Introduction to Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing

Introduction to Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing
اسم المؤلف
Blake Coleman
التاريخ
12 أبريل 2022
المشاهدات
423
التقييم
(لا توجد تقييمات)
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Introduction to Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing
A Jomat Series Training Guide
Blake Coleman
Table of Content
Dedication V
Table of Content Vi
Chapter One 1
Introduction 1
Graphics Fundamentals 5
Graphical Representation 5
Graphics Tool Box 6
Geometric Elements 7
Geometrical Manipulation 9
Chapter Two 12
Construction of Shapes Using Axis 12
Cartesian Coordinate System 12
Geometric Modelling 13
Methods for Constructing Surfaces or Solids From Other Geometry 19
A Parametric Solid Model 21
Creating Sophisticated Geometry 22
Defining Datum Points 22
Defining Datum Axes 23
Defining Datum Planes 24
Strategies for Making a Model 26
Group Technology 30
Part Families 31
Parts Classification and Coding Systems 31
Coding Structures 33
Chapter Three 34
Data Transfer in Cad 34
Overview of Autocad 34
Nuetral File Formats 34
Initial Graphics Exchange Specification (Iges) 35
Data Exchange Format (Dxf) 36
General File Structure of Dxf 37
Chapter Four 40
Cam System and Configuration 40
Cam Classification 41
Degree of Freedom in Cam Systems 41
Cam Workflow Process 43
Selection of Machine Tool 43
Selection of Cutting Tool 44
Selection of Tool Path Strategy 45
Selection of Machined Geometry 45
Simulation 45
Create Nc Program 46
Documenting 46
Datum Setting 47
Setting the Work Piece Origin 47vii
Chapter Five 49
Cnc System and Configuration 49
Nc Machine Motions 50
Machine Types 50
Programming Systems 52
Nc Programming Format 56
Chapter Six 63
Cad/cam Work Station Setup 63
Dimensioning Guidelines 63
Machine Zero Point 63
Work Settings and Offsets 65
Work Coordinates 65
R Plane or Gage Height 66
Tool Length Offset 66
Cutter Diameter Compensation 67
Work Holding 68
Chapter Seven 70
Cam/cnc Programming and Operation 70
Safety First 70
Cutting Tool Fundamentals 72
Cannned Circle 74
Types of Canned Cycles 75
Multitasking Machines 79
Cylindrical Grinding 80
Special Purpose Cnc Machines 81
Milling and Drilling Programming 82
Fanuc Compatible Programming 86
Chapter Eight 90
Simulation in Computer Aided Manufacturing 90
Types of Simulation 91
Techniques of Simulation 91
Simulation Process for Manufacturing Systems Analysis 92
Simulation Software Packages 92
Application of Simulation 93
Simulation in Automotive Industry 93
Procedure for Simulation Using Software 95
References 97
Index 99chapter on
References
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Balasubramanian, S., & Norrie, D. H. (1996). A multi-agent architecture for
concurrent design, process planning, routing, and scheduling. Concurrent
Engineering Research and Applications, 4(1), 7-16
Beg, J., & Shunmugam, M. S. (2003). Application of fuzzy logic in the selection of
part orientation and probe orientation sequencing for prismatic parts.
International Journal of Production Research, 41(12), 2799-2815.
Bo, Z. W., Hua, L. Z., & Yu, Z.G, (2006). Optimization of process route by Genetic
Algorithms. Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, 22(2), 180-
188.
Brown, R. G. (2000). Driving Digital Manufacturing to reality. In Proceedings of
Winter Simulation Conference, Orlando, FL,USA.
Campbell, M. I., Cagan, J., & Kotovsky, K. (1999). A-Design: An agent-based
approach to conceptual design in a dynamic environment. Research in
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Carpenter, I. D., & Maropoulos, P. G. (2000). Flexible tool selection decision
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Technology, 107(1-3), 143-152.
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integration platform for an agile manufacturing environment. 98
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468.
Chang, T. -C., Wysk, R. A., & Wang, H. -P. (1991). Computer-Aided Manufacturing
(Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ).
Chen, C. L. P., & LeClair, S. R. (1993), Unsupervised neural learning algorithm for
setup generation in process planning. In Proceedings of International
Conference on Artificial Neural Networks in Engineering, (pp. 663-8).
Chen, Y. H., & Lee, H. M. (1998), A neural network system for 2D feature
recognition. International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing,
11(2), 111-7.
Chen, Z., & Siddique, Z. (2006). A model of collaborative design decision making
using timed Petri-net. In Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering
Technical Conference.
Chuang, J. H., Wang, P. H., & Wu, M. C. (1999), Automatic classification of blockshaped parts based on their 2D projections. Computers & Industrial
Engineering, 36(3), 697-718.
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of Engineering Manufacture, 212(2), 129-140.
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representation using an object-oriented data model. International Journal
of Computer Integrated Manufacturing.
Yue, Y., Ding, L., Ahmet, K, Painter, J., & Walters, M. (2002). Study of neural
network techniques for computer integrated manufacturing. Engineering
Computations (Swansea, Wales).INDEX
A
Associative constraints,
27
Attributes, 30, 35, 36
Auxiliary holes, 33
Axes, 10, 11, 12, 21, 22,
42, 49, 50, 51, 55, 56,
58, 63, 66
Axisymmetric, 31
B
Batch quantity, 32
binding, ii
blue prints, 34
C
CAD, iii, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 21, 25,
34, 35, 36, 40, 43, 45,
49, 50, 63, 71
CAD system, 3, 5, 7, 9, 34,
49, 50
CAE, 4
CAM, 4, 34, 35, 40, 41, 42,
43, 44, 45, 46, 49, 50,
63, 70
canned cycles, 58, 74, 75,
77, 78
CAPP, 4
CAPPS, 4
CAQA, 4
Cartesian coordinate, 21
CAST, 4
Circular Interpolation, 56
Clamps, 69
CNC TOOLS, 72
code structure, 33
CODE system, 33
coding systems, 31
collinear constraint, 27
Colours, 6
Commercial parts, 33
compressive strength, 1
Conceptional design, 4
conceptual model, 92
Concurrent engineering, 2
construction, 1, 2, 12, 15,
17
Contouring, 50, 55
Contouring movements,
12
Coordinate, 6, 7, 37, 41, 52
coordinate system, 5, 7,
10, 12, 27, 43, 46, 64, 71
counterclockwise, 56, 58,
59
curve, 6, 7, 8, 9, 19, 22, 55
Cutting tools, 32, 70, 72
D
Datum, 7, 21, 22, 23, 24,
25, 26, 30, 53
Datum Frame, 26
datum points, 22, 26
DCLASS system, 33
Design assessment, 4
Design data, 35
Detail design, 4
Digital representation, 33
Dimensional space, 12
Discrete manufacturing,
91
Drawing Exchange File, 37
Drilling, 4, 41, 50, 51, 54,
76
Dynamic simulation, 91
E
Electronic drawings, 3
Engineering drawings, 3,
6, 34, 61
Engineering graphics, iii, 1
Engineering projects, 2
Enterprise Dynamic, 92,
93
extrude, 19, 20, 26
F
fillet, 29, 30
G
Geometric element, 7
Geometric models, 14, 35
Graphical
communications, 1
graphics pipeline, 6
Graphics primitives, 5, 6, 7
grinding, 41, 79
Group technology, 30
GUI, 21
H
High level simulators, 91,
92
Hybrid structure, 33
I
inertia properties, 13
Interpolation, 55
interpretation, 33
K
KK-3 system, 33
L
line model, 15
line segments, 13, 22, 55
Linear extrusion, 15
Linear Interpolation, 55
M
Machinists, 70, 73
Major dimensions, 31
manual drawing tools, 3100
Manufacturing, 4, 5, 34,
40, 41, 43, 45, 49, 50
Manufacturing attributes,
30, 31, 33
Manufacturing data, 35
Mesh objects, 20
MICLASS system, 33
milling, 4, 12, 40, 41, 42,
44, 45, 51, 52, 55, 67,
68, 72, 73, 74, 77, 79
Minor dimensions, 31
Mirror, 10, 11, 26, 29
Model development, 92
Modern MCUs, 68
Multitasking, 79
N
numerical control, 12, 49,
63
O
OPITZ system, 33
Optical profile, 81
Origin, 11, 12, 13, 27, 53,
64
P
Parametric, 3, 4, 6, 21, 36
Parametric equations, 6
Part coding, 33
Part family, 31
Path, 12, 19, 20, 40, 45, 46,
50, 54, 55, 58, 63, 67, 68
pixel, 5
planar objects, 20
polylines, 20
precise geometries, 2
Primitives, 6
principal viewing planes,
21
Prismatic, 31
Process planning, 4, 31,
32, 33, 35, 43
processing equipment, 32
product concept, 4
product development, 4,
40
Production flow analysis,
31
Production rate, 32
Production time, 32
Profile, 20, 22, 27, 28, 29,
30, 36
R
Random inputs, 91
Raster display, 5
Revolve curves, 19
Rotation, 10, 12, 22, 26
Rotational sweep, 15
S
scaling, 9
sheet metal, 31
simulation models, 90
Simulation programs, 91
Simulation System, 92
Six sigma, 93
Snap, 7
Solid modelling, 3, 17, 18,
34, 35
Splines, 20
Standard, iii, 3, 25, 26, 28,
35, 45, 46, 75
Stochastic, 91
Surface finish, 31
Surface machining, 33
Surface model, 15
Surface modeling, 20
Sweep, 15, 16, 19, 20, 26
Symmetrical, 30
T
Tertiary datums, 26
Tolerance zone, 25
Tooling cost, 30
Topological information,
35
Transition, 9
Translational sweep, 15
Turning

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