A First Course in Hydraulics

A First Course in Hydraulics
اسم المؤلف
John D. Fenton
التاريخ
17 يونيو 2022
المشاهدات
247
التقييم
(لا توجد تقييمات)
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A First Course in Hydraulics
John D. Fenton
Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management
Vienna University of Technology, Karlsplatz 13/222,
1040 Vienna, Austria
Table of Contents
References . 4

  1. The nature and properties of fluids, forces, and flows 5
    1.1 Properties of fluids . 5
    1.2 Forces acting on a fluid . 12
    1.3 Units . 12
    1.4 Turbulent flow and the nature of most flows in hydraulics . 12
  2. Hydrostatics . 22
    2.1 Fundamentals 22
    2.2 Forces on submerged planar objects . 28
    2.3 Forces on submerged boundaries of general shape . 31
    2.4 The buoyancy and stability of submerged and floating bodies 36
  3. Fluid kinematics and flux of quantities . 41
    3.1 Kinematic definitions 41
    3.2 Flux of volume, mass, momentum and energy across a surface . 42
    3.3 Control volume, control surface . 44
  4. Conservation of mass – the continuity equation 44
  5. Conservation of momentum and forces on bodies . 45
    1A First Course in Hydraulics John D. Fenton
  6. Conservation of energy . 50
    6.1 The energy equation in integral form . 50
    6.2 Application to simple systems . 52
    6.3 Bernoulli’s equation along a streamline 54
    6.4 Crocco’s law – a generalisation of Bernoulli’s law . 56
    6.5 Irrotational flow . 58
    6.6 Summary of applications of the energy equation 59
  7. Dimensional analysis and similarity . 59
    7.1 Dimensional homogeneity 59
    7.2 Buckingham Π theorem . 59
    7.3 Useful points 60
    7.4 Named dimensionless parameters 62
    7.5 Physical scale modelling for solving flow problems . 63
  8. Flow in pipes 64
    8.1 The resistance to flow 64
    8.2 Practical single pipeline design problems 68
    8.3 Minor losses . 69
    8.4 Pipeline systems . 71
    8.5 Total head, piezometric head, and potential cavitation lines 73
  9. Discharge measurement in pipes 86
    9.1 Differential head meters – Venturi, nozzle and orifice meters 86
    9.2 Acoustic flow meters 89
    9.3 Magnetic Flowmeters 90
  10. Pressure surges in pipes . 91
    10.1 Introduction . 91
    10.2 The phenomenon of water hammer 91
    10.3 Sequence of events following sudden valve closure . 92
    10.4 Derivation of fundamental relationship using steady momentum
    theorem 93
    10.5 Practical considerations . 94
  11. Pumps and turbines 95
    11.1 Introduction to pump types 95
    11.2 Hydraulic ram pumps 96
    11.3 Centrifugal Pumps . 97
    11.4 Pump Performance Curves/Characteristic Curves . 98
    11.5 Dimensional analysis 99
    11.6 Similarity laws . 101
    11.7 Series and parallel operation . 103
    11.8 Euler equation for a rotor (impeller) 103
    11.9 Water turbines .

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