بحث بعنوان Fault Diagnosis in Rotating Systems Based on Vibration Analysis

بحث بعنوان Fault Diagnosis in Rotating Systems Based on Vibration Analysis
اسم المؤلف
Mohamed B. Abd-Elbary, Ahmed G. Embaby and Fawkia R. Gomaa
التاريخ
19 مايو 2022
المشاهدات
350
التقييم
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بحث بعنوان
Fault Diagnosis in Rotating Systems Based on Vibration Analysis
Mohamed B. Abd-Elbary, Ahmed G. Embaby and Fawkia R. Gomaa
Department of Production Engineering and Mechanical Design, Shebin Alkoum Faculty of Eng.,
Menoufia University, Egypt.
(Corresponding author: [email protected])
ABSTRACT
Vibration is one of the major parameters to consider in condition monitoring of rotating systems. If an
undetected fault is noticed in the rotating system, then, at best, the issue will not be too significant and can be
remedied cheaply and quickly; at worst case, it may result in down-time, expensive damage, injury, or even
life loss, therefore early fault identification is a critical factor in ensuring and extending the working life of
the rotating systems. By measurement and analysis of the vibration of rotating machinery, it is possible to
detect and locate important faults such as mass unbalance, misalignment, bearing failure, gear faults and rotor
cracks. This article is aimed to guide the researchers to implement identification, diagnosis and remedy
techniques of common fault types using vibration analysis and outlines many important techniques used for
condition monitoring of rotating systems such as fast Fourier transform, frequency domain decomposition
method, wavelet transform, stochastic subspace identification and deep learning.
Keywords: fault diagnosis; vibration analysis; rotating system.
Conclusion
Vibration experts and developers have done great
efforts to create functions that solve the few
limitations of vibration analysis, however, there are
still some issues that we are unable to see through
vibration analysis such as;
 Very High frequency: Common sensors have a
maximum frequency of 10 to 15 kHz. If one does
not invest in special sensors, higher frequencies
will be invisible to the equipment.
 Ultra-low frequencies: Although it is possible to
measure very low frequencies, they are often
ignored because they require long samples which
are not done in a normal route.
 Lubricant condition: This is one of the biggest
limitations of vibration analysis. The condition of
the lubricant cannot be evaluated by this
technique, you can only suspect the lack of it.
Many vibration analysis techniques are presented to
explore their capabilities, advantages, and
disadvantage in diagnosing and monitoring rotating
systems. The following points can be concluded:

  1. The identification of the bearing faults by using
    frequency analysis is difficult because, it is not
    suitable for non-stationary signal analysis.
  2. The identification of the bearing faults is possible
    by using envelope analysis. However, the
    envelope analysis has a major drawback
    consisting of the requirement of a preliminary
    research of the resonance frequencies.
  3. The identification of the bearing faults is possible
    by using Short Time Fourier Transform (STFT).
    However, the problem with STFT is that it
    provides constant resolution for all frequencies
    since it uses the same window for the entire
    signal. Therefore, once the window function is
    chosen, the time and frequency resolution are
    fixed. So, there is a trade‐off to choose a proper
    window function between the time resolution and
    the frequency resolution: a longer window will
    lead to a higher frequency resolution with a lower
    time frequency and vice versa.
  4. The identification of the bearing faults is possible
    by using Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD).
    Unfortunately, there are two problems in EMD,
    which are the selection of the suitable
    decomposition level and its intrinsic mode
    functions (IMF) which contains the necessary
    information for faults diagnosis.
  5. Deep learning for fault diagnosis had been paid
    less attention. Because of these difficulties:(1) for
    images, the characteristics of recognition objects
    are relatively fixed, but faults are changeable,
    such as patterns variability and shape
    variability;(2) as fault has no fixed pattern,
    whether deep learning can capture a useful
    “hierarchical grouping” or” part-whole
    decomposition” of the fault data is unknown; (3)
    the detection mechanism and ability based on
    deep learning is not yet well explored, especially
    for the incipient faults not any observable
    changes, which is a bottle neck that traditional
    methods suffering.

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