All About Machine Tools

All About Machine Tools
اسم المؤلف
Westermann
التاريخ
8 ديسمبر 2022
المشاهدات
453
التقييم
(لا توجد تقييمات)
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All About Machine Tools
Westermann
CONTENTS
Various parts – Various processes 9
Machining operations with machine tools 11
Various types of machines 12
Care and maintenance of machine tools 12
Economical production 12

  1. TURNING OPERATIONS
    • Workpiece – Shapes, Technology 13
    • Turning processes 14
    • Turning lathes of different designs 1-5
    Main parts of the centre lathe 16
    • Main drive 18
    • Belt and gear drive 18
    • Stepped pulley drives 19
    • Gear box with variable speed gear 20
    • Infinitely variable speed drives 21
    • Feed gears 22
    • Feed drives 23
    • Turning tools 25
    • Shape of the cutting edge 26
    • Types of cutting tools (turning tools) 28
    • Maintenance of turning tools 30
    • Clamping of cutting tools (turning tools) 31
    • Setting of cutting tools (turning tools) 32
    • Cutting speed 33
    • Calculation of the R. p.m. . 35
    • Reading the R. p. m. from the cutting speed diagram 36
    • Feed, Depth of cut, Types and shapes of chips 37
    • Manufacture of cylindrical bolts 38
    • Turning of bolts 40
    Measuring and testing of bolts 41
    • Chucking and turning of short cylindrical workpieces 42
    • Grooving and parting off 44
    • Surface condition of the workpiece 44
    • Calculation of the machining time for turning operations 45
    • Manufacture of stepped bolts 46
    • Manufacture of a bolt 47
    Measuring and testing with the micrometer 48
    • Chucking of short cylindrical parts in the collet chuck 50
    • Manufacture of shafts 51
    • Turning of shafts 53
    Measuring and testing of shafts 53
    • Turning between centres 54
    • Drilling of centre holes 55
    • Clamping between centres 56
    • Driving plates 576 CONTENTS
    • Steady and mandrel 58
    Testing with snap gauges 59
    Measuring and testing with calipers and precision calipers 60
    The dial indicator 62
    Optical and electrical indicators 63
    • Manufacture of eccentric shafts 64
    • Off-centre turning 65
    Testing of off-centre sizes 66
    Slip gauges 66
    • Profile turning 68
    • Profile turning 69
    • Diamond-knurling and streight-knurling 70
    Testing with profile gauges 71
  • Machining of housings and castings 72
    • Aligning of workpieces on the face plate 74
    • Mass production of turned parts 75
  1. DRILLING AND BORING OPERATIONS
    • Holes in different workpieces 77
    • Movements while drilling on the drilling machine 78
    • Different types and designs of drilling machines 79
    • Drilling tools 84
    • Special drilling and boring tools 87
    • Chucking of drills 88
    • Revolutions, feed and cooling while drilling 89
    • Drilling of simple holes on the drilling machine 90
    • Drilling of hole 91
    Measuring of drilled hole 91
    • Clamping of the workpieces on the drilling machine 92
    • Calculating the machining and total time for drilling operations 94
    • Countersinking and counterboring operations 95
    • Drilling and counterboring 96
    • Counterboring with core drills 97
    • Drilling of smooth and accurate holes on the drilling machine 99
    Measuring and testing of holes 100
    • Reamers 101
    • Reaming on the drilling machine 102
    • Boring of cross holes on the horizontal boring machine 103
    Measuring and testing of holes 104
    • Manufacture of bushes 105
    • Boring on the lathe 106^”
    Measuring and testing of bores 107
  2. MANUFACTURE OF TAPERED PARTS
    • Taper turning 110
    • Taper turning with the taper turning attachment IllCONTENTS 7
    • Manufacture of a lathe centre 112
    Measuring and testing of angles 113
    Adjustable angle-testing and measuring instruments 114
    Testing of tapers 116
    • Manufacture of holes for taper pins 117
  3. MILLING OPERATIONS
    • Features of workpieces manufactured by milling 119
    • Milling methods 120
    • Design and types of milling machines 121
    –1• Milling tools 123
    • Maintenance of milling tools 127
    • Mounting of milling cutters 128
    • Clamping of workpieces 129
    • Selection of the R. p. 130
    • Selection of the feed 131
    • Rough and finish milling 132
    • Milling of plane surfaces 133
    Testing of plane surfaces 134
    • Milling of keyways 135
    Testing of keyways 136
    • Milling of slides 137
    • Manufacture of slides 137
    Measuring and testing of slides 138
    • Milling of Hexagons 139
    • Dividing with indexing attachments 140
    • Dividing with the dividing head (indexing head) 141
  4. SHAPING AND PLANING OPERATIONS
    Design of the shaping machine 144
    • Shaping and planing tools 147
    • Clamping of workpieces 148
    • Calculation of the machining time during the planing process 150
    • Shaping of V-blocks 151
    Measuring and testing of V-block 152
    • Design of the planing machine 153
    • Planing of guide gibs 154
    Testing with spirit levels 155
  5. MANUFACTURE OF PARTS ON THE SLOTTING MACHINE
    • Slotting of keyways 157
    Measuring and testing of keyways 158
  6. BROACHING OPERATIONS
    • Broaching machines 160
    • Broaching tools 161
    • Broaching of multiple spline bores • 1628 CONTENTS
  7. GRINDING OPERATIONS
    • Grinding wheels 165
    • Sharpening of tools 166
    • Fettling of workpieces 167
    • Cylindrical grinding and cylindrical grinding machines 169
    • Grinding of shafts 172
    • Various methods of cylindrical grinding, cutting off grinding 174
    • Calculation of the machining time for cylindrical grinding 175
    • Internal cylindrical grinding 176
    • Grinding of bores 177
    • Surface grinding 178
    • Calculation of the machining time for grinding operations 180
    • Grinding of parallels 181
    • Fine-finishing operations 182
  8. THREADING OPERATIONS
    • Use of threaded parts 184
    • Clamping effect of the thread 186
    • Standardized threads 187
    • Threading operations on the turning lathe 190
    • Threading operations on the turning lathe with taps and dies 191
    • Hints for thread cutting with taps and dies 192
    • Thread cutting on the turning lathe with threading tools 194
    • Threading tools 195
    • Thread cutting on the lathe 196
    • Cutting of male threads with the threading tool 197
    • Cutting of female threads with the threading tool 199
    • Change gear calculations 201
    • Thread cutting on the capstan lathe 203
    • Thread milling 204
    • Thread whirling 204
    • Thread grinding 205
    • Thread rolling 205
    Measuring and testing of threads 206
  9. MANUFACTURE OF GEARS
    • Use of gears 210
    • Dimensions of spur gears 212
    • Materials used for gears 213
    • Manufacturing of a gears 214
    • Milling of spur gears by the indexing method 215
    • Cutting of spur gears by the hobbing method 216
    • Gear shaping 217
    • Grinding of tooth flanks of spur gears 218
    Measuring and testing of gears 21

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