بحث بعنوان Solar Energy Potential and Assessment of CSP Plant Accounting for Sustainability in Sudan

بحث بعنوان Solar Energy Potential and Assessment of CSP Plant Accounting for Sustainability in Sudan
اسم المؤلف
Dr. Salaheldin Hassabelgabo Abdelrazig Ibrahim, Dr. Osama Mohammed Elmardi Suleiman Khayal
التاريخ
8 أكتوبر 2021
المشاهدات
التقييم
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بحث بعنوان
Solar Energy Potential and Assessment of CSP Plant Accounting for Sustainability in Sudan
Dr. Salaheldin Hassabelgabo Abdelrazig Ibrahim, Dr. Osama Mohammed Elmardi Suleiman Khayal
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology,
Nile Valley University, Atbara – Sudan
Abstract— Sudan is one of the East Africa countries that
have endured considerable economic strain with the loss of
substantial oil following the separation of South Sudan in
July 2011, but it is lucky enough to have an abundant solar
energy potential resources with plenty of water resources
and a large area of lands. River Nile State (RNS) one of
Sudan states characterized by a huge potential of national
resources. The location of RNS is covered by a Direct
Normal Radiation above 1800 kWh/m2/year, the resources
available in the State is quite sufficient to support nexus
between energy, food, water, and land use to offers an
approach for multi-scale, integrated assessment of this
nexus. The analysis and performance of the proposed
parabolic trough power plant are done by using SAM
software created by National Renewable Energy
Laboratory’s (NREL) SAM software. The selected
parabolic trough concentrated power plant system has a
capacity of 100 MW nameplate capacity and 6 hours
thermal Energy storage (TES). The simulation of solar
energy potential contribution (quantity) and convenience
(quality) of concentrated solar power (CSP) as alternative
sources for the production of electricity in River Nile State.
The annual electricity power generated for the 6 localities
of River Nile State is calculated to be 389 GWh Abu
Hamad, 381 GWh Atbra, 385 GWh Barbar, 383 GWh El
Damer, El Matammah 364 GWh and 382 GWh Shendi
respectively. For sustainability, the results show that fossil
fuel can be the preserve considerably in this state and can
achieve about 76 Million Cubic Meters of CO2 emissionreducing and 31 Million Cubic Meters Natural gas-saving
with the line of the sustainable development program. For
nexus issues, solar field area (land) is 587 acres with nonsolar field land area with a multiplier of 1.4 which gives a
total plant area of 822 acres (8.22 acres per MW of power
capacity) with Average solar radiation 2,587 Wh/m2/year.
The energy outputs are: 562 GWh thermal annually
(provided by solar radiation); and 389 electricity annually
(produced by the plant) for Abu Hamad locality the higher
solar potential resources, Besides a Total Annual Water
usage is 84,238 m3.
Keywords— River Nile State, CSP, Abu Hamad, Parabolic trough, Sudan
CONCLUSION
The National resources available in River Nile State is quite
sufficient to support nexus between energy, food, water and
land use to offers an approach for multi-scale, integrated
assessment of this nexus. The assessment of the solar energy
potential contribution (quantity) and convenience (quality) of
concentrated solar power (CSP) as alternative sources for the
production of electricity in River Nile State concluded that:

  1. The site of Abu Hamad locality has the highest solar
    potential to generate electricity followed by Barbar,
    El Damer, Atbara, and Shendi and finally El
    Matammah has the lowest potential among them.
  2. From the sites analysed all state localities have areas
    with plenty of water and therefore no restrictions on
    using parabolic trough technique.
  3. Fossil fuel can be preserved considerably in these
    areas and can obtain about 76 Million Cubic Meters
    of CO2 emission-reducing and about 31 Million
    Cubic Meters Natural gas-saving with the line of the
    sustainable development program.
    I. For Abu Hamad locality, CSP the size
    assumption for power plant of 100MW yield
    a result of Energy, Land and Water nexus as
    flows: The solar field area is 587 acres with
    non-solar field land area multiplier 1.4
    which gives a total plant area of 822 acres
    (8.22 acres per MW of power capacity).
    II. Average solar radiation 2,587 Wh/m2/year.
    The outputs are 562 GWh thermal annually
    (provided by solar radiation); and 389
    electricity annually (produced by the plant).
    III. Total Annual Water usage is 84,238 m3

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