Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing for Mechanical Design

Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing for Mechanical Design
اسم المؤلف
Gene R. Cogorno
التاريخ
30 يناير 2018
المشاهدات
التقييم
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Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing for Mechanical Design
Gene R. Cogorno
Contents
Preface ix
Acknowledgments xi
Chapter 1. Introduction to Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing 1
Chapter Objectives 2
What Is GD&T? 2
When Should GD&T Be Used? 3
Advantages of GD&T over Coordinate Dimensioning and Tolerancing 3
Summary 8
Chapter Review 8
Chapter 2. Dimensioning and Tolerancing Fundamentals 9
Chapter Objectives 9
Fundamental Drawing Rules 9
Units of Linear Measurement 10
Units of Angular Measurement 11
Types of Dimensions 11
Specifying Linear Tolerances 12
Specifying Angular Tolerances 13
Interpreting Dimensional Limits 14
Dimensioning and Tolerancing for CAD/CAM Database Models 14
Summary 15
Chapter Review 15
Chapter 3. Symbols, Terms, and Rules 17
Chapter Objectives 17
Symbols 17
Terms 30
Rules 33
Summary 38
Chapter Review 39
Problems 44
v
For more information about this title, click herevi Contents
Chapter 4. Datums 47
Chapter Objectives 47
Definition 48
Immobilization of a Part 48
Application of Datums 49
Datum Feature Selection 51
Datum Feature Identification 51
Inclined Datum Features 52
Cylindrical Datum Features 52
Establishing Datums 53
Multiple Datum Features 57
A Partial Surface as a Datum Feature 58
Datum Targets 59
Summary 62
Chapter Review 63
Problems 66
Chapter 5. Form 69
Chapter Objectives 69
Flatness 69
Straightness 72
Circularity 76
Cylindricity 78
Free-State Variation 78
Summary 80
Chapter Review 80
Problems 84
Chapter 6. Orientation 87
Chapter Objectives 87
Parallelism 88
Perpendicularity 90
Angularity 93
Summary 97
Chapter Review 97
Problems 100
Chapter 7. Position, General 103
Chapter Objectives 103
Definition 103
Specifying the Position Tolerance 104
Regardless of Feature Size 106
Maximum Material Condition 107
Shift Tolerance 109
Least Material Condition 112
Boundary Conditions 113Contents vii
Zero Positional Tolerance at MMC 115
Summary 118
Chapter Review 119
Problems 121
Chapter 8. Position, Location 125
Chapter Objectives 125
Floating Fasteners 126
Fixed Fasteners 128
Projected Tolerance Zones 130
Multiple Patterns of Features 132
Composite Positional Tolerancing 135
Two Single-Segment Feature Control Frames 138
Nonparallel Holes 139
Counterbored Holes 139
Noncircular Features at MMC 141
Symmetrical Features at MMC 142
Summary 146
Chapter Review 147
Problems 149
Chapter 9. Position, Coaxiality 157
Chapter Objectives 157
Definition 157
Comparison Between Position, Runout, and Concentricity 159
Specifying Coaxiality at MMC 159
Composite Positional Control of Coaxial Features 160
Tolerancing a Plug and Socket 162
Summary 162
Chapter Review 163
Problems 164
Chapter 10. Concentricity and Symmetry 167
Chapter Objectives 167
Concentricity 167
Symmetry 170
Summary 172
Chapter Review 173
Problems 175
Chapter 11. Runout 177
Chapter Objectives 177
Definition 177
Circular Runout 177
Total Runout 178
Specifying Runout and Partial Runout 179
Multiple Datum Features 179viii Contents
Face and Diameter Datums 179
Geometric Controls to Refine Datum Features 181
Surface Relationships Between Features 181
Inspecting Runout 182
Summary 183
Chapter Review 184
Problems 185
Chapter 12. Profile 187
Chapter Objectives 187
Definition 187
Specifying Profile 188
The Application of Datums 190
A Radius Refinement with Profile 190
Combing Profile Tolerances with Other Geometric Controls 191
Coplanarity 192
Profile of a Conical Feature 194
Composite Profile 195
Summary 199
Chapter Review 200
Problems 202
Chapter 13. Graphic Analysis 207
Chapter Objectives 207
Advantages of Graphic Analysis 207
The Accuracy of Graphic Analysis 208
Analysis of a Composite Geometric Tolerance 209
Analysis of a Pattern of Features Controlled to a Datum Feature of Size 213
Summary 217
Chapter Review 218
Problems 220
Chapter 14. A Strategy for Tolerancing Parts 225
Chapter Objectives 225
Size Features Located to Plane Surface Features 225
Size Features Located to Size Features 231
A Pattern of Features Located to a Second Pattern of Features 236
Summary 240
Chapter Review 241
Problems 244
Appendix 247
Index
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