Customized Production Through 3D Printing in Cloud Manufacturing

Customized Production Through 3D Printing in Cloud Manufacturing
اسم المؤلف
Lin Zhang, Longfei Zhou, Xiao Luo
التاريخ
12 مارس 2023
المشاهدات
199
التقييم
(لا توجد تقييمات)
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Customized Production Through 3D Printing in Cloud Manufacturing
Lin Zhang, Longfei Zhou, Xiao Luo
Contents
Preface ix

  1. Introduction to customized manufacturing
    1.1 The origin of customized manufacturing 1
    1.2 Evolution of customized production 3
    1.2.1 Cottage industry production 3
    1.2.2 Machine production 5
    1.2.3 Mass production 7
    1.2.4 Mass customized production 7
    1.2.5 Future production 9
    1.3 3D printing and cloud manufacturing 10
    1.4 Conclusion 13
    References 13
  2. Advances in cloud manufacturing
    2.1 A new paradigm of manufacturing 15
    2.2 The concept of cloud manufacturing 16
    2.2.1 The conceptual model of cloud manufacturing 17
    2.2.2 Whole life cycle activities in a cloud environment 18
    2.2.3 Six unique abilities of cloud service platform 19
    2.3 Six technical features of cloud manufacturing 21
    2.3.1 Digitization 21
    2.3.2 Networking 21
    2.3.3 Virtualization 22
    2.3.4 Service-orientation 23
    2.3.5 Collaboration 24
    2.3.6 Intelligence 24
    2.4 Conclusion 25
    References 26
  3. 3D printing with cloud manufacturing
    3.1 3D printing in the cloud manufacturing environment 27
    3.2 Production with cloud 3D printing platform 29
    3.2.1 The architecture of the cloud 3D printing
    platform 29
    v3.2.2 The functional structure of the cloud 3D
    printing platform 33
    3.2.3 Standard for 3D printing platform 35
    3.3 Advantages of cloud 3D printing services 35
    3.3.1 High customization 35
    3.3.2 High agility 36
    3.3.3 High flexibility 37
    3.3.4 High socialization 37
    3.3.5 Low cost 38
    3.4 Conclusion 38
    References 38
  4. Model design of 3D printing
    4.1 3D printing model management 39
    4.2 Sketch based 3D model retrieval 43
    4.3 Image based 3D model generation 48
    4.3.1 3D model generation process 49
    4.3.2 Experiment and evaluation 54
    4.4 Conclusion 56
    References 57
  5. 3D printing resource access
    5.1 Classification of 3D printers 59
    5.2 Accessing 3D printers based on adapters 61
    5.2.1 Adapter access module on the adapter side 62
    5.2.2 Service management module on the
    platform side 64
    5.2.3 Communication between platform and
    adapters 68
    5.2.4 Distributed slicing task execution based on
    adapters 71
    5.3 Accessing 3D printers based on sensors 75
    5.3.1 Sensor selection and application 75
    5.3.2 Sensor fusion 80
    5.4 Conclusion 81
    References 82
  6. 3D printing process monitoring
    6.1 Quality problems in the 3D printing 83
    6.2 Overview of the 3D printing process monitoring
    method 85
    6.3 3D printing fault detection based on process data 86
    6.3.1 Data acquiring 86
    6.3.2 Data preprocessing 88
    6.3.3 Feature engineering 90
    vi Contents6.3.4 Classifier 90
    6.3.5 Design of the fault detection system 94
    6.4 Conclusion 94
    References 95
  7. 3D printing credibility evaluation
    7.1 3D printing model credibility evaluation 97
    7.1.1 Problem description 97
    7.1.2 Framework of 3D printing model credibility
    evaluation 98
    7.1.3 Indexes and evaluation of 3D printing model
    credibility 100
    7.2 3D printing service credibility evaluation 103
    7.2.1 Credibility evaluation indicators of cloud
    manufacturing services 104
    7.2.2 Attributes of a 3D printing equipment 105
    7.2.3 Credibility assessment process of cloud manufacturing
    services 107
    7.3 Conclusion 109
    References 109
  8. Supply-demand matching and task scheduling
    8.1 The supply and demand relationship in 3D printing cloud
    platform 111
    8.2 Supply-demand matching 112
    8.2.1 Multi-source data integration model 113
    8.2.2 Capability indicator model 119
    8.2.3 Model-based matching process and matching rules 123
    8.3 Scheduling of distributed 3D printing services 126
    8.3.1 Optimization objective 127
    8.3.2 Constraints 129
    8.3.3 Optimization algorithm 130
    8.4 Conclusion 133
    References 134
  9. 3D printing process management
    9.1 Multi-task parallel printing for complex products 135
    9.1.1 Problem definition 135
    9.1.2 Combinatorial optimization method of parallel
    processing services 137
    9.2 A 3D printing task packing algorithm 142
    9.2.1 Problem description 142
    9.2.2 The 3D printing task packing algorithm (3DTPA) 144
    9.3 Conclusion 154
    References 154
    Contents vii10. Security and privacy in cloud 3D printing
    10.1 Data security of cloud 3D printing platforms 157
    10.1.1 Data security issues in cloud 3D printing 157
    10.1.2 Encryption technology for cloud 3D printing
    data 158
    10.1.3 Violation identification and notification in cloud
    3D printing 159
    10.2 Access control for cloud 3D printers 160
    10.3 Security of cloud 3D printing based on blockchain 165
    10.3.1 Review of blockchain applications in cloud
    manufacturing 165
    10.3.2 Credit security of cloud 3D printing services 168
    10.4 Intellectual property protection 176
    10.5 Conclusions 177
    References 178
  10. Application demonstration of cloud 3D printing
    platform
    11.1 Customized production based on cloud 3D printing
    platform 181
    11.2 Conclusion 191
  11. Conclusions and future work
    Index 19
    Index
    Note: Page numbers followed by f indicate figures.
    A
    Acceleration sensors, 86, 90
    Access device queue module, 66
    Actual printing effect, 98–100, 103
    Adapter access, 3D printers, 61–75
    Additive manufacturing file format (AMF), 40
    Additive Manufacturing Service Platform
    (AMSP) framework, 35
    Aerosol printing, 60
    ANSYS Additive, 98
    Arduino ADXL345, 79, 79f
    Arduino Uno, 80, 81f
    Autodesk Netfabb, 98, 102f
    Auxiliary process, 143
    B
    Bag-of-features (BoF) model, 46–47
    Basic attribute model, 113–114
    Bipartite graph
    capability indicator model based on, 120
    edge set model, 121
    mathematic model, 119
    vertex set model, 120
    Black Forest Cuckoo Clock, 4, 5f
    Blockchain based security, 165–175
    credit security, 168–175
    overview, 165–168
    Business qualification evaluation, 104
    C
    Capability indicator model, 119–123
    Centralized scheduling, 74–75
    Classifier, 3D printing, 86, 90–94
    Closed outline, 46
    Cloud 3D printing platform, 27–29, 38,
    111–112
    architecture, 29–33, 31f
    blockchain based security, 165–175
    credit security, 168–175
    customized production based on, 181–190
    databases, 35
    data security, 157
    data security issues, 157–158
    encryption technology, 158–159
    functional structure, 33–35
    intellectual property protection, 176–177
    matching process, 124–125
    printers, access control for, 160–164
    security, 177–178
    standard for, 35
    violation identification and notification,
    159–160
    Cloud 3D printing resource
    access control, 163f
    Cloud Gate Access Control module, 163
    Cloud manufacturing, 13, 15, 25
    abilities, 19–21
    applications, 17
    capabilities, 17
    concept, 16–21
    conceptual model, 17–18
    credibility assessment process, 107–108
    3D printing in, 27–29
    life cycle activities, 18–19
    processes, 18
    resources, 17
    roles, 17–18
    Cloud service module, 181, 183f
    Cloud services, 186, 188–189f
    CMfg 3D printing services, 128
    Combinatorial optimization method, 137–141
    Communication mechanisms
    for online printing tasks, 69
    for real-time data monitoring
    and control, 70
    Completion task processing module, 68
    Computer-aided design software, 39–40
    Concurrency support, 70
    Constraints, 129–130
    Consulting center module, 181, 183f
    Content-based retrieval technology, 45
    Cottage industry production, 3–5
    Credibility evaluation
    cloud manufacturing services, 107–108
    indexes, 100–103
    indicators, 104–105
    3D printing model, 97–103
    197Credibility evaluation (Continued)
    3D printing equipment attributes, 105–107
    3D printing service, 103–108
    Credit security, 168–175
    Customized 3D printing design, 194
    Customized manufacturing, 195
    cloud manufacturing, 13
    cottage industry production evolution, 3–5
    future production, 9–10
    machine production evolution, 5–7
    mass customized production evolution, 7–9
    mass production evolution, 7
    origin of, 1–3
    production, 181–190
    3D printing manufacturing technology, 13
    D
    Data normalization, 89
    Data processing unit, 3D printers, 62, 64
    Data security, cloud 3D printing
    platforms, 157
    encryption technology, 158–159
    issues, 157–158
    violation identification and notification,
    159–160
    Deep learning, 48–49
    Device information management, 68
    Device interface unit, 63
    Digital light processing (DLP), 116, 142, 144
    Direct metal laser sintering (DMLS)
    printers, 116
    Distributed scheduling, 74
    Distributed slicing method, 71–75
    DLP. See Digital light processing (DLP)
    Download task module, 67
    Dynamic aggregation mechanism, 43–44
    Dynamic data cloud storage module, 66
    E
    Edge set model, 121
    Encryption technology, 158–159
    Extrusion fused layer modeling, 60
    F
    Fault detection, 3D printing
    classifier, 90–94
    data acquiring, 86–88
    data preprocessing, 88–89
    design, 94
    feature engineering, 90
    Fault rate, 118
    Fault type, 119
    FDM. See Fused deposition modeling (FDM)
    Feature extraction, 44
    Filling rate, 146
    Flexible manufacturing, 20
    Ford Model T, 7, 8f
    Fused deposition modeling (FDM), 27, 75–78,
    142–143
    printers, 75, 77f, 86, 87f, 116
    G
    GA algorithm, 130, 132
    Generative adversarial network (GAN), 49
    Generative adversarial network (GAN) loss, 52
    H
    Hadoop distributed file system (HDFS), 56
    Hall theorem, 125
    Heuristic search algorithm, 140
    Hybrid scheduling, 74
    I
    Image based 3D model generation, 48–56
    Image encoder, 50
    Intellectual property protection, 176–177
    K
    Key management, 159–160
    Keyword-based retrieval technology, 45
    Kruskal improved algorithm, 123–124
    Kuhn-Munkres algorithm (K-M algorithm),
    123–124
    L
    Laminated object manufacturing (LOM), 142
    Layer laminate manufacturing (LLM), 60
    Learning methods, 93
    Lightweight virtualization technology, 97–98,
    100
    Linear regression, 90
    Logistic regression model, 90
    Log likelihood function, 91
    M
    Machine learning, 84–86, 90, 94
    Machine production, 5–7
    Matching process, cloud 3D printing, 124–125
    Material types, 3D printers, 122
    198 IndexModel design, 3D printing, 39
    aggregation process, 43–44
    image based 3D model generation, 48–56
    management, 39–42
    retrieval, 45–47
    sketch- based 3D model
    retrieval approach, 43–48
    Modern production line, 7
    Monitoring method, 3D printing, 85–86
    Multi-task parallel printing
    combinatorial optimization method, 137–141
    for complex products, 135–141
    problem definition, 135–137
    N
    Netty, 73, 73f
    Network interface unit, 63
    O
    Object reconstruction loss, 51
    OBJ file format, 39–40, 44
    Online adaptation system, 61, 62f
    Online customization, 183, 184–188f, 185–187,
    189, 190–191f
    Operation data management module, 68
    Optimization algorithm, 130–133
    Order-demand-oriented manufacturing mode,
    15–16
    P
    Parallel processing services, 137–141
    Personalized manufacturing, 20
    Polymerization, 59
    Pose vector calibration, 44
    Powder binder 3D printing, 60
    Prime improved algorithm, 123–124
    Printable space, 122
    Print attribute model, 113–115
    Printing accuracy, 121
    Product mall module, 181, 182f
    Prototype parameter design
    validation report, 185, 186f
    Q
    Quality level evaluation, 104
    Queue creation module, 66
    R
    Radio frequency identification
    technology (RFID), 176–177
    Rectangular packing problem, 144
    Registration/management module
    access, 64
    Remote monitoring and equipment
    operation module, 65
    Remote procedure call (RPC), 73–74
    S
    Scale-invariant feature transform (SIFT)
    clustering method, 46–47
    Security mechanism, 70
    Selective laser sintering (SLS), 27, 142
    printers, 116
    Sensor access, 3D printers, 75–81
    Sensor data processing module, 64
    Service capability calculation method, 168
    Service capability proof algorithm, 171
    Service certification, 107
    Service composition optimization, 136, 138,
    154
    Service interaction evaluation, 105
    Servitization integration technology, 29
    Sketch- based 3D model retrieval
    approach, 43–48
    SLA. See Stereo lithography
    appearance (SLA)
    SLS. See Selective laser sintering (SLS)
    Social manufacturing, 19
    Standard exchange of product
    data mode (STEP), 40
    Stereo lithography apparatus
    (SLA) printers, 116
    Stereo lithography appearance (SLA), 27,
    142–144
    STL file format, 39–40, 44, 54–55
    Supply-demand matching, 112–126
    capability indicator model, 119–123
    model-based matching process
    and rules, 123–126
    multi-source data integration model,
    113–119
    T
    Task cancellation module, 67
    Task failure processing module, 67
    Task information module, 66
    Task packing algorithm, 3D printing
    problem description, 142–144
    3D printing task packing
    algorithm (3DTPA), 144–154
    Task queue management module, 66
    Index 199Technical capability evaluation, 104
    3D manufacturing format (3MF), 40
    3D printers
    access control for, 160–164
    adapter access, 61–75
    application, 75–80
    classification, 59–61, 81–82
    distributed slicing task execution, 71–75
    platform vs. adapters,
    communication, 68–70
    service management module, 64–68
    sensor access, 75–81
    sensor fusion, 80–81
    sensor selection, 75–80
    types, 116
    3D printing
    in cloud manufacturing (see Cloud 3D
    printing platform)
    fault detection (see Fault detection, 3D
    printing)
    general production process, 28f
    manufacturing technology, 13
    model design (see Model design,
    3D printing)
    monitoring method, 85–86
    quality problems in, 83–85
    3D printing service scheduling method
    (3DPSS), 126–133
    characteristics, 132–133
    constraints, 129–130
    optimization algorithm, 130–133
    optimization objective, 127–129
    3D printing task packing algorithm (3DTPA),
    144–154
    Time window processing, 88
    Titanium alloy, 60
    Total matching degree, 123
    Trust incentive mechanism, 171
    U
    User queue module, 66
    V
    Vertex set model, 120
    Vibration sensors, 80, 80f, 86
    Video interface unit, 63
    Violation identification, 159–160

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