Color Trends and Selection for Product Design – Every Color Sells A Story

Color Trends and Selection for Product Design – Every Color Sells A Story
اسم المؤلف
Doreen Becker
التاريخ
14 سبتمبر 2023
المشاهدات
254
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Color Trends and Selection for Product Design – Every Color Sells A Story
Doreen Becker
Section I: Color Trends: An Historical Perspective
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Section I. Color Trends: An Historical Perspective
Page 1
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Select 1 – 1900s Edwardian Era/La Belle Epoque
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1 – 1900s Edwardian Era/La Belle Epoque
Pages 3-5
Select 2 – 1910s Trends: Arts & Crafts Movement
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2 – 1910s Trends: Arts & Crafts Movement
Pages 7-9
Select 3 – 1920s Trends: The Roaring Twenties and the Art Deco Era
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3 – 1920s Trends: The Roaring Twenties and the Art Deco Era
Pages 11-14
Select 4 – 1930s Trends: A Golden Age of Growth-Bauhaus, Art Deco and De Stijl
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4 – 1930s Trends: A Golden Age of Growth-Bauhaus, Art Deco and De Stijl
Pages 15-17
Select 5 – 1940s Trends: Global Military Struggles
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5 – 1940s Trends: Global Military Struggles
Pages 19-22
Select 6 – 1950s Trends: Automotive
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6 – 1950s Trends: Automotive
Pages 23-28
Select 7 – 1960s Trends: The Mods and the Psychedelic Era
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7 – 1960s Trends: The Mods and the Psychedelic Era
Pages 29-33
Select 8 – 1970s Trends: The “Me Decade”
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8 – 1970s Trends: The “Me Decade”
Pages 35-38
Select 9 – 1980s Trends: Conspicuous Consumption
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9 – 1980s Trends: Conspicuous Consumption
Pages 39-45
Select 10 – 1990s Trends: Electronics
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10 – 1990s Trends: Electronics
Pages 47-50
Select 11 – 2000–2006: September 11
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11 – 2000–2006: September 11
Pages 51-54 2012: The Great Recession
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12 – 2007–2012: The Great Recession
Pages 55-59
Select 13 – 2013–2014: The Slow Comeback
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13 – 2013–2014: The Slow Comeback
Pages 61-62
Select 14 – 2015–2016: Current and Future Color Trends
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14 – 2015–2016: Current and Future Color Trends
Pages 63-65
Section II: The Processes of Color Trending
Select 15 – The Development of Color Trends
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15 – The Development of Color Trends
Pages 69-71
Select 16 – Fads Versus Trends
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16 – Fads Versus Trends
Pages 73-74
Select 17 – Macrotrends
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17 – Macrotrends
Pages 75-77
Select 18 – Aging and Healthcare
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18 – Aging and Healthcare
Pages 79-80
Select 19 – Gender
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19 – Gender
Pages 81-84
Select 20 – Geography and Culture
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20 – Geography and Culture
Pages 85-94
Select 21 – Economic Status
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21 – Economic Status
Page 95
Select 22 – Global Color Influences
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22 – Global Color Influences
Pages 97-98
Select 23 – Color Selection for Environments by Industry
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23 – Color Selection for Environments by Industry
Pages 99-101
Select 24 – The Color Influencers
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24 – The Color Influencers
Pages 103-107
Select 25 – Color Forecasting Trade Associations
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25 – Color Forecasting Trade Associations
Pages 109-111
Select 26 – Color Events
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26 – Color Events
Pages 113-121
Select 27 – Art Shows and Fairs
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27 – Art Shows and Fairs
Pages 123-125
Select 28 – Industry Trade Shows
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28 – Industry Trade Shows
Pages 127-141
Select 29 – Sporting Events
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29 – Sporting Events
Pages 143-147
Select 30 – The Media
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30 – The Media
Pages 149-157
Select 31 – The Hot New Color
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31 – The Hot New Color
Pages 159-160
Select 32 – Color Trends and How They Influence Color Selection
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32 – Color Trends and How They Influence Color Selection
Page 161
Select 33 – Color Language
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33 – Color Language
Pages 163-164
Select 34 – Color Descriptions
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34 – Color Descriptions
Pages 165-166
Select 35 – International Appeal
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35 – International Appeal
Page 167
Section III: Color Innovations and Emerging Technologies in Color Development
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Section III. Color Innovations and Emerging Technologies in Color Development
Page 169
Select 36 – Principles of Color Science
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36 – Principles of Color Science
Pages 171-177
Select 37 – Color Measurement
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37 – Color Measurement
Pages 179-182
Select 38 – Color Matching
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38 – Color Matching
Pages 183-184
Select 39 – Spanning the Communication Gap Between Technical/Commercial Suppliers and Creative Clients
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39 – Spanning the Communication Gap Between Technical/Commercial Suppliers and Creative Clients
Pages 185-193
Select 40 – Coloring of Plastics
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40 – Coloring of Plastics
Pages 195-198
Select 41 – Coloring Labels and Color Printing
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41 – Coloring Labels and Color Printing
Pages 199-204
Select 42 – Green Colors and Plastics
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42 – Green Colors and Plastics
Pages 205-208
Select 43 – Regulatory Restrictions
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43 – Regulatory Restrictions
Pages 209-211
Select 44 – Evolution of Pigments and Dyes
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44 – Evolution of Pigments and Dyes
Pages 213-222
Select 45 – Applications of Color
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45 – Applications of Color
Section IV: Color Selection Process
Select 46 – Color Selection by Market
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46 – Color Selection by Market
Select 47 – The Antitrend Trend
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47 – The Antitrend Trend
Select Summary and Conclusions
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Summary and Conclusions
Select Additional References
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Additional References
Select Index
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Index
Index
A
Abrams, 82
Abstract Art, 3031
Abstract Expressionism art
movement, 21
Acrylics, 23
Action Art of 1940s, 2728
Additives, natural, 208
Adeline Andre, 7071
Aden 1 anais, 58
Aerobics clothing, 41
Affluence and colors, 95
African colors, 61, 63, 97
Aging population, 76, 79
Airbrushing (cosmetics), 226
Airshows, 138139
Dubai, 138
EAA AirVenture Oshkosh, 139
Paris, 139
Akayev, President Askar, 8687
Alba, Kate, 58
Albers, Josef, 31
Ali, President Ben, 9192
AMC Pacer, 37
American Bandstand, 119120
American fashion colors, 71
Angry colors era, 55
Animal-based textiles, 208
Animal Derivative/Bovine Derivative,
218
Animation, 4244
Antigraffiti surfaces and paints, 4344
Antimony, 215
Apple, 3940, 235236
Aquagraphics printing, 203
Arab Spring, 8687, 9192
Architectural colors and design
choices, 238239
Armani power suit, 40
Art Basel (“Art Olympics”), 124, 154
Art Basel fair in Miami, 124
Art Basel Hong Kong, 124
Art Deco Architectural movement, 21
Art Deco movement, 13
Art Institute in Chicago, 123
Art Movements of the 1980s, 4243
Art Noveau era, 4
Artre Povera, 3031
Arts & Crafts Movement, 4, 7
Asbestos, 206
Ashbee, Charles, 7
Asian Art Fairs Ltd., 124
Asian colors, 61, 63, 97
Association of Internationale de la
Couleur, 106107
Aubergine Purple color, 42
Audi, 3233
Austin City Limits, 119120
Automotive colors and technologies,
34, 3233, 6365, 95,
232234
“Chick Car”, 83
feminization appearances, 83
“Heather Rose”, 83
Josef Ganz’s May Bug, 83
“New Design”, 83
1980s, 42
1990s, 48
“Sapphire White”, 83
2013/2014, 6162
Automotive films, 197
Automotive shows, 134
Asian shows, 137140
Beijing Automotive Show, 138
Detroit North American
International Auto Show, 135
European, 136137
Frankfurt, 136137
249Automotive shows (Continued)
Klimamobility show, 136
New York Auto show, 135136
North American, 135
Paris, 137
Shanghai International Automobile
Industry Exhibition, 138
Tokyo Motor Show, 137
Autumn Spice color, 40
Autumn/Winter colors, 7071
Avocado Green color, 3132, 3637
Azurite, 210
B
Babylonians, 8
Baeyer, Johann Von, 172
Bahama Yellow color, 37
Bakelite (phenolic formaldehyde),
206
Baltimore Colts, 143144
Bamboo Green color, 42
Bangalore Fashion Week, 114115
Bansky, 4344
Barbie Doll, 55
BASF, 172
Basketball players, 145146
Basquiat, Jean Michel, 4344
Bath Fashion Museum, 29
Baudecroux, Paul, 12
Bauhaus, 15, 128129
color pallet, 15
Bean bag chairs, 40
The Beatles, 29, 31
The Beetles, 83, 119120
Type 1, 5354
The Belle Epoque, 3
Belleville set, 5657
Bergman, Ingrid, 20
Bermuda Station Wagon, 2425
Berners-Lee, Tim, 154
Beˆte sauvage, 9
Big Three, 3233, 42, 5354, 135
Bikini bathing suit, 20
Billiard balls, 205206
Binney, Edward, 4
Binney and Smith, 27
Biochemiluminescence, 176
Biofluorescence, 175
Bioplastics, 205207
Birkin bag, 42
Bismuth oxylchloride pigments,
173174
Black and white shades, 9192
Blackberry, 235
Black Cherry color, 42
Black Magic lipstick, 12
“Black Out” vehicles, 22
Black Revolution (Bulldozer
Revolution), 92
Blade prosthetics, 76
Blake, Peter, 27
Blending process, 195
Bleuet de France, 49
Blogspot, 155
Blown films, 196
Blue Electric color, 42
Blue-green aquas color, 48
Blue Jeans or Denim Revolution,
8990
Blue noise, 100101
Blue shades, 8990
BMC Mini, 42
BMW, 48, 136137
Boat shows, 139140
Cannes Boat Show and Yachting
Festival, 139140
Monaco Grand Prix, 140
Monaco Yacht Show, 139
Boom Boxes, 3940
Boston Matrix, 75
Bracher, Tod, 130
Bradshaw, Carrie, 149150
Brand colors, 163164
Brandon, Kim, 130
Braque, Georges, 13
Brass Automotive vehicles, 8
Bratz line of dolls, 52
“Breaking Bad” series, 149150
250 INDEXBreeder program, 124
Brighter colors, 23, 47, 5657, 79,
8182, 99, 104105
Brightly colored inhalers, 79
Brindleberry, 209210
British Safari Jacket, 3536
Brooklyn Dodgers, 32
Brown noise, 100101
Bruised-colors fashions, 52
Bugatti Veyron 16.4 Grand Sport
Vitesse Legend Black Bess, 138
Bundchen, Giselle, 62
Burberry color, 52
C
Cactus lice, 3
“Cadillac of Crayons”, 27
Cadillac Touring 6, 135136
Cadmium Red, 210
Cadmiums, 210
Cadmium yellow, 3233
California Prop 65, 221
Campbell Soup Company, 29
Campbell’s Soup Cans, 27
Capri pants, 2627
Carmine, 3
Carminic acid, 3
Carothers, Wallace, 16
Cast films, 197
CEATEC (Combined Exhibition
for Advanced Technologies),
132
Cedar Revolution, 89
Celebration series of sculptures, 49
Celebrity/athlete shoes, 145146
Cellulose Acetate Butyrate, 205206
Centre d’Infomation de la Couleur
(CIC), 106107
Ceramic tiles, 7
Chalk Pink color, 2425
Chambre Syndicale de la Couture,
7071
Chambre Syndicale de la Haute
Couture, 115116
Chanel, 7071, 115116
Coco, 11
style jackets, 29
suit, 27
Chav’s (Council-Housed & Violent),
52
Chemiluminescence, 176
Chevrolet Corvette, 6465
Chevrolet HHR, 5354
Chicago Music Show, 132
Child-proof packaging, 79
China ROHS (ACPEIP), 217
Chinese styles and colors, 4849,
8586, 9192, 117118
wood-block printing, 199
Chocolate color, 165166
Christian Dior, 7071
Christian Fashion Week, 114115
Christopher Josse, 7071
Chrome Green, 214
Chrome III (chromite), 214
Chrome Orange, 214
Chrome Yellow, 214
Chrysler, 24, 3233, 42, 5354
minivans, 42
PT Cruiser, 5354
Cinnabar, 210
Cinnamon Red color, 3132
Citroen, 3233
Traction Avant, 22
Classic Black color, 42
Clemence Red color, 42
Cleopatra eye mascara, 24
Cobalt, 209
Coca Cola red, 164
Cochineal insects, 3
Code of Federal Regulations (CFR),
215216
Coil coating, 223
Colonial homes, 4
Colorants, 171173, 195
fluorescent, 175
luminescence, 176
phosphorescent, 176
INDEX 251Colorants (Continued)
photoluminescent, 175
special effects, 173175
thermochromic and photochromic,
176
Color Association of the United
States (CAUS), 110
Color chemists, 100
Color descriptions, 165
Colored cosmetics, 3
Color Field Painting, 21
Color Helm, Ostwald, 21
Colorimetry, 179
Coloring films, 196197
Color Marketing Group (CMG), 111,
159160
Color matcher, 186
Color matching, 183
application, 187188
approximation of colors, 192
vs color styling, 183184
with colorants, 188189
completing the process, 192193
and cost-sensitivity associated
colors, 188
with different colors, 187
finished product dimensions, 189
key information of project,
collecting, 186187
molded-in-color and coating, 190
packaging application, 190
purpose, 185186
purpose of, 185186
rationale for, 186
surface finish ranges, 189190
type of lighting, 190192
Color matching/management
organizations, 103107
Color measurement, 179
Color names, 165166
“Color of the Year”, 159
Color organizations and industries,
103
Color styling, 183184
Color temperature meter, 180181
Color trends, development of, 69
designer selection of colors, 71
matte colors, 69
Color with context, 159160
Commission internationale de
l’e´clairage (CIE) (International
Commission on Illumination),
105107
Commodore, 3940
Communism, 8687
Compounded color, 195196
ConAgra foods, 5253
Concetto Spaziale, Attese, 123
CONEG, 217
Conflict minerals policy, 218
Consumer Electronics Show (CES),
132
Consumerism, 41
Consumer Product Safety
Improvement Act of 2008
(CPSIA), 213214, 219
Consumer products colors and trends,
237238
Copley Center for Art, Boston, 123
Copper color, 3637
Copyrights (r), 164
Cosmetics market color selection, 234
Costume Institute, 117118
Council for Fashion Designers of
America (CFDA) awards, 117
Country Music Awards (CMA), 120
Couture clothing, 231232
Crayola, 22, 27, 32
Apricot crayon, 48
Burnt Sienna crayon, 48
crayons, 4
Multicultural Line of eight crayons,
48
Crayons, 4
Apricot, 48
Burnt Sienna, 48
“Cadillac of Crayons”, 27
Multicultural Line of eight, 48
252 INDEXCrystalline polymers, 208
Crystalloluminescence, 176
Cuban Missile Crisis, 28
Cubism, 123
“Cupid’s Bow” lipstick, 12
Cutex, 8, 16
Cycled Colors, 4243
D
Dali, Salvador, 15
Dawn of the Dinosaurs, 127128
Daylilies, 210
Deane, James, 2627
Deere, John, 163164
Densitometery/densitometer, 182
“Designer Labels”, 3536
De Stijl (The Style), 15
Detroit Electric car, 56
“The Detroit Three”, 42
Diana, Lady, 116
Diana, Princess, 4142
Dick Clark’s show, 119120
Dietrich, Marlene, 15
Digital Life Design (DLD), 133
Digital pianos, 3940
Digital printing, 200201
Dior, Christian, 20
Disco fashions, 3536
Disposable goods, 237238
DIY network, 47
Dodge, 83
Do it yourself (DIY), 113114
Do not resuscitate (DNR) patients,
109
Dow, 16
Dream Barbie Pink Beetle, 55
Drebbel, Cornelius, 172
Dry colors, 196
Du Barry cosmetics company, 2122
Duco, 13
Durable goods, 237238
Dyes, 171172
natural, 208
Dye sublimation inks, 201
Dye sublimation printers, 201
Dylon, 21
E
Earnshaw’s Infant’s Department, 89
Earth tones, 55
“Easter Egg” design, 135136
Easy Bake Oven, 3132, 3940, 62
“Easy Bake Oven & Snack Center”, 47
Ebony color, 40
Economy cars, 3233
Ed Hardy’s line of Tattoo-inspired
clothing, 52
Edwardian collarless silver-gray suits,
29
Edwardian Era, 78
The Edwardian Era, 3
Edwardian Style esthetic, 2627
Eggplant color, 165166
Egyptian Color Pallet, 30
El Clasico, 143144
Electric Blue color, 3233
Electrochemiluminescence, 176
Electronics colors and trends, 235236
Elie Saab, 7071
Elvis, 2627
Ember Red color, 2425
Emblem Red color, 2122
Emmy, Grammy Tony and Oscar
(EGOTs) award, 117
Emmys, 118119
Enamel spray paints, 23
End of Life Vehicle (ELV) Directive,
217218
Errors in color selection, 109110
EU Food Contact Compliance,
219220
European colors, 61, 63, 71
trend, 2011, 57
European Cup (football/soccer),
143144
European luxe colors for 2012, 57
EU Toy Safety Directive 2009/48/EC
(New Toy Safety Directive), 219
INDEX 253Evert, Chrissie, 146147
Expressionist Architecture movement,
13, 63
Exterior automotive designers,
232234
EZ Squirt Blastin’ ketchup, 5253
F
Fabro, Luciano, 3031
Factor, Max, 16
Fad
hair color, 73
kitchen, 73
older/middle-aged men vs younger
men, 73
types, 73
vs trend, 73
The Fashion Police, 118119, 149
Fashion shows (runway events),
114117
Couture Paris fashion shows,
115116
London Fashion week, 116
Mercedes Benz Fashion Week in
Tokyo, 116117
Milan Fashion Week, 116
New York City fashion weeks, 115
Fashion trends, 231232
color trends in 2010, 56
color trends in 2011, 57
color trends in 2012, 57
1940s, 1920
1960s, 29
1970s, 3536
1980s, 4041
post September 11 attack, 51
of rock bands, 29
Fath, Jacques, 20
Fauvism, 123
Fauvist art movement, 9
Feature Korea exhibition, 124
Federal Blue color, 40
Feminist Art Movement, 3738
Fiat 500, 83
Fiesta Red color, 40
FIFA Men’s World Cup, 144145
Filene’s, 1112
Film Noir, 19
Fitbit, 61
Fitzgerald, F. Scott, 11
Fitzgerald, Zelda, 11
“Flanders Field” poem, 49
Flapper era, 11
Flexible packaging, 198
Floral prints, 1920
Flower Boys, 81
Fluorescent colorants, 175
Fontainebleu Hotel, 25
Fontana, Lucio, 31
Food & Drug Administration
(FDA)-approved colorants,
221
Food shortages, 76
Ford, Henry, 34, 12
Ford Automotive Company, 34,
3233, 42, 5354
automotive colors, 2013/2014,
6162
Ford GT350R Shelby Mustang, 135
mass-produced black varnished
vehicles, 8
Model T and A, 13, 16
Tuexedo Black, 69
Fordism, 8
Fractalism, 4243
Franck Sorbier, 7071
French Cosmetic Manufacturing
Company, 78
Functional uses of color, 223
Furnishing and Interior Design
Shows, 129
Furniture colors and trends, 236
Fu Xing (Five Elements), 8586
G
Gamboge, 209210
Gender-appropriate colors, 1112, 81
blue for boys and pink for girls, 81
254 INDEXGender-neutral (antifashion) clothing,
36
Gender-specific cars, 24
General Electric, 13
General Motors, 13, 3233, 42,
5354
Geography and culture, role in color
schemes. See also African
colors; Asian colors; European
colors
black and white shades, 9192
blue shades, 8990
Chinese, 8586
CMYK scheme, 92, 200
earth element colors, 8586
green shades, 89
metal element colors, 8586
orange shades, 8788
pastel colors, 86
purple shades, 9091
red shades, 8687
special effect shades, 9293
tropical bright colors, 85
warmer colors, 85
yellow shades, 88
George V coronation, 8
George VIII, 15
German cars, 4
Giambattista Valli, 7071
Giorgio Armani, 7071
Givenchy, 7071
Glam Metal culture, 41
Global violence and terrorism, 76
Glossy effects, 6465
Godwin, Sandy, 97
Googie architecture, 32
Googie color schemes, 32
Google, 155
Gothic tapestries, 7
Graffiti, 4244
antigraffiti surfaces and paints,
4344
Grant touring cars, 13
Grape Revolution, 9091
Graves, Michael, 235
Gravure printing, 199
Greaser style esthetics, 2627
Greener technologies, 6465
Green Movement (Ecology
Movement), 89
Green shades, 89
Grendizer, Robot, 44
Guash, Anthony, 78
Guatemala pallets, 98
Guggenheim, Peggy, 2728
Gum Jum, 210
Gustavo Lins, 7071
H
Haircare products, 161
Halal guidelines, 220
Hamilton, Richard, 27
Haring, Keith, 44
“Harmony Home” line of Appliances,
25
Harvest Gold color, 3132, 3637
Harvest Gold Super Easy Bake Oven,
3637
Harvey Firestone Estate, 25
Hasbro, 47
Haze/gloss measurement, 181182
Hazel Bishop, 2526
Healthcare and color scheme, 99
color choice for healing, 99
in hospital settings, 99
Health Products and Food Branch
(HPFB), 221222
Healthy Environments and Consumer
Safety Branch (HECSB),
221222
Heinz, 5253
Henderson, Bruce, 75
Hepburn, Audrey, 27
Hesse, Eva, 3738
pink tonality in work, 3738
“Ringaround Arosie”, 3738
HGTV (Home and Garden TV), 47,
54
INDEX 255High intensity discharge lamps,
191192
Hijab.com, 6364
Hijabers, 6364
Hip Hop subculture, 41
Hippie styles, 3536
Hitler, Adolf, 16
Hollywood, 19
Hollywood Suit, 3536
Holocaust, 28
Home textile show (Heimtexil),
129130
Honda, 48
Hot Feu Fire Orange color, 42
Hot New Color, 159
Houseware colors and trends,
234235
Howlett, Iain, 236
Hummer H1 and H2, 5354
Hyundai, 48
I
IBM, 3940
Ice Green color, 2425
Ikea, 39, 234, 236
Incandescent light, 191
Indian colors, 9798
Indigo dye, 171172
Industrial Contemporary Furniture
Fair (ICFF), 130
Industrial revolution, 1900s, 3
Injection molded storage containers,
198
Injection molding (molded in color),
224226
Innovation
open-source, 114
and technology shows, 131132
Inorganic pigments, 173
Instagram, 155
Interaction of Color (Josef Albers),
31
Interior automotive designers,
233234
International Color Association,
106107
International Color Authority (ICA),
110111
International Color Consortium
(ICC), 106
International Color day, 106107
International Commission for Optics
(ICO), 106107
International Standards Organization
(ISO), 106107
International Toy Fair, Nuremberg
Germany, 128129
Internet, 154
J
Japan Black lacquer paint, 8
Japanese minimal fashions of 1980s,
4041
Japanese style esthetic, 5354
Jasmine (White) Revolutions,
9192
Jean Paul Gaultier, 7071
Jeep Compass, 6465
Jeep Renegade, 135136
Jehovah Witnesses, 8687
Jetson, Judy, 32
Jetson cartoon, 32
Jia Xie, 199
Jonquil Yellow color, 2425
Jungle Green color, 40
K
Kandinski, Wassily, 11
“Kate Middleton Effect”, 58
Kelvin, William, 180181
Kelvin color temperature scale,
180181
Kennedy, Jackie, 29
Khameneh, Mir-Hossein Mousavi,
89
Kia, 48
Kia Rio colors, 6465
Kickstarter, 154156
256 INDEXKitchen design, 7
appliance colors, 25, 3132, 82
appliance colors, 2010, 56
appliance colors, 1970s, 3637
appliance colors, 1980s, 39
colors, 1930s, 1516
colors, 1950s, 25
Hoosier cabinets, 1516
Kitchen fads, 73
Klein, Yves, 3031
Koons, Jeff, 49
Korean FDA (KFDA), 219
Kosher certification, 220
Ku Klux Klan, 9192
Kyoto Protocol, 217
L
Lac Dye, 171172
La Femme, 24, 83
Laiqa, 6364
Lam, Albert, 56
Lamar, Hedy, 20
Lamborghini, 3233
Language of color, 163
Lapis lazuli stones, 210
Laser printers, 201
Latin American colors, 98
Latin colors, 61
Lauder, Gerald, 51
Lauren, Ralph, 143
The Lawrence Welk Show, 119120
L-Cones (long wavelength) red
receptors, 105106
Lead carbonates, 3233
Lead chromates, 3233
Lead-Free Toy Act, 213214
Le Comte, 24
Le Comtesse, 24
LED lights, 176, 190191
Lee Jeans, 3536
“Lee-Sure” suit (Leisure Suit), 3536
Lego, 5657, 237
Lemon Law, 88
Lennon, John, 31
Levis Blue Jean Interior, 37
Levy, Maurice, 78
Liberty of London
grayed colors, 11
pallet of the 1920s, 11
peacock feather motif of, 11
Lichtenstein, Roy, 27, 31, 44
Light-emitting polymers (LEPs), 191
Lightness, 104105
Lilt chair, 130
Lime color, 3233
Linoleum, 207
Lipstick colors, 78, 12, 62
Red Geranium, 12
Red Raspberry, 12
Revlon lipsticks, 2526
1930s, 16
1940s, 2122
1960s, 31
1970s, 37
1980s, 40
1990s, 48
2012, 57
“Lipstick Effect”, 51
“Lipstick Wars”, 2526
Liquid colors, 196
“Live Strong” bracelets, 109
Lolita fashions, 61
London Modernists or Mods, 29
Lotus Revolution (pink), 8687
Louboutin, Christian, 4849
Louis Vitton’s “Objet Nomades”,
130131
Luminescence colorants, 176
Luster pigments, 173175
Luxe Pack, 131
Luxury and color, 95, 167
Luxury vehicles, 13
Lyme disease, 49
M
Macintosh computer, 3940
Macrotrend
aging population, 76
INDEX 257Macrotrend (Continued)
chromatized primaries, use of, 75
eco crisis, 77
food shortages, 76
global violence and terrorism, 76
STEEPLED assessment, 75
urbanization of population, 75
Madonna, 4344, 4849
Maison Et Objet (M&O), 131
Maker Faires, 113114
Maker Movement, 127128
Mandelbrot Set (“The thumbprint of
God”), 4243
Mangaka, 44
Margiella, Martin, 116
Marshall Fields, 1112
Mass-produced fabrics, 3
Masterbatch, 195196
Matisse, Henri, 9
Mattel, 5657
Maurizio Galante, 7071
Max Mara, 116
MBOISA (most beautiful objects in
South Africa), 97
McCrae, John, 49
McEnroe, John, 146147
M-Cones (medium wavelength)
yellow/green receptors, 105106
McQueen, Alexander, 117118
Mechanical elephant.
See Rolls-Royce
“Me Decade”, 3536
Melamine resin, 206
Memphis styles and colors, 39
Mercedes Benz fashion week, 115
Merz, Mario, 3031
Metallescent pigments, 175
Metallic colors, 42, 48, 51, 5354,
65
Metallic pigments, 173
Met Gala Red Carpet, 117118
Miami Art Week, 124
Mikahla Hawker of Milky Rose
Design, 97
Milan Furniture Fair (Salone
Internazionale del Mobile),
130131
Milano Moda Donna event, 116
Military uniform colors, 100
Milosevic, Slobodan, 92
Mimo Architecture (Miami Modern
Architecture), 25
Mini Madness, 127128
Misty Orchid color, 24
Mitochondrial disease, 49
Mobility shows, 134136
Mockett, 130
Modern Depression architecture, 21
Molder/convertor, 186
Molybdate orange, 3233
Mondrian, Piet, 15
Monitor Top Refrigerator, 13
Monroe, Marilyn, 2527
Montreal Protocol, 220
Morris, William, 7, 21
Moss, Kate, 4849
Motonari Ono show, 116117
MTV Video Music Awards (VMA),
119120
Mubarak, President, 8687
Multicolor pearlescent pigments, 174
Multilayer coatings and plastics
(candy coats), 226
Munsell, Albert, 104105
Munsell Color System, 104105
Muscle cars, 3233, 37
Music videos, 149150
Musk, Elon, 55, 77
Muslim women fashion trends, 6364
N
Nail colors, 12
1930s, 16
1940s, 2122
1960s, 31
1970s, 37
1980s, 40
1990s, 48
258 INDEXNail enamels, colored, 8
Namath, Joe, 143144
Naples yellow, 209
National Basketball Association
(NBA), 145146
National Football League, 143144
National Sanitation Foundation
(NSF), 222
Native American pallets, 98
Natural colors, 3637
Natural Color System (NCS),
103104, 110111
Natural dyes, 171172
Natural pearlescence, 173174
Navajo Design, 37
Nazis, 8687, 92
Nefertiti, Queen, 8
Neo Con show, 130131
Neo-Edwardian custom suit style,
2627
Neoplasticism. See De Stijl
(The Style)
Neutral colors, 167
Nevelson, Louise, 3738
“Sky Cathedral”, 38
use of black color, 38
New Wave subculture, 41
New York Armory Show, 123
New York Fashion Week, 116
New York Mets Baseball team, 32
New York Times Style Magazine,
152153
New York Toy Fair, 127128
Nissan Sentra, 6465
Nitrocellulose, 205206
Noice colors, 100101
No-makeup trend, 2014, 62
North American colors, 98
Nylon parachutes, 16
O
Obie awards, 120
Offset printing, 199200
Oldsmobile Curved Dash, 34
Olefin-based (crystalline) polymers,
171172
Olive Drab Enamel, 19
Olympic games, 143
Op Art or Optical Art, 30, 55
Opel, 3233
Open-ended Playtime toys, 127128
Open-source innovation, 114
Open translation project (OTP), 156
Orange New York Giants, 32
Orange peel, 182
Orange Revolution, 8788
Orange shades, 8788
Orbitty, 32
Organic light-emitting diodes
(OLEDs), 191
Organic pigments, 172
Oscar Awards (Academy awards),
118
Owen-Corning pink, 164
P
Packaging, 79, 161
cosmetic and food, 198
flexible and rigid, 198
Packard, 23
Pad printing, 200
Pageant princess, 52
Painting plastics, 197
Paltrow, Gwyneth, 62
Pange and Kente Cloth colors, 41
Pantone, Inc., 105, 110111
Pantone Matching System, 105
Parkay Fun Squeeze, 5253
Pastel colors, 8182
Pearlescent pigments, 9293,
173175
Pearl Harbor attack, 20, 207
Pebble Dress, 97
Permanent coatings, 4344
Personal color selections, 241
PHA and PHB
(polyhydroxyalkanoates and
polyhydroxybutyrates), 207
INDEX 259Phosphorescent colorants, 176
Photochromic colorants, 176
Photoluminescent colorants, 175
Picasso, Pablo, 13
Pigments, 171172, 195
antimony, 215
chromium compounds, 214
heavy metals, 213
Lead White, 213214
molybdate, 215
natural, 208
Pink noise, 100101
Pinks, 61
Pinterest, 156
Pippa, 58
Plant-based textiles, 208
PLA (polylactic acid), 205
Plastic Alphabet, 30
Pollock, Jackson, 2728
Polyamide, 16
Polyethylenes, 196197
Pontiac Aztec, 5354
Pony cars, 3233, 37
Pop Art, 128129
Pop Art Movement, 27
Poppy Red color, 3637
Popular clothing styles of 1970s, 36
Popular Mechanics survey, 23
Porsche, 3233, 37, 235
Porsche, Ferdinand, 16
Porsche Cayman, 6465
Portland Fashion Week, 115
Postmodern Art movement, 28
Post-Modernism, 27
Powder coating, 223224
Power dressing, 40
Prairie Style homes, 4
Precolor, 195196
Predicting color trends, 241
Prenatal testing, 42, 81
Preppy style esthetics, 2627
Preppy subculture, 41
“Prince George Effect”, 58
Print and media campaigns, 151
The Prius, 5355
Prussian Blue, 172
Pucci, Emilio, 31
Punk and Goth cultures, 37
Punk/Goth culture, 41
Purple prose, 9091
Purple Revolution, 9091
Purple shades, 9091
Q
Quant, Mary, 29, 42
R
Rainbow recycling, 207
Rajah, Gavin, 97
RAL German color-matching system
(Reichs-Ausschuß fu¨r
Lieferbedingungen und
Gu¨tesicherung), 104
Raspberry Red color, 3233
Rayon (synthetic silk), 11
REACh, 216
Ready-to-wear (RTW), 232
designs, 7071
fashion market, 3
mass-market clothing, 3536
Ready to Wear Spring & Summer
event, 116
Reard, Louis, 20
Recycling, 207
Red-blue burgundies color, 48
Red Carpet events, 117120
Red dyes, 171172
Red shades, 8687
Regal Orchid color, 24
Registry (s), 164
Regulatory restrictions, 209
Animal Derivative/Bovine
Derivative, 218
California Prop 65, 221
China ROHS (ACPEIP), 217
color additives for food, 209210
for colorants, 215222
CONEG, 217
260 INDEXconflict minerals policy, 218
Consumer Product Safety
Improvement Act of 2008
(CPSIA), 219
End of Life Vehicle (ELV)
Directive, 217218
EU Food Contact Compliance,
219220
EU Toy Safety Directive 2009/48/
EC (New Toy Safety Directive),
219
Food & Drug Administration
(FDA)-approved colorants, 221
Halal guidelines, 220
Health Canada Submission,
221222
Korean FDA (KFDA), 219
Kosher certification, 220
Kyoto Protocol, 217
Montreal Protocol, 220
REACh, 216
ROHS, 216
RTP Toy Standard, 219
Toxic Substance Control Act
(TSCA), 221
toy industry, 210211
Waste Electrical and Electronic
Equipment Directive, 216
Remembrance Poppy, 49
Residential architecture, 4
Revlon, 2526
Rhode Island Rams, 8182
Rhode Island School of Design
(RISD), 154
RIBA (Robot for Interactive Body
Assistance), 79
Ribbon year, 49
Rigid packaging, 198
RIKEN, 79
Riley, Bridget, 30
RIT, 21
Robie House, 4
Robins Egg Blue, 165166
Robotic nurse, 79
Robotics market, 79
Rockabilly subculture, 41
ROHS, 216
Rolls-Royce, 8, 1213
in India, 1213
Phantom 1, 1213
Rose Revolution, 8687
Rose Tyrien color, 42
Rothko, Mark, 21
Rouge colors, 78
ROYGBIV colors, 4
RTP Toy Standard, 219
RTW designers, 71
Rubenstein, Helena, 12
Russian Revolution, 8687
S
Sacrificial coatings, 4344
Saffron Revolution, 8788
SAMO, 4344
Sander, Jill, 3031
Sanford, Frankie, 58
Schiaparelli, Elsa, 15, 1920
S-Cones (short wavelength) blue
receptors, 105106
Scottish Tweeds, 27
Senior-friendly packaging, 79
September 11 attack, 51
global trends and color trends post,
5152
popularity of distressed denim, 52
Sharapova, Maria, 146147
Shevardnadze, President Eduard,
8687
Silly Putty, 27
Silver Ghost Rolls-Royce, 4
Simspon, Wallis, 15
Smalt, 209
Smart Play toys, 127128
Smith, Harold, 4
SMS (short messaging system), 155
Softer fabrics, 3
Sony, 3940
Soul Train, 119120
INDEX 261“Souper Dress”, 29
Space age, 24
Space-age architecture, 32
Special effect shades, 9293
Specialty Equipment Market
Association (SEMA) show, 135
Spectrophotometry/spectrophotomer,
180, 183
Sports Illustrated Magazine, 153154
Sports Illustrated Swim Suit Edition,
153154
Sports transportation shows, 140
London Bike Show, 140
Pacific Northwest Sportsmen’s
Show, 140
Paris Motorcycle Show, 140
Sport Utility Vehicles, 48, 95
Spring/Summer fashions, 7071
STEAM (science, toys, engineering
art and math) enhancement,
127128
STEEPLED assessment, 75
Stencils, 27
Ste´phane Rolland, 7071
Strawberry color, 40
Street girl, 52
Suffragettes, 78
Super Bowl, 143144
Super Bowl Sunday, 143144
Surrealism art movements, 55
Swarovski crystals, 58
Sweet Lolita style, 61
T
“Tangee” lipstick, 12
Tanji, Motohiro, 116117
Target, 235
Taxi Yellow 30 color, 42
Taylor, Elizabeth, 2526
TechCrunch Disrupt (TCD), 134
Technical Textile (Techtexil),
129130
Teddy Boy style, 2627, 29, 41
creeper shoes, 41
Teddy Girls, 2627
TED (Technology, Entertainment and
Design) conference, 132133,
154, 156, 164
Teen Preppy Girls, 2627
Teletronic colors of 2012, 58
Television Commercials, 150
Tesla Model S, 6465
Tesla roadster, 55
Textile Color Card Association
(TCCA), 110
Tezuka, Osamu, 44
Thermochromic colorants, 176
Three-dimensional printing (3D
printing), 201202
3M, 163164
Thunderbird, 5354
Tie-dyed fabrics, 3536
Tiffany blue, 164
Tiffany jewelers, 146147
Time, Inc., 153154
Time Magazine, 89, 1112, 30, 81
Tokai Rubber Company, 79
Tonalism, 4
Tony Awards ceremony, 118
Top in Tech, 127128
Top of the Pops (BBC), 119120
Toxic Substance Control Act
(TSCA), 221
Toy Fairs, 127130
Toy industry
colors and trends, 236237
Lego, 5657, 237
Mattel, 5657
regulatory restrictions, 210211
Toyism Art Movement, 49
Toyo ink, 104
Toyota, 48, 79
Trademark (t), 163164
Travolta, John, 3536
Trichromatic Color Vision, 105106
Trinitron televisions, 3940
Truman, president Harry, 20
Tuexedo Black, 69
262 INDEXTulip (pink) Revolution, 8687
Tumblr, 156
Turquoise color, 2425, 3637
TV shows, 149150
Twitter, 155
Two-car families of 1950s, 23
Tyrian purple, 9091, 171172
U
99U, 133134
Under the Sea, 127128
Unitas, Johnny, 143144
Universal high-end colors, 167
US Open, 146147
USS Monitor, 13
US Space Park, 32
UV-stabilizer, 187188
V
Valentino, 7071
Vanity Fair Oscar After-Party, 118
Vasarely, Victor, 30
VCR players, 3940
Vehicle wraps, 203
Velour track suits, 41
Velvet Revolution, 9091
Versace, 7071
Vertu, 235
Victorian frivolities, 7
Victorian homes, 4
Vienna Convention of Road Signs
and Signals, 1968, 8687
Vietnam War, 28
Vintage Era of automobiles, 12
Vogue fashion, 151152
Volkswagen, 5355
Volkswagen Mercedes, 48
Volvo, 135
Von Furstenberg, Diane, 3536
VW Beetle, 16
W
Walkmans, 3940
“Wallis Blue”, 15
Wall Street Journal Digital live
conference, 134
Warhol, Andy, 27, 29, 31, 4344
Waste Electrical and Electronic
Equipment Directive, 216
Water-borne paint systems, 6465
White, Walter, 149150
White Album, 31
White noise, 100101
Whiting-Grant vehicles, 13
The Who, 29
William, Prince, 58
Williams, Serena, 146147
Williams, Venus, 146147
Wimbledon, 146147
Windovers, 1213
Wintour, Anna, 118
World Cup Mascots, 144145
World Cup Soccer tournament. color
trends during, 57
World War II, 2021, 2526, 3738
Wright, Frank Lloyd, 4, 21
WSJ, 152
X
Xenon lamps, 192
Y
“The Yellow House of Cinema”, 88
Yellow shades, 88
Y2K hysteria, 51
Yves Klein Blue (International Klein
Blue), 30
INDEX 263

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