3D Printing of Sensors, Actuators, and Antennas for Low-Cost Product Manufacturing

3D Printing of Sensors, Actuators, and Antennas for Low-Cost Product Manufacturing
اسم المؤلف
Rupinder Singh, Balwinder Singh Dhaliwal, and Shyam Sundar Pattnaik
التاريخ
23 فبراير 2023
المشاهدات
390
التقييم
(لا توجد تقييمات)
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3D Printing of Sensors, Actuators, and Antennas for Low-Cost Product Manufacturing
Edited by
Rupinder Singh, Balwinder Singh Dhaliwal, and Shyam Sundar Pattnaik
Contents
Preface vii
About the Editors ix
Contributors xi
Chapter 1 Introduction to 3D Printing of Sensors, Actuators, and
Antennas for Low-Cost Product Manufacturing 1
Jayant G. Joshi, Mandar P. Joshi, Balwinder S. Dhaliwal,
and Shyam S. Pattnaik
Chapter 2 3D Printing of Sensors, Actuators, and Antennas: Materials
and Processes . 13
Chahat Jain, Balwinder S. Dhaliwal, and Rupinder Singh
Chapter 3 3D Printing in Antenna Design 31
Atul M. Kulkarni, Garima Saini, Shyam S. Pattnaik,
and Ravindra A. Pardeshi
Chapter 4 Polymer-Based 3D Printed Sensors, Actuators,
and Antennas for Low-Cost Product Manufacturing . 61
Ekta Thakur and Isha Malhotra
Chapter 5 Lab-Scale Solutions for Sensors, Actuators, and Antennas:
Economic and Environmental Justification 87
Rupinder Singh, Abhishek Barwar, and Anish Das
Chapter 6 Flexible and Wearable Patch Antenna Using Additive
Manufacturing for Modern Wireless Applications 107
Sanjeev Kumar, Rupinder Singh, Amrinder Pal Singh,
and Yang Wei
Chapter 7 4D Printed Smart Sensor, Actuators, and Antennas 123
Vinay Kumar, Rupinder Singh, Inderpreet Singh Ahuja,
and Sanjeev Kumar
Chapter 8 Case Study on the Development of Polymer Composite
for Sensors, Actuators, and Antennas 137
Rupinder Singh and Abhishek Barwar
Index
Index
3D fabricated antenna, 7
3D package, 3
3D printable polymer, 34
3D printed sensor, 16
3D printing, 2, 8, 21, 38, 65
3D printing technologies, 33
3DP conductive ink, 45
3D printed helical antennas, 36
3D printed linear array antenna, 47
3D printed transmit array, 41
4D printed smart sensor, 123
4D printing, 54
A
Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), 3, 5, 9, 16
Acrylonitrile styrene acrylate (ASA), 34
Actuation behavior, 151
Additive manufacturing, 3, 7, 21, 39, 52
All-dielectric reflect array, 37
All-metal antenna, 39
Alternating current, 1
American Standard for Testing of Materials
(ASTM), 16
Antenna, 1
Antenna fabrication, 20
Antenna testing, 20
Applications of flexible antennas, 68, 69
B
Bandwidth, 2
Bibliographic diagram, 89
Bio-compatible, 2
Biosensor, 96
C
Capacitance, 3
Carbon nanotubes (CNT), 36
Carbonized cellulose nanofibers (CCNFs), 51
Case study, 137
CEL Robox micro-manufacturing, 2
Ceramics, 2
Chemical etching, 65
Circularly polarized (CP), 3
Classification of 3D printed antennas, 34
Comparative survey of 3D printed dielectric
antennas, 40
Compressive horn antenna (CHA), 3
Conductive materials, 63
Coplanar waveguide (CPW), 70
Corner truncated antenna, 23
Corner truncated MPA, 19
Corrugated conical horn antenna, 45
Corrugated conical horn model, 46
Cu-15Sn, 42
D
D-band resonant cavity, 39
Dielectric helical antenna, 36
Dielectric planar lens antenna (DPLA), 38
Dielectric resonator antenna(s) (DRAs), 4, 37
Dielectric substrate, 2
Dielectric used in 3D printed antennas, 35
Dielectrics, 2
Direct metal laser sintering (DMLS), 7, 40
Direct-broadcast satellite (DBS), 46
DSC analysis, 146
Dual-band all-dielectric reflect array, 36
Dual-polarized metal transmit array antenna, 41
E
Economic justification, 103
Effective dielectric constant (∈eff), 18
Electromagnetic structures, 2
Electro-spinning, 51
Embroidery, 67
Environmental justification, 87
Extruded ABS filament, 18
Extrusion of feedstock filaments, 147
Extrusion process, 18
F
Fabrication of microstrip patch antenna, 149
Fabric-based wearable antenna, 110
Filament fused fabrication (FFF), 38
Flexible antenna material, 63
Flexible antenna miniaturization, 70
Flow characteristics, 101
Fourier transform infrared (FTIR)
spectroscopy, 151
FR-4, 14
Fractal antennas, 1
Fractal Sierpinski triangle antenna, 44
Frequency bands, 1
Frequency range, 2
Fused deposition modeling (FDM), 4, 9, 32
Future wireless solutions, 75156 Index
G
Gain, 2
Glass transition temperatures (Tg), 53
Ground plane, 2
H
Helical antenna configuration, 49
Helical antenna with integrated lens, 48
Hydro-responsive actuator, 147
Hydro-thermal actuation, 99
I
Industrial, scientific and medical
(ISM) band, 153
Infrared (IR), 7
Inkjet printing, 65
Interval arithmetic (IA), 8
K
K-band reflect array, 37
L
Lab-scale solutions, 87
Layer laminate manufacturing
(LLM), 32
Loss tangent, 3
M
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), 4
Material extrusion, 97
Meander-line dipole antenna, 44
Mechanical characterization, 22
Mechanical properties, 97, 147
Melt flow characteristics, 150
Melt flow index (MFI), 96
Melt flow test, 16
Mender line dipole antenna, 45
Meta material antennas, 1
Metal printed antennas, 42
Metal-coated dielectric antennas, 42, 49
Metallic 3D printed conical horn
antenna, 42
Metals, 2
Micromachined process (MMP), 54
Microstrip patch antennas (MPAs), 1, 2, 100
Microstrip quasi-Yagi (MQY) antenna, 2
Microwave structures, 2
Microwave/RF signals, 1
Montmorillonite (MMT), 51
Morphological analysis, 21
Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO), 6
N
Nanoparticles for 3DP antenna, 51
Ninja flex filament, 7
Non planar linear-dipole-phased array
antennas, 46
P
Partially reflective surface
(PRS), 40
Permittivity, 3, 7
Physical vapor deposition (PVD), 41
Poly caprolactone (PCL), 54
Poly di methyl siloxane (PDMS), 34
Poly jet Printer, 3
Poly methyl meth-acrylate
(PMMA), 34
Polylactic acid (PLA), 2, 4, 9
Polymer composite for sensors, 137
Polymers, 2
Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), 124
Polyvinylidene chloride (PVDF), 124
Powder bed fusion (PBF), 8
Pyramid horn antennas, 47, 48
Pyramidal horn antenna (PHA), 3
Q
Quadruple rigid waveguide
(QRW), 41
R
Radiation pattern, 2
Radio astronomy, 46
Radiofrequency (RF), 1, 23
Resonant cavity antenna, 41
Resonant frequency, 1
Return loss (S11), 21
RF characteristics of biosensor, 102
Rheological investigation, 97, 146
S
Scanning electron detector (SED), 150
Screen printing, 65
Selective laser melting (SLM), 42
Shape memory polymers (SMP), 3, 53
Simulation of antenna, 129
Single screw extrusion (SSE), 97
SMA connector, 46
Stainless steel 316L, 42
Stereolithography (SLA), 6
SubMiniature version A (SMA), 44
Substrate, 64
Surface and Bonding Characteristics, 150Index 157
T
Tensile behavior, 101, 150
Tetra-fluoro-ethylene (TrFE), 123
Thermoplastic polyurethane
(TPU), 34, 110
Transducer, 1
Transmit array (TA), 41
Transmitter, 1
Truncated microstrip patch antenna
(MPA), 18
Tunable frequency, 3
Twin screw extrusion (TSE), 17
U
Ultimaker 3D printer, 18
Ultra-high frequency (UHF), 8
Ultraviolet (UV), 7
User-driven smart solution, 128
V
Varactor diode, 3
Vat Polymerization process, 54
V-band reflect array, 37
Vector network analysis (VNA), 21
Viscosity, 17
Voronoi inverted feed discone antenna, 44
VOS viewer, 14
W
Wearable antenna sensor, 64
Wearable/textile antennas, 1, 110
Wireless communication system, 32
Wireless sensor network (WSN), 3
X
X-band microwave, 4

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