Steel Metallurgy for the Non-Metallurgist

Steel Metallurgy for the Non-Metallurgist
اسم المؤلف
John D. Verhoeven
التاريخ
23 سبتمبر 2019
المشاهدات
التقييم
(لا توجد تقييمات)
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Steel Metallurgy for the Non-Metallurgist
John D. Verhoeven
Contents
Preface vii
About the Author xi
Chapter 1 Pure Iron 1
Summary of the Major Ideas in Chapter 1 . 4
Chapter 2 Solutions and Phase Diagrams 5
Solutions . 5
Phase Diagrams . 6
Summary of the Major Ideas in Chapter 2 . 7
Chapter 3 Steel and the Iron-Carbon Phase Diagram 9
Low-Carbon Steels (Hypoeutectoid Steels) . 10
High-Carbon Steels (Hypereutectoid Steels) 13
Eutectoid Steel (Pearlite) 15
The A
1, Ae1, Ac1, and Ar1 Nomenclature . 16
Summary of the Major Ideas in Chapter 3 17
Chapter 4 The Various Microstructures of Room-Temperature Steel 21
Optical Microscope Images of Steel Grains . 21
Room-Temperature Microstructures of Hypo- and Hypereutectoid Steels 23
Microstructure of Quenched Steel 26
Spheroidized Microstructures 35
Summary of the Major Ideas in Chapter 4 37
Chapter 5 Mechanical Properties 39
The Tensile Test . 39
The Hardness Test . 42
The Notched Impact Test . 45
Fatigue Failure and Residual Stresses 48
Summary of the Major Ideas in Chapter 5 52
Chapter 6 The Low-Alloy AISI Steels 55
Manganese in Steel 56
Effect of Alloying Elements on the Iron-Carbon Phase Diagram . 58
Summary of the Major Ideas in Chapter 6 60
Steel Metallurgy for the Non-Metallurgist (#05214G)
Chapter 7 Diffusion—A Mechanism for Atom Migration within a Metal 63
Carburizing and Decarburizing . 67
Summary of the Major Ideas in Chapter 7 69
Chapter 8 Control of Grain Size by Heat Treatment and Forging 71
Grain Size . 71
Grain Growth . 72
New Grains Formed by Phase Transformation . 74
New Grains Formed by Recrystallization . 75
Effect of Alloying Elements . 77
Summary of the Major Ideas in Chapter 8 81
Chapter 9 Hardenability of Steel 83
Isothermal Transformation Diagrams 84
Continuous Transformation (CT) Diagrams . 90
The Jominy End Quench 93
Summary of the Major Ideas in Chapter 9 97
Chapter 10 Tempering 99
Effects of Alloying Elements . 102
Summary of the Major Ideas in Chapter 10 104
Chapter 11 Austenitization 107
Single-Phase Austenitization 107
Two-Phase Austenitization . 111
Summary of the Major Ideas in Chapter 11 113
Chapter 12 Quenching 117
Special Quenching Techniques 117
Characterization of Quench Bath Cooling Performance . 125
Oil Quenchants 127
Polymer Quenchants 127
Salt Bath Quenchants . 129
Summary of the Major Ideas in Chapter 12 129
Chapter 13 Stainless Steels 133
Ferritic Stainless Steels 134
Martensitic Stainless Steels 137
Optimizing Martensitic Stainless Steel for Cutlery Applications 140
Austenitic Stainless Steels 147
Precipitation-Hardening Stainless Steels 151
Summary of the Major Ideas in Chapter 13 153
Chapter 14 Tool Steels 157
Tool Steel Classification . 157
The Carbides in Tool Steels . 159
Special Heat Treatment Effects with Tool Steels 161
Summary of the Major Ideas in Chapter 14 162
Chapter 15 Solidification 165
Microsegregation . 166
Grain Size and Shape . 170
Steel Metallurgy for the Non-Metallurgist (#05214G) Porosity 172
Summary of the Major Ideas in Chapter 15 173
Chapter 16 Cast Irons 175
Gray and White Cast Irons . 176
Ductile and Malleable Cast Iron . 185
Summary of the Major Ideas in Chapter 16 187
Chapter 17 Surface Hardening Treatment of Steels 189
Surface Heat Treatments . 189
Surface Diffusion Layers . 191
Summary of the Major Ideas in Chapter 17 198
Appendix A Temperature Measurement 201
Thermocouples 201
Radiation Pyrometers . 203
Appendix B Stainless Steels for Knifemakers 209
Index .
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