234, 370
    Efficient consumer response (ECR),
    132
    e-Governance, 217, 218, 219, 220
    e-Government, 217–231, 233–239
    framework, 214, 227
    portal, 228
    strategic value chain, 213, 222,
    233
    strategy, 214, 220–223
    vision, 214, 220, 221, 233, 234
    Electronic data interchange (EDI), 73,
    135, 150
    Electronic product code (EPC), 9, 32,
    70, 74, 97
    Electronic public service delivery,
    224, 225, 237
    Electronics industry, 343
    e-Markets, 142–144
    Enterprise resource planning (ERP),
    93, 128
    Entropy, 79–81
    Environmental pressure, 181, 370Index 443
    e-Participation, 228
    e-Pedigree, 38, 39
    e-Procurement, 128, 129, 132, 140,
    143, 144, 214, 219, 224, 225,
    231–233, 237, 238
    e-Purchasing, 224
    e-Readiness, 230
    e-Services, 214, 219, 221, 223, 229
    e-Supply chain, 27, 92, 213, 215, 216,
    239
    Ethical considerations, 76
    Euclidean norm, 401
    Event definition markup language,
    110–112
    Event, 14, 44, 49, 56, 93–96, 98, 99,
    101–111, 114, 115, 118, 121–125,
    152, 156, 161–165, 227, 232, 319,
    322, 369, 371, 377, 385, 414–422,
    434
    disruptive, 118, 371, 374, 377
    systemwide, 370
    unexpected, 93, 121, 122, 166, 261,
    369, 370, 390
    Event-handling knowledge base, 161
    Event selection mechanism, 162, 164,
    165
    Every day low pricing (EDLP), 339
    Exchange curve, 36, 37, 351
    Expected performance, 372, 373
    Expected value, 81, 372, 373
    Explorer mechanism, 162, 164, 166
    Exponential smoothing, 21
    Extensible markup language (XML),
    23, 100, 107–110, 137, 138, 150,
    156, 160–163, 173–176, 254, 255
    F
    Fabrication, 269–275, 278–281, 285–
    287, 352, 370, 374
    Facility, 23, 37, 186, 210, 233, 251,
    256, 257, 291, 297, 299–303, 306,
    311, 313
    Fill rate, 81, 256, 281, 282, 334–336,
    350, 351, 374, 377
    First-order, 83–85, 379
    stochastic dominance, 83– 85
    Five rules to avoid bankruptcy, 401
    Forecasting, 7, 21, 22, 132, 189, 253,
    254, 266, 327
    Forrester, 58, 70, 101, 123, 140, 404,
    409
    flywheel effect, 404
    Fourth party logistics (4PL), 293
    Frequency, 14, 18–20, 26–32, 50, 59,
    62, 75, 96, 144, 265 397, 401, 421,
    431
    Full service provider, 224
    Functional mechanism, 162, 164–166
    Functional risk, 4, 7, 10–12, 18, 19,
    22
    Functional product, 140, 294
    Fuzzy logic, 371
    G
    Gen2 standard, 32
    Geographic separation, 401
    Global performance measures (GPM),
    168
    Global positioning system (GPS), 97
    Government value chain, 213, 230,
    231, 233, 235, 236
    Government-to-business (G2B), 222–
    224, 233
    Government-to-citizen (G2C), 222–
    224, 233
    Government-to-employee (G2E), 222,
    223, 233
    Government-to-government (G2G),
    222, 223, 233
    Graph theory, 19, 391
    Grocery sector, 331, 332, 337, 342
    Groupware, 135
    H
    Heterogeneity, 149–152, 155, 157,
    169, 172, 226, 230, 329
    Heterogenous envirnment, 151
    Hierarchical model specification, 160444 Index
    High frequency (HF), 30, 397
    Human decision-maker, 116, 338
    Hurricane, 370
    Hypergraph, 376
    I
    IBM, 5, 25, 27, 33, 52, 62, 69, 70,
    139, 237, 411–426, 431, 434–436
    Incentive compatibility, 315 , 317,
    326
    schemes, 145
    Indicator, 137, 230, 256, 373, 374,
    377, 397, 404
    Indirect path, 379
    Inference, 161, 162, 163, 371
    engine, 371
    Information
    sharing, 4, 8, 10, 26, 27, 91, 106,
    120–124, 131–134, 146, 147,
    174, 176, 218, 260, 290–295,
    308–315, 321, 322, 325–329
    flow, 3, 4 , 5, 9–11, 24, 44, 46, 47,
    73, 87, 96, 124, 127, 130, 155,
    165, 216, 227, 249–252, 257,
    260, 370, 374, 396, 404
    real-time data, 60, 10, 11, 27
    confidentiality, 321, 322, 323, 324
    revelation, 318, 319, 321, 326
    security, 311, 312, 313
    privacy, 290, 291
    system, 25, 47, 59, 107, 112, 120,
    122, 124, 126, 147, 148, 150,
    167, 169, 170–177, 202, 210,
    219, 230–239, 252–255, 259,
    262, 265, 327, 329, 391, 397,
    399, 400, 406
    Information and communication
    technologies (ICT), 132, 148,
    213–219, 223, 226, 228–236
    framework, 214, 215, 226, 228,
    234, 235
    Information technology (IT), 7, 71,
    73, 90, 127, 130, 147, 149, 150,
    173–175, 216, 226, 237, 253, 273,
    290
    Input-output analysis, 394
    Integrated index, 385, 386, 388–391
    Intelligent product, 8, 27
    Intelligent simulation multi-agent
    tools, 160
    Interference, 9, 13, 14, 17, 18, 19, 20,
    23, 24, 33, 42, 397
    Intermediary, 224
    Internal rate of return, 51, 67
    International standards organization,
    32, 50
    Interoperability, 9, 32, 102, 106, 130,
    139, 150, 151, 157, 175–177,
    225–229, 235, 239
    Interval, 256, 372, 413, 417, 420–422
    Interviews, 21, 337
    Intragovernment processes, 224, 225
    Inventory
    accuracy, 36, 64, 75
    control, 18, 21, 35, 36, 44, 74, 91,
    154, 165, 167, 168, 173, 333,
    334, 336, 340, 343, 346, 348,
    377, 390
    cost, 71, 73, 77, 82, 83, 88–90,
    250, 251, 273, 296, 294, 313,
    316, 318–322, 346, 351, 362,
    364, 368, 370, 419, 426
    policy, 90, 351, 377, 406, 407
    management, 4, 8, 15, 20–27, 71,
    73, 75, 81, 88, 92, 106, 131,
    328, 353, 365–367
    sharing, 8, 26
    shrinkage, 58, 59, 64, 65, 66
    Invertex, 376, 380
    Incapacitated production target (IPT),
    278, 279
    International standards organization
    (ISO), 32, 50
    Isolation, 10, 12, 43, 45, 385, 391
    J
    Just-In-Time (JIT), 89, 153, 247, 250,
    333, 343, 362, 371
    delivery, 247, 371Index 445
    K
    Key performance measures, 54, 107
    Knowledge repository, 169, 170
    Knowledge resource, 149, 151, 155,
    161, 162, 172
    Knowledge-based government (kgovernment), 235
    Knowledge-based systems, 152
    Knowledge-sharing platform, 157
    Knowledge representation
    mechanism, 160
    Key performance index (KPI), 54,
    107
    L
    Lead time variability, 56, 83, 91, 347,
    348, 350, 364, 365, 370, 371
    Lean production, 247, 251, 253, 267,
    333
    Lean supply, 247, 248–263, 265–268
    Lean technique, 266, 370
    Lean logistics, 241, 248, 249, 250,
    252, 259, 265, 266, 267
    Lean manufacturing, 243–248, 250,
    251, 261, 262, 265, 268
    Lean supply chain, 241–243, 246–
    268
    Lean thinking, 241–243, 246–248,
    261, 263–266, 268, 400, 402, 403
    Likert scale, 394, 398
    Linkage, 60, 67, 260, 379
    Little’s law, 271, 378
    Localization, 94, 97, 140, 181–190,
    287,
    Location-allocation model, 195
    Logistics, 4, 8, 9, 12, 15, 25, 26, 33–
    39, 43–45, 48, 59, 69, 72, 90, 91,
    96, 103, 105, 115, 116, 125, 141–
    144, 173, 174, 181–198, 201–206,
    210, 211, 215, 219, 236–239, 241,
    248–253, 259, 264–267, 271, 284,
    290–295, 309, 310, 325–328, 337,
    341–346, 351, 366, 367, 391, 408,
    409, 436
    Lost sale, 2
    Lot size, 327, 329, 352, 356, 377
    M
    Machine, 23, 120, 143, 156, 157, 169,
    243, 256, 274, 275, 281, 286, 329,
    343, 365, 370, 404, 409, 423
    breakdown, 359, 365, 370
    Make-to-order, 132, 291, 374, 412,
    415
    Make-to-stock, 132, 275, 374, 415
    Management theory, 394, 406
    Manufacturer, 6, 7, 22, 23, 31, 32, 37,
    39, 42, 43, 46, 50–52, 57, 60–62,
    75, 77, 78, 115–119, 128, 130–
    135, 140–144, 243, 247, 264–267,
    270, 289–296, 299–304, 307, 308,
    331, 337, 338, 340, 382, 387
    Manufacturer-driven supply chain,
    290, 292, 293, 299, 300, 303, 304,
    308
    Manufacturing execution, 4, 10, 253
    Market dynamics, 319
    mediation, 131, 132, 144
    sectors, 394, 406
    Mass customization, 133, 134
    Material flow, 18, 23, 41, 44, 46, 118,
    127, 129, 130, 133, 165, 192–198,
    201–205, 215, 254, 290, 314, 370,
    374, 375, 393, 394, 396–409
    Matrix, 143, 379, 380–384, 386–390
    adjacency, 380, 383, 390
    Mean, 8
    Mean lead time, 351
    Mean value, 370
    Measure, 53, 79, 118, 153, 168, 172,
    257, 279, 280, 338, 342, 348, 351,
    371, 372, 377–379, 414, 427
    aggregate, 371
    basic, 379
    critical, 370, 378
    key, 377
    quantifiable, 371
    Mechanical precision products, 405
    Medium access control (MAC), 13446 Index
    Message handling, 160, 161, 164
    Message-input processor, 160, 162
    Metadata, 111, 156, 157
    Metadata repository, 157
    Metagraph, 369, 374–376, 380, 381,
    384, 385, 390, 391
    Metric, 14, 256, 257, 340, 404, 407,
    429
    Microsoft, 62, 91, 139, 177, 390
    .NET, 139
    Microwave, 27, 32
    Military supply chain, 251
    Milk run, 251, 252
    Minimum information sharing, 294,
    295, 308
    Mobile devices, 93, 97, 99, 106–109,
    112, 113, 120–124
    Mobile sensor technology, 98
    Mobile supply chain event
    management, 93, 94, 121
    Mobile supply chain management, 95
    Mobility, 13, 14, 108, , 379
    Monolithic model, 311, 313, 315, 316,
    318, 322, 324
    Maintenance repair and operating
    (MRO), 142–144
    Multi-agent system, 106, 108, 112,
    113, 121, 122, 174, 175, 310,
    311–317, 325, 326, 329, 330
    Multiple sourcing, 345, 346, 353,
    361–367
    Multiple supplier inventory models,
    346
    N
    Negotiation, 106–108, 111, 112, 116,
    153, 164, 166, 173–175, 291, 296,
    304, 309, 327
    mechanism, 164, 166
    Net present value, 37, 51, 61, 67
    Network, 124, 125, 173, 174, 181,
    187, 196, 203, 210, 259, 260, 369,
    370, 371, 374, 376, 379, 381
    Bayesian, 371
    hybrid, 371
    integrated, 371, 390
    distribution, 210, 273, 290, 292,
    296, 297, 327
    manufacturing, 309
    performance reliability, 374, 377,
    385, 386
    Normal distribution, 62, 81, 87
    O
    Object-oriented manufacturing
    simulation language (OMSL), 160
    Ontology, 108, 120, 151–158, 161–
    164, 174, 176
    Operational characteristics, 397–399
    Operational parameters, 152, 167,
    169, 172
    Operator, 6, 13, 21, 23, 39, 81, 264,
    380, 381
    multiplication, 380
    Oracle, 101, 107, 139, 413
    Enterprise Manager, 139
    Order quantity, 65, 66, 82, 83, 300,
    309, 316, 346, 347–349, 352–361
    Organization, 6, 9, 24, 32, 50, 73, 77,
    95, 102, 109, 127, 128, 133, 136,
    146, 151, 154, 168, 171–174, 184,
    187–192, 194, 197, 201, 206, 217,
    224, 229, 249, 255, 264, 285, 291,
    325, 346, 371, 434
    Networked, 128, 145
    individual, 136, 371
    Organizational characteristics, 397,
    400
    Out-of-stock, 33, 34, 53, 59, 60, 61,
    65, 75
    Outvertex, 376, 380
    P
    Pair, 375, 376, 379
    connected, 379
    ordered, 376
    unconnected, 379
    Parallel processing, 376Index 447
    Payback period, 51, 67
    Performance curve, 372
    actual, 372
    desired, 372
    Performance improvement, 217, 407
    Personal computers, 396, 415
    Physical markup language, 396
    Physical situation, 397–400
    Planning horizon, 53, 61, 67, 278,
    296, 297, 299, 311, 314, 316, 322,
    415
    Policy, 15, 36, 62, 65, 66, 75, 77, 83,
    90, 115, 164, 172, 173, 181, 217,
    218, 229, 235–239, 273–275, 278,
    284, 285, 287, 377, 389, 390, 406,
    407, 412, 416, 420
    best, 390
    optimal, 363, 389
    robust, 389
    Pools of inventory, 397, 400, 401
    Portfolio analysis, 52
    Possibility, 51, 55, 102, 143, 197, 221,
    292, 305
    Postponement, 132, 146, 407, 409
    Presentation layer, 112
    Price discount, 296, 307, 308
    Privacy, 35, 40–43, 48, 71, 76, 77,
    90–92, 120, 122, 228–230, 235,
    290, 291, 294, 308
    Probability, 19, 20, 38, 62, 79, 81, 85,
    90, 96, 117, 181, 193, 194, 201,
    202, 216, 335, 347–349, 355, 359,
    371, 372, 377, 378, 417, 420, 423
    Process mapping, 337, 397, 398
    Processing condition, 183, 187, 193,
    201
    Product
    differentiation, 375
    disassembling, 376
    finished, 43, 69, 181, 182, 184,
    185, 188, 192, 193, 197, 199,
    201, 203, 207, 312, 374, 412
    product families, 183, 187, 190,
    192–197, 199, 206
    product mix, 262
    product states, 183, 187, 193
    Production chain, 269–272, 274, 284,
    285, 286
    Production lead time, 117, 119, 246,
    296
    Profit and loss (P&L), 53, 67
    Profit shares, 324
    Profit margin, 294, 405
    Programmable logic controller (PLC),
    22
    Property, 158, 323, 352
    Pull-distribution, 269, 272, 274, 284
    Pull-production, 269, 271, 274, 280,
    282, 284
    Purchase price, 264, 345, 347, 349–
    352, 354, 357, 360–362
    Push-distribution, 269, 272, 274, 283
    Push-production, 271, 274, 275, 277,
    282, 284
    Q
    Quality of service (QOS), 13, 26, 326
    Quantitative alternative, 167–169
    Quantitative index, 385
    Questionnaires, 337, 397
    Quick response, 146, 148, 422
    Quick scan audit methodology
    (QSAM), 337
    R
    Radio-frequency identification
    (RFID)
    antenna, 7, 17, 18, 23, 24
    business case, 4, 24, 31, 49–53, 60,
    61, 69, 89, 138
    business justification, 61
    business value, 49–53, 58, 60–63,
    67–70, 177
    data-based decision-making, 3, 5,
    12
    reader, 6, 7, 10, 18, 29, 31, 33, 34,
    37–39, 42, 97448 Index
    tag, 5, 6, 9, 13, 16, 18, 19, 21, 24,
    29–33, 35–43, 45–72, 76, 77,
    90, 91, 97
    technology, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 12, 17, 22,
    25, 26, 29, 33, 40–44, 47, 50–
    53, 60, 61, 65, 68–71, 73–76,
    83, 88v91
    Random capacity, 345, 361, 362
    Random supplier availability, 345,
    359, 362
    Random yield, 345, 352–359, 361,
    362, 364–368, 391, 345, 352–359,
    361, 362, 364–368, 391,
    Raw material, 6, 7, 23, 59, 69, 121,
    150, 165, 185, 192, 193, 247, 250,
    269, 271, 312, 331, 338, 353, 365,
    374
    Readiness assessment, 220, 223, 233,
    236
    Real options, 51, 69, 70
    Realistic guidelines, 407
    Reorder point, 335
    Replenishment, 34, 36, 38, 40, 58, 59,
    62, 65, 66, 75, 81, 132, 173, 251,
    265, 317–321, 326, 327, 332, 333,
    337, 338, 343, 347, 356, 358,
    363–366, 374, 414, 421
    plan, 317–321, 326
    Request-for-information (RFI), 144
    Request-for-quote (RFQ), 144
    Resiliency, 373, 374
    Resource valuation, 319
    Responsiveness, 72, 219, 273, 393,
    404–406
    Retailer, 7, 26, 31, 39, 40, 43, 50, 51,
    53, 56–62, 65, 73–78, 117–119,
    129, 130, 148, 165, 168, 250, 264,
    270, 312, 337–342 , 347
    Return volumes, 181–183, 185, 187,
    189
    Return-on-investment (ROI), 51, 53
    Revenue, 53, 54, 57, 60, 62, 66, 74,
    87, 88, 186, 216, 271, 272, 284,
    285, 353, 416
    Reverse flows, 130, 189, 191, 196,
    197, 210, 216
    Robustness, 16, 311, 369–374, 378,
    379, 381, 384–391
    index, 369, 371, 377, 384–390
    S
    Safety stock, 36, 64, 81, 88, 313, 333,
    339, 347, 348, 351, 362, 364, 367
    SAP, 98, 101, 107, 124, 128, 130,
    141, 139, 413
    AG, 128
    Netweaver, 139, 107
    R/2, 128
    R/3, 128
    Scalability, 121, 230, 325
    Scenario analysis, 51, 331
    Second-order stochastic dominance,
    86
    Security, 38, 48, 91, 92, 120, 229
    Semantic interoperability, see
    heterogeneity, 150, 151, 157, 175,
    176
    Semiconductor supply chain, 270,
    273
    Sensor, 40, 93, 98, 99, 122
    Sequence diagram, 115
    Serial processing, 376
    Serialized products, 36
    Service execution management, 166
    Service forecast errors, 190
    Service layer, 122
    Service level, 21, 36, 57, 59, 65, 81,
    182, 183, 191, 192, 201, 225, 256,
    332–335, 337–340, 342, 348–350,
    352, 361, 371, 374, 377, 379,
    386–388, 390, 397, 411, 422, 427,
    431
    Service-Oriented Architectures, 97,
    100
    Selling, general, and administrative
    expenses (SG&A), 54
    Shape, 20, 98, 199, 372
    Shared infrastructure, 224
    Shelf replenishment, 34, 62, 75
    Shop floor control, 3, 8, 15, 22, 125
    Shortest path, 14, 379Index 449
    Simple object access protocol, 100
    Simplicity rules, 404, 408
    Simulation definition markup
    language, 110, 111
    Site, 182, 375
    Situation control mechanism, 162
    SKU (stock keeping unit), 73, 75, 334,
    375
    Slap and ship, 45
    Smooth demand, 333
    smooth material flow, 393, 394,
    404
    Software engineering, 152, 173, 327,
    328
    Sole sourcing, 350, 354, 355, 363,
    366
    Spreadsheet, 49–51, 58, 68, 69, 334
    Staged models, 223
    Standard deviation, 17, 64, 81, 83, 85,
    118, 334, 357, 378, 425
    Stochastic dominance, 71, 83–87, 89,
    91
    Stochastic lead time, 81, 345–347,
    349–351, 364, 365, 367
    Stock level, 81, 333, 338, 348, 349,
    377
    Stockman, 5, 27, 30, 48
    Store, 8, 23, 31, 33–35, 40, 42, 46, 47,
    53, 57, 58, 59, 61, 62–65, 73, 91,
    92, 97, 161, 163, 226, 229, 265,
    Strategic level, 184, 197
    structural robustness, 369, 371, 374,
    379, 381, 385, 386, 389, 390
    Structured questionnaire, 397
    Subset, 54, 68, 218, 363, 365, 384
    Summation, 372, 379, 380, 386
    Supplier, 6, 7, 22, 23, 36, 42, 43, 46,
    52, 94, 95, 97, 115–118, 135–137,
    143, 144–146, 148, 165, 167, 168,
    173, 197, 203, 204, 241, 242, 251,
    252, 260, 272, 316–326, 331, 334,
    338, 339, 340, 341, 342, 345–368,
    370, 378, 391, 395, 396, 403–405,
    408, 412, 414, 416, 425
    selection, 144, 348, 356, 358, 361,
    362–366
    Supply lead time, 56, 349, 351, 362,
    364, 377
    Supply network-centric, 3, 5, 6, 7
    Supply quantity, 299–307, 345, 346,
    352, 361, 362, 364, 425,
    Supply timing, 345, 346, 361
    Supply uncertainty, 345, 346, 361,
    362, 365, 366, 367, 391, 399
    Supply chain event management, 93,
    94, 101, 108, 121, 122, 125
    Supply chain management, 93, 95,
    101, 103, 106, 107, 122–125, 127,
    129, 130, 134, 147–149, 152, 169,
    172, 174–177, 210, 214–216, 233,
    235–239, 241–243, 246–248, 252,
    253, 267, 268, 273, 286, 287, 294,
    309–314, 326–331, 343, 344,
    365–367, 390, 391, 394, 407, 409,
    411, 414, 435, 436
    Supply chain
    dispersed, 385
    hypothetical, 369
    member, 121, 247–249, 252, 254,
    258, 370
    network, 73, 124, 182, 211, 269,
    285, 329, 369–371, 374, 376,
    379, 381, 382–390
    performance, 49, 52, 72, 70, 74,
    136, 248, 331, 334, 336, 341,
    370, 372, 373, 404, 407, 411,
    413, 414, 422, 426, 430, 434
    risk, 391
    robustness, 373
    structure, 329, 370
    design, 127, 130, 132, 133, 140,
    144, 145, 146, 187, 391, 396,
    398, 407
    coordination, 44, 127, 131–134,
    137, 148, 290, 327
    Survivability, 325, 326, 328
    Survival, 89, 289, 290, 369, 370, 412450 Index
    T
    Tag ID, 31
    item-level, 9, 31, 33, 34, 39, 41–
    44, 47, 52, 54, 57, 58, 62, 70
    Tagging, 6, 9, 31, 33, 41, 43, 48, 52,
    54, 58, 61, 77, 89
    Tags, 4–6, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19,
    21, 29v54, 57, 58, 61, 62, 67, 69,
    71, 72, 76, 77, 89–91 , 97, 156
    Target balance (TB), 280
    Target wip, 271, 277–279
    Target-production, 272, 278, 279,
    280, 282, 284
    Technology acceptance model, 169
    Technology Transfer, 4, 13
    Tellkamp, 52, 70
    attack,
    international,
    Terrorism, 369, 370, 371, 391
    Third-party logistics (3PL), 252, 290,
    310
    Three-dimensional concurrent
    engineering (3D-CE), 140
    Throughput, 44, 165, 168, 169, 256,
    270–277, 280–284, 378
    Time buckets, 398, 415, 435
    Time-sensitive materials, 21, 27
    Topological index, 369, 384, 385, 389,
    390
    Topological length, 379
    Total accessibility, 387
    Total connectivity, 371, 379–390
    Total cycle time (TCT), 393, 404
    Toyota, 147, 243, 244, 267, 370
    Toyota Production System (TPS),
    244, 243
    Traffic congestion, 312, 336
    Transaction costs, 127, 129, 132, 134,
    137, 143, 144, 146
    Transferability, 393, 394, 406
    Transformation, 53, 58, 59, 110, 131,
    161, 175, 185, 213, 214, 215, 217,
    223, 227, 230, 231, 233–237, 243,
    245, 261, 265, 289, 370, 412, 414,
    415, 434
    Transit-time, 374, 377, 378, 379, 386,
    387, 388
    Transmission control protocol
    /internet protocol (TCP/IP), 105,
    137
    Transport, 95, 117, 119, 153, 210,
    282, 292, 296, 331, 332–338,
    340–334
    Transportation, 7, 34, 35, 40, 43, 57,
    60, 64, 99, 114, 117, 118, 131,
    154, 155, 165, 168, 175, 183, 186,
    189, 192, 195, 197, 205, 210,
    250–253, 256, 259, 261, 265, 274,
    282–285, 292, 296–299, 301, 302,
    306, 312, 343, 344, 350, 362, 365,
    366, 370, 374, 391, 414, 427
    Transshipment, 8, 26, 27, 282, 283
    Triangulated evidence, 337
    ordered, 340
    Triple, 124, 380, 381
    Trustworthiness, 315, 319, 321, 322
    Trustworthy multiagent system, 316,
    317
    U
    U.S. department of defense, 4, 9, 23,
    43
    Ultra high frequency (UHF), 18, 30,
    32
    reduction principle, 393, 394, 406,
    407
    Uncertainty, 7, 12, 14, 51, 79, 87, 92,
    124, 202, 211, 319, 339, 345, 346,
    349, 352–358, 360–362, 364–367,
    374, 391, 393–409, 417, 425
    Universal description discovery
    integration, 166
    Unstable feedback loop, 404
    Utility function, 83–87Index 451
    V
    Value decomposition, 55
    Value net integrator, 224
    Value stream, 241, 244–252, 257, 265,
    267, 337, 341, 393, 394–408
    Map, 245, 247, 249, 257, 267
    Value tree, 54, 55
    performance, 54, 58–60, 64, 65,
    67, 70
    Value decomposition, 55
    Value net Integrator, 224
    Variance, 52, 71–73, 78–92, 277,
    346–352, 361, 371, 378
    Velocity management (VM), 72
    Vendor managed inventory (VMI), 7,
    8, 15, 22, 251, 331–333, 343, 344
    Vickrey auction, 317, 320
    Virtual models, 12, 13
    Volatile feedback, 397
    Value stream map (VSM), 247, 249,
    257
    assessment, 249
    Vulnerability, 371
    W
    Wafer fabrication, 270, 287, 370
    Wal-mart, 4, 7, 9, 23, 43, 50, 53, 70,
    72, 75, 76, 92, 248, 250
    Warehouse, 7, 14–17, 23, 26, 30, 31,
    34, 41, 45, 52, 53, 56, 79, 90, 95,
    183, 188, 195–199, 201, 203–209,
    227, 246, 254, 264, 269–271, 274,
    282–284, 312, 374
    Web presence, 230, 231
    Web services, 97, 100, 106, 107, 113,
    114, 120, 123–130, 137, 139, 146,
    147, 161, 166, 228, 229, 239
    description language, 100, 166
    Web digital government (WebDG),
    228
    Well-trodden path, 395, 407
    What-if analysis, 51
    Winner determination, 318, 319, 326
    Work-in-process (WIP), 250, 270,
    271, 274–284, 286, 287 , 343, 378,
    399, 416

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