Making Simple Robots

Making Simple Robots
اسم المؤلف
Kathy Ceceri
التاريخ
6 ديسمبر 2023
المشاهدات
182
التقييم
(لا توجد تقييمات)
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Making Simple Robots
Kathy Ceceri
Table of Contents

What You Need to Know . 40
Gather Your Materials 40
Directions . 41
Project: Design a Wheel-Leg Hybrid . 48
What It Does . 48
Where It Came From . 48
How It Works 49
How Does a 3D Printer Work? . 50
Making the Project . 53
Project Parameters . 53
What You Need to Know . 54
Gather Your Materials 54
Directions . 54

  1. Unevolved Robots 73
    Project: Make a Swarm of Gliding Vibrobots . 77
    What Is a Vibrobot? 77
    What It Does . 77
    Where It Came From . 77
    How It Works 78
    Making the Project . 78
    Project Parameters . 78
    What You Need to Know . 79
    Project: Make a Souped-Up Solar BEAM Wobblebot . 83
    What Is a BEAM Robot? . 83
    What It Does . 83
    Where It Came From . 83
    How It Works 84
    Making The Project 84
    Project Parameters . 85
  2. Robot Friends and Helpers 105
    Project: Make a Chatbot Program 107
    What Is a Chatbot? 107
    What It Does 107
    Where It Came From 107
    How It Works . 108
    Making the Project 110
    Project Parameters 112
    What You Need to Know 112
    Gather Your Materials . 112
    Project: Picture Yourself in the Uncanny Valley . 124
    What Is the Uncanny Valley? . 124
    What It Does 124
    Where It Came From 124
    iv Making Simple RobotsHow It Works 126
    Making the Project . 127
    Project Parameters 127
    What You Need to Know 127
    Gather Your Materials . 128
  3. Fun, Artsy Robots 135
    Project: Make a littleBits Plotter . 136
    What Is a Plotter? . 136
    What It Does . 137
    Where It Came From 137
    How It Works . 139
    Making the Project . 140
    Project: Make FiberBot, an E-Textile Arduino Robot . 153
    What Are E-Textiles? 153
    What It Does . 154
    Where It Came From 154
    How It Works . 155
    Making the Project . 156
    Afterword: What I Learned Writing This Book . 191
    Index 195
    Indexbatteries, 20, 158, 159
    Baughman, Ray, 2
    Baxter robot (ReThink Robotics), 106
    Bayirli, Erkin, 37, 39
    BBots (Harvard), 78
    Bdeir, Ayah, 45
    Beatty Robotics, x–x
    Beatty, Camille, x
    Beatty, Genevieve, x
    Beatty, Robert, x
    BeetleBot, 84
    Biagini, Kevin, 50
    Bicalho, Chico, 73
    Big Dog robot (Boston Dynamics), 34, 127
    Bio-Inspired Robotic Laboratory (National Taiwan University), 48
    Blade Runner, vii
    Bladerunner, 126
    Block Palette (Scratch), 114
    Bob the BiPed, 50
    Boston Dynamics, 34
    Branwyn, Gareth, 103
    Breazeal, Cynthia, 105
    Bristlebots, 77, 78
    Brooklyn Aerodrome, 33
    Buechley, Leah, 154
    Buehler, William J., 7
    Burton, Tim, 164
    C
    C-3PO, vii, 105
    CAD software, 55
    Tinkercad, 56
    carbon nanotubes, 2
    Carnegie Mellon University, 23,
    111
    Case Western Reserve University, 37, 49
    Cassini spacecraft, 37
    Cheetah, 34
    circuits, 20–21
    batteries, 158
    LED Matrix controller, 160
    links for, 22
    Ohms Law, 22
    soldering, 88–90
    wires, 158
    wiring for eFabric project,
    160–169
    Citilab Smalltalk Team, 111
    Cleverbot chatbot (Cornell),
    109
    Colour Chaser, 135
    Connors, Chris, 11
    Cornell University, 109
    Crayola Model, 129
    Cubelets, 75
    Cupcake CNC, 51
    Curiosity rover, 37
    current, 20
    D
    da Vinci, Leonardo, 73
    DASH (Dynamic Autonomous
    Sprawled Hexapod), 7
    Dash Robotics DIY kit, 7
    DC (direct current), 20
    Defense Advanced Research
    Projects Agency (DARPA),
    35
    degrees of freedom, 6
    Demaine, Erik, 5, 27
    Demers, Jérôme, 84
    Der Kritzler (Norwegian Creations), 138
    dimmer switches, 44
    in littleBits plotter, 140
    DIY Mini Fume Extractor, 89
    Dörfelt, Matthias, 135
    Drake University, 109
    Drawdio, 135
    Dynalloy, 8
    how-to website, 10
    voltage requirement for
    wires, 19
    E
    e-textile Arduino robot, 153–
    189
    Adafruit tutorials, 160
    building, 159–189
    history of, 154
    links for, 155
    materials, 156–158
    mechanics of, 155
    Edgar, Emma, 33
    Edgar, Marc, 33
    Egg-Bot (Evil Mad Scientist),
    137
    Electronic Arts, Inc. (EA), 111
    Eliza chatbot, 108, 109
    Elmers Dry Erase Board, 144
    Emma Willard Mini Maker
    Faire, 33
    Evil Mad Scientist website, 79
    plotter, 137
    EyeRoll animation, 176
    F
    FabLab, 138
    Felt, Wyatt, 25, 26
    Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within (2001), 125
    Finio, Ben, 31
    FIRST Robotics Competition,
    33
    Flexinol, 8, 9
    France, Anna Kaziunas, 71
    Franklin Institute, 73
    Freeform Miller Solar Engine,
    95–97
    Fried, Limor Lady Ada, 155
    frozen smoke, 1–3, 3
    Fuller, Buckminster, 36
    196 IndexFunniest Computer Ever competition, 108
    G
    GeekDad, vii
    GeekMom, vii
    Geminoid robot (Osaka University), 125
    Getting Started with Arduino
    (Banzi), 155
    Ghazanfar, Asif, 127
    Giomi, Luca, 78
    GLaDOS chatbot, 122
    Glue Dots, 46
    Google, 34
    Graffiti Research Lab (New
    York City), 21
    graphical programming
    links for, 123
    Scratch and, 110–111
    Griffith, Saul, 23
    H
    Hanako 2 (Yoshida Dental
    Manufacturing), 125
    Hanks, Tom, 125
    Hanson Robotics, 126
    Hanson, David, 126, 126
    Hart, Vi, 27
    Harvard University, 5, 25
    BBots, 78
    Kilobots, 77
    RoboBee, 34
    TERMES robots, 76
    Hawaii Pacific University, 108
    Hayes, Gregory, 91
    heat, nitinol and, 7
    Hektor (Norwegian Creations),
    138
    Hello World programs, 122
    Hexbug, 77
    Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (Smithsonian
    Institution), 37
    hopping frog origami, 7
    Hrynkiw, David, 83, 92, 103
    Hugo (movie), 73
    Humphrys, Mark, 109
    I
    I-Swarm, 78
    if-then-else blocks, 119
    Indiana University Department of Informatics, 126
    inflatable robot project, 23–31
    building, 26
    history of, 23–25
    links for, 31
    materials, 26
    mechanics of, 25
    Instructables, 51, 103
    integrated development environment (IDE), 154
    installing, 170
    Intel, 51
    Interaction Design Institute Ivrea, 154
    iPhone, 108
    iRobot, 23
    Ishiguro, Hiroshi, 125, 127
    Isle of Man, 49
    J
    Jansen, Theo, 74
    Jaquet-Droz, Pierre, 73
    Java, 111
    Jepson, Brian, 91
    Jimmy (Intel), 51
    Johnson, Brian David, 51
    Joseph, Sam, 108
    JunkBots, BugBots & Bots on
    Wheels (Tilden and Hrynkiw), 83, 92, 103
    K
    Kamen, Dean, 33
    Karvinen, Kimmo, 155
    Karvinen, Tero, 155
    Keepon robot (Yale), 106
    Kelly, James Floyd, 71
    Kemp, Adam, 91
    Kennedy, Erin RobotGrrl, 136
    Kilobots, 77
    kinetic furnishings, 4
    kinetic sculptures, 4
    Kismet, 105
    Kogakuin University (Japan),
    125
    L
    LabVIEW, 111
    Lang, Robert J., 10
    Learn How to Program with
    Scratch (Marji), 123
    Learn to Solder (Jepson, Moskowite, Hayes), 88
    LEDs, 20
    bar graph of, 44
    LEGO Education WeDo kit, 111
    LEGO Mindstorms, vii, 51
    programming, 111
    Leonardo robot (MIT), 105
    Levin, Stephen, 38
    Li, David, 111
    Lifelong Kindergarten group
    (MIT), 110, 135
    LilyPad components, 154, 155
    Lipson, Hod, 109
    littleBits, 45
    servos, 140
    littleBits plotter project, 136–
    153
    building, 144–152
    history of, 137
    links for, 153
    materials for, 142
    Index 197mechanics of, 139
    locomotion, 33–71
    degrees of freedom, 6
    links for, 35
    tensegrity robot project,
    36–48
    wheel-leg hybrid robot
    project, 48–71
    Loebner Prize, 107
    Loebner, Hugh, 107
    loops, 114
    Loper, 49
    Luxembourg, 135
    M
    M-Blocks, 75
    MacDorman, Karl, 126
    magic smoke, 91
    Maillardet, Henri, 73
    Make: 3D Printing: The Essential Guide to 3D Printers
    (France), 71
    Make: Arduino Bots and Gadgets (Karvinen and Karvinen), 155
    Make: Basic Arduino Projects
    (Wilcher), 155
    Make: Electronics (Platt), 91
    Make: Getting Started with
    Soldering Kit (Maker Shed),
    88
    Make: website, 10
    Maker Faires, viii
    Maker Movement, viii
    Maker Shed website, 33
    MakerBot, 50
    MakerShed, 103
    MaKey MaKey, 111, 136
    Marji, Majed, 123
    martensite phase of nitinol, 8
    Matelli, Tony, 129
    materials, 1–31
    3D printers and, 50–53
    actuated paper project, 4–
    22
    inflatable robot project, 23–
    31
    paper robotics linkbox, 16
    shrinkable plastic, 1–3
    SMA wire, 3
    McElroy, Kathryn, 154
    McKibben, Joseph L., 25
    MGonz, 109
    Miller Solar Engine, 84, 92
    Miller, Andrew, 84
    Mind, 107
    Minecraft, 55
    MIT, 5
    RoboTuna, 34
    Step by Step Chatbot
    project page, 113
    MIT Media Lab, 6, 10
    MIT Media Labs Personal Robots Group, 105
    Mitsuku chatbot, 108
    Model Magic, 129
    modular robots, 75
    Mori, Masahiro, 124, 127
    Moskowite, Tyler, 91
    motors, 100–103
    mountain folds, 17
    MouseBot, 84
    MSRox, 49
    N
    Nano robots, 77
    NASA Ames Research Center,
    37
    National Taiwan University, 48
    Needle Tower (Snelson), 36
    New York, viii
    New York City, New York, 21
    Nickel Titanium Naval Ordnance Laboratory, 7
    nitinol SMA wire, 3, 7
    austenite phase of, 7
    martensite phase of, 8
    Nomad Press, vii
    North Carolina State University, 1
    Norwegian Creations, 138
    Nuremburg, Germany, 138
    O
    Octopus Project, 3
    Ohms Law, 22
    origami, 4
    origami robots, 5
    Osaka University, 125
    OtherLab, 23
    inflatable arm, 25
    website, 1
    Owen, Ivan, 51
    P
    Pancake Bot, 51
    Paul robotic arm (Tresset), 138
    Pausch, Randy, 111
    peel-and-stick aluminum foil
    tape, 9
    Pettis, Bre, 39
    Philip K. Dick android, 126
    PLA, 51
    Platt, Charles, 91
    Pleo robot (Yale), 105
    Plotclock (FabLab), 138, 140
    plotters
    mechanics of, 140
    Traveling Salesman Problem and, 140
    Pneubots, 23
    Polar Express (2004), 125
    Ponoko, 50, 55
    pop-up illustrations, 4
    potentiometer, 44
    Princeton University, 127
    Processing, 154
    198 IndexQ
    Qi, Jie, 6, 19
    Quattroped, 48
    R
    R2-D2, vii, 105
    RadioShack, 20
    Raspberry Pi, 122
    RepRap, 50
    resistance, 22
    ReThink Robotics, 106
    Rieffel, John, 37, 39, 39
    RiSE, 34
    RoACH (Robotic Autonomous
    Crawling Hexapod), 6
    Robo Faber (Dörfelt), 135
    RoboBee, 34
    RoboBrrd robot (Kennedy),
    136
    Robohand, 51
    Robojelly, 3
    Robotics: Discover the Science
    and Technology of the Future (Ceceri), vii, 84
    RobotShop, 9
    Robotshop.com
    how-to website, 10
    RoboTuna, 34
    Roomba, 23
    Rosenbaum, Eric, 136
    Rus, Daniela, 5
    S
    safety
    9V batteries and, 9
    acetone, 53
    LiPo batteries and, 159
    overheating actuating wire,
    10
    short-circuits, 21
    soldering, 85, 89
    Sarrus linkages, 7
    sarrus linkages, 26
    School of Visual Arts, 154
    Scratch, 110–111
    Scratch Cat, 112
    Scratch Chat Bot Assignment
    worksheet, 114
    Script Area (Scratch), 114
    Sculpteo, 50
    Second Life, 55
    Segway personal transporter,
    33
    Sense M-Blocks, 75
    Shafer, Jeremy, 10
    shape memory alloy (SMA), 1
    Shapeways, 50, 55
    Shi robot, 39
    Showa University (Japan), 125
    Shrek (2001), 125
    shrinkable plastic, 1–3
    Shrinky Dinks, 1
    Sicily, 49
    silicon gripper robot, 25, 25
    Silver, Jay, 135, 135, 136
    sintering, 51
    Siri, 108
    SketchUp, 54, 71
    SMA wire, 3
    smart body, 1
    Smart Composite Microstructures, 6
    Snelson, Kenneth, 36
    Social Robotics Lab (Yale), 105
    social robots, 105–133
    chatbox, 107–123
    links for, 107
    Uncanny Valley project,
    124–133
    Solar BEAM robot project, 83–
    103
    building, 91–95
    Freeform Miller Solar Engine, 95–97
    history of, 83
    materials, 85–88
    mechanics of, 84
    motors for, 100–103
    solar panels, 98–99
    solar panels, 98–99
    Solar Wobblebot project, 84
    Solarbotics, 103
    Solarbotics Circuit Board/Solar
    Panel, 92
    Solarbotics.com, 85, 92
    solder, 88
    soldering, 88–90
    links, 91
    magic smoke, 91
    soldering iron, 88
    SparkFun website, 21, 154
    Sphero Robotic Ball, 33
    sprites, 112
    Stage (Scratch), 114
    Stan Winston Studio, 105
    Star Wars, 105
    Step by Step Chatbot project,
    107–123
    building, 112–122
    history of, 107
    links for, 110, 123
    materials, 112
    mechanics of, 108
    Scratch and, 110–111
    when two chatboxes meet,
    109–110
    Step by Step Chatbot project
    page, 113
    Strandbeests, 74
    subroutine, 118
    SunSpiral, Vytas, 37
    Super Ball Bot lander, 37
    Suzuki, Yuri, 135
    swarming robots, 76
    Sylvias Super-Awesome Maker
    Show, 137
    T
    Tech Valley Center of Gravity,
    ix
    Teng, Frank, 93
    Index 199tensegrity robot project, 36–
    48
    building, 41–48
    history of, 36
    links for, 48
    materials, 40
    mechanics of, 38
    TERMES robots, 76
    TetraSpine robot, 37, 39
    The Makerspace Workbench
    (Kemp), 91
    thermoplastic filament, 51
    Thingiverse, 51, 55
    Think M-Blocks, 75
    Throwies, 21, 21
    Tilden, Mark W., 83, 92, 103
    Tinkercad, 54, 56
    TinyDuino, 154
    Todd, Sylvia, 137
    tools for soldering, 88
    traces, 11
    transformable robots, 4
    Traveling Salesman Problem,
    140
    Tresset, Patrick, 138
    Trinket microcontroler, 155
    triskelion, 49
    Troy, New York, 33
    Turing Test, 107
    Turing, Alan, 107
    Turn Signal Jacket (Buechley),
    154
    U
    UC Berkeley Biomimetic Millisystems Lab, 6
    Uncanny Valley project, 124–
    133
    building, 128–133
    history of, 124–126
    links for, 133
    materials, 128
    mechanics of, 126
    unevolved robots, 73–103
    BEAM robot project, 83–
    103
    links for, 76, 103
    vibrobots, 77
    Union College, 37, 39
    University College, Ireland, 109
    University of Iran, 49
    University of Minnesota, 49
    University of Texas at Dallas, 2
    USBtinyISP, 170
    V
    valley folds, 17
    Van As, Richard, 51
    vertical plotter, 138
    vibrobot project, 77
    building, 79–82
    history of, 77
    links for, 82
    materials, 79
    mechanics of, 78
    Virginia Tech, 3
    voltage, 20
    W
    wall plotter, 138
    Wallace, Richard, 108
    Waseda University (Japan), 125
    WaterColorBot kit, 137
    Weizenbaum, Joseph, 108
    Wellesley College, 129
    wheel-leg hybrid robot
    project, 48–71
    3D printers and, 50–53
    building, 54–71
    history of, 48
    links for, 50
    materials, 54
    mechanics of, 49
    Wheg, 49
    White House Science Fair, 137
    Whitesides Group, 25
    Wilcher, Don, 155
    wire, solid vs. stranded, 158
    Wired.com, vii
    wires, 158
    Wood, Robert, 5
    World Maker Faire New York,
    51
    Worswick, Steve, 108
    Wowwee Robosapien toys, 83
    X
    Xbox Kinect, 111
    XinCheJian makerspace
    (Shanghai), 111
    Y
    Yale University, 105
    Yoshida Dental Manufacturing,
    125
    YouTube, x
    Tinkercad channel, 56

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